Presentation on theme: "Voters and Voter Behavior Chapter 6. Constitutional Right to Vote The framers of the Constitution left the power to set suffrage rights up to each state."— Presentation transcript:
Voters and Voter Behavior Chapter 6
Constitutional Right to Vote The framers of the Constitution left the power to set suffrage rights up to each state. Suffrage- The right to vote. Franchise- The right to vote. Originally set up that only white male property owners had the right to vote.
The Electorate The potential voting age population Nearly all citizens over 18 years of age.
You gotta fight, for your right, to vote!!! The rights to vote for all came in stages. 1.Religious tests and property ownership tests went away in the 1850’s. 2.Following the Civil War, African Americans were granted the right to vote, however, many laws in the South prevented this from happening. 3.1920, 19 th Amendment: Women’s Suffrage.
4. Civil Rights era of the 1960’s. Federal legislation such as the Voting Rights Act and elimination of the poll tax. 5. 26 th Amendment, the Right for 18 year olds to vote.
Voter Qualifications Determined by state Citizenship Age Registration
Why people do not vote Jury Duty Negative campaigning My vote does not make a difference Time Zone Fall-out -During Presidential elections, the East Coast polls close much earlier than the West coast and at times the Presidential race is decided. (Mondale vs. Reagan)
Voting Statistics Reached a peek at a little over 60% nationwide in the late 1960s and now is around 50%. This is of registered voters, not all eligible voters. These statistics are for Presidential Races only. (Years like 2006 are off-year and are much less of a turnout.)
Voter Behavior Factors that effect your vote Age Race Income Occupation Education Religion Family Co-workers Friends
Sociological Factors All facts below are the average. Income-Upper income = Republican Occupation- Union members = Democrats The more educated you are, the more likely you are to be voting for Republicans. Except Master’s Degrees or above, then it reverts back to the Democrats Gender- Men are more likely to vote Republican than women. Age- The younger you are, the more likely you are to vote Democratic, the older the more likely you are to vote Republican. Geographical Factors- Red and Blue States
Psychological Factors Party Identification- Loyalty to a party. The single most significant predictor of someone’s vote. (This is on the decline) Straight-Ticket voting- The practice of voting for candidates of but one party in an election. Split ticket voting- The practice of voting for candidates of more than one party Independents- Voters that do not have an allegiance to any political party.