Presentation on theme: "WHI.5 Ancient Greece. Essential Understanding The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek."— Presentation transcript:
Essential Understanding The physical geography of the Aegean Basin shaped the economic, social, and political development of Greek civilization. The expansion of Greek civilization through trade and colonization led to the spread of Hellenic culture across the Mediterranean and Black seas.
Locations to…Locate Aegean Sea Black Sea, Dardanelles Mediterranean Sea Balkan and Peloponnesus peninsula, Europe, Asia Minor Athens, Sparta, Troy Macedonia
Social structure and citizenship in the Greek polis Citizens (free adult males) had political rights and the responsibility of civic participation in government. People without any political rights – Women – Foreigners – Slaves
Political Development Mountainous terrain both helped and held up the development of city-states. Greek cities were designed to promote civic (public) and commercial life. Colonization was prompted by overpopulation and the search for arable land.
Athens Stages in the evolution of Athenian government: 1.Monarchy 2.aristocracy 3.tyranny 4.democracy MATDMATD
Athens Origin of democratic principles: – Direct democracy – public debate – duties of the citizen
Athens Tyrants who worked for reform: – Draco – Solon
Sparta Oligarchy (rule by a small group) Rigid social structure Militaristic and aggressive society
Persian Wars 1.United Athens and Sparta against the Persian Empire. 2.Athenian victories over the Persians at Marathon and Salamis left Greeks in control of the Aegean Sea. 3.Athens preserved its independence and continued innovations in government and culture.
Peloponnesian Wars Athens and the Delian League VS Sparta and the Peloponnesian League Caused in part by competition for control of the Greek world Resulted in slowing of cultural advance and the weakening of political power
What were they about again? Peloponnesian War Who won? Persian Wars Who won?
Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization Drama Sophocles Both wrote tragedies Aeschylus
Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization Homer – Illiad and the Odyssey
Homer Iliad Poem about the Trojan War Odyssey Poem about Odysseus’ return home
Contributions of Greek culture to Western civilization Herodotus “Father of History” Thucydides Discussed the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens
Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization Sculpture – Phidias
Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization Archimedes – Archimedean Screw, Mathematician, Invented Pulleys Hippocrates – Father of Modern Medicine – Hippocratic Oath- good conduct between patient and doctor
Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization Euclid – Euclidian Law – The Elements Pythagoras – Mathematical principles still studied in Geometry – a2 + b2 = c2
Contributions of Greek Culture to Western Civilization The Big 3 1.Socrates 1.Question everything 2.Plato 1.Founded the Academy 3.Aristotle 1.Taught Alexander the Great