2Before he was known as King Louis XVI Louis Capet or “Citizen Capet”His brother was the true heir to the throne but died as a childIll prepared for throneGreat-grandson of Louis XIV (the Sun King)Enjoyed hunting, wrestling and locksmithing
3Grandfather: King Louis XV His parents died of smallpox Age 15 married 14 year old Hapsburg Archduchess Marie Antoinette (second cousin once removed)Their marriage was arranged to cement a union of the Hapsburgs and Bourbons- bitter rivals since the 16th centuryTuberculosis is a contagious bacterial infection that involves the lungs, but may spread to other organs
4Marie Antoinette Mother: Marie Theresa Father: Holy Roman Emperor Francis IHad many siblings including Joseph II.Viewed as an outsiderHigh spirited tomboyRather lazy, extremely frivolousVery socialLoved to gambleExquisite taste in fashion, furniture, jewelry
5Marie Antoinette:Will have four children with Louis XVI (all but one will die as a child)Sought refuge at her private domain at Versailles- the Petit TrianonVery fancy “peasant cottages”“Had the tastes of an actress, not an austerely regal queen”Necklace Affair (was innocent but not in the eyes of the French citizens)
6King Louis XVI & the Road to Revolution Louis became King of France at age of 20Very immature and lacked self-confidenceWanted to be a good king and help his subjectsFrench Subjects:Severe food shortagesWeighed down by taxesResentful of royal absolutismDesired self-government (like the United States)Estates General had not met since 1614.Rising resentment toward King & QueenLouis= too indecisiveMarie Antoinette: blamed for country’s financial situation
10Review from last night’s homework 1. What was the social structure of the old regime in France?2. What economic troubles did France face in 1789, and how did they lead to further unrest?3. What actions did delegates of the Third Estate take when the Estates-General met in 1789?4. What was the significance of the storming of the Bastille?
11Ancien Regime= Old Order First Estate= clergy Second Estate= nobility Third Estate= majority of population
12*Epoch: period of time, beginning of a historical era It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity…-- Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cities*Epoch: period of time, beginning of a historical eraIncredulity= amazement, wonder
15Cartoon #1How does the Cartoonist portray the Third Estate? Explain why.What were the differences among the social classes in pre-revolutionary France?
16Cartoon #2How does the Cartoonist portray the Third Estate? Explain why.What were the differences among the social classes in pre-revolutionary France?
17Cartoon #3How does the Cartoonist portray the Third Estate? Explain why.What were the differences among the social classes in pre-revolutionary France?
18Ticket to Exit:Judging from what you’ve learned about the social divisions within France’s three estates and what you currently know about the social classes in our country today, give me one example how they are alike and one way they are different.