2What were the major changes/developments from 1450 – 1750?
3Major DevelopmentsEuropean discovery of Americas creates a New Global Economy which begins a process of globalizationAtlantic Trade Network (Triangular Trade)Atlantic Slave TradeMajor Biological Exchanges (Columbian Exchange)New Empires in Asia, Africa, Europe and AmericasGunpowder EmpiresColonial administrationsCoercive labor systemsSlave SystemsRise of EuropeScientific RevolutionEnlightenment
4What were the major civilizations from 1450-1750?
6What were some of the major continuities from 1450-1750?
7ContinuitiesExisting trade routes continued to be important to global exchangeNo sweeping global cultural changes during this eraNo systematic changes in gender relationsSpread of world religions continuedEx. Christianity to the Americas
8What were the major global processes from 1450-1750?
9Global ProcessesTriangular Trade Network (including Atlantic Slave Trade)ExplorationEuropean Colonization of the AmericasColumbian Exchange
64What was the general status of women from1450 – 1750?
65WomenIn most parts of the world, women continue to occupy a secondary status.In most societies, marriage was primarily an economic arrangement.In a limited and gradual sense, some parts of Europe began to develop a greater awareness of the injustice of the position women held in society.Aristocratic women and increasingly middle class women had informal forms of influence over husbands and sons, the education of children, running households and businesses and managing finances.A handful of monarchs were women.
66What were the major economic trends in the period 1450-1750?
67Economic Trends 1450-1750 Rise of a global trade network Emergence of Europe as a world economic powerDecline in the power of nomadic groupsInflation as a result of increase in gold and silverNew major trade network (Atlantic)Increase in the importance of trade-based wealth vs. land- based wealthNew labor systemsEnslavement of Native American and Africans by EuropeansEuropean colonial economies in the Americas heavily dependant on based on slave labor
68What were the major demographic trends in the period 1450-1750?
69Demographic Trends 1450-1750 Migration of Europeans to the Americas Forced migration of Africans to the AmericasOverall global population increaseLargest increases in population were in Europe and Asia
70What were the major environmental trends in the period 1450-1750?
71Environmental Trends 1450 – 1750 Transfer of plants, animals and diseases via the Columbian ExchangeIncrease agricultural development
72What were the major cultural and intellectual developments in the period 1450-1750?
73Cultural and Intellectual Developments 1450 - 1750 European RenaissanceProtestant ReformationEuropean EnlightenmentIncrease in the influence of Neo-Confucianism in ChinaNew art forms in the Mughal Empire in India
74What were the major land-based powers from 1450 – 1750 ?
78What were the reasons for an increase in the population in Europe from 1450 - 1750?
79Reasons for Rise in European Population Introduction of potatoes and corn from the “New World”European agricultural revolution
80Describe the phases of Europe’s emergence as a world power from 1450-1750.
81Rise of Europe 1450 - 1750 Before 1400s – Europe is behind 1500s – 1600s – Europe is about even1700s – Europe is beginning to pass other parts of the world in terms of wealth and technology1800s – Europe is becoming a dominant economic and military world power and there is an increase in European imperial activity
82What were the major political developments from 1450 – 1750 ?
83Political Developments in Europe 1450 - 1750 1st World Wars (ex. 7 Years War)Rise of Nation-StatesNew forms of monarchyAbsolute MonarchiesParliamentary Governments
87Nation-stateSolid political units with relatively fixed borders, a sense of national unity and mostly homogeneous populations ethnically and linguistically
88What were the major social developments in Europe from 1450 – 1750 ?
89Social Developments in Europe 1450 - 1750 Social diversification as a result of the growing importance of nonagricultural occupations(ex. Banking, commerce, trade, shop keeping, artisanry, craftsmanship)Rise of middle class (bourgeoisie)