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Art & Architecture Greece Culture Mythology.

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Presentation on theme: "Art & Architecture Greece Culture Mythology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Art & Architecture Greece Culture Mythology

2 Art & Architecture Facts Art Drama/Theater Greek Buildings Pictures
Vases Pottery Sculptures Drama/Theater Greek Buildings Pictures Art Greek Chair Baby Bottle Masks Greek Building Culture | Mythology

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Vases Here are some vase names: Dinos - a bowl for mixing wine and water Olpe - a jug to carry water Pyxis - a cosmetics box Arybollos - a perfume bottle Kylis - a drinking cup Their vases had 3 colors: red, black, and white. They kept wine, grain, grapes, and olives in their vases. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Pottery They covered their pots with scenes from daily life and mythology. They used pottery on their baby bottles. They made chairs out of pottery too. The pots were not broken because they were kept in tombs. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Sculptures To show appreciation to the gods they made a sculpture of their gods. The Greeks carved sculptures of their goddesses out of marble, rock, and gold. The biggest sculpture the Greeks made was of the goddess, Athena, who stands 40 feet tall. Athena was made of 1,000 kilograms gold! Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Theater In January and March men, women, and children all enjoyed going to the open air theater to see the plays. These plays were judged at competitions held during 2 religious festivals. There was a chorus of 12 to 15 men who danced and sang to fill out the details of the story. They didn't have microphones so they had to talk really loud. They made the mouths big on the masks so the people could hear them. One person played more than one part. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Theater Tragedies were serious plays that were about gods and heroes but comedies were very funny and made fun of politicians. People brought food and watched plays all day. People who were too poor to pay were given free tickets. Audiences threw food and even stones if they disliked a play. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Greek Buildings There are three different kinds of capitals: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric has the least designs. The Ionic has a few designs. The Corinthian has a lot of designs. The pediment is the top of a Greek building. It’s shaped like a triangle. The frieze is under the pediment. It has block designs. There are different kinds of designs on the buildings. There’s a mautilus shell. It looks like a snail shell. There’s a ram’s horn. There’s also the anterfix. The anterfix looks like a snake and shell design. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Greek Buildings The capital is the top of a column. The shaft is under the capital. It sometimes has designs. The base is the bottom of a column. It is wider at the bottom. Towards the shaft it gets narrower. The columns hold everything up. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture Facts Government Food & Clothing Education Family Life Pictures Greek Coins Food Education Children’s Toys Art & Architecture | Mythology

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Culture - Government The Greeks made up the word democracy (meaning “the rule of the people”). Almost all of the city-states were governed by groups of wealthy men. A Tyrant is a person who seized power and ruled by himself. Only wealthy men with both parents born in the same city-state where voting is held, were allowed to vote. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Government Each city-state had its own form of government based on love, freedom, and independence. Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were the three biggest and leading city-states. Almost all city-states had the same type of government as Athens. Each city-state chose its own leaders, ran its own army, and made its own laws. Juries used ballot tokens to show their verdict; a token that was solid meant innocent and one with a hollow center meant guilty. The first person to rule was called a Monarchy. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Food Culture The Greeks traded and got many different foods like nuts, fish, beef, olive oil, wine and other goods. Fish was a big food source because they lived by the ocean. The Greeks ate sweet meats made from dates, figs, nuts, sesame seeds, and honey. Breakfast and lunch was a small meal. Dinner was the biggest of them all. Only men were invited to the dinner parties. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Clothing Culture Culture In Greece, the only reason for wearing clothes was for style. The girls were allowed to wear men’s clothes. The Greek’s clothing was made of wool and in the later part of the century the wealthy wore silk. Women wore long tunics called peplos. Greeks bathed in olive oil. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Education Athens They trained boys for peace and war. Until 6 or 7 years boys were taught at home. Books were very expensive so the boys had to remember what the teacher read. They used tablets and rulers for writing and learning. The boys’ teacher was a man. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Education Sparta The boys were sent to military school at age 6 or 7. At school they learned how to be a great soldier. The purpose of school was to make strong bodies. Boys were taught survival skills. Reading and writing were not very important, just warfare. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Culture - Family Life The women had to get married when they were thirteen or fourteen years old to men twice their age. Many women died when giving birth to their children. In Ancient Greece, the men did the shopping and the women stayed at home and watched the children! They ate bread and wine for breakfast, and grapes, fruits, and vegetables for lunch and supper. The boys had to go live in the Army when they were seven years old to learn to be a soldier. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology Facts Apollo Poseidon Athena Zeus Pictures Apollo Poseidon Athena Zeus Art & Architecture | Culture

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Mythology - Apollo Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. Apollo had a twin sister named Artemis. Apollo and his twin sister were born on the island of Delos. In some books it is said that Apollo was the god of music and poetry. In other books he is the god of light and truth. Apollo appears in Greek art as a beautiful young man. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Apollo Animals and things sacred to him are the crow, the dolphin, and the laurel tree. A lot of the gods have a Greek and Roman name, but Apollo has the same name for both. Apollo made fun out of Cupid because he was so small. So Cupid shot one of his love arrows at Apollo and that made him fall in love with Daphne. Then Cupid put lead on the end of an arrow and shot it at Daphne. That made her bruise so she said to the gods, “Help me! I’ve been poisoned so the gods turned her into a laurel tree. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Poseidon Poseidon is a sea god. His Roman name is Neptune. Poseidon has a three-pronged spear called a trident. When his spear hits the ground it makes earthquakes. When it hits water it makes waves. For this he’s known as The Earth Shaker. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Poseidon Poseidon’s parents are Cronus and Rhea. Amphitrite is his wife and Triton is his son. Poseidon and his other brothers, except Zeus, were eaten by Cronus in fear of being over thrown. His brother’s names are Hades and Zeus. Poseidon did favors for other gods or goddesses. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Athena Athena is goddess of wisdom, war, and arts/crafts. Her Roman name is Minerva. Animals and things sacred to her are owls, shields, and olive trees. Athena taught women the art of spinning and weaving. Athena had her own temple called the Parthenon. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Athena Her parents are Zeus and Metis. She was born from the forehead of her father Zeus. Athena was born dressed for wars and battle cries. Athena had no spouse or children. Athena’s uncle is Poseidon. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Athena One of Athena’s epiths (titles) is Grey Eyed. Athena has her own statue over 39 ft. tall in the Parthenon. Athena once tamed a wild horse named Pegasus. Athena’s strengths are rational intelligence, a powerful defendant in war, and a potent peacemaker. Her weaknesses are she is not usually emotional or compassionate. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Zeus The father of the gods is called Zeus. Zeus is called Jupiter by the Romans. Zeus is king of the sky and mountains. Zeus is married to Hera and she is queen of the goddesses. Zeus and Hera fought a lot. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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Mythology - Zeus He is a skilled craftsman and made all the Olympians, thrones, furniture, armor, and weapons. Zeus can turn himself into anything. Hera, Poseidon, and Apollo kept Zeus a prisoner. Zeus threatened Hera, Apollo, and Poseidon with instant death. Poseidon and Apollo had to be servants for an Earth king. Art & Architecture | Culture | Mythology

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