Presentation on theme: "Establishment of the “Landscape Law” January 2005 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport The three laws on landscape and greenery were established."— Presentation transcript:
Establishment of the “Landscape Law” January 2005 Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport The three laws on landscape and greenery were established on June 11, 2004, and promulgated on June 18, 2004.
CONTENTS 1. Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery P1 2. Outline on the Budget and Tax System Related to the Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery P2 3. Efficacies of Favorable Landscape Formation P3 4. Need for the Landscape Law P4 5. Present State of Landscape Ordinances (1) Content of landscape ordinances P6 (2) Change in Numbers of Municipal Landscape Ordinances Established P7 6. Various Implementers That Support Landscape Formation P8 7. Landscape Law (1) Basic ideas and responsibilities P9 (2) Landscape Administrative Organizations and Landscape Planning P10 (3) Action Regulation and Support Systems P11 (4) Procedures for Notification, Authorization, etc P13 (5) Public Facilities Important for Landscape P14 (6) Other Systems P15 (7) Image of a Region Applicable to the Landscape Law P16 (8) Landscape Formation Project Promotion Cost P17 (9) Support through the Tax System P18 (10) Support by Deregulation P19 [Reference 1] Major Items of the Action Plan to Make the Nation Prosperous Based on Tourism P20 [Reference 2] Gist of the Outline on Beautiful Nation Creation Policy P21 [Reference 3] Outline on the City Revitalization Vision P22
Implementation of public projects considering landscape Promotion of the formation of beautiful landscape and rich greenery in various places throughout the nation Realization of a world-class nation that is prosperous based on tourism Easing of heat island phenomenon and coexistence with nature Revitalization of local cities based on beautiful landscape Preparation of basic plans on landscape Establishment of a system to regulate actions for landscape formation, etc. Strengthening of roles of municipalities, expansion / enrichment of a simple removal system, securing of proper management of outdoor advertising business, etc. Clarification of basic ideas to form and protect landscape Clarification of responsibilities of national citizens, businesses, and administration Comprehensive promotion of formation of city parks and protection of green space and greening Establishment of a system to set up park areas three- dimensionally Introduction of greenery rate regulation for large-scale buildings, etc. Expansion / enrichment of a system to protect greenery of mountains in the suburbs of a city Exceptions for buildings, etc., that contribute to landscape formation Exceptions related to protection, etc., of greenery of mountains in the suburbs of a city Appearance of integrated efficacies Tax system Projects that contribute to landscape formation Budget Projects to realize rich greenery Subsidy for general support project cost to develop a green space environment Use of privately owned green space Enrichment of the related budget and tax system Establishment of landscape- related law (Landscape Law) Fundamental review of greenery- related laws and systems (Law to revise part of the Urban Green Space Protection Law, etc.) Enrichment of systems related to outdoor advertising materials (Law concerning Establishment, etc., of Related Laws Accompanying Enforcement of the Landscape Law) 1. Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery １ Landscape formation project promotion costLandscape formation project promotion cost Support for city improvementSupport for city improvement Promotion of elimination of electric poles, etc.Promotion of elimination of electric poles, etc.
Establishment of landscape formation project promotion cost (budget: 20 billion yen) Expansion / enrichment of the city development fund (the amount included in the budget of 8,198 million yen) ⇒ Addition of a land readjustment project within the landscape planning area to be applicable to interest-free loaning Establishment of a general support project to form a green space environment (budget: 5 billion yen) Establishment of an “action plan to make the nation prosperous based on tourism” (July 2003, ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism) [Reference 1] Establishment of an “outline on beautiful nation creation policy” (July 2003, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) [Reference 2] Report by the Panel on Infrastructure Formation, “city revitalization vision” (December 2003) [Reference 3], requests from local public bodies, etc. “Landscape Law” Establishment of landscape-related laws and ordinances, such as revision of the “Outdoor Advertising Materials Law” Partial revision of the “Urban Green Space Protection Law” and the “City Park Law” 1. Background 2. Laws 3. Budget 4. Tax system [Landscape Law-related] Proper appraisal on buildings (including sites) important for landscape (inheritance tax) Special exemption of 15 million yen when land, etc., in a landscape planning area is handed over to a landscape formation organization, etc. (income tax, corporate tax) [Related to the Urban Green Space Protection Law] Proper appraisal on green space to be protected by district planning, etc. (inheritance tax) Reduction of appraisal on land under management agreement (inheritance tax) Proper appraisal on land loaned as a site for a multi-level park (inheritance tax) 2.Outline on the Budget and Tax System Related to the Three Laws on Landscape and Greenery ２
Example of Ise city from 1990 to 1993 Disorderly outdoor advertising materials Restriction of display and posting of outdoor advertising materials Induction on feature design of buildings, etc. Establishment of a council Number of tourists: 350,000 persons in million people in 2002 (About a ninefold increase through synergetic effects of street improvement and events) 3. Efficacies of Favorable Landscape Formation ３ Streets with no sense of uniformity Unsightly electric wires Elimination of electric wires Consideration toward public facilities
Examples of Cities with Increasing Interchange Populations through Aggressive Efforts in Landscape Formation 1986:Establishment of a plan to activate the central urban areas in local cities 1992:City revitalization using the history and nature of Otaru Establishment of a landscape ordinance North Wall Street Otaru canal Otaru city (Hokkaido) 2.34 million persons (1975) to 8.47 million persons (2002) Kawagoe city (Saitama prefecture) 1.99 million persons (1984) to 3.99 million persons (2002) 1988:Establishment of the Kawagoe City urban landscape ordinance 1999:Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area 1999:Designation of districts for preservation of traditional building groups Ichibangai Street Kawagoe Festival Change in the interchange population in Kawagoe city Ohmi Hachiman city (Shiga prefecture) 9,000 persons (1980) to 47,000 persons (2002) Traditional building group preservation district Hachiman River 1990:Designation of districts for preservation of traditional building groups 2002:Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area Change in the interchange population in the Ohmi Hachiman city traditional building district The Mojiko area in Kita-Kyushu city 0.73 million persons (1988) to 3.45 million persons (2002) 1984:Establishment of the Kita-Kyushu urban landscape ordinance 2001:Presentation of the final change of the basic plan to activate the central urban area 2001:Establishment of the Kanmon landscape ordinance Mojiko area Change in the interchange population in the Mojiko area in Kita-Kyushu city ４ (10,000 persons) Change in the interchange population in the entire area of Otaru city (10,000 persons) (fiscal year) Entire city area Historic streets (1,000 persons) (fiscal year) (10,000 persons) (fiscal year)
Necessity “Action plan to make the nation prosperous based on tourism” (July 2003, ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism) “Outline on beautiful nation creation policy” (July 2003, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport) Requests from national landscape conferences and landscape formation promotion councils, etc. “‘City Landscape Day’ central event 2003 declaration” Limiting factors of present efforts ○It is necessary to establish basic laws and systems directly from the perspective of landscape; to clearly position the significance of landscape and the need to form and protect landscape, as well as to give certain binding power to local public bodies to prepare for crucial circumstances, through the following: Clarification of the basic idea to form and protect landscape Clarification of responsibilities of national citizens, businesses, and administration Establishment of a system to regulate actions for landscape formation Establishment of support measures for landscape formation, etc. ○A basic idea common among national citizens to form and protect landscape has not been established. ○Limitation of soft methods, such as notification and admonition regarding actions based on independent ordinances ⇒ Filing of lawsuits related to landscape ○National Government financial and tax-related support for independent efforts by local public bodies is inadequate. ○Slightly less than 500 local public bodies have established landscape ordinances as independent ordinances. As such, local public bodies are aggressively forming and protecting landscape. Present efforts 4. Need for the Landscape Law ５
○ Landscape ordinances are based on the Local Autonomy Law, and local public bodies independently set up ordinances and induce compliance, etc., related to landscape. [Main content stipulated in landscape ordinances] A landscape formation policy A basic plan on landscape formation Landscape formation districts and emphasized districts Landscape formation standards, landscaping guidelines A landscape council A system of notification related to buildings (large-scale), etc. Designation of buildings, etc., important for landscape Authorization of civic organizations, such as landscape councils Aid / subsidy (hard type, such as buildings) Aid / subsidy (soft type, such as civic activities) A system to dispatch landscape advisers / experts A landscape-related commendation system A questionnaire survey of all the local public bodies was conducted, as of September 30, About the above content 5. Present State of Landscape Ordinances (1) Content of landscape ordinances ６
Data: Questionnaire survey of local public bodies (as of September 30, 2003) Establishment of 494 landscape ordinances in 450 municipalities Designation of model cities for urban landscape formation 494 (2)Change in Numbers of Municipal Landscape Ordinances Established (Accumulative Numbers) ７ Number of ordinances Before 1971 First half of 2003
6.Various Implementers That Support Landscape Formation ８ Landscape advisors Landscape councils, etc. NPO corporations that promote city improvement activities Public-interest corporations, such as city improvement public corporations And other activity organizations Regional carpenters and building contractor’s offices Consultants on landscape and city improvement City improvement councils by residents Regional residents’ associations Beautification activities And other efforts by residents themselves Positioning as landscape formation organizations Various experts’ support
7. Landscape Law (1) Basic ideas and responsibilities Basic ideas Businesses Residents Local public bodies The national Government They play an active role in the formation of favorable landscape. They cooperate in national Government and local public body measures. They establish and implement measures according to various natural and social conditions of the area, regarding formation of favorable landscape. They work to form favorable landscape, related to business activities. They cooperate in national Government and local public body measures. It establishes and implements comprehensive measures regarding the formation of favorable landscape. It deepens national citizens’ understanding through diffusion and enlightenment activities, etc. Responsibilities ○Favorable landscape is a common asset for present and future national citizens. ○Landscape formation requires harmony with nature, history, culture, etc., in the region, people’s lifestyles, economic activities, etc. ○Landscape formation should be promoted through collaboration among residents, businesses, and administration. ○Landscape should be formed in diversified ways to promote each region’s individuality. ○Landscape should be formed with consideration to activation of tourism and the region. ９
(2)Landscape Administrative Organizations and Landscape Planning １０ Measures that encourage highly motivated municipalities to be leaders in landscape administration. Landscape administrative organizations Landscape planning ○ Government-designated cities and core cities automatically become landscape administrative organizations. ○ Other municipalities become landscape administrative organizations based on discussion and agreement with respective prefectures. ○ In other regions, prefectures become landscape administrative organizations. ○ A landscape administrative organization makes a plan, and sets up areas and standards, etc., for notification / admonition regarding certain actions. ○Actions applicable to notification and admonition can be added or eliminated by an ordinance. ○Tools should be prepared to promote formation of favorable landscape of rural villages, including measures to protect terrace paddy fields and against giving up cultivation. It is possible to integratedly tackle protection of terrace paddy fields and mountains in the suburbs of cities, in addition to induction regarding buildings and structures. By positioning roads and rivers as public facilities important for landscape, it is possible to make improvements considering landscape, and permit exclusive use with a viewpoint of landscape. Promotion of elimination of electric poles from streets, according to a special case in the Special Measures Law concerning Construction of Multipurpose Underground Conduits. ○Positioning as public facilities important for landscape based on discussion and agreement with public facility administrators ○Public facility administrators can request positioning as public facilities important for landscape. Measures to protect terrace paddy fields and against giving up cultivation ○It is possible to set up a plan to develop a landscape agriculture promotion region in a landscape planning area, to induce agricultural land use in harmony with landscape. ○When an admonition is not followed, a landscape formation organization can acquire rights to use agricultural land, and manage the agricultural land, through discussion regarding rights transfer. Residents and NPOs can make suggestions (approval of two-thirds or more of landowners, etc., is needed).
○ Mild regulation and induction based on notification and admonition regarding construction of buildings, etc. ○ As to designs and colors of buildings and structures, it is possible to order change by establishing an ordinance. ○ Establishment of “public facilities important for landscape,” and special cases under the “Multipurpose Underground Conduit Law” ○ Regulation, such as on changing the character of agricultural land, strengthening of measures for land people stopped cultivating, promotion of forestry business Landscape planning areas Landscape districts ○Designation of districts for aggressive formation of favorable landscape using city planning methods ○The first comprehensive regulation on designs, colors, height, lot area, etc., of buildings and structures ○Such actions as piling of wastes and changing the land character can also be regulated by establishing an ordinance. Buildings and trees important for landscape Landscape agreement Making detailed rules on landscape based on agreement by residents Landscape formation organizations The chief of a landscape administrative organization designates an NPO corporation or public-interest corporation. Landscape formation organizations conduct management of buildings and trees important for landscape, acquisition of rights to use land that people have stopped cultivating, and others. Soft-aspect support Landscape councils Administration, residents, public facility administrators, etc., conduct conferences, and make rules regarding landscape. (Areas other than city planning areas can also be designated.) Use of deregulation measures (City planning) Collaboration with the Outdoor Advertising Materials Law [Image of a cityscape] [Open café project example] [Image] [Image of efforts at a shopping street] [Image of a completed pocket park, etc.] (3) Action Regulation and Support Systems 11 Designation and aggressive protection of buildings, structures, and trees important for landscape
○It Is Possible to Choose Regulation and Induction Methods According to Characteristics of Regions 12 Areas are set up in landscape planning. Procedures according to city planning in city planning and semi-city-planning areas, and corresponding procedures in other areas (semi-landscape districts) Aiming to conduct mild regulation and induction based on notification and admonition. Landscape districts Introduction of a landscape authorization system regarding items requiring discretion, such as forms, colors, and designs of buildings, etc. Securing of numerical items (height of buildings, position of wall surface, lowest limit of lot area) by building construction authorization. It is possible to stipulate regulation on other necessary items, such as changing land character, by an ordinance, and implement it. It is possible to order change regarding certain items stipulated in an ordinance, when necessary. It is also possible to decide separate standards and actions applicable to notification, within the region. Specific standards and actions applicable to notifications are decided by a landscape administrative organization. Landscape planning areas Aiming to induce formation of favorable Landscape rather aggressively.
(4) Procedures for Notification, Authorization, etc. 13 Landscape planning areas Landscape districts Height, position of wall surface, etc. Design, color Height, etc. Within 30 days Within 30 days from notification Can be prolonged up to 90 days, depending on cases. Building Order for change by establishing an ordinance, if necessary. Structure Standards Applicable to notification [examples: construction of a building, change in color, construction of a structure] Admonition standards [examples: height of 30 m or less, a serene color for the roof] Notification (penalty for violation of the notification) Admonition Height, position of wall surface, etc. Design, color Height, etc. Application for authorization Order for change by establishing an ordinance, if necessary. Easing of slant line restriction, etc. Start of action Indication of authorization Completion inspection Use restriction, etc. (depending on cases) Start of action Indication of authorization Inspection (depending on cases) Order for correction, etc. (depending on cases) Building Authorization Structure Establishment of an ordinance Application for authorization to the municipality chief Conformance obligation (penalty for violation of notification) City plan establishment Setup of restrictions regarding buildings Examination of conformance to the standards provided in city planning (within 30 days)
(5) Public Facilities Important for Landscape ○Public facilities important for landscape (Paragraph 5 of Sub-Section 2 of Section 8) Landscape administrative organizations Public facility administrators (Roads, rivers, city parks, beaches, ports and harbors, etc.) It is possible to request designation of public facilities that are important for landscape (attachment of a draft report) (Section 10) ○Planning on respective public facilities Formation and improvement according to landscape planning (Section 47) Special cases of permission (Sections 49 to 54) Permission for exclusive use according to the standards provided in landscape planning ○Special cases in the Multipurpose Underground Conduit Law concerning Roads Important for Landscape (Section 48) When necessary for landscape, it is possible to designate a road that requires construction of multipurpose underground conduits. [Images] Road BeachPort River Landscape planning based on the Landscape Law Agreement Conference Request Respect Items regarding formation and improvement Standards on permission (more stringent prefectural standards for permission for exclusive use) 14
○Landscape administrative organizations designate buildings, structures, and trees that are important for landscape. ○Owners must maintain and protect the buildings concerned. ○A change of the present state of a building requires permission. (As to parts related to appearance, the present state should basically be preserved.) ○Deregulation of parts related to appearance is possible (according to an ordinance based on the Building Standard Law) ○Support through the tax system ○Information supply by experts on landscape ○Coordination toward resident consensus ○Purchase of buildings important for landscape, and promotion of their improvement ○Items decided by a council must be respected. ○Activation of the region through open cafés, cleanup strategy, etc. Aggressive protection of buildings important for landscape, which will be regional landscape Integrated agreement on various items regarding landscape, such as buildings, greenery, structures, signboards, and open-air parking space ○Independent agreement based on consensus among landowners, etc. ○Effective even after transfer to a third party ○It is possible to stipulate various items regarding landscape, including soft aspects, in addition to buildings and greenery Support for sustainable efforts through initiative by residents, by positioning an NPO organization or public-interest corporation Supply of opportunities for residents, businesses, and related administrative agencies, to work cooperatively Buildings important for landscape Landscape councils Landscape formation organizations Landscape agreement (6) Other Systems 15
(7) Image of a Region Applicable to the Landscape Law 16 Natural park Semi-landscape district Buildings important for landscape Outside the city planning area Inside the city planning area Buildings important for landscape Landscape district Urbanization promotion area Urbanization control area Landscape district Public facilities important for landscape Landscape planning area Area planning to develop a landscape agriculture promotion region Trees important for landscape
Aggressive support and promotion of projects and research to create favorable landscape toward realization of a rich and high-quality life for the people, even in the middle of a fiscal year ○ Creation of attractive city landscape ○ Formation of favorable landscape using rich nature scenes ○ Preservation of the historic climate and maintenance of traditional buildings 17 (8) Landscape Formation Project Promotion Cost [Budgetary measure] “Classification-undecided costs, such as adjustment cost,” among public project-related costs Projects that have become necessary in the middle of a fiscal year, with flexible budget allocation Fiscal 2004 estimated amount: 20 billion yen [Applicable projects] (1)Projects stipulated in landscape planning based on the Landscape Law (2)Projects for forming favorable landscape in a landscape planning area or landscape district stipulated in the above planning (3)Projects for forming favorable landscape in a tasteful district or a district with an outdoors advertising materials ordinance established Others [Specific image examples of applicable projects] A forestry conservancy project to protect the historic climate, and formation / purchase, etc., of green space Maintenance of a traditional cityscape Maintenance of a tasteful bridge and the river environment Formation of easily usable open space and rest facilities in harmony with the circumstances
Restriction of change of the present state, etc. Limitation of use benefits [Conventionally] No regulation system Sale to the private sector When tax cannot be paid Demolition / rebuilding of the building Loss of a building important for landscape [New system to be established] Designation as a building important for landscape Building important for landscape Reduction of appraisal according to limitation of use benefits by regulation Maintenance by ownership by heir Regarding buildings important for landscape, restriction on changing the present appearance results in limitation of use benefits, such as use application and floor area. As such, the inheritance tax shall be appraised appropriately according to the degree of limitation in usage. (1)Setting of an appraisal value at an appropriate level for buildings important for landscape and their sites (inheritance tax) When land, etc., effectively usable for a project related to public facilities important for landscape stipulated in a landscape plan established by a local public body, is transferred to the local public body or a landscape formation organization, a special deduction of 15 million yen is applied to the income from transfer of the assets concerned. (2)Special deduction of 15 million yen for transfer of land, etc., in a landscape planning area to a landscape formation organization, etc. (income tax, corporate tax) (9) Support through the Tax System 18
Rationalization of form regulation (exclusion of application of slant line restriction) when wall surface position and height are determined. Deregulation regarding buildings important for landscape Easing of slant line restriction Reduction of the edge of eaves is unnecessary. Easing of restriction of the building coverage ratio 19 *It is possible to partially ease restriction under the Building Standard Law, by establishing an ordinance, aiming to preserve the present appearance *It is possible to exclude application of slant line restriction by establishing wall surface position and the highest limit of height. Section 21: Fire control measures for large-scale buildings Section 22 to Fire control measures for roofs, 2 of Section 24: external walls, etc., in a fireproof roof area Section 25:Fire control measures for external walls, etc., of large-scale wooden buildings, etc. Section 28:Lighting and ventilation of living rooms Sections 43 Road contact obligation, restriction and 44:regarding building on a road Section 47*:Building restriction by wall surface line Sections 52 Floor area ratio, building coverage and 53ratio Restriction items under the Building Standard Law, to be eased (* indicates items without easing regulation for within a traditional building group preservation district) (10) Support by Deregulation Section 54*:Setback distance of external walls in a region exclusively for low-rise houses Section 55:Restriction of height in a region exclusively for low-rise houses Section 56:Slant line restriction 2 of Section 56*: Shade restriction Section 58: Height district Sections 61 Building restriction in a fire control to 64 region and a semi-fire-control region 2 of Section 67:Building restriction in a district to develop specified disaster prevention blocks Section 68*:Building restriction in a landscape district
II.Establishing the charms of Japan and the charms of regions “Each region is a tourist attraction.” Additional installation of “Charm Net Site” in the homepage on tourism of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, to encourage national citizens to discover regional charms. Opening of “Tourism Charisma School” Promotion of model projects to create tourism interchange space Support for a national campaign of “coexistence and interaction between cities and rural villages” (All Right Nippon Campaign), to promote experience-based tourism Promotion integrated with national city revitalization / structural reform special districts, etc. Favorable landscape formation Establishment of a landscape assessment system for public projects Establishment of a basic legal system regarding landscape Enrichment, etc., of the outdoor advertising materials system Promotion of burying electric wires underground III. Forwarding of Japanese brands toward overseas Sales promotion to foreign leaders Sales promotion to foreign leaders when the Prime Minister and other ministers visit foreign countries, and when leaders of other countries come to Japan Preparation of a video in which the Prime Minister appears; TV broadcasting in important markets “Visit Japan Campaign” Promotion of the following as two major activities: (1) publicity / advertising through overseas media, etc., and (2) support toward overseas travel agencies by supplying information for developing travel products to Japan. Construction of a portal site to comprehensively provide Japan’s charms and tourism- related information in many languages, as information-forwarding using IT. Starting a local promotion group for the “Visit Japan Campaign” promoted jointly by the Government and the private sector, including diplomatic institutions abroad, in 20 major countries / regions overseas. 合 I. Penetration of the direction to take in the 21 st century: “To make the nation prosperous based on tourism” Appealing “a nation prosperous based on tourism” by gathering ambassadors in Tokyo at the official residence of the Prime Minister Conduction of a symposium on making the nation prosperous based on tourism Thorough publicity on the “Visit Japan Campaign” toward national citizens IV.Establishment of an environment for making the nation prosperous based on tourism Establishment of an environment that enables a foreigner to walk alone Judgment (monitoring) by foreigners on the state of environment establishment Installation of guidance signs, etc., that are also easy for foreign tourists (Establishment of a guideline on guidance signs, promotion of inspection and intensive maintenance of guidance signs, etc., increase / enrichment of tourist information centers that can handle foreigners, study on supply of easy-to-understand information at stations) Research / experimental testing on IC cards usable at shops and for transportation means, etc., in multiple countries Smoothening of entry procedures, etc. Acceptance of visa applications at the Consulate General in Guangzhou, improvement of system operation, and expansion of regions applicable to visa- granting, regarding group sightseeing tours to Japan from China. Speeding up of entry examination through introduction of an advanced passenger information system (APIS) Reduction of traveling cost Examination on a discount system for foreigners, regarding transportation means, tourist facilities, etc. Supply of information on lodging facilities in response to needs of foreign travelers V.Promotion of a strategy toward making the nation prosperous based on tourism Promotion of implementation of the strategy, through conduction of a director-class conference, under a ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism. Regular inspection and evaluation of the results of implemented measures, and review as needed (Plan - Do - See) [Reference 1] Major Items of the Action Plan to Make the Nation Prosperous Based on Tourism 20 Decided at the ministerial meeting related to making the nation prosperous based on tourism, on July 31, 2003
[Reference 2] Gist of the Outline on Beautiful Nation Creation Policy 21
[Reference 3] Outline on the City Revitalization Vision 22 Suggestion on the 21 st century-type city revitalization vision to create a safe, comfortable, and beautiful life / activity / interchange space, and meet the changes of the new age Five basic directions 1) Construction of sustainable cities in coexistence with the environment 3) Creation of “city beauty space” blessed with “favorable landscape / greenery” and “regional culture” 5) General city management through collaboration by the Government and the private sector toward realization of a city future image 2) Revitalization into global cities with high international competitiveness, and local cities filled with individuality and energy 4) Construction of safe and secure cities ◇ Use of private investment, active use of private funds and know-how, creation of a new market by city improvement activities through initiative by residents ◇ Actual field of city improvement, partnership with the community, city improvement through participation by citizens, region management through collaboration between the Government and the private sector ◇ Output-oriented city policy, collaboration / comprehensive development with policy means related to city policy, forwarding of easy-to-understand information Basic viewpoints of policy development (1)National city revitalization through formation of “walking-distance living” areas (2) Construction of a recycling-oriented city structure (3) Development of strategic city transport policy (4) Improvement of international competitiveness in large city areas (6) Promotion of city tourism (5) Expansion of private investment to revitalize city centers (9) Promotion of region management through initiative by residents (7)Construction of a system toward landscape formation and greenery creation (8) Construction of safe and secure cities (10) Future city strategy in response to policy issues Ten action plans Report by the Panel on Infrastructure Formation, on December 24, 2003