Presentation on theme: "AP World History R USSIA AND T OKUGAWA J APAN. R USSIA, J APAN, AND THE M ONGOLS Japan Defeated the Mongols with the help of some wind. Japan chose."— Presentation transcript:
R USSIA, J APAN, AND THE M ONGOLS Japan Defeated the Mongols with the help of some wind. Japan chose Isolation Most of Russia was conquered by the Mongols. The Mongols Isolated Russia.
R USSIAN G EOGRAPHY Russia is Big Russia is Very Cold with Harsh Winters Russia has lacked warm water ports with access to the seas. Russia is Asian and European
“G ENERAL ” W INTER Russia’s Size and Harsh Winters Have saved it from invasion from Charles XII, Napoleon, and Hitler
C ZAR Czar’s are Russian Emperors. From Latin Word “Caesar” Romanov Family was Czar for most of Russian History Rule with Absolute power
B YZANTINE I NFLUENCE ON R USSIA Eastern Orthodox Christianity Cyrillic Language
R USSIA F ALLS B EHIND Mongol Rule Left Russia Isolated and Behind the Rest of Europe in many different aspects.
P ETER AND C ATHERINE THE G REATS Both try to Modernize and Westernize Russia. Enlightened Despots Try to catch Russia up to rest of Europe
R USSIA VS. O TTOMAN E MPIRE Ottoman Empire-Islamic Empire that took over much of former Byzantine Empire. Rivalry between Russian and Ottoman Empire Access to Warm Water Ports is a Major Issue
A NSWER How was Russia influenced by the Byzantine Empire? How did Russian Geography protect it from foreign invasion? How did Peter and Catherine try to change Russia?
S ENGOKU P ERIOD : 15 TH - 17 TH C ENTURY Warring States Period in Japan Japan is not unified. Rival Daimyos Battle to Become Shogun Emperor has little power. Japan is most violent nation in the world during this time. Japan will be unified at the end of this time period.
T HREE L EADERS OF J APANESE U NIFICATION Oda Nobunaga Toyotomi Hideyoshi Tokugawa Ieyuasu
O DA N OBUNAGA Begins Unification Process Strong and Violent Military Leader Ieyasu and Hideyoshi work for him. Betrayed by own general and commits Seppuku
T OYOTOMI H IDEYOSHI Succeeds Oda Ieyasu Works For Peasant Origins Nearly Completes Unification Not Granted Title of Shogun due to common origins Failed Invasion of Korea Leaves Young Heir
T OYOTOMI H IDEYORI Hideyoshi’s Young Mail Heir Tokugawa and 5 Daimyos Promise to Protect Until Old Enough to rule Japan. Ieyasu Traps him in Osaka Castle
T OKUGAWA I EYASU Known for Patience Completes Unification of Japan in 1600 Unifies Japan after battle of SEKIGAHARA Becomes Shogun Family Rules Japan for 250 Years
W ILL A DAMS First Englishman to Visit Japan Became Advisor to Tokugawa Ieyasu Helps establish trade between Japan, England, and the Netherlands. Became 1 st White Samurai Helped Ieyasu learn about Europe
O SAKA C AMPAIGN Hideyoshi’s son Hideyori leads a rebellion with 100,000’s of Ronin Samurai against Ieyasu. Ieyasu destroys Osaka Castle and destroys all potential rivals to Tokugawa rule. Hideyori commits seppuku.
T OKUGAWA S HOGUNATE Tokugawa Family Rules Japan until 1868, over 250 Years. Tokugawa family isolates Japan shuts almost all trade and travel. Prosecution of Japanese Christians. Capital is moved to Tokyo from Kyoto
D UTCH E XCEPTION Japan allowed some trade with the Dutch at Nagasaki. The Dutch were interested in trade and money and not spreading Christianity.
T ICKET O UT THE D OOR Who unified Japan in 1600? Why was the Sengoku period so violent? What was the foreign policy of the Tokugawa Shogunate? Why were the Dutch allowed to trade with Japan?