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Mosaics from Hadrian’s Villa Date:125-134AD (2 nd phase of Villa) Location: The floor of the Central Court, Hadrian’s Villa Height: 52cm Width: 62cm Materials:

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Presentation on theme: "Mosaics from Hadrian’s Villa Date:125-134AD (2 nd phase of Villa) Location: The floor of the Central Court, Hadrian’s Villa Height: 52cm Width: 62cm Materials:"— Presentation transcript:

1 Mosaics from Hadrian’s Villa Date: AD (2 nd phase of Villa) Location: The floor of the Central Court, Hadrian’s Villa Height: 52cm Width: 62cm Materials: Coloured stone and glass What I need to know: Subject matter, stylistic features, process of mosaic making

2 MOSAICS: General background & Styles - A Greek idea - made from cubes of stone from 2 nd Century BC - Used as floor and wall decoration Fashion evolved (till 2 nd Century AD) - black/white geometric - polychrome, decorative patterns - scenes in style of Greek painting A luxury, displaying wealth. - some made on site inset directly in floor - floor prepared, leveled, straw/mortar/ brick/lime layers to give solid foundation all on a bed of wooden planks - some prefabricated in workshop -held together with a glued cloth -taken to site and laid in frame in soft mortar, glue dissolved and cloth removed. -called emblemata (Gk for portable mosaic) OPUS VERMICULATUM -figured scenes made from tiny tesserae, small (1-4mm) coloured cuboid stones. - Set into wet mortar in flowing lines and curves (worm-like) – like brush strokes. -tiny tessarae in graduated colours simulated painting. - Hadrian’s mosaics are fine examples.

3 Some fine example of geometric patterns in mosaic black/white floors of Hadrian’s Villa

4 MOSAICS: Greek painting influences - Based scenes on Greek wall paintings (Hadrian the helenophile) - Used imported marble form Greece to give subtler colour range (like paint) CHARCTERISTICS - spatial depth (3D on a 2D surface) - foreshortening - different levels (foreground/midground/background) - overlapping figures - linear perspective (no vanishing point) - use of shadows - fading distance (atmospheric perspective). - naturalistic, including landscape, mood. - Highlighting & shading - sense of volume. Compare this With this

5 OUR MOSAICS -Both the mosaics in our study were from the floor of the central courtyard of the Piazza d’Oro -Both are polychrome (mutlicoloured), tessellated (made from tesserae), emblemata (prefabricated) -Greek in content and style -Made in the second phase of the Tivoli villa’s construction (about 130AD)

6 THE GOAT MOSAIC A figured scene with landscape water and vegetation of 5 Goats peacefully grazing by a stream with a goat herd or god Goatherd? female fertility deity? likely Dionysus (goats, grapes, fertility symbols) “Sacro-idyllic” On the rock is a bronze, wreathed figure with a staff (left) and bunch of grapes (R) Fertility symbol on the tablet CONTENT STYLE -Goats naturalistic, different angles & viewpoints spatial depth (3D on a 2D surface) -Foreshortening - different levels (foreground/midground /background) - overlapping figures - linear perspective (no vanishing point) - use of shadows - fading distance (atmospheric perspective). -naturalistic, including landscape, mood. - Highlighting & shading - sense of volume.

7 THE LION MOSAIC -Animals naturalistic, different angles & viewpoints spatial depth (3D on a 2D surface) -Foreshortening - different levels (foreground/midground /background) - overlapping figures - linear perspective (no vanishing point) - use of shadows - fading distance (atmospheric perspective). -naturalistic, including landscape, mood. - Highlighting & shading - sense of volume. STYLE Golden lion with dark mane attacks a brown bull CONTENT A violent scene from nature with rocks, water, vegetation On other side of the pool a cow jumps back in fright Lines of blood Rocks and tree balance the scene


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