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Ancient Greece WHI.5.

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Presentation on theme: "Ancient Greece WHI.5."— Presentation transcript:

1 Ancient Greece WHI.5

2 Essential Understanding
The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization led to the spread of Hellenic culture across the Mediterranean and Black seas.

3 Locations to…Locate  Aegean Sea Black Sea, Dardanelles
Mediterranean Sea Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsula, Europe, Asia Minor Athens, Sparta, Troy Macedonia



6 Quiz Time What sea allowed for trade and communication during Ancient Greece? What is the name of the peninsula that the Greeks inhabit?

7 What you should know about the land, money, and social life of Greece
Agriculture (limited arable land) Commerce (trade) and the spread of Hellenic culture Shift from barter to money economy (coins)

8 Economic and social development

9 Social structure and citizenship in the Greek polis
Citizens (free adult males) had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government. People without any political rights Women Foreigners Slaves

10 Political Development
Mountainous terrain both helped and held up the development of city-states. Greek cities were designed to promote civic (public) and commercial life. Colonization was prompted by overpopulation and the search for arable land.

11 Greek Colonies

12 Olympics

13 Olympics Olympia Every polis was represented
Events included foot racing; long jump; boxing; wrestling; javelin tossing; and discus throwing Reinforced common bonds between Greeks and their colonies

14 Quiz Time What prompted the Greeks to colonize other lands?
Greek cities were designed to promote what? Greece shifted from the barter system to what other system?

15 Contrasting Governments:
Athens (democracy) Sparta (Oligarchy)

16 Athens developed the most democratic system of government the world had ever seen
Not everyone could participate in voting Foundation of modern democracies.


18 M A T D Athens Stages in the evolution of Athenian government:
Monarchy aristocracy tyranny democracy

19 Athens Origin of democratic principles: Direct democracy public debate
duties of the citizen

20 Athens Tyrants who worked for reform: Draco Solon

21 Sparta Oligarchy (rule by a small group) Rigid social structure
Militaristic and aggressive society

22 Persian Wars United Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire.
Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea. Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture. Persian Wars


24 Golden Age of Pericles Mainly occurred between the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

25 Pericles Extended democracy
Most adult males had an equal voice. Had Athens rebuilt after destruction in the Persian Wars The Parthenon is an example of this reconstruction.

26 Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization
Types of columns Doric (Parthenon) Ionic Corinthian Architecture

27 Doric (Dull)

28 Ionic (Look into my EYES)

29 Corinthian “Crown”

30 Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian

31 The Parthenon


33 Peloponnesian Wars VS Athens and the Delian League
Sparta and the Peloponnesian League Caused in part by competition for control of the Greek world Resulted in slowing of cultural advance and the weakening of political power


35 What were they about again?
Peloponnesian War Who won? Persian Wars Who won?

36 Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization
Drama Sophocles Both wrote tragedies Aeschylus

37 Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization
Homer Illiad and the Odyssey Poetry

38 Homer Poem about the Trojan War Iliad Odyssey
Poem about Odysseus’ return home

39 Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization
Herodotus “Father of History” Thucydides Discussed the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens History

40 Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization
Sculpture Phidias

41 Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization
Science Archimedes Archimedean Screw, Mathematician, Invented Pulleys Hippocrates Father of Modern Medicine Hippocratic Oath- good conduct between patient and doctor

42 Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization
Euclid Euclidian Law The Elements Pythagoras Mathematical principles still studied in Geometry a2 + b2 = c2 Mathematics

43 Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization
The Big 3 Socrates Question everything Plato Founded the Academy Aristotle Taught Alexander the Great Philosophy

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