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128 AD ROME, ITALY THE PANTHEON \. Sketch: Exterior.

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Presentation on theme: "128 AD ROME, ITALY THE PANTHEON \. Sketch: Exterior."— Presentation transcript:

1 128 AD ROME, ITALY THE PANTHEON \

2 Sketch: Exterior

3 Sketch: Interior

4 HISTORY PAN – all, THEON – of the gods AD – General Marcus Agrippa  Son-in-law of Emperor Augustus  Rectangular structure in center of the city  80 AD – damaged by fire AD – rebuilt under Emperor Domitian  Rectangular structure in center of the city  110 AD – struck by lightning and burned down

5 HISTORY – 128 AD – rebuilt under Emperor Hadrian  Rotunda walls, dome each took 4-5 years  “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, in his third consulate, made it.” AD – Given to Popes by Emperor Phocas

6 FORM Corinthian columns  60 tons each  Dragged, floated, and rolled all the way from Egypt Rotunda (round room with dome)  Still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome  Perfect sphere (the height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 meters) Sources of light – oculus and entry door Concrete  Lighter concrete on upper levels reduces weight  Hidden chambers within the rotunda form a honeycomb structure – also reduces weight

7 FORM

8

9 FUNCTION Created in honor of Emperor Augustus Religious temple  Worship  Sacrifices 7 Roman gods  Sun, Moon, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Mars  7 niches in wall where the statues were placed Converted to Catholic Church in 609 AD  Took excellent care of the building -- one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings

10 FUNCTION Renaissance  Tomb for people in the arts Today  Used as a Catholic Church  Holds mass daily  Tourist attraction

11 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE Similar to Greeks:  Portico (rectangular porch with columns) Pantheon Parthenon

12 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE Similar to Greeks:  Corinthian Columns Pantheon Temple of Olympian Zeus (Athens)

13 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE Similar to Greeks:  Decorated frieze and pediment Temple of Hephaestus (Athens) Pantheon Parthenon

14 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE Similar to Greeks:  Symmetric balance on both sides Parthenon Pantheon

15 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE New Innovations:  Based on a circle giving it the dome shape

16 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE New Innovations:  Varying weight of concrete allowed vaulted domed roof

17 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE New Innovations:  Focus on interior space

18 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE New Innovations:  Oculus in the ceiling  Coffers

19 Legacy Highly influential building, particularly the dome/rotunda

20 Le Pantheon in Paris

21 Monticello, Virginia

22 St. Peter’s, The Vatican (Rome)

23 Il Duomo, Florence

24 Khan Academy video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaY8zqYfQI0


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