Presentation on theme: "Chapter 5- Absolute Monarchs in Europe"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 5- Absolute Monarchs in Europe Section 1: Spain’s Empire and European AbsolutismSection 2: The Reign of King Louis XIVSection 3: Central European Monarchs ClashSection 4: Absolute Rulers of RussiaSection 5: Parliament Limits the English Monarchy
3What justifies absolute power? Discuss reasons on page 160 and 161When is it acceptable to take away limits on power?Have our Presidents ever stretched the limits of their power?What crosses the line between a strong ruler and a despot/dictator.Bodin’s quote- pg 161
4Spain as a world power Charles V controls a huge Empire! (map) Phillip II inherits SpainSource of richesCatholicism vs. __________ & __________Defeat of the Armada – English navyLate 1500s Spain economy/ empire lose power- Reasons? (pg. 158)
5Power in Dutch handsNetherlands split from Spain- along what lines? (map)What advantages to they have over other nations?( pg. 160)How were the Netherlands in 1600 like Italy in 1400s.
7France’s gains control in Europe Protestants (Huguenots) and Catholics struggle for control in FranceKing Henry IV converts for peace- limits restriction on religionWhy was a Cardinal able to “rule” despite there being a king?Who was seen as a threat to the monarchy?- Nobles Spain Protestants
8All that power…King Louis XIV is unquestioned leader- “L’etat c’est moi”What does King Louis do to keep nobles subservient to him? ( )Why did the nobles’ revolt fail?New sources of wealth- how can we show our power?- King’s lifestyle - expand - wage war
9More money, more problems Failed wars, extravagance leave France financially unstableFrance makes a lot of enemies- Europe unites against them (War of Spanish succession)What were the pros and cons of Louis XIV rule?Create a brochure for the Palace of Versailles- work alone or in pairs.
10Central EuropeSee Map on pg A21 of the Atlas and pg 170. Identify the countries in Central Europe that are on both maps.Hapsburgs- royal family that controls several different areas in EuropeReign in Austria, Spain, Naples, some German states- Goal= Establish centralized, Catholic rule in Central Europe. Holy Roman Empire is the closest thing to getting that done.
11Thirty Years’ WarConflict erupts over, you guessed it, religion and territory.Peace of Augsburg (Ch 1)- German princes can pick own religionCatholics (including Hapsburg Ferdinand II) vs. Lutheran princes fight for power and territoryWhat are the two phases of the war? (169)With help from France (Why did they help non-Catholics?) Hapsburgs defeated
12Treat to end the 30 years’ war: Peace of Westphalia Which empires were weakened? Which were strengthened?Biggest outcome- central Europe will be made of smaller states, not a large empire.Most empires are weak- use feudal system and can’t compete with Western Europe in world trade. Two emerge…What were the leaders of Prussia and Austria like? What was their rivalry based on?
13Seven Years War involves large empires and small states aligned along common lines. Austria allies with France and RussiaPrussia allies with England.New type of war: fought on three continentsBritish victory sets the table for expansion in the 1800s.
14Absolutism in Russia- Section4 Russia’s size and location affect its identity
15Strong Rulers Unite Expansive State How did Ivan III and Vasily help make Russia stable and increase its power?Absolute ruler Ivan IV (the Terrible) calls himself “czar”. Who are his only rivals to power- how did he treat them?How are Ivan’s “good” and “bad” periods characterized?How was a new ruler chosen when no capable heir was present? (Romanovs)
16West side is the best side? Was Russia’s economy more like Central or Western Europe’s (Serfs or no serfs?)Three reasons why Russia was so different from the rest of Europe- (175)What did Peter (Romanov absolute ruler ) like about the West? How did he learn more about Western practices?Peter’s view on absolute power: 176What reforms did he introduce?
17Russia WesternizesPeter’s rivals lose power- Easrtern Orthodox Church, the boyars- how does he accomplish this?Why were China and Japan not rivals for Russian lands in the east at this time?What agricultural products did Russia depend on?How was education emphasized?
18Bout in England Monarchs vs. Parliament As you read this section: Make notes of Monarchs’ victories over Parliament and vice versa:Round 1- James I: Access to country’s treasury vs. passing Puritan ReformsRound 2- Charles I Access to country’s treasury vs. Signing of the Petition of Right- Charles goes back on word: backlash
19English Civil War and consequences Royalist Cavaliers vs. Puritan supporters of Parliament= monarchy at stakeMonarch ousted- General Oliver Cromwell in charge- limits on individual rights still endure- no tolerance for CatholicsRound 3 – Oliver Cromwell: A Parliament vs. a commonwealth
20Back to Monarchical Model After Cromwell, monarchy is restored- Charles IIRound 4- Charles II; monarch’s absolute power vs. rights of the accused (Habeas Corpus Act)Charles II dies with no heir- James II new king. Wait… a Catholic king?With the help of Parliament, Mary takes throne from her dad.
21New type of Monarchy in England Round 5: Mary ( and William)- Absolute monarchy vs. constitutional monarchy.William and Mary consent to Bill of Rights- limits royal power, written guarantees of protection.How to prevent future monarchy vs. parliament conflicts- Cabinet System!
22Written response section These two topics will be part of the test on Chapt 5 written response section. Plan ahead and be prepared.The motives for Westernization and the methods used to Westernize Peter’s RussiaDescribe the successes Parliament had in limiting abuses of royal power between the reigns of James I and William and Mary.