4Unit Topics Ideology & Political Spectrum Parties & What They Do 2 Party System2 Party System in HistoryThe Minor PartiesParty OrganizationConstitution & the Right to VoteVoter QualificationsNonvotingVoter BehaviorThe Nominating ProcessElections– 2013 Mock Election?– 2013 PROJECT FIRST VOTE?Unit Topics
7What about these celebrities? Mr. ThurstonMr. BrowneMr. SmithMs. BeckwithMr. AndresenMr. GoldsmithMs. MeehanMr. HendsbeeWhat about these celebrities?
8What is a Political Party? A group of people…Who share a common ideology…And who seek to control the government…By winning elections.What is a Political Party?
9It depends on your ideology So…Which Should I Join?
10The “Old” Political Spectrum Liberal Moderate ConservativeD RThe “Old” Political Spectrum
11LIBERALS usually embrace freedom of choice in personal matters, but tend to support significant government control of the economy.They generally support a government-funded "safety net” to help the disadvantaged, and advocate strict regulation of business.Liberals tend to favor environmental regulations, defend civil liberties and free expression, support government action to promote equality, and accept diverse lifestyles.Liberals
12Conservatives tend to favor economic freedom, but frequently support laws to restrict personal behavior that violates "traditional values."They oppose excessive government control of business, while endorsing government action to defend morality and the traditional family structure.Conservatives usually support a strong military, oppose bureaucracy and high taxes, favor a free-market economy, and endorse strong law enforcement.Conservatives
14Applying the Spectrum to the Parties: Democrats tend to favor lots of government control of economic issues, and little government control of personal issues.Republicans tend to favor lots of government control of personal issues, and little government control of economic issues.Applying the Spectrum to the Parties:
15What Do Political Parties Do? American Government & Law Winslow High School
16Requirements to really be a political party Political party v. pressure groupThree elements must exist:Shared beliefsProgramRealistic chance of successRequirements to really be a political party
17What do parties try to accomplish? Organize a political majorityProvide electable candidatesEducate votersFinance campaignsRun the governmentAct as the “watch- dog”What do parties try to accomplish?
18The Two Party System in America American Government & Law Winslow High School
19Why do we keep the 2-party system? Desire for stabilityNational election lawsSize of the federal system“Throw the bums out” traditionWhy do we keep the 2-party system?
20He ran for president in 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, and 2000…. For the Prohibition PartyWho is Earl Dodge?
21The Minor Parties Dozens of minor parties (pressure groups) At times difficult to describe & classifyMost have been short-livedSome are centered around a single issue…others are more broadThe Minor Parties
26The Role of Minor Parties So…what’s the point?They have had an impact“Spoiler” role2000 Election25 electoral votes in FLABush – 246 Gore – 267270 to winBush - 2,912,790Gore - 2,912,253Nader – 97,488Bush – 271Gore - 266Just give Gore 51%Bush – 2,960,559Gore – 2,961,972CriticInnovatorThe Role of Minor Parties
27What limits were once placed on the right to vote What limits were once placed on the right to vote? (suffrage – franchise)What limits remain today?What does party membership have to do with voting?How does the American secret ballot work?How do Americans select their parties and candidates?Why do so many Americans choose not to vote?Elections and Voting
29What limits were once placed on the right to vote? Property ownershipReligious beliefPoll TaxGender discriminationCondition of servitudeLiteracy testsWhat limits were once placed on the right to vote?
30Constitutional Protections The original Constitution and amendments guarantee:Voting equality – the only real protection in the original documentNo racial discriminationNo gender discriminationNo poll tax18 year oldsConstitutional Protections
33What limits remain today? Limitations vary by stateCitizenshipResidencyAgeRegistrationLegal disfranchisement:VagrantsMentally challengedConvicted felonsInmates in public institutionsWhat limits remain today?
34Your Party and Voting General elections and voting Primary elections 1st Tuesday after the first Monday of November of an even- numbered year.Primary electionsParty identification at registrationDo people ever change?Closed vs open primariesYour Party and Voting
35The American Ballot Many different types used Paper & hand count Voting machines with leversPunch card ballotsScanner ballotsTouch-screenMail-in ballotAll produced at public expenseWrite-insThe American Ballot
36How do we decide?? Parents Residence Geography Religion Race Age IncomeEducationOccupationHow do we decide??
37New Trends in American Voting The previous slide shows trends…how much do they really matter?Two new patterns beginning to blur the old certainties:Split-ticket votingVoting for the personNew Trends in American Voting