Presentation on theme: "Alexander’s Conquests Lead him Further East: – More interested in expanding the Empire than ruling it – Crosses the Indus River and defeats the Persians."— Presentation transcript:
Alexander’s Conquests Lead him Further East: – More interested in expanding the Empire than ruling it – Crosses the Indus River and defeats the Persians Why is expansion East so important?
Alexander’s Legacy United Greece – After his death, empire fell apart Divided into 3 kingdoms – Macedon, Egypt, & Syria Hellenism: Spread into Asia – Greek culture blended with Egyptian, Persian, & Indian influences Alexander spread Greek technology and ideas throughout his empire – He brought to the Persians the Greek way of life cities were placed on trade routes: goods b/w East & West
The Roman Coliseum has a strong Hellenistic influence.
What buildings in the USA have a Hellenistic influence?
Lincoln Memorial BBC - Schools - Ancient Greece Theatre
Alexandria, Egypt Center of all Hellenistic culture. –Thriving commerce –Mixture of eastern/western cultures melded
Hellenistic Science & Tech Astronomy: Aristarchus v. Ptolemy –Aristarchus = sun is 300x larger than Earth & heliocentric theory –Ptolemy = geocentric theory –Eratosthenes = circumference of earth is between 28-29,000 mi. Actual circumference is 24,860!
Hellenistic Mathematics Geometry: Euclid –The Elements –Theorems/postulates are unchanged today! Physics: Archimedes –3.14…..... Importance? –Law of the lever –Compound pulley
Hellenistic Art Qualities: Display emotion & action –Meant to commemorate heroes, honor gods. –Ordinary people served as inspiration too vs.