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Begoña Lasagabaster Chief Leadership and Governance.

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Presentation on theme: "Begoña Lasagabaster Chief Leadership and Governance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Begoña Lasagabaster Chief Leadership and Governance

2 Political Participation Women's full participation in the political life of their countries is an essential condition for democracy. - Michelle Bachelet

3 Status of Women in Political Participation IPU – UN Women Map was launched on March 2 nd [Data from IPU. See for further details]www.ipu.org Currently, women’s average representation is of 20.5% (it has increased since the launch of the map) It has been 30 years since the CEDAW Committee. Since then 33 countries have reached the 30% representation target Chambers: –20 in Europe (5 of which are Nordic countries) –13 in Sub-Saharan Africa –13 in the Americas –4 in Asia-Pacific

4 Elected women are less than 10% in 42 countries (and in 6 countries there is no women’s representation – down from 10) Out of the 33 countries that have reached 30% or more of women in parliament, 30 have temporary special measures in place. Out of the 56 countries that held elections in 2011, 26 have introduced special measures An average of 27.4% representation has been achieved in the 17 countries that have legislated electoral quotas The average representation is 15.7% in countries that have no quotas at all 1/3 of the 30 countries that have reached the 30% target are in the midst of democratic transition/post-conflict

5 Elections: –National Elections: 31 –Local/Municipal Elections: 25 –Voter registration: 4 –Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs): 17 –Electoral law reform: 33 –Specific work on Temporary Special Measures (TSMs): 29 –Training capacity building for candidates: 29 –Civic education on elections: 6 –Ending Violence Against Women in Politics (EVAWiP): 10 Women’s movements: 53 Political Parties: 46 Gender mainstreaming in Governments (such as Gender Responsive Budgeting, collaboration with other ministries, gender mainstreaming of non-elected officials for example): 37 UN Women’s Work on Political Participation

6 Gender mainstreaming in Governments (such as Gender Responsive Budgeting, collaboration with other ministries, gender mainstreaming of non-elected officials for example): 37 Elections –National Elections: 31 –Local/Municipal Elections: 25 –Voter registration: 4 –Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs): 17 –Electoral law reform: 33 –Specific work on Temporary Special Measures (TSMs): 29 –Training capacity building for candidates: 29 –Civic education on elections: 6 –Ending Violence Against Women in Politics (EVAWiP): 10 Women’s movements: 53 UN Women’s Work on Political Participation

7 Political Parties: 46 Media: 19 Constitutional reform: 15 Research on leadership and political participation (examples include Gender Responsive Governance Index to measure improvement in women’s effective political leadership at national and state levels, publications on gender and governance, etc.): 18 Parliaments/Councils –Law changes and policies: 21 –Training and capacity building: 43 Youth: 13

8 Electoral law Electoral Management bodies Electoral Justice Monitoring of communications and media during electoral campaigns Opening up dialogue to achieve lasting change - Including women in the top echelons -obtaining financing at the opportune moment -Making equality part of political parties and organizations’ agenda (Women’s manifestoes) Real Gender Equality Provisions Women’s caucuses Building capacity Every law has an impact on gender Women in all committees Gender Unit Women’s National Machinery Critical mass of women Women in key positions Gender Budgeting Real implementation of laws Building judges’ capacity on gender issues Women judges Empowerment of women at the grassroots level in terms of leadership and political participation. Collaboration between Politicians, Civil Society and Academia Working on the recording and acquisition of women’s political rights Representation of all society: diversity. Participation of those women who are most excluded Inter-generational dialogue, training of young women. INFORMATONAccountability Electoral Systems. M Media Elected Women Constitutional reforms Political Parties Civil Society Government Justice Parliament Leadership building Capacity

9 Challenges Pressing need for data on local governance –Why it matters: It is crucial for electoral assistance The data is necessary in order to measure any sort of changes It is also crucial in order to better understand the professional trajectories of female politicians, who often come from local politics (although not just politics – from other forms of leadership such as school boards, etc.) Difficult balance to strike on the rationale behind women’s representation –Balance to be struck between two perspectives: Intrinsic reason: women’s representation as a matter of human rights Instrumental reason(s): what does an increase in women’s representation achieve? –Must also consider the programming balance to be struck between Work that aims to increase the numbers of elected women Work that aims to improve the quality of legislative decisions from a GE perspective What should the advocacy agenda look like post 2015? –What key measures should we advocate for to ameliorate democratic governance? –What advocacy measures would be best suited to taking the debate towards talk of parity?


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