Presentation on theme: "1. Can you think of any examples of Ancient Greece used in today’s popular media? (TV, Movies, Etc…) 2. What are some famous Greek names that you have."— Presentation transcript:
1. Can you think of any examples of Ancient Greece used in today’s popular media? (TV, Movies, Etc…) 2. What are some famous Greek names that you have heard of? 3. What about in other subjects in school? Are there any visible contributions of Greek culture?
The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization led to the spread of Greek culture across the Mediterranean and Black seas. Greek mythology was based on a polytheistic religion that was integral to culture, politics, and art in ancient Greece. Many of Western civilization’s symbols, metaphors, words, and idealized images come from ancient Greek mythology.
Aegean Sea Balkan Peninsula Peloponnesus Asia Minor Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Dardanelles Athens, Sparta, Troy Macedonia
Plato (c.429-327 BC) - He was a brilliant student of Socrates and later carried on his work. He gathered Socrates' ideas and wrote them down in a book. Plato founded the world's first university. He wrote down his teachings and people all over the world, even today, study the Greek philosophers Aristotle (382-322 BC) - discovered many things in science and biology. He wrote books about physics, poetry, zoology, biology, politics, governments, and more. His father was the personal physician of the King of Macedonia. Parmenides - watched an eclipse of the Moon in about 470 BC, and noticed that the Earth's shadow was curved. He worked out that if the shadow was curved, then the Earth must be round. Archimedes - was a mathematician and an engineer. He designed a machine, called the Archimedean screw, which could make water flow uphill. His design has been used for almost 2,000 years, to take water from rivers to the fields. Pythagoras - was a mathematician. Pythagoras' theorem on right triangles. Alexander the Great - Alexander the Great was born in 356 B.C. in Pella, Macedonia, the son of Philip of Macedon, who was an excellent general and organizer. He was called 'the Great' because he conquered more lands than anyone before him and became the overall ruler of Greece.
Think of what you know and what you’ve seen today… Can you think of a song or movie soundtrack that could be used as a theme for Ancient Greece? What kinds of contributions did Greece make to modern society?
How does physical geography affect the lives of people today? Example: Bodies of Water, Mountains, Islands, Plains, etc…
How did mythology help the early Greek civilization explain the natural world and the human condition?
Polytheistic Religion Offered explanations of natural phenomena, human qualities, and life events Greek Gods and Goddesses often played tricks on each other and had human characteristics and personalities.
Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Athena, Aphrodite Symbols and images in Western literature, art, and architecture
God of justice and mercy, protector of the weak, punisher of the wicked.
Supreme Goddess, goddess of marriage and childbirth and takes special care of married women.
The god of healing who taught man medicine. God of light, music, & truth
Goddess of the hunt, the moon, and the natural environment
Goddess of reason, intelligence, art, literature, and War
How did Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses provide explanations of human existence and the natural world? Provide examples!
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12170- ancient-civilizations-greek-mythology- video.htm http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/12170- ancient-civilizations-greek-mythology- video.htm What TWO things do Greek Myths try to explain?
Classical Athens developed the most democratic system of government the world had ever seen, although not everyone could participate in decision making. It became a foundation of modern democracies.
Citizens had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government. Who is a citizen? FREE ADULT MALE
Women and foreigners had no political rights. Slaves had no political rights.
A city-state is an independent country whose territory consists of a city which is not administered as part of another government.
Stages in the evolution of Athenian government: monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, democracy Tyrants who worked for reform: Draco, Solon Draco: Solon: Origin of democratic principles: Direct democracy, public debate, duties of the citizen
How did democracy develop in Athens? ▪ There are 4 stages Refer to your handouts from last class.
Think of any quiz questions you want answered! Anything you want reviewed?
A series of conflicts between the Empire of Persia and city-states of the Hellenic world that started in 499 BCE and lasted until 450 BCE. EmpirePersiaHellenic world
Happened outside of Athens Athens’ victory was overwhelming: 6,400 Persians but only 192 Athenians died Messenger ran about 25 mi (40 km) back to Athens, where he announced the victory before dying of exhaustion In another version, an Athenian runner was sent to Sparta before the battle to ask for help, running 150 miles in two days; Sparta refused
Name the Persian Wars battle we discussed last class. What were the results? Why is it important today? What were its long-term effects for the Greeks? Who was the Greek general we saw in the video?
Battle in northern Greece (480 BC) in the Persian Wars. The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them. Sending the main army in retreat, Leonidas and a small contingent remained behind to resist the advance and were killed to the last man.Persian WarsLeonidasXerxes I
The Greek fleet of some 370 ships, under the command of Themistocles, lured the Persian fleet of about 800 ships into the narrow strait between the island of Salamis and the Athenian port of Piraeus.Themistocles Athens sank about 300 Persian vessels while losing only about 40 of their own. As a result of this battle, Xerxes had to postpone his planned land offensive, giving the Greek city- states time to unite against him.Xerxes
Why are the Persian Wars important? 1. Persian wars united Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire.
Why are the Persian Wars important? 2. Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea.
Why are the Persian Wars important? 3. Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture.
Name the 3 battles of the Persian Wars that we have covered. What were the outcomes of those battles—Who Won? How many Persian Wars were there? Why are the Persian Wars so important to human society today? What’s the BIG picture?
Mountains both helped and hindered the development of city-states Greek cities were designed to promote civic and commercial life Colonization was prompted by overpopulation and the search for arable land
Agriculture (limited arable land) Commerce and the spread of Hellenic culture Shift from barter to money economy (coins)
What is a “Golden Age”? What happened to Themistocles after the Persian Wars? Which city-state is in control of the Mediterranean world? Who is the next major leader of Athens and what was his major achievement?
Time between the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars
Pericles extended democracy; most adult males had an equal voice.
Pericles had Athens rebuilt after destruction in the Persian Wars; the Parthenon is an example of this reconstruction.
Tyrants who worked for reform: Draco, Solon Draco: Solon: Origin of democratic principles: Direct democracy, public debate, duties of the citizen
Oligarchy (rule by a small group) Rigid social structure Military society
Attempt to answer the following questions. Drama: What are the two main genres of Plays/Movies? Literature: Homer’s “Iliad” and “Odyssey” are examples of what kind of literature? History: The “Father of History”, Herodotus, is sometimes known for mixing ____________ into his historical writings. Art: Besides drawings and paintings, how do we know what the ancient Greeks looked like? Architecture: What kind of Columns are on the front of LCHS? Science: How do we know that the Earth is a Spheroid? Mathematics: (A*A + B*B = C*C) Explains the dimensions of what geometric shape? Philosophy: Why are you here? / How did you get here?/ How do you know?
Caused by competition for control of the Greek world: Athens and the Delian League vs Sparta and the Peloponnesian League
Results: Slowed cultural advance Weakened political power
Greece is responsible for inventing and innovating many of the things we use today—math, history, architecture, art, literature, drama, philosophy, science, and many others. Today, we will explore and explain how these inventions and innovations developed, who developed them, and provide examples of how they shape our world today.
Choose 2 people from the list on the Next Slide. Answer the questions associated with your chosen area. Give some background information that applies to your specific topic. Add some additional information of interest.
Themistocles Darius of Persia Xerxes of Persia Pericles Aeschylus Sophocles Homer Herodotus Thucydides Phidias Archimedes Hippocrates Euclid Pythagoras Socrates Plato Aristotle Philip II of Macedon Alexander the Great