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Greece Art & Architecture Mythology Culture. Art & Architecture CultureCulture | MythologyMythology Pictures Art Greek Chair Baby Bottle Masks Greek Building.

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Presentation on theme: "Greece Art & Architecture Mythology Culture. Art & Architecture CultureCulture | MythologyMythology Pictures Art Greek Chair Baby Bottle Masks Greek Building."— Presentation transcript:

1 Greece Art & Architecture Mythology Culture

2 Art & Architecture CultureCulture | MythologyMythology Pictures Art Greek Chair Baby Bottle Masks Greek Building Facts Art Vases Pottery Sculptures Drama/Theater Greek Buildings

3 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology Here are some vase names: Dinos - a bowl for mixing wine and water Olpe - a jug to carry water Pyxis - a cosmetics box Arybollos - a perfume bottle Kylis - a drinking cup Their vases had 3 colors: red, black, and white. They kept wine, grain, grapes, and olives in their vases. Art & Architecture Vases

4 They covered their pots with scenes from daily life and mythology. They used pottery on their baby bottles.baby bottles They made chairs out of pottery too.chairs The pots were not broken because they were kept in tombs. Art & Architecture Pottery Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

5 To show appreciation to the gods they made a sculpture of their gods. The Greeks carved sculptures of their goddesses out of marble, rock, and gold. The biggest sculpture the Greeks made was of the goddess, Athena, who stands 40 feet tall. Athena was made of 1,000 kilograms gold!Athena Art & Architecture Sculptures Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

6 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

7 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

8 Art & Architecture In January and March men, women, and children all enjoyed going to the open air theater to see the plays. These plays were judged at competitions held during 2 religious festivals. There was a chorus of 12 to 15 men who danced and sang to fill out the details of the story. They didn't have microphones so they had to talk really loud. They made the mouths big on the masks so the people could hear them. masks One person played more than one part. Theater Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

9 Art & Architecture Tragedies were serious plays that were about gods and heroes but comedies were very funny and made fun of politicians. People brought food and watched plays all day. People who were too poor to pay were given free tickets. Audiences threw food and even stones if they disliked a play. Theater Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

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11 There are three different kinds of capitals: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. The Doric has the least designs. The Ionic has a few designs. The Corinthian has a lot of designs. The pediment is the top of a Greek building. It’s shaped like a triangle. The frieze is under the pediment. It has block designs.Greek building There are different kinds of designs on the buildings. There’s a mautilus shell. It looks like a snail shell. There’s a ram’s horn. There’s also the anterfix. The anterfix looks like a snake and shell design. Art & Architecture Greek Buildings Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

12 Greek Buildings The capital is the top of a column. The shaft is under the capital. It sometimes has designs. The base is the bottom of a column. It is wider at the bottom. Towards the shaft it gets narrower. The columns hold everything up. Art & Architecture Art & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

13 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

14 Culture Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | MythologyMythology Facts Government Food & Clothing Education Family Life Pictures Greek Coins Food Education Children’s Toys

15 Culture - Government The Greeks made up the word democracy (meaning “the rule of the people”). Almost all of the city-states were governed by groups of wealthy men. A Tyrant is a person who seized power and ruled by himself. Only wealthy men with both parents born in the same city-state where voting is held, were allowed to vote. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

16 Each city-state had its own form of government based on love, freedom, and independence. Athens, Sparta, and Corinth were the three biggest and leading city-states. Almost all city-states had the same type of government as Athens. Each city-state chose its own leaders, ran its own army, and made its own laws. Juries used ballot tokens to show their verdict; a token that was solid meant innocent and one with a hollow center meant guilty.ballot tokens The first person to rule was called a Monarchy. Culture - Government Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

17 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

18 CultureCulture - Food The Greeks traded and got many different foods like nuts, fish, beef, olive oil, wine and other goods.foods Fish was a big food source because they lived by the ocean. The Greeks ate sweet meats made from dates, figs, nuts, sesame seeds, and honey. Breakfast and lunch was a small meal. Dinner was the biggest of them all. Only men were invited to the dinner parties. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

19 Culture In Greece, the only reason for wearing clothes was for style. The girls were allowed to wear men’s clothes. The Greek’s clothing was made of wool and in the later part of the century the wealthy wore silk. Women wore long tunics called peplos. Greeks bathed in olive oil. Culture - Clothing Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

20 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

21 Culture - Education They trained boys for peace and war. Until 6 or 7 years boys were taught at home. Books were very expensive so the boys had to remember what the teacher read. They used tablets and rulers for writing and learning.tablets and rulers The boys’ teacher was a man. Athens Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

22 Culture - Education Sparta The boys were sent to military school at age 6 or 7. At school they learned how to be a great soldier. The purpose of school was to make strong bodies. Boys were taught survival skills. Reading and writing were not very important, just warfare.warfare Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

23 Culture - Family Life The women had to get married when they were thirteen or fourteen years old to men twice their age. Many women died when giving birth to their children. In Ancient Greece, the men did the shopping and the women stayed at home and watched the children! They ate bread and wine for breakfast, and grapes, fruits, and vegetables for lunch and supper. The boys had to go live in the Army when they were seven years old to learn to be a soldier. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

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25 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | CultureCulture Facts Apollo Poseidon Athena Zeus Pictures Apollo Poseidon Athena Zeus

26 Mythology - Apollo Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto. Apollo had a twin sister named Artemis. Apollo and his twin sister were born on the island of Delos. In some books it is said that Apollo was the god of music and poetry. In other books he is the god of light and truth.Apollo Apollo appears in Greek art as a beautiful young man. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

27 Mythology - Apollo Animals and things sacred to him are the crow, the dolphin, and the laurel tree. A lot of the gods have a Greek and Roman name, but Apollo has the same name for both. Apollo Apollo made fun out of Cupid because he was so small. So Cupid shot one of his love arrows at Apollo and that made him fall in love with Daphne. Then Cupid put lead on the end of an arrow and shot it at Daphne. That made her bruise so she said to the gods, “Help me! I’ve been poisoned so the gods turned her into a laurel tree. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

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30 Mythology - Poseidon Poseidon is a sea god. His Roman name is Neptune. Poseidon has a three-pronged spear called a trident.Poseidon When his spear hits the ground it makes earthquakes. When it hits water it makes waves. For this he’s known as The Earth Shaker. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

31 Poseidon’s parents are Cronus and Rhea. Amphitrite is his wife and Triton is his son. Poseidon and his other brothers, except Zeus, were eaten by Cronus in fear of being over thrown. His brother’s names are Hades and Zeus. Poseidon did favors for other gods or goddesses.Poseidon Mythology - Poseidon Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

32 Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

33 Mythology - Athena Athena is goddess of wisdom, war, and arts/crafts.Athena Her Roman name is Minerva. Animals and things sacred to her are owls, shields, and olive trees. Athena taught women the art of spinning and weaving. Athena had her own temple called the Parthenon. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

34 Her parents are Zeus and Metis. She was born from the forehead of her father Zeus. Athena was born dressed for wars and battle cries.Athena Athena had no spouse or children. Athena’s uncle is Poseidon.Poseidon Mythology - Athena Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

35 One of Athena’s epiths (titles) is Grey Eyed. Athena has her own statue over 39 ft. tall in the Parthenon. Athena once tamed a wild horse named Pegasus.Athena Athena’s strengths are rational intelligence, a powerful defendant in war, and a potent peacemaker. Her weaknesses are she is not usually emotional or compassionate. Mythology - Athena Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

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37 Mythology - Zeus The father of the gods is called Zeus. Zeus is called Jupiter by the Romans. Zeus is king of the sky and mountains. Zeus is married to Hera and she is queen of the goddesses. Zeus and Hera fought a lot. Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

38 He is a skilled craftsman and made all the Olympians, thrones, furniture, armor, and weapons.weapons Zeus can turn himself into anything. Hera, Poseidon, and Apollo kept Zeus a prisoner.Poseidon Zeus threatened Hera, Apollo, and Poseidon with instant death. Poseidon and Apollo had to be servants for an Earth king.Apollo Mythology - Zeus Art & ArchitectureArt & Architecture | Culture | MythologyCultureMythology

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