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Emperor Alexander II Georgy Kibovsky 9 “B”. New vocabulary Heir – наследник Legislation – законодательство Mentor – наставник To alleviate the plight.

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Presentation on theme: "Emperor Alexander II Georgy Kibovsky 9 “B”. New vocabulary Heir – наследник Legislation – законодательство Mentor – наставник To alleviate the plight."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emperor Alexander II Georgy Kibovsky 9 “B”

2 New vocabulary Heir – наследник Legislation – законодательство Mentor – наставник To alleviate the plight – смягчение участи Convince - убеждать Abolition of serfdom – отмена крепостного права Heir – наследник Legislation – законодательство Mentor – наставник To alleviate the plight – смягчение участи Convince - убеждать Abolition of serfdom – отмена крепостного права

3 Alexander Nicolaevich Romanov The 12 th Emperor of Russian Empire Was born on 17 th of April IN1818 in Moscow Died on 1 st of March in 1881 in St. - Petersburg The 12 th Emperor of Russian Empire Was born on 17 th of April IN1818 in Moscow Died on 1 st of March in 1881 in St. - Petersburg

4 Family Alexander was born in Royal family of Emperor Nicolas I and his wife Alexandra Fedorovna (Sharlotte of Prussia). He had two sisters and four brothers.

5 Education Alexander II spend his childhood In Winter Palace, his home. His father, Emperor Nicolas I, paid great attention to his son’s upbringing and education. Young heir studied such subjects as russian language, history, the Law Of God, military science, legislation, statistics, finances, arithmetics, international politics. Alexander II spend his childhood In Winter Palace, his home. His father, Emperor Nicolas I, paid great attention to his son’s upbringing and education. Young heir studied such subjects as russian language, history, the Law Of God, military science, legislation, statistics, finances, arithmetics, international politics.

6 Background Poet Vasyliy Zhukovsky was the main mentor and friend of Alexander. Lessons of Zhukovsky sank deep into his soul. Alexander forever remember trip to Russia in He was accompanied by Zhukovsky. For the seven months they had visited 30 provinces. In Siberia they met with the Decembrists. On his return heir requested to alleviate the plight of the Decembrists. Poet Vasyliy Zhukovsky was the main mentor and friend of Alexander. Lessons of Zhukovsky sank deep into his soul. Alexander forever remember trip to Russia in He was accompanied by Zhukovsky. For the seven months they had visited 30 provinces. In Siberia they met with the Decembrists. On his return heir requested to alleviate the plight of the Decembrists. V. Zhukovsky

7 Background Alexander had hobby. He was keen hunter, and, of course, could not pass by «The Notes of a hunter» written by Turgenev. Later, he said that this book convinced him of the necessity of abolition of serfdom.

8 Alexander the second went down in history as the Tsar-liberator. During his rule, he realized how badly the country was needed reforms. And on February 9, 1861, Alexander II signed the manifest about abolition of the serfdom. So, on March 5, 1861, the Manifesto was read in the churches after the mass. Alexander himself read his guard. So ended the era of serfdom.

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10 Positive significance Slavery was canceled. Many people get freedom. The reform contributed to the development of capitalism relations in Russia Negative significance Stratification of the peasantry Peasants were caught in debt dependence.

11 Alexander’s death Alexander II was killed by Ignatiy Grinevicky on 1 st march The Cathedral “Спас на крови” was built on the place of killing in Peterburg.

12 Memory Russian people didn’t forget Emperor Alexander II. There are many monuments to him not only in Russia, But also in Finland and Bulgaria.

13 Questions Who was the main mentor of the heir Alexander? V. Zhukovsky Who was father of Alexander? Nicolas I What was Alexander’s hobby? Hunting What was one of the favorite books of Alexander? “Notices of Hunter” by Turgenev How did Alexander die? He was killed by assasinator Who was the main mentor of the heir Alexander? V. Zhukovsky Who was father of Alexander? Nicolas I What was Alexander’s hobby? Hunting What was one of the favorite books of Alexander? “Notices of Hunter” by Turgenev How did Alexander die? He was killed by assasinator

14 Cheers for attention! =))


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