Presentation on theme: "A Family only Jerry Springer could Love. Fought for Rome Forced to divorce (marries Julia) Hangs out on Rhodes a lot The last choice for heir."— Presentation transcript:
Fought for Rome Forced to divorce (marries Julia) Hangs out on Rhodes a lot The last choice for heir Had to adopt Germanicus as heir (not his own son, Drusus) Reluctant to take power
Tiberius wanted Senate to rule mostly Augustus had them well trained to look to the princeps for leadership and decisions Rhine armies revolt, they want Germanicus Seen as timid, quiet, etc. Never spoke his mind Tried to give power/responsibility back to Senate and consuls Didn’t take credit
Germanicus diverted his army back to Germany Tiberius continued not expanding the empire He prosecuted corrupt governors Continued rules of modesty Very frugal: no games, circuses or hunts (did not make him very popular
Praetorian Guard, became confidant of Tiberius Wanted to marry Tiberius’ niece (he said no) He makes Tiberius think he will be assassinated and to move to Capri Sejanus starts taking out enemies Tiberius sends letter to Senate condemning Sejanus, who is killed with friends and family
Tiberius stays on Capri (paranoid) Directs the Senate through letters Becomes an old drunk, “Biberius Caldius Mero” He did not have an heir established 37 AD, he becomes very ill Praetorian Commander, Macro kills him off He names Caligula the new emperor
Son of Germanicus. “Little Boots” Opposite of Tiberius (except in one thing) Held great circuses and shows Increased pay of Praetorian Guard This causes him to have to raise taxes
Begins to fear that he will be assassinated Assassinates his cousin and Macro Others start to plot against him because if this So he kills more people After a serious illness (6 months into his reign), he became seriously deranged
Killed a senator who offered his life Laughing fits over potential homocide Emptied treasury for crazy feasts and baths After Drusilla’s death, capitol offense to laugh Put his head on gods’ statues Made his horse co-priest of his cult (consul?) Shaved men and collected sea shells
He would execute members of his favorite chariot team if they lost Because a crowd rooted for a different team he said “if you Romans had but one neck” Killed by his own Praetorian Guard Drawn and quartered in 41 A.D.
Found hiding behind the curtains Brother of Germanicus Bribed guards with bonus pay Very ill, weak, clumsy, drooler, runny nose, bad laugh, ADD; the shame of the Julio-claudians Spent much of early life in literary pursuits, aided by historian Livy
His reign was reminiscent of Augustus’ Worked on Ostia for shipping and grain supply Gave incentives to merchants Finished the Aqueduct Rebuilt Pompey’s theater Took part in the courts Helped sick and old slaves
43 A.D., He sends Plautius to Britain After initial victory, Claudius arrives He defeats the Britons, Britain = province Claudius named Britanicus, a name he passes onto his son Plautius and Lt Vespasian (yes that Vespasian) stay to mop up Britain
Messalina used his power to kill her enemies Married another guy, executed for treason 2 nd wife: Agrippina Forces him to adopt her son (Nero) Sows seeds of Paranoia His freedmen abuse the power he gives them When Claudius tries to assert himself, Agrippina gives him a poisoned mushroom Fungus deorum cibus
Nero takes over at 17 in 54 A.D. Married to Claudius’ daughter, Octavia Burrus and Seneca were his tutors/advisors Agrippina real power behind the throne Tutors want him to assert himself, indulge in his vices (music, acting, art, girls) He lets them run the empire
Agrippina threatens to replace him with Britanicus Nero tries to poison him, but it’s too strong Puts 2 nd poison in cold water cup at feast After he dies, Nero says it’s just epilepsy His girlfriend, Poppaea, tells him to kill mom Sends her in a busted boat, she survives, so he sends men to kill her (says she tried to kill him) Leather bag punishment: Dog Monkey Scorpion Snake Rooster Into the Tiber river
Nero goes on a concert tour in Greece Burrus dies, Seneca retires Commander Tigellinus just like Nero Nero divorces and marries Poppaea Octavia exiled, her slaves won’t betray her Nero and Poppaea’s daughter, Augusta, dies at 4 months Married to Otho, whom Nero sends to Portugal.
July 18 th 64 AD, same date Gauls sacked Rome Nero fiddled and sang of Troy’s burning Built the Domus Aurea on the ashes Christians blamed (Peter and Paul) Pisonian conspiracy: 100’s of nobles killed (Lucan and Seneca, etc) Only Nobility suffered, Rome thrived
Wife of the king of the Iceni She and her daughters were beaten and raped by Roman soldiers She leads a revolt They kill 70,000 Roman soldiers and allies General Paulinus defeats her Parthians Revolt, stopped by Corbulo
Treasure hunt in Carthage Ficus Rumanalis almost dies gods angered by Nero bathing in aqueduct Comet flies (sign of new emperor) Nero killed Corbulo Galba in Spain revolts Nero kills himself
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