6Captives being Driven by Black Slave Traders A long march lasting several months was not uncommon for slaved headed to the New World.
7The Spanish and Portuguese had enslaved Africans to work in the sugar plantations on the islands off the coast of Africa.As the rich lands of the Americas fell into their hands they extended the practice westward by transporting slaves across the Atlantic.When the French, British and Dutch developed their ownSugar Plantations they followed this example.
12Middle PassageThe middle passage to the New World usually took anywhere from days.Slaves were packed like cargo in the tween decks. They often had to lie in each others feces, urine and blood.The heat often unbearable and the air unbreathable
13Interior of a Slave Ship reveals how hundreds of slaves could be held. Tightly packed and confined in an area with just barely enough room to sit up, slaves were known to die from a lack of breathable air.
14Published in the June 2, 1860 issue of Harper's Weekly, The Slave Deck of the Bark "Wildfire" illustrated how Africans traveled on the upper deck of the ship.
17Life of a Slave Most slaves had Sundays off and they went to church. Most slaves could not read or write, and it was illegal for them to learn.Slave Codes-They could not: leave their home without a pass, carry a weapon, gather in groups, own property, legally marry, defend themselves against a white person, or speak in court.
18Slave AuctionAmerican illustrator Howard Pyle, illustrator of many historical and adventure stories for periodicals, created this depiction of a 1655 slave auction in New Amsterdam (later to be named New York.)
19Dealers Inspecting an African American at a Slave Auction in Virginia Harper's Weekly; February 16, 1861
20Punishment Slaves were often brutally punished for misbehaving. Punishments included: whipping, branding, being sold, gagged (silence), and other torturous methods were used.
26Abraham Jones' Back Yard “We had neither bedsteads, nor furniture of any description. Our beds were collections of straw and old rags, thrown down in the corners and boxed in with boards; a single blanket the only covering.”
27Slave Quarters on a South Carolina Plantation, 1860 “Our favorite way of sleeping, however,was on a plank, our heads raised on an old jacketand our feet toasting before the smoldering fire.”
28Five Generations at the Smith Plantation “The wind whistled and the rain and snow blew in through the cracks, and the damp earth soaked in the moisture till the floor was miry as a pig- sty.”
29A Slave Cabin in Barbour County, near Eufala, Alabama “Such were our houses. In these wretched hovels were we penned at night, and fed by day; here were the children born and the sick- - neglected.”
30Julia Ann Jackson, Age 102 and the Corn Crib Where She Lives She uses the large battered tin can for a stove and does her cooking on it. Aunt Julia Ann is an ex-slave and was grown when the Civil "Wah broke out."
31“In a single room were huddled, like cattle, ten or a dozen persons, men, women, and children.”
32Charlie Crump and Granddaughter “Our dress was of tow-cloth; for the children, nothing but a shirt; for the older ones a pair of pantaloons or a gown in addition, according to the sex.”
33Slave Quarters“Besides these, in the winter a round jacket or overcoat, a wool-hat once in two or three years, for the males, and a pair of coarse shoes once a year.”
34An African American Family, Outside the Slave Quarters The Hermitage Plantation, Savannah, Georgia
35For Children Who Might be Born in the Future A Receipt for Six Hundred DollarsFor Children Who Might be Born in the FuturePaid by Judge S. Williams of Eufaula Dec. 20, for Jane, a woman aged 18 and her son Henry, one year old.
36Muzzle used to prevent slave from eating or drinking too much.
37Wilson Chin, a branded slave in chains with various torture devices
38Rev. Thomas Johnson, who spent 28 years as a slave, holding the type of whip and chains that were used on him during his captivity.