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Kverneland Kultistrip Product information 2015. Kverneland Kultistrip.

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Presentation on theme: "Kverneland Kultistrip Product information 2015. Kverneland Kultistrip."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kverneland Kultistrip Product information 2015

2 Kverneland Kultistrip

3  1. Strip-Till introduction  2. Tillage  3. Pros for the soil and the plants  4. Risks and cons  5. Kverneland Kultistrip  6. Combinations  7. Field tests 2013  8. Field tests 2014  9. Main advantages Kultistrip- Content

4 4 1. Strip-Till Introduction

5

6 6 1. Strip-Till introduction Strip-Till was developed around 1990 by American farmers Strip-Till is an advancement of the direct-drilling system Cold and wet soils are not suited for direct drilling of maize Solution was here to till only the soil under the plant-rows Use in the US mainly for maize after maize or after soya The stripes are mainly formed in the autumn

7 7 1. Strip-Till introduction Around the year 2000 strip-till swopped over to Europe Strip-Till is here seen as a further development of the conservational tillage In Europe, we are talking about different cultures to drill after strip-till Also the conditions are different (straw- yields, intermediate crops, …) Small row-widths (sugar-beets) are not easy to suite with US strip-till machines

8 8 1. Strip-Till introduction Possible cultures: Maize Sugar-beets Oilseed-rape Sunflower Horse beans Sorghum Soya Vegetables (cabbage) (Cereals)

9 9 2. Tillage In the classic Strip-Till system there are only two operations possible to establish a crop: 1.Tilling the stripes 2.Seeding with a precision seeder

10 10 2. Tillage In Europe the so called intensive Strip-Till was developed: 1. Shallow stubble-cultivation 2. Tilling the stripes 3. Seeding with a precision seeder

11 11 2. Tillage classic, American setting of a Strip-Till row-unit Cutting-disc Trash-wheel Loosening-tine Fertilizer-tube Side-disc Press-wheel

12 12 2. Tillage In the US most of the stripes will be tilled in the autumn, to get a seedbed prepared by frost  this could be also a solution for heavy soils

13 13 2. Tillage In Europe is it possible to till the stripes on light to medium soils in spring-time!

14 14 2. Tillage GPS-guidance of the tractor is a critical part of the Strip- Till system RTK-systems (+/- 2 cm) can guide the tractor with high precision Normal GPS-systems (+/- 15) without RTK must be overridden by hand, but sometimes you don’t get the needed precision

15 15 2. Tillage But anyway the best way is to have the working widths of the strip-till unit and of the seeder identically or maximum twice GPS-guidance of the tractor is a critical part of the Strip- Till system

16 16 3. Pros for the soil and the plants the dark surface of the stripe enables the sun to warm up the soil much quicker The loosened soil leads to air-circulation Thanks to the air-circulation, the soil can dry and warm up This is very important for cultures like sugar-beet and maize Big advantage in comparison to direct drilling

17 17 3. Pros for the soil and the plants Pictures of two trials in Germany after 8 mm of rain falling down in 15 minutes The soil in the left conservational-trial was not able to infiltrate the water Thanks to the natural soil structure in the inter- row area, the rain could be infiltrated and stored Hermann, 2013

18 18 3. Pros for the soil and the plants Übelhör, 2012 Plough Strip-Till Strip-Till intensive soil lost (g/m²) minutes Plough Strip-Till Strip-Till intenisve Plough Strip-Till Strip-Till intensive soil lost (g/m²)

19 19 3. Pros for the soil and the plants Undisturbed areas in the inter-row can save moisture in the soil and do not dry out so fast Plant-residues or straw on the surface protect the soil for unproductive drying out Strip-Till conservational

20 20 3. Pros for the soil and the plants Changed weed control management In the non-cultivated areas between the rows no weed- seeds, out of former years can come up to the surface Residues and straw on the surface enable light-seeds to emerge

21 21 3. Pros for the soil and the plants Energy-saving by only tilling the areas, where afterwards the plants will grow At 75 cm row-spacing there will be only 30 % of the soil moved At 45 cm row-spacing there will be only 50 % of the soil moved on top you can save time, due to one-pass operation for seedbed preparation You can reach the same yields like in full width-cultivation with less soil preparation

22 22 You can reach the same yields like in full width-cultivation with less soil preparation PloughStrip-Till 1Strip-Till 2Strip-Till 3Direct-seeding Pulling-force per meter working-width (kN/m) Lummer, Pros for the soil and the plants

23 23 3. Pros for the soil and the plants New options for fertilizer management! Placing the fertilizer in one pass together with the tillage saves field passes The fertilizer is directly located, where the plants it needed and the fertilizer can be absorbed much quicker New fertilizer options for oilseed-rape and sugar-beet, but also advantages in maize, cause of a boost in root-development

24 24 3. Pros for the soil and the plants New options for fertilizer management! Incorporation of slurry by building up the stripes Saving of additional working-passes (incorporation with cultivator) Compliance with European laws Important in this fact is the precise distance between the seed and the slurry The maximum amount of slurry has to be considered (25 m³ ) Not every slurry-tanker is able to use a strip-till unit (pulling-force)

25 25 3. Pros for the soil and the plants New options for fertilizer management! Talking about slurry-injection, we have to use Piadin to stabilize the Ammonium! Laurenz, 2012

26 26 4. Risks and cons Erosion is also in Strip-Till possible! The stripes has to be made perpendicular to the slope.

27 27 4. Risks and cons GPS-systems GPS-systems are not everywhere common Prices for such systems are declining at the moment Bad connection can lead to breakdowns of the guidance- system Driftage on sloped fields has to be corrected by the GPS- system, especially by trailed machines

28 28 4. Risks and cons

29 29 4. Risks and cons traffic-lanes Strip-Till units are not subsoilers, because of this traffic-lanes in the field are a problem with no real solution at the moment. Controlled traffic could be a solution.

30 30 4. Risks and cons In all cultivation systems with reduced tillage-activities, slugs are a problem. But this is also a problem of management!

31 31 4. Risks and cons Mice Mice are using the loosen stripe to built up their burrows The mechanical control is not ensured The Stripes must be free of air pockets (wings at the share) New ways of management has to be found

32 5. Kverneland Kultistrip The new option for Strip-Till! All adjustments without tools to make work as simple as possible Fertilizer placement independent from the working- depth of the tine Spring-loaded parallelograms lead the rows over the soil surface Strong frame tube with 180 x 180 mm dimension Different row-width from 45 to 90 cm

33 Five tools for a perfect seedbed! Front-cutting-disc: Opens the earth Cuts long residues Adjustable working-depth Trash-wheels: Move even high amounts of residue out of the strip Adjustable in down- pulling force Loosening-tine: Works down to a depth of 30 cm Three different tines available

34 Three different tines for all conditions! angled tine Used for light to medium soils Good mixing- and crumbling effect Perfect for changing soil conditions straight tine Used for light soils Low mixing-effect Minimum soil-disturbance on the surface Perfect for moisture- conservation curved tine Used for heavy soils Intensive mix- and crumbling effect More aggressive angle of the point Perfect for soils with high percentage of clay

35 Five tools for a perfect seedbed! Side-blades: Keep loosen earth in the strip Define width and form of the strip Press-wheel: Recompacts the soil Three different press-wheels for different conditions

36 Press-wheels for different operations cage-roller Medium recompaction Crumbling of the soil surface Use for light and medium soils Perfect to use for slurry injection V-press-wheel Good recompaction Recompaction down to 30 cm Effective crumbling of the top layer Use for heavy soils Limited usage by slurry injection Farmflex-wheel Good recompaction Recompaction of the upper soil area Effective crumbling of the top layer Use for wet or dry conditions Use for slurry injection depends of soil conditions

37 Kverneland Kultistrip Application-system included Fertilizer-tube: depth adjustment from 0 – 20 cm, independent from the working depth of the tine Made for all kinds of granular fertilizer Slurry-tube: depth adjustment from 0 – 20 cm, independent from the working depth of the tine Injection of slurry by making the stripes Big diameter for high volumes without risk of blockages

38 All adjustments without tools

39 Stripes at 45 cm row- spacing before adjustment of the Kultistrip Stripes at 45 cm row-spacing after adjustment Easy and quick adjustments enable the machine to produce a perfect seedbed in just one pass!

40 6. Combination Kultistrip and DF 1 front hopper

41 6. Combination Kultistrip and slurry-tanker

42 7. Field tests 2013

43 Working with the Kultistrip in the autumn time for spring seeding of sugar beets Directly working in 30 – 40 cm high green mustard No recompaction, because this will be done by frost

44 Working with the Kultistrip in spring-time for sugar beets Directly working in the dead mustard with 45 cm row-spacing

45 Seeding sugar beet with 18-row Monopill and John Deere AutoTrac RTK Better conditions in the stripes, made in spring-time (left picture) Not enough frost over winter to break the clods in the old stripes

46 Sugar-beat-plants one month after seeding

47 Preparing stripes for maize after stubble cultivation (intensive strip-till) The farmer had a few days before put slurry on this field and worked it in with a short disc harrow Working-depth 25 cm and –speed about 10 km/h

48 Maize has grown exactly than in conservational tillage The barley has reemerged, because it was not killed chemically Maize is standing in a clean stripe

49 Making stripes directly into field grass for maize The machine worked very well and prepared a nearly perfect seedbed The grass was killed chemically some hours before working with the prototype

50 Planting maize in the stripes on the 3 rd of may John Deere AutoTrac with SF 2 standard The trailed optima followed very good the stripes, cause of the loosened soil High moisture level around the seed

51 Three weeks later maize is in rows Field grass is dead, but still there as a protection Same plant-development by strip-till and conservational tillage, but one pass strip-till vs. 4 passes in conservational

52 52 Maize-plants end of July, after 3 weeks without any rain Strip-TillConservational Tillage

53 Stripes made with the Kultistrip in the area of Soest Direct working in the rye-stubble The field was harvested for silage one day before

54 4 years old field grass Soil with high percentage of clay Two passes with the Kultistrip were needed to prepare the stripes

55 Strip-till for oilseed-rape with 45 cm row-spacing Direct working in wheat stubble, the straw was baled

56 56 Rape-plants between the stubbles, six weeks after seeding

57 8. Field tests 2014

58 Preparing stripes for sugar beet in loamy-sandy conditions Intermediate crop with different plants like flax or mustard Working depth of 25 cm and a speed of 9-10 km/h Fertilizer placement (DAP) at a depth of 12 cm 40 ha in total at this place

59 Residues in the inter-row area are completely conserved Good protection against wind- erosion in this area Very uniform plant development No problem with compacted zones on the headlands Plants have overcome very good a dry period of 2 weeks

60 Very good beet-body 2,5 months after preparing the stripes Long main-root because of not compacted seedbed Fertilizer depot leads the roots faster into the deep More moisture in the underground helps the plant to use the nutrients

61 Big Trial for sugar-beet in Strip-Till together with the agricultural chamber Soest Comparison of different working depth (10, 18 and 25 cm) for preparing stripes in spring and also comparison to conservational tillage Plots with fertilizer (DAP 10 cm depth) and without Second year of testing, yellow mustard as intermediate crop Wet conditions by cultivation shallow working-depth was better

62 Seeding of the sugar beets at the 4 th of April Guidance with RTK accuracy Mulch-seeding equipment at the Unicorn row produced some more fine-earth around the seed

63 Very good emerge of the sugar beets in all plots Plants in the deep cultivated plots are a little bit slower than the others

64 2. control at the with no different between the plots at the leaves BUT if you look at the beet itself there is a difference between shallow and deep cultivation Deep cultivation (25 cm) Shallow cultivation (10 cm)

65 Strip-Till for maize close to Soest No intermediate crop, just shallow cultivation after barley harvest Weeds and re-emerged barley was killed chemically Good conditions for Kultistrip and as well Optima

66 very uniform plants in all areas of the field even in the headlands residues in the inter-row is dead and covers the soil

67 Maize after maize on a very heavy soil in the area of Beckum (Germany) Second year of Strip-Till (see trials from 2013) We tested the cage- and Farmflex-roller, better drying with the cage-roller Seed-bed was better than 2013 but still very rough We moved the strip 30 cm over so that the old stubbles are in the middle of the new stripes

68 Very uniform plants here only in the compacted headlands some problems, due to the wet harvest in autumn The farmer will bring out slurry in the standing plants

69 Big test for maize in Strip-Till on the island Fehmarn (Germany) Very heavy soil, but with high yields (12 t of wheat in average) Crop before was wheat and then there had been different cultivations:  4x straw harrow  3x straw harrow + 1x short disc harrow  3x straw harrow + 1x cultivator  2x straw harrow + 1x short disc harrow + 1x cultivator  1x straw harrow + 2x short disc harrow + 1x cultivator  1x straw harrow + 2x cultivator

70 Comparison between Strip-Till with different cultivation before and two different kinds of conservational tillage Every plot is divided in two parts where we are testing if phosphorus can be changed with potassium in the fertilizer depot Special aim of the pre-cultivation is to fight against black-grass All the plots had been rolled after seeding

71 Very good emerging of the maize, no visible difference between the plots Faster growing of the maize in the plots with intensive pre-cultivation, due to soil-temperature (only one day between Kultistrip and Optima) Better start for the plant, which had a phosphorus fertilizer depot

72 Kultistrip – Main arguments Center of gravity very close to the tractor, to reduce lifting forces Strong central square tube frame with 180 x 180 dimension for high pulling forces Possible row width 45 to 80 cm to suit all row-crops Every row can follow individually the ground by parallelogram and gauge wheels Big front-cutting-disc (520 mm) with depth adjustment to cut residues and to open the soil Trash-wheels are independent from each other and can be pressed to the ground for excellent cleaning of the stripe Hydraulic-auto-reset system saves the tine for stones or other obstacles Three different tine variants and three different rollers for different soil types Injection of mineral fertilizer or slurry by creating the stripes All adjustments without tools Special designed tine shape Independent depth adjustment of tine and fertilizer injection Strong design for challenging conditions

73 Kverneland Kultistrip The new option for Strip-Till!

74 See our Machines at work on YouTube visit us at The Future of Farming


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