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LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LFkkfir& 1973 ¼Hkkxyiqj fo’ofo|ky;,d vaxhHkwr bdkbZ½ Hkkxyiqj ftyk Lohi lfefr }kjk ernkrk tkx:drk lIrkg.

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Presentation on theme: "LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LFkkfir& 1973 ¼Hkkxyiqj fo’ofo|ky;,d vaxhHkwr bdkbZ½ Hkkxyiqj ftyk Lohi lfefr }kjk ernkrk tkx:drk lIrkg."— Presentation transcript:

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2 LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LkckSj egkfo|ky;] LkckSj LFkkfir& 1973 ¼Hkkxyiqj fo’ofo|ky;,d vaxhHkwr bdkbZ½ Hkkxyiqj ftyk Lohi lfefr }kjk ernkrk tkx:drk lIrkg 31 ekpZ ls 5 vizSy 2014 dk;Zdze ds volj ij dk;Z’kkyk,oa lkaLd`frd dk;Zdze fnukad % 4 vizSy 2014 THEME - “ MOBILIZATION OF YOUTH TO VOTE IN GENERAL ELECTION OF 16 TH LOKSABHA” VENUE: SABOUR COLLEGE, SABOUR BY- DR. ASHOK KUMAR JHA ASSISTANT PROFESSOR PHYSICS CUM NODAL OFFICER, SABOUR COLLEGE SVEEP

3 Content: 1. Background 2. Democracy 3.Introduction 4.Demography 5. Youth Voters & First Time Voters 6. Voters Turn out 7. Youth Representation in the 15 th Loksabha 8. Aim of SVEEP Program me 9.

4 Background:  At the time of Lok Sabha General Elections 2009 the voter turnout was over 59 % at national level.  It was 44.4% average for the entire State of Bihar.  For Bhagalpur Constituency it was 43.72%  At the time of Bihar state assembly Election 2010 the voter turnout was 52.7% average for the entire State.  For Bhagalpur assembly election it was 42.59%.  68.78% voters in the Bhagalpur constituency is in the age group of 18-39 Yrs. i.e they are youth. Election Commission of India are making all efforts to ensure the enrolment of all eligible electors in the electoral roll and maximum number of these registered electors turnout to Vote in the coming Lok Sabha General Elections 2014. For that, extensive mobilization and motivation campaign are being carried out to educate and motivate the voters. The SVEEP strategy is to extensively focus on the youth and particularly women, toeducate, enable & motivate them for participation in the voting process.

5 yksdra= dh ifjHkk”kk%  लोकतंत्रीय व्यवस्था वह है जिसमें जनता की संप्रभुता ह ksA जनता का क्या अर्थ है, संप्रभुता कैसी हो और कैसे संभव हो, यह सब विवादास्पद विषय रहे हैं। फिर भी, जहाँ तक लोकतंत्र की परिभाषा का प्रश्न है अब्राहम लिंकन की परिभाषा - लोकतंत्र जनता का, जनता के लिए और जनता द्वारा शासन - प्रामाणिक मानी जाती है। अब्राहम लिंकन

6 सामा U यतः लोकतंत्र विभिन्न सिद्धांतों के मिश्रण से बनते हैं, पर मतदान को लोकतंत्र के अधिकांश प्रकारों का चरित्रगत लक्षण माना जाता है।  लोकसभा जनता के प्रतिनिधियों से मिलकर बनी होती है जिन्हें वयस्क मताधिकार के आधार पर प्रत्यक्ष निर्वाचन के }k रा चुना जाता है A  भारत में पहली बार 1952 में लोकसभा का गठन हुआ A  पूरे भारत में 44.87 प्रतिशत की चुनावी भागीदारी दर्ज की A  Lkcls cMh पार्टी ने मतदान क 75.9% (47665951) मत प्राप्त f क ;kA  16 oha लोकसभा esa dqy ernkrkvksa dh la[;k 81 ++4 djksM gSA

7 Introduction  India is the world’s largest democracy.  The population of our country is the second largest in the world.  According to the Census 2011 the projected population in 2014 is over 1.27 billion.  The constituent assembly of India adopted the principle of universal adult suffrage reposing faith in the wisdom of common Indian to elect their representatives to the seat of power.  Free and fair election and civil liberty are the necessary condition for democracy.

8  The conduct of free, fair and impartial election depends upon the performance of three stakeholders. Those are a. Independent and impartial electoral machinery b. Political parties and candidates c. Electorate /Voters All of them must act responsibly to conduct free and fair poll.  The credit for upholding the democratic tradition of nation must go primarily to the voters of India whose commitment to democracy is the driving spirit that guides the destiny of India as Modern democracy.

9 Hkkjrh ; yksdra=  gekjk ns’k Hkkjr ftlsss gS] fo’o dk lcls cMk tura= gksus dk xkSjoA  fofHkUurkvksa esa,drk dk is’k djrk gS gekjk ns’k nqfu;ka dks vuqBk fe’kkyA  vkcknh gS 1-27 vjc ds ikj vkcke dk gj tu gS rS;kjA ns’k dh v[kaMrk vkSj laizHkqrk dks gj dher ij cjdjkj ] vkSj le; vkus ij gSs blds fy, ej & feV tkus dks rS;kjAA

10 DEMOGRAPHY:  From the Census 2011 it is estimated that the population of youth in the age group of 18-35 years is 31.3% of the total population of our country.  So it is critical in the context of the constituting 16 th Loksabha by May 2014.  The population of the country below 35 years of age is 51.8%.  Out of this 48.2% are women and 51.8% are men.  30.1% reside in urban areas and 69.9% is based in rural India.  If we were to be more liberal about the definition of youth and set the cutoff at 35 years, then a whopping 47% of eligible voters in 2014 national election will be aged 35 or below.

11 Youth Demography:  India has more than 50% population below the age of 25 and more than 64% below the age of 35. It is expected that the average age of Indian would be 29 Yrs by 2020.  Tables Showing Total no. of registered voters for 16 th loksabha and No. of voters in the the age group 18-35 yrs and their percentage. (Data based upon the 2011 census) Country/ State Total no. of registered No. of voters in the the age Percentage voters in the the Constituency voters for 16 th loksabha 18-35 yrs 18-35 yrs, over total voters India 833,124,487 (~84 Crores) 395,088,197(~40 Crores) 47% Bihar 61,936,119 (~6.2 Crores ) 30515267(~3 Crores) 49%

12 FIRST TIME VOTERS DATA: Country/ State Total no. First time voters registered voters for 16 th loksabha India1.2 crores Bihar19 lacs  34% of the total population in the age group between 20-24 Yrs..  More than 50% of the total population below the age of 25 Yrs..  More than 65% of the total population below the age of 35 Yrs.

13 YOUTH AND FIRST TIME VOTERS POTENTIAL?  In 2009 general election no single party garnered more than 12 crore votes.  The total no. of registered young voters in 2014 general election is three fold larger than that garnered by single party in last general election 2009.  There are more than 1.2 crore first time voters enrolled for 2014 Loksabha election.  India would become the youngest nation of the world by 2020.

14 Scenario of Youth representative in 15 th Loksabha constituted in 2009.  Out of the total 543 Members of Parliament elected in 2009 there are only 30 MP of the age group below 35 yrs. and 66 MPs below the age of 40 yrs.  According to the strength in terms of number of voters, more than 50% MPs should be there in the parliament representing the age group of 18-35yrs.

15 Recent trends of voters turn out:  The average voters turn out in 2009 general election is 59.79 %.  In Dec 2013 assembly election of Delhi,Voters turn out percentage is 66%.  In 2008 Assembly election the overall voting percentage was 57.38%.

16 General Election YearMaleFemaleTotal 1st1952--61.2 2nd1957--62.2 3rd196263.3146.6355.42 4th196766.7355.4861.33 5th197160.9049.1155.29 6th197765.6354.9160.49 7th198062.1651.2256.92 8th198468.1858.6063.56 9th198966.1357.3261.95 10th199161.5851.3556.93 11th199662.0653.4157.94 12th1998 57.8861.97 13th199963.9755.6459.99 14th200452.6544.6548.74 Election Statistics Voting percentage in Loksabha election. Election Statistics - Voting percentage in Lok Sabha Elections

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18 Hkkjr ns’k egku VOTE INDIA VOTE

19 Low voters’ Turn out:  An analysis of the tables and corresponding graph shows that crores of voters’ not turning out to the polling booth to exercise their franchise.  A large no. of eligible citizens could not get registered in electoral roll.  It is suggested to intensify first time voters enrolment drive in general degree colleges, technical colleges, medical colleges which are the hub of such a willing and potential voters.

20 SVEEP: Lohi%  SVEEP stands for SYSTEMATIC VOTERS’ EDUCATION AND ELECTORAL PARTICIPATION.  Lohi &lqC;ofLFkr ernkrk f’k{kk,oa fuokZpd lgHkkfxrk  SVEEP is an initiative of the Election commission of India to take necessary measures for ensuring greater voters’ participation.

21 Action program me to increase voters’ turn out:  Research shows that EVM (Electronic Voting Machine) awareness programme and its demonstration in colleges shall have promising effect in order to improve turn out.  Door to door canvassing has the greater impact on turning out young people to vote.

22 Year Voter turnout Total vote RegistrationVAP Turnout- Voting age population Population 2009 58.19%417,236,311716,985,10156.48%738,773,6661,156,897,766 2004 58.07%389,948,330671,487,93060.91%640,182,7911,049,700,118 1999 59.99%371,669,104619,536,84765.69%565,780,483986,856,301 1998 61.97%375,441,739605,880,19267.45%556,651,400970,933,000 1996 57.94%343,308,035592,572,28861.08%562,028,100952,590,000 1991 56.73%282,700,942498,363,80157.23%493,963,380851,661,000 1989 61.98%309,050,495498,647,78665.18%474,143,040817,488,000 1984 63.56%241,246,887379,540,60864.61%373,371,000746,742,000 1980 56.92%202,752,893356,205,32962.35%325,162,040663,596,000 1977 60.49%194,263,915321,174,32764.67%300,392,640625,818,000 1971 55.25%151,296,749273,832,30157.22%264,393,600550,820,000 1967 61.04%152,724,611250,207,40163.11%241,996,800504,160,000 1962 55.42%119,904,284216,361,56954.42%220,324,090449,641,000 1957 62.23%120,513,915193,652,17961.15%197,090,250402,225,000 1952 61.17%105,950,083173,212,34358.92%179,830,000367,000,000 [Sources- International IDEA] VAP turn out: It is defined as the voters turnout based on the percentage of voting age population VAP: It includes all citizen above the legal voting age. Voters turn out Percentage of registered voters who actually voted. Registration The no. of registered voters. Total Votes The total number of votes cast in the relevent election. Population The total population

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25 STATE WISE DATA OF YOUTH IN THE AGE GROUP 18-35 and TOTAL VOTERS, TABLE-1:

26 Mindset of voters’:  Based on the report of a New Delhi based Social Science research institute CSDS (Centre for the Study of Developmental Society for study on the state of Urban –Youth 2013.  23.1% of the youth would vote according to caste lines however the literate youth sidelines the caste and religion and votes according to how well a party can serve in the development sector of the country.  The study also suggests that 27.8% conswider the merit of the nominated candidates and 24.6% check the status and the word of political party they belong to.  The recent trends in five state assembly election indicated a major shift in the mind set of young Indians and we must mobilise them to vote for India in coming election to build a more energetic, transparent, accountable and strong central government.  Every votes Count.

27 Every votes Count or Why to Vote?:  Voting is the best way to express your opinion and allows you to select the best person.  If we don’t vote, we don’t have the right to comment on as to what the public representatives were doing.  Every political issues and policy effects you whether you know it or not. If you don’t vote you are putting control of your world into the hands of the other.  Young people have the most to gain and lose in any election because they have to live with the consequences longer than any one else.  Election day is the one day when everyone  in the country is equal. Your votes counts just as much as any one else’sw

28 Conclusion:  It is only logical then that we need a larger number of youth in political forum to represent the aspiration of this vast segment of society and hope and believe that in this 16 Loksabha poll Indian youth will come forward to vote and help to get the people of high morale and character elected as their representative in 16 th Loksabha. Jai hind Jai Bharat

29 Slogans  ge ;qok] ysrs gSa lkSxa/k A j[ksaxs ] iztkra= pkd&pkScanAA  yksdra= ds egkioZ dk jax] rcrd gS viw.kZ A ugha gS Tkcrd lax] ukStokus fgUn laiw.kZAA  Ikztkrkaf=d ‘kklu C;oLFkk rcrd v/kwjk gSA ;qokvksa dk erkf/kdkj iz;ksx]Tkcrd ugha iwjk gSAA  gekjk ns’k Hkkjr egkuA ernku egku] ernkrk egku AA ge Hkh cudj ernkrk egku djsaxs ernku ] djsaxs ernkuAA d`r& v’kksd dqekj >k


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