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The Covenant of Marriage Malachi 2:14 Genesis 2:24.

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Presentation on theme: "The Covenant of Marriage Malachi 2:14 Genesis 2:24."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Covenant of Marriage Malachi 2:14 Genesis 2:24

3  The covenant was more than a binding agreement. It was the most fundamental expression of the relationship that existed between two parties.  The covenant was considered the most sacred of vows, and one’s commitment to the covenant was the highest form of personal integrity.  Love and loyalty were the most prominent themes of Near Eastern covenants. Ancient Near Eastern Covenants Their Importance

4 Divine Covenants  The covenant format was so important that God used it to describe every divine relationship. His covenant with all flesh (Genesis 9) His covenant with all flesh (Genesis 9) His covenant with Abraham (Genesis 12; 15; 17; 22) His covenant with Abraham (Genesis 12; 15; 17; 22) His covenant with Israel (Exodus 19-24) His covenant with Israel (Exodus 19-24) His covenant with David (2 Samuel 7) His covenant with David (2 Samuel 7) His covenant with restored Israel (Jeremiah 31) His covenant with restored Israel (Jeremiah 31)

5 Suzerain-Vassal Covenants Their Structure  In every divine covenant, God occupies the role of Suzerain He is the initiator of the covenant blessings He is the initiator of the covenant blessings He is the maintainer of the covenant blessings He is the maintainer of the covenant blessings He is the provider of the covenant blessings He is the provider of the covenant blessings He is the protector of the covenant party He is the protector of the covenant party He is the benefactor He is the benefactor

6 Suzerain-Vassal Covenants Their Structure  In every divine covenant, there is a correspondingly different role of Vassal The vassal serves the covenant suzerain The vassal serves the covenant suzerain The vassal receives the covenant and its blessings from the suzerain The vassal receives the covenant and its blessings from the suzerain The vassal displays gratitude to the suzerain The vassal displays gratitude to the suzerain The vassal acknowledges dependence upon the suzerain The vassal acknowledges dependence upon the suzerain The vassal is the beneficiary The vassal is the beneficiary

7 Suzerain-Vassal Covenants Their Language The Suzerain: The Suzerain: Loves Loves Provides Provides Protects Protects Leads Leads Bestows honor Bestows honor Knows Blesses Blesses Supports Supports Cares for Cares for Gives refuge Gives refuge

8 Suzerain-Vassal Covenants Their Language The Vassal: The Vassal: Loves Loves Fears Fears Serves Serves Submits Submits Respects Obeys Thanks

9 When God Instituted Marriage He Used Covenant Language Genesis 2:24 “Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.”

10 When God Instituted Marriage He Used Covenant Language LEAVE: The covenant language of the Hebrew word ‘azab “leave, forsake, abandon” is a key term in suzerain-vassal treaties. It refers to the breaking of an existing covenant. Deut. 31:16-17 Josh. 24:16, 20 1 Kings 19:10, 14 Judges 2:12; 10:6, 10

11 When God Instituted Marriage He Used Covenant Language CLEAVE: The covenantal language of the Hebrew word dabaq “cleave, join” is a key term in suzerain-vassal treaties. It refers to the establishment of a new covenant relationship. Deut. 30:19-20 ( “cleaving” = “loving”) Deut. 10:20; 11:22-23 Joshua 23:8-13 Exodus 34:14-16 (“play the harlot”)

12 The Marriage Covenant The marriage covenant became a covenant model throughout the OT Malachi 2:14 Proverbs 2:16-17 Ezekiel 16:8 Isaiah 50:1

13 The Marriage Covenant Matthew 19:3-12  On the question of divorce, Jesus returns to the beginning, to God’s creation of male and female and His establishment of the marriage covenant.  Divorce is forbidden, because it is a sacred covenant not only between the man and the woman, but also God (“God has joined”).  Marital faithfulness, in its fullest sense, is the highest expression of personal integrity.

14 The Marriage Covenant Ephesians 5:22-33  Covenant obligations for both the husband and Christ: to be the head to be the head to deliver, save his wife to deliver, save his wife to love to love to sacrifice even to the point of death to sacrifice even to the point of death to glorify by sanctifying, cleansing, removing spots and winkles to glorify by sanctifying, cleansing, removing spots and winkles to nourish to nourish to cherish to cherish to leave and cleave, to be one to leave and cleave, to be one

15 The Marriage Covenant Ephesians 5:22-33  Covenant obligations for both the wife and the church: to submit to submit to be one to be one to fear, respect her husband to fear, respect her husband

16 The Marriage Covenant 1 Peter 3:1-7  Covenant obligations for the wife: to be submissive to be submissive to influence by example, not nagging to influence by example, not nagging to be chaste and respectful to be chaste and respectful to display a gentle and quiet spirit to display a gentle and quiet spirit to obey their “lord” to obey their “lord”

17 The Marriage Covenant 1 Peter 3:1-7  Covenant obligations for the husband: to live with his wife “according to knowledge” as “the weaker vessel” to live with his wife “according to knowledge” as “the weaker vessel” “know” is a common suzerain-vassal term that describes the recognition and fulfillment of one’s covenant obligations (Exodus 1:8; 2:24-25; Amos 3:1-2) “know” is a common suzerain-vassal term that describes the recognition and fulfillment of one’s covenant obligations (Exodus 1:8; 2:24-25; Amos 3:1-2) “know” came to be used of one of the most intimate of covenant obligations, the sexual relationship (Genesis 4:2; Matthew 1:25) “know” came to be used of one of the most intimate of covenant obligations, the sexual relationship (Genesis 4:2; Matthew 1:25)

18 The Marriage Covenant 1 Peter 3:1-7  Covenant obligations for the husband: to live with his wife “according to knowledge” as “the weaker vessel” to live with his wife “according to knowledge” as “the weaker vessel” to show honor to his wife as a fellow heir to show honor to his wife as a fellow heir Just as the Lord is the bestower of blessing and honor in the covenant relationship (e.g., Ps. 3:3; 8:5), so also the husband is to bestow honor upon his covenant partner. Just as the Lord is the bestower of blessing and honor in the covenant relationship (e.g., Ps. 3:3; 8:5), so also the husband is to bestow honor upon his covenant partner. Just as Israel was God’s cherished possession (Exodus 19:5; Deut. 7:6), so also the husband treats his covenant partner with great care and honor. Just as Israel was God’s cherished possession (Exodus 19:5; Deut. 7:6), so also the husband treats his covenant partner with great care and honor.

19 Conclusion  Marriage covenant obligations were established by God from the very beginning and are assumed by every individual entering into the marriage covenant as a sacred promise to God.  Failure to fulfill marriage covenant obligations results in a hindrance of prayers and a separation of relationship with God (1 Peter 3:7).

20 Will You Become A Christian? Hear The Gospel (Rom. 10:17) Believe in Jesus as the Son of God (John 8:24) Repent of Your Sins (Acts 17:30) Confess Jesus as the Son of God (Acts 8:37) Be Baptized for Forgiveness of Sins (Acts 2:38) Live Faithfully Until You Die (Rev. 2:10)


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