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Pyrolysis Liquid for Power Generation

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Presentation on theme: "Pyrolysis Liquid for Power Generation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Pyrolysis Liquid for Power Generation
Haloclean® BioEnergy Pyrolysis Liquid for Power Generation

2 Who is Sea Marconi? Environmental solutions since 1968
Mission: to protect customers assets and environmental resources Specialty: decontamination/detoxification of hazardous materials customers in 15 countries, mainly in the energy and heavy industry sectors 50+ employees A long history of innovation: 30+ patents filed in Europe and US Member of international technical committees (IEC, CEN, CIGRE) Qualified by the Italian Ministry of University and Scientific Research 21 March 2007

3 Where We Are Joeuf - France Collegno (Torino) - Italy
Buenos Aires - Argentina Seclì (Lecce) - Italy Barakaldo (Vizcaya) - Spain 21 March 2007

4 Sea Marconi Core Business
Analysis and diagnostic of insulating liquids for operational electrical equipment On-site treatment of insulating oils using proprietary equipment Removal of contaminants Detoxification from PCBs 21 March 2007

5 Other Relevant Activities
Site contamination assessment Analysis and treatment of insulating gases (SF6) Development activities in the field of: Treatment of electronic waste (Haloclean) Conversion of biomass (Haloclean BioEnergy) Soil remediation Innovative dielectric liquids from sustainable resources Innovative decontamination processes from hazardous organic pollutants 21 March 2007

6 Haloclean® Haloclean® was born as a research project aimed at solving the problem of recycling electronic waste ( ) – Patent EP Now the most promising application is energy conversion of biomass: Haloclean® BioEnergy 21 March 2007

7 Vision for Haloclean® BioEnergy
Decentralized cogeneration through pyrolysis liquids from biomass resources 21 March 2007

8 Supported by current European “green policies”
Directive 2001/77/EC (targets for green power production) Germany (EEG-2004): subsidized prices (20 years) Italy (Decree 387/2003 and related laws): market price plus tradable green certificates (12 years) Other Member States adopted appropriate support measures Small size power generation is usually supported more Biomass Action Plan by EC (December 2005) New ambitious targets for biomass energy within 2010 21 March 2007

9 (centralized / decentralized)
Haloclean: Flexible Intermediate Pyrolysis Process Jointly Developed with FZK Lignocellulosic Lignocellulosic Primary biomass (rapeseed) / Straw / Hay / Wood biogenic alternative fuels lignin rich residues / lignocellulosic F-Pyrolysis Oil Coke Gas Slurry Gasification Gas purification Synthesis Fuel / Chemicals (centralized) Bioliq® Syngas Combustion Grate combustion Dust combustion Power / Heat / Hashes (centralized / decentralized) M-Pyrolysis Coke, Oil, Gas Diesel eng. Power / Heat (decentralized) Gas/Oil purific. GT Coke Heat FZK as research partner. Other biomass conversion topics under investigation (with different targets) Stress the link with combustion team (char combustion) Stress the importance of lignin rich residues (rapeseed residue, biogas plant residue, etc.) Haloclean InterMediate Pyrolysis 21 March 2007

10 Flexibility enables multiple options and multiple biomass feedstock
Biomass feed (e.g. rapeseeds, rapessed residues, olive residues) Process energy (option) Haloclean Coke Oil Gas CHP Unit Flexibility concept Not only flexibility of feedstock, but also configurations -> applicable in different scenarios Bio-Refining Off-site energy conversion “Premium” fuel (sold at higher price) External use (from 0 to 100%) Power Heat Integrated cogeneration 21 March 2007

11 Coconut residues Straw pellets Rape seeds Rape residues Olive pits
Rice husk 21 March 2007

12 Haloclean Pilot Plant 21 March 2007

13 Model of Haloclean Reactor
21 March 2007

14 21 March 2007

15 Advantages against Alternatives
Low content of tars compared to fast pyrolysis process Low particles concentration Hot gas filtration applicable (further reduction of solid content) Lower acidity compared to other technologies Direct use in a diesel engine 21 March 2007

16 CHP Unit from Schnell 21 March 2007

17 From Proof-of-Concept to Industrial Developments
3 short-term projects are expected starting from 2007 in Baden-Württemberg, Germany (CHPs running on diesel engines for power generation) A comprehensive test campaign at FZK premises 2 industrial projects to follow with very first customers Other projects in Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland (Germany) and Lorraine (France) are likely to follow, with additional technical developments Extension to gas turbines Research on enhancing pyrolysis liquids (“premium” fuel) There is a strong market request for this type of technology and application Given demand for 2008 up to units (at present it is impossible to satisfy this market given current structure) First 3 projects are expected in a short term (readily available technology): 1 proof of concept (campaign) + 2 projects Other will follow (additional development is required), but they could be partially overlapping Strong demand in the recent years (market pull) 21 March 2007

18 Short-Term Implementation Strategy
Starting point: Karlsruhe (demonstration campaign and first industrial implementation) Other industrial applications Sea Marconi Sites (Birkenfeld, Jeuf – Lorraine) Educational (Birkenfeld, Kaiserslautern) Short-term: Karlsruhe (3 projects) Replication + further developments in RP + Saarland + Lorraine Longer term: following slide Of interest the bidirectional transfers with educational institutes 21 March 2007

19 From Test Campaign to Industrialization
HI3 GmbH MHC Stadtwerke Karlsruhe Bios Bioenergy Tech-Trade Hagema STEAG CTCB Industrialization 21 March 2007

20 Process Setup for Test Campaign
21 March 2007

21 Example of Industrial Application
Industrial partner (final user) 2,560 MWh/y 5,000 MWh/y Heat Power 16,700 MWh/y Heat CHP 21,700 MWh/y (0.8 MW) Power CHP Pyrolysis gas 12,000 t/y (2.5 MW) Rapeseed 7,000 t/y Haloclean® Reactor Pyrolysis oil Biomass solid combustion 1,700 t/y Pyrolysis coke Heat 12,360 MWh 21 March 2007

22 First Industrial Applications
Installation of 2-3 MW CHP generation capacity for internal demand of “green energy” (can start in a short time using conventional biofuels) Haloclean® unit will follow, providing oil and gas to CHP Further projects will start from this first configuration, upgraded to permanent gas conversion to run gas turbines instead of diesel generators 21 March 2007

23 Profitability of a 12,000 tpy Reactor
21 March 2007

24 Next Steps in Developing Haloclean Technology
21 March 2007

25 Biogas units Haloclean to gas Haloclean to liquid
Straw, miscanthus, dried algae,rape seed straw, husk, brewers grain, residues from ethanol and biogas production Biogas units Residues Integration in industrial scale energy systems Turbines Power Gas Heat Feedstock drying) Bio coke combustion Haloclean to gas Development Biomass feed (e.g. rape seeds, rape seed residues, olive residues) Haloclean to liquid Process energy (option) Coke Germany Oil Gas/Liquid Gas CHP Unit gas/liquid Gas-CHP Bio-Refining Off-site energy conversion “Premium” fuel (sold at higher price) External use (from 0 to 100%) Power Heat Power Heat 21 March 2007 Development

26 “Premium” Fuel from Pyrolysis Liquid
In case of rapeseeds and rapeseed residues up to 40% of aliphatics and free fatty acids are available (factor of 2 of yield per hectar compared to oil milling) 21 March 2007

27 Cooperation Programme
Further Research Activities: EU FP7 Calls Cooperation Programme Energy 2: Renewable electricity generation Energy 2.2: Biomass Energy 3: Renewable fuel production Energy 3.1: First generation biofuel from biomass Energy 3.2: Second generation fuel from biomass Energy 3.3: Biorefinery Energy 3.4: Biofuels from energy crops Looking for partners Energy 3.6: Biofuel use in transport Energy 3.7: Cross-cutting issues Energy 4: Renewables for heating and cooling Energy 4.2: Biomass 21 March 2007

28 EU Call for Demonstration Activities (6/2007)
21 March 2007

29 Contact Information Vander Tumiatti Sea Marconi Technologies Sas Via Ungheria 20, I Collegno (TO) Phone: Fax: Alessandro Scova 21 March 2007


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