Presentation on theme: "AKA: Augustus. He had no legitimate children of his own He saw promise in his great-nephew Gaius Octavius By the age of 15 he started to groom the."— Presentation transcript:
He had no legitimate children of his own He saw promise in his great-nephew Gaius Octavius By the age of 15 he started to groom the boy for leadership The boy had delicate health Suffered sun stroke while presiding over games Was too ill to go to Spain with Caesar
Octavius is sent to Greece to get an education and learn how to run an army Caesar is killed, 43 BC. No heir had yet been named Who would take over?
Caesar never announced Octavian as heir Caesar’s assassins were praised Antony is powerful and in Rome Caesar’s troops are willing to march to Rome with Octavian as their leader What does Octavian do?
Octavian decides to return to Rome without the army Cicero takes a liking to Octavian He feels that Octavian could possibly overpower Antony Cicero thinks that Octavian is young, smart and willing to learn. He could make a good leader. Legions rally behind Octavian and fight Antony Both consuls lead the army and both die
With the consuls dead Octavian is in sole command of the army This gives Octavian enough power to bargain with Antony Octavian, Antony and Lepidus form the second triumvirate They draw up a list of who must die. Cicero
Augustus as imperator -Villa of Livia -100 ad
Augustus as pontifex maximus - 12 BC - Rome
Augustus, Antony and Lepidus The relationship between Antony and Augustus becomes strained Augustus marries his sister Octavia to Antony They have two children Antony gets bored, moves to Egypt and marries Cleopatra while still married to Octavia. Pg. 71
Roman people start to hate Antony People like Octavia who is a dutiful wife to her husband Antony is married to Egyptian queen His campaign in the East stalls War looms but for ten years but Antony and Augustus are peaceful.
He rebuilds Rome Stops raiding by pirates Stops attacks from tribes outside of Rome Caesars veterans are given their promised land The prestige of the ruling class is restored The great Roman poet Vergil writes the Georgics
They have a vast and rich kingdom They are above the people Wealth and luxury
Coolidge, Olivia E. Lives of Famous Romans. United States of America: Home School Publishing, Print. Kleiner, Fred S. A History of Roman Art. Victoria: Thomson/Wadsworth, Print.