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THE PANTHEON 128 AD Rome, italy \.

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Presentation on theme: "THE PANTHEON 128 AD Rome, italy \."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE PANTHEON 128 AD Rome, italy \

2 Sketch: Exterior

3 Sketch: Interior

4 HISTORY PAN – all, THEON – of the gods 27 AD – General Marcus Agrippa
Son-in-law of Emperor Augustus Rectangular structure in center of the city 80 AD – damaged by fire 80 AD – rebuilt under Emperor Domitian 110 AD – struck by lightning and burned down

5 HISTORY 118 – 128 AD – rebuilt under Emperor Hadrian
Rotunda walls, dome each took 4-5 years “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, in his third consulate, made it.” 609 AD – Given to Popes by Emperor Phocas

6 FORM Corinthian columns Rotunda (round room with dome)
60 tons each Dragged, floated, and rolled all the way from Egypt Rotunda (round room with dome) Still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome Perfect sphere (the height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 meters) Sources of light – oculus and entry door Concrete Lighter concrete on upper levels reduces weight Hidden chambers within the rotunda form a honeycomb structure – also reduces weight

7 FORM

8 FORM

9 FUNCTION Created in honor of Emperor Augustus Religious temple
Worship Sacrifices 7 Roman gods Sun, Moon, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Mars 7 niches in wall where the statues were placed Converted to Catholic Church in 609 AD Took excellent care of the building -- one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings

10 FUNCTION Renaissance Today Tomb for people in the arts
Used as a Catholic Church Holds mass daily Tourist attraction

11 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
Similar to Greeks: Portico (rectangular porch with columns) Pantheon Parthenon

12 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
Similar to Greeks: Corinthian Columns Temple of Olympian Zeus (Athens) Pantheon

13 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
Similar to Greeks: Decorated frieze and pediment Parthenon Temple of Hephaestus (Athens) Pantheon

14 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
Similar to Greeks: Symmetric balance on both sides Parthenon Pantheon

15 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
New Innovations: Based on a circle giving it the dome shape

16 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
New Innovations: Varying weight of concrete allowed vaulted domed roof

17 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
New Innovations: Focus on interior space

18 ARCHITECTURAL IMPORTANCE
New Innovations: Oculus in the ceiling Coffers

19 Legacy Highly influential building, particularly the dome/rotunda

20 Le Pantheon in Paris

21 Monticello, Virginia

22 St. Peter’s, The Vatican (Rome)

23 Il Duomo, Florence

24 Khan Academy video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaY8zqYfQI0


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