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Did England become Protestant in the 16 th century? L/O – To write an essay analysing whether England was Protestant by the end of the 16 th century Edward.

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Presentation on theme: "Did England become Protestant in the 16 th century? L/O – To write an essay analysing whether England was Protestant by the end of the 16 th century Edward."— Presentation transcript:

1 Did England become Protestant in the 16 th century? L/O – To write an essay analysing whether England was Protestant by the end of the 16 th century Edward VI Henry VIII Elizabeth I Mary I

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 6 What did Protestants and Catholics believe? The different beliefs were reflected in the churches that the two faiths built.

3 © Boardworks Ltd of 6 Inside a Protestant church

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 6 Inside a Catholic church

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 When Henry VIII passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534, he cut the English Church off from the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church and the Pope in Rome. Instead, he set up the Church of England, which had the monarch as its leader. The Church and the monarch What effect do you think this had on religion in England? The fact that the monarch was now head of the church meant that the religious views of the king or queen became much more important in Tudor England. © National Portrait Gallery, London Henry VIII

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Henry VIII’s children All of Henry’s children became monarchs because each of them died without leaving a child to follow them. Henry’s children were: Edward VI son of Jane Seymour Mary I daughter of Catherine of Aragon Elizabeth I daughter of Anne Boleyn Images © National Portrait Gallery, London

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 As each monarch came to the throne, they changed the religion of England to their own. Each time the religion of England changed, some people would choose to stick to the old religion. Those who did so were called heretics. Heresy was punishable by death. Some of those who were caught were burned at the stake. Edward VI Protestant Elizabeth I Protestant Mary I Catholic Religious changes

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Henry VIII’s children

9 Henry VIII Henry wanted a divorce from Catherine of Aragon. In 1534 he passed the ‘Act of Supremacy’. The English Church Before the Act of Supremacy, 1534 After the Act of Supremacy, 1534 Henry was now in charge of the English church, not the Pope. He then gave himself a divorce and married Anne Boleyn.

10 Henry VIII In 1536, Henry needed money from the Church which he was now head of. He started to close down the monasteries of England. This was known as the ‘Dissolution of the Monasteries’. But in 1539 he banned translation of the Bible into English.

11 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Aim: to make England a Protestant country. the monarch was Head of the Church new (English) prayer book was used priests were allowed to marry priests were to dress simply churches were plain statues of saints were removed and destroyed two heretics were burned at the stake holy days (holidays) were ended the Protestant Lady Jane Grey was made Edward’s heir. Religion under Edward VI: The reign of Edward VI (1547–53) © National Portrait Gallery, London

12 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Aim: to return England to the Catholic religion. Lady Jane Grey was deposed and executed Pope became Head of the Church again English prayer book was banned priests were forbidden to marry Protestant bishops lost their jobs (800 leading Protestants left Britain) statues of saints and altars returned to churches Mary married the Catholic King Philip II of Spain about 280 Protestants were burned at the stake a Protestant rebellion in Kent was put down firmly unsuccessfully attempted to return land taken from the Church by Henry VIII. Religion under Mary I: The Reign of Mary I (1553–58) © National Portrait Gallery, London

13 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Aim: to make England Protestant again and heal religious differences. monarch was Head of the Church priests were to swear loyalty to the monarch churches were plain and simple statues of saints were removed and destroyed Catholics were able to avoid persecution if they swore loyalty to Elizabeth five heretics were burned at the stake extreme Protestants were kept in check. Religion under Elizabeth I: Elizabeth’s policies were called the Elizabethan religious settlement. The Reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603)

14 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 Religious conformity

15 © Boardworks Ltd of 8 Challenges to the religious settlement

16 Introduction – What religion did England have in 1500? What did this mean to people? Role of Religion in daily life, how important? What was the religion? Why did people begin to ‘protest’ against the Catholic Church? How did Henry VIII’s actions change religion in England? How did England become more Protestant under Edward VI? How successful was Mary I in turning England back to Catholicism? What did Elizabeth I do to try to reach a settlement in religion? Conclusion – Was England more Protestant or more Catholic by the end of Elizabeth’s reign? DID ENGLAND BECOME PROTESTANT IN THE 16 th CENTURY?


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