Presentation on theme: "1 st Quarter Text Chapter 9 Pages 246-251 SS3H1: Our Political Roots The student will explain the political roots of our modern democracy in the United."— Presentation transcript:
1 st Quarter Text Chapter 9 Pages
SS3H1: Our Political Roots The student will explain the political roots of our modern democracy in the United States of America. Element: SS3H1.b Explain the ancient Athenians' idea that a community should choose its own leaders. Element: SS3H1.c Compare and contrast Athens as a direct democracy with the United States as a representative democracy. Element: SS3H1.a Identify the influence of Greek architecture ( columns on the Parthenon, U.S. Supreme Court building), law, and the Olympic Games on the present.
SS3G1: U.S. Topographical Features The student will locate major topographical features. Element: SS3G1.c Locate the equator, prime meridian, and lines of latitude and longitude on a globe. Element: SS3G1.d Locate Greece on a world map.
Acropolis Acropolis – a flat topped rock outside Athens where the Parthenon was built. architecture architecture – how things are built. assembly assembly – a group of citizens in ancient Greece who voted on laws. astronomy astronomy – the study of planets and the universe. Athens Athens – the leading city-state in Ancient Greece. citizens citizens – the people who live in a place and can make their own laws. city-state city-state – Cities in ancient Greece that governed themselves. columns columns – structures built by the Greeks to hold up huge stone roofs. Constitution of the United States of America Constitution of the United States of America – a document that explained how democracy would work in America. Declaration of Independence Declaration of Independence – A document that said that Americans would be independent from England and make their own laws. democracy democracy – the rule of the people. direct democracy direct democracy – the form of government in ancient Greece where every citizen voted on laws. elect elect – to choose by voting.
Equator Equator – the line of latitude that circles the globe exactly halfway between the North and South poles. heritage heritage – our way of life. ideals ideals – the things we believe. latitude latitude – the lines that cross the globe horizontally. longitude longitude – the lines that cross the globe vertically. Olympic Games Olympic Games – A sports competition that started in ancient Greece. Parthenon Parthenon – A grand temple built with columns. Prime Meridian Prime Meridian – a vertical line that passes through Greenwich, England. represent represent – to speak for someone else. representative democracy representative democracy – the form of government in America when the people elect leaders to represent them and make laws. tax tax – Money people pay to support the government. vote vote - to make decisions about laws or choose someone to represent you.
A long time ago, in a place far, far away….. Find Greece on your map
2,500 years ago in a country named GREECE In a city named ATHENS, there lived some very smart people. Greeks started the OLYMPICS. Added vowels to the alphabet. Made medicine and studied astronomy. Click to connect to Brainpop. Click to connect to Brainpop
The people of Athens believed that they should VOTE and make their own laws. This is called DEMOCRACY. In Greek, democracy means: “the rule of the people” Read pages 1-12 in the Book: Greece and our American Heritage What are some ways we can be a democracy in our classroom? At home? With your friends?
Let’s choose something to vote on in class. Everyone gets to VOTE! The majority (the most votes) wins! This is called a DIRECT DEMOCRACY because everyone gets a chance to vote.
At each table, elect one person, a representative, for your group. The group should let the representative know how to vote for their table. The representative will now vote on behalf of the whole table. Was the outcome the same? Why or why not?
Athens DIRECT democracy with the United States REPRESENTATIVE democracy.
The Parthenon DORIC
CORINTHIAN The Supreme Court of the U.S.A.
1. What US state is located south of 40 degrees latitude and -120 degrees longitude? 2. What continent is located south of 10 degrees latitude? 3. What country does the 50 degrees latitudinal line cross? 4. If you stand at 20 degrees latitude and -100 degrees longitude, you will be in 5. What ocean does the -120 degrees longitude line cross? Ocean. 6. What ocean does the -60 degrees longitude line cross? Ocean. 7. The state of Texas lies at degrees latitude and degrees longitude. 8. Most of Florida is below the degree latitude line. 9. The Great Lakes can be found below degrees latitude and above degrees latitude. IONIC The White House
CORINTHIAN The Georgia Capital
The Olympic Games date back to 776 B.C. The ancient games were held in the sanctuary of Olympia in Greece as a way to honor the Greek gods. The first Olympics were just a footrace. Eventually other sports were added, including the long jump, javelin, boxing and equestrian events. At the ancient Olympics, only males were allowed to participate. If a woman was married, she was forbidden from viewing the ancient Olympics. Winners of events were not given medals but rather were awarded an olive leaf wreath, which symbolized hope and peace. Read more: Olympic Games Facts for Kids | eHow.com kids.html#ixzz1Vg8LBfEvOlympic Games Facts for Kids | eHow.com kids.html#ixzz1Vg8LBfEv
LATITUDE Zero line of latitude is the EQUATOR “LAT IS FLAT” LONGITUDE Zero line of longitude is the PRIME MERIDIAN “LONG IS LONG”
The equator is the Starting Point The equator is the Starting Point For lines of latitude Latitude lines measure North and South Latitude lines measure North and South All around the world The Prime Meridian is the Starting Point The Prime Meridian is the Starting Point For lines of longitude Longitude lines measure East and West Longitude Lines measure East and West All around the world
1.What US state is located south of 40 degrees latitude and -120 degrees longitude? 2. What continent is located south of 10 degrees latitude? 3. What country does the 50 degrees latitudinal line cross? 4. If you stand at 20 degrees latitude and -100 degrees longitude, you will be in 5. What ocean does the -120 degrees longitude line cross? Ocean. 6. What ocean does the -60 degrees longitude line cross? Ocean. 7. The state of Texas lies at degrees latitude and degrees longitude. 8. Most of Florida is below the degree latitude line. 9. The Great Lakes can be found below degrees latitude and above degrees latitude.