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Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 5: Archaic Architecture.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 5: Archaic Architecture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 5: Ancient Greece Lesson 5: Archaic Architecture

2 Warm-up Ch.5 L6 Greece Label the following on WORKSHEET: Obj: SWBAT Describe the unusual characteristics of the Hera I temple HW Due Monday: Test Corrections Only complete the front of the worksheet

3 Antis Opisthodomis Pronaos Styobate Cella

4 Ionic Doric Corinthian Image #1Image #2 Image #3 Image #4Image #5Image #6 Name the capital type

5 Announcements: Due Monday—Test corrections ½ point for each multiple choice correction ½ point for each point lost on short answer Announcements: Due Monday—Test corrections ½ point for each multiple choice correction ½ point for each point lost on short answer Agenda: Warm-up Announcements and Reminders Temple of Hera I notes Agenda: Warm-up Announcements and Reminders Temple of Hera I notes Office Hours Tuesday 3:00-4:00 Thursday 3:00-4:00 Office Hours Tuesday 3:00-4:00 Thursday 3:00-4:00

6 Homework—Test Corrections

7 Multiple Choice Answers Form A: 1. C 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C 6. D 7. B 8. C 9. B 10. B 11. A 12. B Form A: 13. A 14. D 15. C 16. B 17. D 18. A 19. B 20.B 21. A 22. B 23. B 24. D 25. B Form B: 1. A 2. B 3. D 4. D 5. D 6. B 7. D 8. B 9. D 10. B 11. B 12. C Form B: 13. C 14. C 15. C 16. B 17. B 18. A 19. B 20. D 21. B 22. A 23. A 24. B 25. C

8 Mesopotamia—correcting facts What are the new developments?? 1.City-States/government formed 2.Written language—Cuneiform 3.Institutionalized defense 4.King as god’s representative 5.Narrative appears in art NOT new developments: Hierarchical scale Composite view

9 Egypt—correcting facts Visual NOT cultural/spiritual belief: Hierarchical scale Composite view

10 How to write your short answer response Visual Evidence (What you see, stylistic characteristics and function) 1. Headdress, fake beard and kilt Spiritual/Cultural meaning 1. Shows the figure’s status as a pharaoh Evidence #1 The male figure wears a traditional headdress, fake beard and kilt which shows that the figure is a Pharaoh Use the Sentence starter!!! The male figure wears ___________which shows ________.

11 How to write your short answer response Visual Evidence (What you see, stylistic characteristics and function) 3. Function: to House the Ka (eternal life source) in a tomb Spiritual/Cultural meaning 3. Shows Egyptian belief in the eternal life source and the importance of life after death. Importance of funerary rituals Evidence #3 The function of the work was to house the Ka in the pharaoh’s tomb which shows the Egyptian belief in the eternal life source, the existence of the afterlife and the great importance of funerary traditions. Use the Sentence starter!!! The function of the work is _______ which shows the Egyptian belief in _____.

12 How to write your short answer response Visual Evidence (What you see, stylistic characteristics and function) 2. Stiff, static pose Spiritual/Cultural meaning 2. Show a serious representation of the figure, shows great respect for the figure (NOT being god-like) Evidence #2 The work shows the pharaoh in a stiff and static pose which shows that the pharaoh is highly respected and taken seriously. Use the Sentence starter!!! The work shows _______ which means _____.

13 How to write your short answer response Visual Evidence (What you see, stylistic characteristics and function) 3. Canon of proportions (idealized portrait) Spiritual/Cultural meaning 3. Shows the divinity of the pharaoh—the belief that the Pharaoh was god-like Evidence #2 The work uses the canon of proportions to create an idealized portrait of the pharaoh. This shows the belief that the pharaoh was considered god- like and must be portrayed without flaws to be fully respected. Use the Sentence starter!!! The work uses _______ which means _____.

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16 Example: The use of registers in the work represents the appearance of narrative in artwork. The work pictures the king and his army in a battle which shows that the culture had institutionalized defense. The work also uses hierarchical scale making the king the largest and most important figure, this aspect indicates the development of government and the city states in which the king had power and order over his people.

17 Ancient Greece

18 Crash Course Video

19 ARCHAIC PERIOD

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21 Greek Orders (Capitals) Plain Decorative curlHighly Decorative, floral

22 DoricCorinthian Ionic

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24 Archaic Period—Doric & Ionic Orders Structural features: Stylobate—platform (floor) Columns have shaft, capital, base (not for Doric) Columns made of drums stacked on top of each other joined by a metal dowel (they are often NOT solid megaliths)

25 Archaic Period—Doric & Ionic Orders Stylistic features: Columns are fluted –vertical channeling Doric—severely plain Ionic—ornamental/decorative curl Columns often tapered (smaller around as they went upward)

26 Check for Understanding 1. What is special about how a column is made? Columns made of drums stacked on top of each other joined by a metal dowel (they are often NOT solid megaliths) 2. What does it mean when columns are “fluted?” Fluting = vertical channeling

27 Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy ca. 550 B.C.E.

28 Archaic Period--Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy General Description: Dedicated to Hera Roof, entablature, & frieze has vanished Called “Basilica” after a Roman building type with columns

29 Archaic Period--Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy What is different about these plans?? Plan of Hera I temple Typical peripteral temple plan

30 Check for Understanding Unusual Features: 1. row of columns dividing the cella Allowed no space for a single cult statue—possibly for 2 statues 2. Required an odd number of columns on outside facade & inside cella (strange because Greeks love symmetry/balance) 3. 3 columns in antis Typical peripteral temple plan

31 Archaic Period--Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy Plan: Unusual features: 1. row of columns dividing the cella Allowed no space for a single cult statue—possibly for 2 statues 2. Required an odd number of columns on outside facade & inside cella (strange because Greeks love symmetry/balance) 3. 3 columns in antis Plan of Hera I temple Typical peripteral temple plan

32 Temple of Hera I Plan of theTemple of Hera I Peripteral (single) colonnade Antis Entasis

33 Archaic Period--Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy Elevation: ?? Stylistic features: Peripteral colonnade Doric Style capitals—pancake-like Entasis--columns swelling in middle of shaft Closely spaced columns = prevent collapse

34 Check for Understanding 1. What is the function/purpose of this structure? Temple for worship of goddess Hera

35 Check for Understanding 2. What is unusual about the plan of this structure? 1. row of columns dividing the cella Allowed no space for a single cult statue—possibly for 2 statues 2. Required an odd number of columns on outside facade & inside cella (strange because Greeks love symmetry/balance) 3. 3 columns in antis

36 Exit Slip—No Notes Allowed List the 3 unusual characteristics about the Temple of Hera I Paestum, Italy


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