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 Nomination – the selecting of candidates for office  A critical step in the American democratic system  Precedes the general election when voters.

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Presentation on theme: " Nomination – the selecting of candidates for office  A critical step in the American democratic system  Precedes the general election when voters."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Nomination – the selecting of candidates for office  A critical step in the American democratic system  Precedes the general election when voters select officeholders

3  In the US, nominations are made in 5 ways: 1. Self-announcement – a person declares himself to be a candidate 2. Caucus – a group of like-minded people meet to select candidates 3. Convention – a political party’s members meet to select candidates 4. Direct primary – an election is held w/in a party to pick its candidates 5. Petition – a candidate gets a certain number of qualified voters to sign a petition

4  While the election process is largely governed by State law, federal law regulates the dates and some other aspects of both presidential and congressional elections.  Elections are held the Tuesday after the first Monday in November of even-numbered years

5  Absentee voting is usually allowed  Early voting is also allowed  A precinct is a voting district  A polling place is where voters actually vote, located somewhere in or near a precinct  A ballot is the device by which voters register their choices in an election. Ballots must be secret – no one can see them but the voter.  Most states use the Australian ballot, which lists the names of all the candidates in an election  It is printed at public expense, given out only at the polls, one to each voter, and is marked in secret

6  An office-group ballot lists candidates in a group by office, while a party-column ballot lists them by party.  The coattail effect occurs when a strong candidate running for public office at the top of the ballot attracts voters to other candidates on the party’s ticket

7  Elections are largely governed by State law  Aspects of national elections such as dates are governed by federal law  Voting takes place in voting districts called precincts  Within the precincts, voters cast their votes at polling places (schools, churches, etc.)  A ballot is used to register a person’s votes  Most States use a form of the Australian ballot – either an office-group ballot or a party-column ballot  Election procedures are clearly established by State law and, in some regards, federal law, as well

8  Money plays a key role in politics, but it presents serious problems to democratic governments  Parties and their candidates draw their money from two basic sources: private sources and political action committees (PACs)  Presidential candidates receive public subsidies, which are grants of money from federal and/or State treasuries

9  Federal campaign laws are administered by the Federal Election Commission (FEC)  This applies only to the presidential and congressional elections  Requires timely disclosure of campaign finance data and limit campaign contributions  Loopholes in the law allow candidates to avoid some rules  soft money – not required to be reported, unlimited  hard money – must be reported, limited

10 1. Explain the difference between a convention and a caucus. (7-1) 2. At what point do voters select office holders? (7-1) 3. What is a ballot? (7-2) 4. Which division of government controls most aspects of election? (7-2) 5. Is hard money or soft money subject to reporting requirements? (7-3) 6. Who gives public subsidies to campaigns? (7-3)


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