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The rise of Macedonia Aim: to have an overview understanding of Macedonia and Greece Starter: Where is Greece?

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Presentation on theme: "The rise of Macedonia Aim: to have an overview understanding of Macedonia and Greece Starter: Where is Greece?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The rise of Macedonia Aim: to have an overview understanding of Macedonia and Greece Starter: Where is Greece?

2 Context: Greece in 400B.C. In the 4 th century BC Greece was not a unified country. It was a series of squabbling city states and various kings. It wasn’t uncommon for kings to fight amongst each other.

3 Scary neighbours The Persian Empire had always been a significant threat to Greece since it’s founding in 500BC (ish). Historic rivalries and tensions go back as far as the siege of Troy. Various Persian rulers attempted to conquer Greece.

4 Task Study source 1 Study source 1 Describe the changing balance of power in Greece between 480and 371 BC. Describe at least 2 ways the Persian Empire had affected Greek affairs. 480 A major invasion by the Persian king Xerxes was defeated (battle of Thermopylae and Salamis) – Greece and the Ionian cities remained independent. Athens became the most powerful city-state Peloponnesian War (Sparta v Athens) – eventually, with Persian help, Sparta won and became the dominant power in Greece Corinthian War (Sparta v Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Argos); in 387 the Persian king brokered The King’s Peace and guaranteed it. By this peace, Persia gained control over the Ionian cities. 371Battle of Leuctra – Thebes destroyed the Spartan army and became the dominant city.

5 What about Macedonia? In the 4 th Century BC, the rest of Greece didn’t really pay much attention to Macedonia. They saw them as a disorganised tribe of Barbarians. Macedonia was constantly under threat from it’s rivals to the north. Athens controlled much of the Aegean Sea which limited Macedonia's influence on the region.

6 Task 2 Study source 2 Study source 2 Explain how this information helps explain Macedonia’s limited influence on the rest of Greece. What problems would a new king of Macedonia face? (include ALL possible points)

7 Plenary Summarise the strengths and weakness of Macedonia in the 4 th Century BC.


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