2Essential Understanding The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization.The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization led to the spread of Hellenic culture across the Mediterranean and Black seas.
3Locations to…Locate Aegean Sea Black Sea, Dardanelles Mediterranean SeaBalkan and Peloponnesus peninsula, Europe, Asia MinorAthens, Sparta, TroyMacedonia
9Social structure and citizenship in the Greek polis Citizens (free adult males) had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government.People without any political rightsWomenForeignersSlaves
10Political Development Mountainous terrain both helped and held up the development of city-states.Greek cities were designed to promote civic (public) and commercial life.Colonization was prompted by overpopulation and the search for arable land.
21Sparta Oligarchy (rule by a small group) Rigid social structure Militaristic and aggressive society
22Persian Wars United Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire. Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea.Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture.Persian Wars
33Peloponnesian Wars VS Athens and the Delian League Sparta and the Peloponnesian LeagueCaused in part by competition for control of the Greek worldResulted in slowing of cultural advance and the weakening of political power
35What were they about again? Peloponnesian WarWho won?Persian WarsWho won?
36Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization DramaSophoclesBoth wrote tragediesAeschylus
37Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization HomerIlliad and the OdysseyPoetry
38Homer Poem about the Trojan War Iliad Odyssey Poem about Odysseus’ return home
39Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization Herodotus“Father of History”ThucydidesDiscussed the PeloponnesianWar between Sparta and AthensHistory
40Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization SculpturePhidias
41Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization ScienceArchimedesArchimedean Screw, Mathematician, Invented PulleysHippocratesFather of Modern MedicineHippocratic Oath- good conduct between patient and doctor
42Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization EuclidEuclidian LawThe ElementsPythagorasMathematical principles still studied in Geometrya2 + b2 = c2Mathematics
43Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization The Big 3SocratesQuestion everythingPlatoFounded the AcademyAristotleTaught Alexander the GreatPhilosophy