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Cestius and the Roman Retreat The Roman governor, Florus, is corrupt causing protest Cestius, the governor of Syria, intervenes He ends up laying seige.

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Presentation on theme: "Cestius and the Roman Retreat The Roman governor, Florus, is corrupt causing protest Cestius, the governor of Syria, intervenes He ends up laying seige."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Cestius and the Roman Retreat The Roman governor, Florus, is corrupt causing protest Cestius, the governor of Syria, intervenes He ends up laying seige to Jerusalem He inexplicably breaks off seige of Jerusalem Jews attack his forces as they return to Damascus Jews are elated with apparent success Romans prepare for war

3 Nero appoints Vespasian over Syria Vespasian is older and more experienced Vespasian had helped subdue the West NEXT EMPEROR! The Jews attack Askelon The Jews are emboldened by “victory” over Cestius Askelon, a Philistine city, never liked the Jews The Jews are less disciplined and untrained in battle They are easily beaten by the forces in Askelon

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5 Vespasian comes from Antioch to Galilee Herod Agrippa II meets him with additional forces Large number of Jews in Galilee join with Vespasian The Jews who are rebelling are under Josephus Titus arrives in Ptolemais with reinforcements He surpisingly came during the winter season He brought with him the 5th and 10th legions (best) Four other kings of surrounding nations joined Total forces were 60,000 Not including the slaves who also fought

6 Vespasian’s Initial Success Forces flee from before him Josephus flees to Tiberius Vespasian takes Gadara Joseph writes to Jerusalem He want to know their intentions If they want him to continue he needed reinforcements

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8 The Siege of Jotapata Vespasian looks to Jotapata, the chief fortress Josephus goes to Jotapata to strengthen them Vespasian finds out and hurries to the city A long siege ensues Jotapata is taken after 47 days Josephus is captured (only 2 survived) Jerusalem is informed and shocked Josephus prophesies Vespasian’s rise to emperor

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10 Battles Elsewhere under Subordinate Commanders Trajan is sent to take Joppa Jewish fighting men trapped between walls Women and remaining men hold of the Romans 6hrs 15,000 slain, and 2,130 taken captive Cerealis sent to take the Samaritans on Gerizim Gerizim is the hill where the Samaritan temple was built 11,600 slain, and NONE TAKEN CAPTIVE

11 The Beginning of the End for Galilee Those in Tiberius Flee to Taricheae Taricheae was a natural fortress Taricheae defeated in a naval battle on the Sea of Galilee 1,200 old and "useless" are killed in a stadium 6,000 young men sent to dig the Corinthian canal 30,400 given to Agrippa to be sold into slavery Three cities left: Gischala, Mount Tabor, and Gamala

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15 The Taking of Gamla (Masada of the North) Agrippa attempts peace talks and is hit by a stone The Romans break through the wall and attack into the city They climb on the houses, which then fall on them The people of Gamla think it is God helping them Vespasian nearly killed helping the wounded Titus arrives and takes his forces in to exact vengeance A strong wind blew against the people 5,000 threw themselves to their death

16 The Taking of Tabor Tiberius sends Placidus to take Tabor He treacherously offers peace They treacherously come to accept peace The Jews attack Placidus who fakes a retreat Placidus turns on them and defeats them The remaining fighters on Tabor flee to Jerusalem

17 The Taking of Gischala People 'led' by John Bar Levi John asks for a Sabbath reprieve He uses this simply to create an opportunity to escape The citizens gladly open up to the Romans when he’s gone John and his fellow zealots flee to Jerusalem Women/children who couldn't keep up are slain or enslaved John enters Jerusalem down playing their flight

18 The Situation in Judea All of the cities of Judea were filled with strife Those for war fought with those for peace Others simply fought for control and power The warlike people resorted to robbery to stay supplied The Romans did little to prevent this infighting These groups slowly band together They enter Jerusalem with a mind to take over

19 The Situation in Jerusalem John and the zealots stir up the young men for war The older men do not join but also don’t resist it The zealots started taking over Jerusalem They imprisoned those in powerful positions The rest of Jerusalem fears for their own safety The zealots set up their own high priest

20 Ananus (Biblical “Annas”) He tried to get the people to challenge the zealots The zealots made the temple their stronghold!!! The cast lots for the high priesthood The people started to fight against them John played both sides at this point John finally sides outwardly with the Zealots John calls upon the Idumeans for help Enters Simon

21 Ananus (Biblical “Annas”) Ananus stood in the midst of them, and casting his eyes frequently at the temple, and having a flood of tears in his eyes, he said, ``Certainly, it had been good for me to die before I had seen the house of God full of so many abominations, or these sacred places, that ought not to be trodden upon at random, filled with the feet of these blood shedding villains; (Jwr 4:162-163 JOE) 181 How then can we avoid shedding of tears, when we see the Roman donations in our temple, while we see those of our own nation taking our spoils, and plundering our glorious metropolis, and slaughtering our men, from which enormities those Romans themselves would have abstained? (Jwr 4:181 JOE)

22 Upper City Lower City

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