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Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. He ruled the Babylonian Empire from 1792-50 B.C.E. He was concerned with keeping.

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Presentation on theme: "Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. He ruled the Babylonian Empire from 1792-50 B.C.E. He was concerned with keeping."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. He ruled the Babylonian Empire from 1792-50 B.C.E. He was concerned with keeping order in his kingdom. He compiled a list of laws. When he began ruling the city-state of Babylon, he had control of no more than 50 square miles of territory. As he conquered other city-states and his empire grew, he saw the need to unify the various groups he controlled Hammurabi

2 Confucius China’s most famous teacher, philosopher, and political theorist, whose ideas have influenced the civilization of East Asia.

3 Homer Homer is credited as the Greek poet and author of Western Literature's first and most influential works Iliad and its sequel Odyssey. For hundreds of years these two works of Homer, written in ancient formal Ionic Greek diction mixed with dialect, have been the subject of numerous translations and interpretations.

4 Alexander the Great Alexander the Great was born to parents King Philip II and Queen Olympia. Tutored by Aristotle, he took charge of the Companion Cavalry at age 18 and aided Philip in defeating the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. After the death of his father, Alexander garnered the support of the Macedonian Army and eliminated his enemies to become king and leader of the Corinthian League. Alexander went on to conquer Persia and Egypt, his kingdom ranging from the Mediterranean to the border of India. Just 32 when he died from malaria, he is regarded as one of history’s brilliant military leaders and most powerful rulers.

5 Julius Caesar Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar turned the Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire. A coup ended his reign, and his life, on the Ides of March.

6 Socrates Greek philosopher whose way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy.

7 Plato He is considered an essential figure in the development of philosophy, especially the Western tradition, and he founded the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with Socrates and his most famous student, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science.

8 Aristotle At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens and remained there until the age of thirty-seven His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy.

9 Adopted by Caesar, Augustus Reigned 31 BC – 14 AD) had to fight for his throne. His long rule saw a huge expansion in the Roman Empire and the beginnings of a dynasty that, over the next century, would transform Rome, for better and worse.

10 Jesus also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity, [ whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God. Christianity regards Jesus as the awaited Messiah (or "Christ") of the Old Testament and refers to him as Jesus Christ, a name that is also used in non-Christian contexts.

11 Justinian The reign of Justinian was an extremely significant period. It marked the final end of the Roman empire; the establishment of the new, Byzantine empire; the beginning of Western Europe's unique position within the civilizations of the Old World; and made possible the spread of Islam and the rise of the Franks. Although this lecture concentrates on the role played by the Gothic Wars in Justinian's reign, there is a great deal more to be known about this remarkable man and about Theodora, his even more remarkable wife.

12 Yaroslav the Wise Yaroslav the Wise was grand prince of Kiev from 1019 to 1054, one of the brightest representatives of the Riurykide (Rurikovich) dynasty, who was best known in eastern European history as a powerful leader of the early centralized Kievan Rus state. He was the son of Grand Prince Vladimir I

13 Ivan the Terrible In 1547, Ivan IV, grandson of Ivan the Great, was crowned the first czar of all Russia Cathedral. In addition, Moscow became the capital of the Holy Russian Empire. In the same year, Ivan married Anastasia Romanov. He married several more times after her death in 1560, but this first marriage seems to have been the happiest. The Romanov dynasty ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917, and traces its claim to the throne through Anastasia's brother, Nikitu.

14 Muhammad Muhammad was born in Mecca approximately 570 C.E. and was a member of the Quraysh tribe. As with Moses and Jesus, we know little about his childhood. His parents died when he was young, and he never learned to read or write. When he was 12, he visited Syria and had his first exposure to Jews and Christians and apparently developed a respect for these "People of the Book."

15 Abu Bakr Muhammad’s closest companion and adviser, who succeeded to the Prophet’s political and administrative functions, thereby initiating the office of the caliphate

16 Umar one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (successors) in history. He was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr (632– 634) as the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert Islamic jurist known for his pious and just nature,


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