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Review – Part 13 The Impact of Public Opinion & the Media.

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1 Review – Part 13 The Impact of Public Opinion & the Media

2 1) Which of the following conclusions can be made about voting behavior? a. Young people turn out more than any other age group b. Minorities generally support Republican candidates c. Southerners vote more than Northerners d. Voting is a class-based activity e. Women vote more for Republican candidates than men

3 1) Which of the following conclusions can be made about voting behavior? a. Young people turn out more than any other age group b. Minorities generally support Republican candidates c. Southerners vote more than Northerners d. Voting is a class-based activity e. Women vote more for Republican candidates than men

4 2) Which section of the country has the lowest voter turnout? a. The South b. The Northeast c. The Midwest d. The West e. The Southwest

5 2) Which section of the country has the lowest voter turnout? a. The South b. The Northeast c. The Midwest d. The West e. The Southwest

6 Explanation This is a factually based question that requires you to know something about voter patterns. If you thought of the fact that many African Americans are still not registered in the South, you would have chosen A.

7 3) Which class of people has the highest percentage of voter turnout? a. Middle class b. Lower class c. Upper class d. Upper-middle class e. Voter turnout has no relationship to class

8 3) Which class of people has the highest percentage of voter turnout? a. Middle class b. Lower class c. Upper class d. Upper-middle class e. Voter turnout has no relationship to class

9 4) Which of the following definitions reflects the idea that the victorious party should carry out its proposed agenda? a. Constituent service by the elected representatives b. The integrity of the political party c. The party ’ s platform d. Voter referendums e. The mandate theory of elections

10 4) Which of the following definitions reflects the idea that the victorious party should carry out its proposed agenda? a. Constituent service by the elected representatives b. The integrity of the political party c. The party ’ s platform d. Voter referendums e. The mandate theory of elections

11 5) Which of the following is a major result of media-centered politics? a. A greater interest in the election b. A greater loyalty to political parties c. An increase in voter turnout d. A decrease in voter turnout e. An increase in the analysis of issues by the media

12 5) Which of the following is a major result of media-centered politics? a. A greater interest in the election b. A greater loyalty to political parties c. An increase in voter turnout d. A decrease in voter turnout e. An increase in the analysis of issues by the media

13 Explanation To answer this question, you must know the definition and implications of media- centered politics. Once you determine that the phrase relates to how the media dominates political campaigns though it ’ s coverage of the candidates, you should be able to reach the conclusion that the electorate has become disillusioned with the election process and, therefore, there has been a decrease in voter turnout since 1960.

14 6) Which of the following represents the most effective way for a president to manage news coverage a. Controlling the flow of information b. Staying on the defensive c. Having different staff members speak to the press d. Explaining a policy issue multiple times e. Giving reporters unlimited access to his daily routine

15 6) Which of the following represents the most effective way for a president to manage news coverage a. Controlling the flow of information b. Staying on the defensive c. Having different staff members speak to the press d. Explaining a policy issue multiple times e. Giving reporters unlimited access to his daily routine

16 7) All the following are criticisms aimed at the media EXCEPT a. The media defines the campaign agenda rather than the candidate b. The media accepts too many negative advertisements c. The media relies too much on polling d. The media ’ s investigations of politicians usually emphasizes serious issues e. Talk radio places an unfair emphasis on conservative issues

17 7) All the following are criticisms aimed at the media EXCEPT a. The media defines the campaign agenda rather than the candidate b. The media accepts too many negative advertisements c. The media relies too much on polling d. The media ’ s investigations of politicians usually emphasizes serious issues e. Talk radio places an unfair emphasis on conservative issues

18 8) Which of the following groups represents the audience the media aims to develop stories for? a. The college-educated b. The upper class c. The masses d. The lower class e. People looking for in-depth analysis of issues

19 8) Which of the following groups represents the audience the media aims to develop stories for? a. The college-educated b. The upper class c. The masses d. The lower class e. People looking for in-depth analysis of issues

20 9) All the following reflect the constitutional basis of suffrage EXCEPT a. States determining the time, manner and place of elections b. Term limits on United States senators and representatives passed by individual states c. The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution d. The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution e. The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution

21 9) All the following reflect the constitutional basis of suffrage EXCEPT a. States determining the time, manner and place of elections b. Term limits on United States senators and representatives passed by individual states c. The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution d. The Seventeenth Amendment to the Constitution e. The Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution

22 10) All of the following statements best explain why people vote EXCEPT a. Religious views b. Political socializations c. Gender politics d. The economic class to which they belong e. Political surveys

23 10) All of the following statements best explain why people vote EXCEPT a. Religious views b. Political socializations c. Gender politics d. The economic class to which they belong e. Political surveys

24 11) Which of the following trends most closely reflects the last 40 years of American electoral history? a. An increase in suffrage opportunities b. A consistent increase in voter turnout c. Third-party victories d. Campaign finance reform affecting congressional races e. Congressional incumbents losing elections

25 11) Which of the following trends most closely reflects the last 40 years of American electoral history? a. An increase in suffrage opportunities b. A consistent increase in voter turnout c. Third-party victories d. Campaign finance reform affecting congressional races e. Congressional incumbents losing elections

26 12) All the following conclusions are true about voting behavior EXCEPT a. Voting is a class-based activity b. Young people have the highest turnout rate c. Whites vote with greater frequency than members of minority groups d. Southerners vote in smaller numbers than Northerners e. Women voters tend to support candidates with views similar to their own regardless of whether the candidate is a man or woman

27 12) All the following conclusions are true about voting behavior EXCEPT a. Voting is a class-based activity b. Young people have the highest turnout rate c. Whites vote with greater frequency than members of minority groups d. Southerners vote in smaller numbers than Northerners e. Women voters tend to support candidates with views similar to their own regardless of whether the candidate is a man or woman

28 13) The Motor Voter Act signed by President Clinton makes it easier than ever to vote. All the following provisions accomplish the goals of the act EXCEPT a. It provides for automatic registration of eligible citizens when they fill out an application for a driver ’ s license b. It requires that states periodically review their voter lists for accuracy c. It authorizes 50 million dollars to help cover implementation costs d. It purges people from voter rolls because they didn ’ t vote in the previous election e. It provides for automatic registration of eligible voters as a result of license renewal

29 13) The Motor Voter Act signed by President Clinton makes it easier than ever to vote. All the following provisions accomplish the goals of the act EXCEPT a. It provides for automatic registration of eligible citizens when they fill out an application for a driver ’ s license b. It requires that states periodically review their voter lists for accuracy c. It authorizes 50 million dollars to help cover implementation costs d. It purges people from voter rolls because they didn ’ t vote in the previous election e. It provides for automatic registration of eligible voters as a result of license renewal

30 14) In a presidential election, if no candidate receives an electoral college majority a. The winner of the popular election becomes president b. A run-off election is held with a new slate of electors c. The election is thrown into the House of Representatives d. The election is thrown into the full Congress e. The Supreme Court determines the winner

31 14) In a presidential election, if no candidate receives an electoral college majority a. The winner of the popular election becomes president b. A run-off election is held with a new slate of electors c. The election is thrown into the House of Representatives d. The election is thrown into the full Congress e. The Supreme Court determines the winner

32 15) It has been shown in recent elections that during the times of severe economic troubles, the electorate a. Do not vote as often as they do during good times b. Tend to vote out incumbents c. Tend to vote incumbents back in d. Are more likely to vote in congressional races than the presidential race e. Register in large numbers

33 15) It has been shown in recent elections that during the times of severe economic troubles, the electorate a. Do not vote as often as they do during good times b. Tend to vote out incumbents c. Tend to vote incumbents back in d. Are more likely to vote in congressional races than the presidential race e. Register in large numbers

34 16) Which of the following has had a positive impact on the youth vote? I. Large numbers of youth involved with the religious right II. Jesse Jackson ’ s Rainbow Coalition efforts III. MTV ’ s Rock the Vote efforts IV. Republican support of the Motor Voter Bill a. I only b. III only c. III and IV only d. I, II, and III only e. II and III only

35 16) Which of the following has had a positive impact on the youth vote? I. Large numbers of youth involved with the religious right II. Jesse Jackson ’ s Rainbow Coalition efforts III. MTV ’ s Rock the Vote efforts IV. Republican support of the Motor Voter Bill a. I only b. III only c. III and IV only d. I, II, and III only e. II and III only

36 Explanation The obvious answer is B. However, Jesse Jackson ’ s efforts also had a significant impact on registering African-American youth in the inner city. There may be youth involvement with the religious right, but there has not been any evidence of increased voter involvement as a result of it.

37 17) Which of the following statements is true about the effect of ethnic groups on voter choice during the presidential elections of the 1990s? a. Catholics tend to vote Republican b. Northern Protestants tend to vote Democratic c. Jews tend to vote Democratic d. The religious right tends to vote Democratic e. Hispanics tend to vote Republican

38 17) Which of the following statements is true about the effect of ethnic groups on voter choice during the presidential elections of the 1990s? a. Catholics tend to vote Republican b. Northern Protestants tend to vote Democratic c. Jews tend to vote Democratic d. The religious right tends to vote Democratic e. Hispanics tend to vote Republican

39 18) The validity of a poll is best determined by a. A sample that represents more than half of the people in a population polled b. A large gap between the time the poll is taken and the time the results are released c. Partisan groups taking and reporting the results of the poll d. Complex questions to be answered by the people being polled e. A sampling error of those polled under 5 percent

40 18) The validity of a poll is best determined by a. A sample that represents more than half of the people in a population polled b. A large gap between the time the poll is taken and the time the results are released c. Partisan groups taking and reporting the results of the poll d. Complex questions to be answered by the people being polled e. A sampling error of those polled under 5 percent

41 19) Which of the following represents what media watchers portray as the benchmark of investigative journalism? a. Tabloid papers reporting accusations against Gennifer Flowers b. Magazine articles using anonymous sources accusing President Clinton of a secret rendezvous with Paula Jones c. The media stalking Gary Hart looking for evidence of indiscretion during his 1984 presidential campaign d. The efforts of Woodward and Bernstein in uncovering the Watergate cover-up e. The press going after personal indiscretions of cabinet nominee John Tower

42 19) Which of the following represents what media watchers portray as the benchmark of investigative journalism? a. Tabloid papers reporting accusations against Gennifer Flowers b. Magazine articles using anonymous sources accusing President Clinton of a secret rendezvous with Paula Jones c. The media stalking Gary Hart looking for evidence of indiscretion during his 1984 presidential campaign d. The efforts of Woodward and Bernstein in uncovering the Watergate cover-up e. The press going after personal indiscretions of cabinet nominee John Tower

43 20) Which of the following represents an effect of the passage of the Freedom of Information Act? a. More meetings were opened to the public b. It became more difficult to obtain documents form governmental organizations c. Government operations were held in executive sessions d. Stricter regulations governed the shredding of documents e. The government was forced to open up top military documents

44 20) Which of the following represents an effect of the passage of the Freedom of Information Act? a. More meetings were opened to the public b. It became more difficult to obtain documents form governmental organizations c. Government operations were held in executive sessions d. Stricter regulations governed the shredding of documents e. The government was forced to open up top military documents

45 Explanation This is a relatively simple question. You must know the provisions and intent of sunshine laws. The impact has been to open up governmental meetings based on the public. Even though the government has been forced to release documents, top secret national security documents have been protected. Certain government operations are still able to be held in secret session, but there has to be a legal reason for that action to take place.

46 The End


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