Presentation on theme: "And the Rest is History. On April 14, 1865, just 5 days after Lee’s surrender, President Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play."— Presentation transcript:
On April 14, 1865, just 5 days after Lee’s surrender, President Lincoln was killed by John Wilkes Booth while watching a play at Ford’s Theatre. Vice President Andrew Johnson, a moderate, became President but did not support the Republican Party’s strict plan for Reconstruction of the South. In return, the Republican Congress impeached (but did not convict) Johnson and carried out an extreme plan for Reconstruction in the South. Lincoln is Assassinated
Abraham Lincoln was elected to Congress in 1846. John F. Kennedy was elected to Congress in 1946 Abraham Lincoln was elected President in 1860. John F. Kennedy was elected President in 1960. Lincoln defeated Stephen Douglas who was born in 1813. Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon who was born in 1913. Both were particularly concerned with civil rights. Both wives lost children while in the White House. Both successors (their Vice Presidents) were named Johnson. - Andrew Johnson, who succeeded Lincoln, was born in 1808. - Lyndon Johnson, who succeeded Kennedy, was born in 1908.
Both Presidents were shot on a Friday. Both Presidents were shot in the head. Lincoln's secretary was named Kennedy. Kennedy's secretary was named Lincoln. Both were assassinated by Southerners. Both were succeeded by Southerners. Both Presidents had Vice Presidents named Johnson. Lincoln's Vice President was called Andrew Johnson who served in the House of Representatives in 1847. Kennedy's Vice President was called Lyndon Johnson who served in the House of Representatives in1947.
Both assassins were known by the three names. Both names are composed of fifteen letters. Lincoln was shot at the theatre called "Ford." Kennedy was shot in a car named "Lincoln", made by Ford. Booth ran from the theater and was caught in a warehouse. Oswald ran from a warehouse and was caught in a theater. Booth and Oswald were assassinated before their trials.
The 13 th, 14 th and 15 th Amendments banned slavery and gave African Americans the right to vote. The South was ruled by the U.S. military and was not allowed back into the Union until each state made drastic changes. However, most Southern blacks were stuck sharecropping for white landlords. In some ways they were worse off than when they were slaves. Reconstruction In the South
After 1877, Congress became less strict. The South found new ways to repress blacks. African Americans were legally segregated (separated) from whites through Jim Crow laws. Also, Southern whites used intimidation and tricky laws like poll taxes, literacy tests and grandfather clauses to keep blacks from voting. Segregation
In 1898, Cuba revolted against the Spanish and the U.S. sent warships there to protect Americans living in Cuba. The two sides fought a four month war in both the Caribbean and among Spain’s Pacific islands. The American victory was a huge boost to the nation, and proved that Northerners, Southerners and African Americans could all fight together for their country. The Spanish American War
The period following the Civil War was known as the Gilded Age. Though America made leaps in urbanization, industrialization, colonization, wealth and power, there were still problem at home. Many thought that the U.S. was failing to live up to the pure ideals that it had been founded upon. The Gilded Age
President Teddy Roosevelt worked to reduce the power of big businesses, improve social conditions and clean up political corruption. Roosevelt and the Progressives worked to reform American society and allowed more people (including women) in government. America also competed with imperial powers, taking new colonies such as Alaska and Hawaii. The Progressive Era
As powerful nations around the world competed to colonize and industrialize, each made alliances that doomed them all. In 1914 a Serbian Nationalist killed the heir to the Austro- Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand. Russia, a member of the Allied Powers (France, Britain) stepped in to protect the Serbians from Austria. In response the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire declared war. The World at War
Though many Americans still heeded President Washington’s warning to avoid foreign conflict, the U.S. eventually entered “The Great War” in 1917 to protect democracy. Though many made poor troops, Americans helped save the Allies from defeat. 8,000,000 people died in this war. President Wilson helped make the Treaty of Versailles that ended the war, but the flawed treaty blamed Germany for the war, and treated the Central Powers harshly. The World at War
While Europe recovered from the war, the U.S. reached prosperity never before seen. As stocks and investments rose, people bought new products such as radios, cars and refrigerators. After experiencing the horrors of war, many Americans just wanted to have fun. Sports stadiums were filled and jazz was played at clubs. The Roaring 20’s
When the stock market slowed in 1929, most investors could not pay back their creditors. Everyone began selling their stocks resulting in the worst stock crash ever. The economy collapsed around the world, resulting in the Great Depression. Many Americans were left homeless and jobless. Some were forced to live in shanty towns which they called “Hoovervilles.” Others wandered the countryside looking for a job. The Great Depression
The New Deal After the depression hit, most Americans began to favor government involvement in the economy instead of laissez-faire. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected President (1932 to 1945) after promising that the government would use its power to improve the economy and provide jobs for the people. Though his “New Deal” did not end the depression, it was an active attempt to save the nation. Many were angered, however, because the plan increased the size of the government and government spending.
New types of governments were forming in Europe during the 1920’s and 30’s. Russia dropped out of WWI after a Communist revolution and Fascism was on the rise in Germany, Italy and Spain. Fascist leaders like Hitler and Mussolini made speeches declaring their country superior to others, and moved to conquer neighboring countries. America again hoped to stay out of the war, but was dragged in when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. World War II
WWII America entered into the war with the Allies (Britain, France, Russia and China) and fought against the Axis (Germany, Italy and Japan.) The United States first battled in the Pacific theatre against the Japanese, then dropped into Europe to aid the British against the Germans. The European war ended in 1945, when the Russians (and later Americans) captured Berlin. To defeat Japan, the U.S. felt they had to use their new device – the nuclear bomb. The Japanese surrendered by August of 1945.
After the war, only two nations emerged more powerful – the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. Previously allies, both sides set out on a spy war and technology race that was too dangerous to actually fight. At its root was a conflict of political ideals: Democracy vs. Communism. At home many Americans accused others of secretly being Communist spies. This was called the “Red Scare.” The Cold War
President Truman issued a statement stating that the United States would fight to limit Communism around the world. The Doctrine was enforced in attempts to limit Communism in Korea, Cuba, and later, Vietnam. Other than the “Red Scare,” the 50’s was a prosperous time, which many consider America’s Golden Age. When World War II veterans came home, the government helped them to buy homes and go to college.
However, the 50’s were not a perfect time for minorities. After WWII, African Americans led a movement for equal rights, with spiritual leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and radical leaders like Malcolm X. Civil rights movements followed from Latinos, Native Americans (AIM) and women. Meanwhile the hippy movement grew throughout the 60’s and into the 70’s. These movements proved that America was not as squeaky- clean as it pretended to be. Civil Rights
Vietnam The U.S. had been helping the South Vietnamese fight back Communism since the 1950’s. By the 60’s, America had hundreds of thousands of troops in Vietnam. As the war dragged on, many people began to believe that the U.S. should not be fighting there. Anti-war protests increased at home until America finally left Vietnam in 1974.
Throughout the 70’s and 80’s, Soviet and American leaders, afraid of a nuclear war, began more peaceful relations. President Nixon visited China in the 70’s and in the 80’s Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev allowed Russians more freedom. Suddenly, in 1989, Communist governments began to crumble away across Europe – even Russia became a Democracy. Today, only a few Communist countries remain. The Cold War Thaws
Not All is Well Yet America faced huge problems. In 1974, President Nixon resigned after it was discovered that he had spied on Democrats at Watergate. Under Nixon’s successors, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, the economy plummeted as inflation rose. When President Reagan came into office in the 80’s he restored the nation’s confidence and limited government spending (except military spending) more than any President since before the Depression.
In the 90’s, America continued to act as a world leader. Under President George H.W. Bush, the Iraqi military was kicked out of Kuwait in the Gulf War. In 1992 the Democrats retook the White House under President Clinton. Clinton enjoyed popularity because the economy was so strong under his watch, but his reputation was stained when it was discovered that he had an affair while in office. Into the 90’s
Not So Long Ago George W. Bush took office in a storm of controversy because he lost the popular vote in the 2000 election. However, after the terrorist attacks of 9/11 in 2001, Bush’s popularity was high as he vowed to keep America safe. With the threat of Communism mostly over, the U.S. had a new enemy: terrorists. President Bush led America into wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, attempting to eliminate terrorists. However, his popularity suffered when it was later discovered that Iraq posed little threat to the U.S.
Barack Obama also faced huge challenges upon entering the White House, despite his Democratic party having had huge majorities in both houses of Congress. Inheriting a huge national deficit in a time of global economic depression while fighting two wars, Obama has struggled to fix Bush’s economic problems. Brave New World
The slow economy and Obama’s controversial plans for health care led Republicans to retake much of Congress in 2010. Obama’s greatest success has actually been in the fight against terrorism. Under his watch, Osama Bin Laden has been killed and there has been no major attack on America. Brave New World