Presentation on theme: "Revolutions 1/11/10 OBJECTIVE: Examine “What the Doctor Ordered”. I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. The Day the."— Presentation transcript:
Revolutions 1/11/10 OBJECTIVE: Examine “What the Doctor Ordered”. I. Administrative Stuff -Attendance II. The Day the Universe Changed -notes on episode#7 “What the Doctor Ordered” III. Homework Due Thursday 1/14/10 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#1 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Chapter#17 section#2 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.430 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
Revolutions 1/12/10 OBJECTIVE: Examine France under King Louis XIV I. Return of Chapter#15&16 Test II. Journal#12 pt.A -Examine the Picture on p.429 -Answer the caption question on p.429 III. Journal#12 pt.B -notes King Louis XIV IV. Homework Due Thursday 1/14/10 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#1 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Chapter#17 section#2 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.430 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
French Civil War From the 1560s until the 1590s religious wars between the Huguenots (French Protestants) and the Catholic majority tore France apart. The two noble families the Guises (Catholic) and Bourbons (Protestant) fought to gain control to the declining Valois dynasty.
St. Bartholomew’s Day August 24, 1572, Huguenot and Catholic nobles gathered to celebrate a royal wedding. Violence erupted which led to the massacre of 3000 Huguenots. Thousands more were killed in the days that followed.
Henry IV In 1589 a Bourbon prince to the throne. He was Protestant, knowing that he faced severe problems he converted to Catholicism. He issued the Edict of Nantes in 1598 to protect the Protestants. He tried to heal his land and promised a chicken in every pot. He was assassinated in
Richelieu Henry IV nine year old son took over for his dad. Louis XIII was advised by Richelieu (Prime Minister) beginning in He spent the next 18 years strengthening the power of the crown. He set out to destroy the power of the nobles who tried to cease power from Henry. He defeated the private armies of the nobles
King Louis XIV He was an absolute monarch. He reigned from He reorganized the army, made it loyal to him, expanded the boarders of the kingdom, & built a huge palace. To pay for wars & palace he promoted trade and increased taxes. His son and grandson continued to spend & it set the stage for the French Revolution.
Now to England
Tudors and Parliament The Tudors believed in divine right, but were careful to Not step on the toes of Parliament. Example: Henry VIII asked Parliament for permission to break with the Catholic Church. Magna Carta (1215)– King John signed the “Great Charter” that gave the nobles certain rights & made the king subject to the law. Also, “no taxation without representation”.
Magna Carta The Magna Carta or "Great Paper" is the document that spelled out the fundamentals of English law. There are 17 versions of it in existence. The version, which dates to 1297, is the only copy in the United States and the only privately owned copy. It will be auctioned by Sotheby's in December A_GRAPHIC.html#
The Stuarts When Henry VIII’s daughter Queen Elizabeth died after a 45 year reign without an heir, her throne went to her relatives the Stuarts. The Stuarts were not very popular, especially with Parliament. King James I believed in divine right and abolished Parliament when they wanted to discuss foreign policy before raising funds.
King Charles I King James found himself in the middle of a religious dispute as the “Puritans” tried to “purify” the Church of England of Catholic Practices. He rejected their demands. His son, Charles I took the throne in He also behaved like an absolute monarch and imprisoned people without trial.
1628 By 1628, Charles summoned Parliament because he need to raise taxes. Before voting for funds they forced the King to sign the “Petition of Right” which prohibited him from raising taxes without the consent of Parliament or imprisoning people without just cause. Charles signed, they raised taxes, and he dissolved Parliament in 1629 and ignored the petition for the next 11 years. He made lots of enemies and really angered the Puritans.
Revolutions 1/13/10 OBJECTIVE: Continue examination of the Rise of the Limited Monarchs in England. I. Journal#13 pt.A -Examine the picture on p.432 -Answer the caption question on p.432 II. Journal#13 pt.B -notes on England (17.3) III. Homework due Tomorrow! 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#1 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Chapter#17 section#2 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.430 *Pick 4 questions of your choice
1637 The Calvinists Scottish rejected the Anglican prayer book. To suppress the revolt, Charles need to raise taxes and summoned Parliament in When Parliament, the launched their own revolt. It became know as the “Long Parliament” and lasted until 1653 and triggered a political revolution in England.
The English Civil War In 1642, Charles led his troops into the House of Commons to arrest the most radical leaders. They escaped through a backdoor and raised their own army. The war last from This was the same time as the Civil War in France (Fronde), but in England the King loses.
The Cavaliers & the Roundheads The Cavaliers supported the King. The Roundheads supported Parliament. The Cavaliers were made up of rich nobles and expected a quick victory. The Roundheads made up of common folks (country gentry, manufacturers, and Puritans) found a leader in Oliver Cromwell.
Oliver Cromwell He was a skilled general and organized the “The New Model Army” in to a skilled fighting force. Puritan chaplains inspired the army in 1647 the King was captured by Parliament’s army.
Revolutions 1/14/10 OBJECTIVE: Finish examination of the Rise of the Limited Monarchs in England. I. Journal#14 pt.A -Examine the picture on p.434 -Answer the caption question on p.434 II. Journal#14 pt.B -notes on William & Mary (17.3) III. Homework due Friday 1/22/10 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#3 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Chapter#17 section#4 p Answer questions (1-6)* p ) Read Chapter#17 section#5 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.443
The Kingless Decade Parliament set up a court and put the king on trial. King Charles I was found guilt and sentenced to death as a tyrant, traitor, murderer, and a public enemy. In January 1649, King Charles I of England was beheaded. This was the first time that a reigning monarch was put on trial and executed by the people.
The Kingless Decade After the execution of King Charles I, the House of Commons abolished the monarchy, the House of Lords, and the Church of England. England became a republic, and Cromwell was put in charge.
The Irish Supporters of Charles II, the King’s son attacked the New English republic from Ireland and Scotland. Cromwell led forces into Ireland and took stern measures against the Catholic majority. In 1652, Parliament banished most Catholics to barren land in West Ireland. Those who disobeyed were killed.
The Levellers Those who thought that common men should have a say in government. This idea horrified the gentry (English property owing males) Cromwell took care of the radical Levellers who threatened private property rights.
Laws During the Kingless Decade One of the main beliefs of the Puritans was that if you worked hard, you would get to Heaven. Pointless enjoyment was frowned upon. Cromwell shut many inns and the theatres were all closed down. Most sports were banned. Boys caught playing football on a Sunday could be whipped as a punishment. Swearing was punished by a fine, though those who kept swearing could be sent to prison. Sunday became a very special day under he Puritans. Most forms of work were banned. Women caught doing unnecessary work on the Holy Day could be put in the stocks. Simply going for a Sunday walk (unless it was to church) could lead to a hefty fine. To keep the population’s mind on religion, instead of having feast days to celebrate the saints (as had been common in Medieval England), one day in every month was a fast day - you did not eat all day. well_england.htm
Death of Flanders 1658, Cromwell dies and the Puritan grip on the country ends. People were tired of military rule and not having any fun. In 1660 a newly elected Parliament invited Charles II to return from exile. Charles was a popular ruler and fun was restored.
King Charles II The Stuarts were restored in Charles was a popular ruler and fun was restored. He accepted the Petition of Right, but he still believed in absolute monarchy & had Catholic sympathies. He avoided angering Parliament like his father did.
James II Charles II brother James II inherited the throne in He flaunted his Catholic faith & suspended laws whenever he wanted too. He appointed Catholics to high office. Many feared he would restore the Roman Catholic Church. In 1688, Parliamentary leaders invited James’s Protestant daughter Mary & her Dutch Protestant William of Orange to be the leaders on England.
The Glorious Revolution When William & Mary landed with an army in late 1688, James II fled to France. This bloodless revolution became known as the Glorious Revolution.
William & Mary Before William & Mary were crowned they had to accept the following acts passed by Parliament, which became known as the English Bill of Rights. Superiority of Parliament over monarchy. Required the monarch to summon Parliament regularly. Gave the House of Commons the “power of the purse.” Monarch could no longer interfere in Parliaments debates or suspend laws. Barred any Catholic from sitting on the throne. Gave English citizens the right to trial by jury. Abolished excessive fines & cruel & unjust punishment. Habeas corpus (had to be charged with a crime to be put in jail)
Toleration Act of 1689 Gave limited toleration to Puritans, Quakers, and other Protestant dissenters, but not to Catholics. Still, only members of the Church of England could hold office.
Revolutions 1/15/10 OBJECTIVE: Finish examination of the Rise of the Limited Monarchs in England. I. Attendance II. Various activities in Chapter#17 -discussion on English Civil War (17.3) III. Homework due Friday 1/22/10 1.) Read Chapter#17 section#3 p Answer questions (1-7)* p ) Chapter#17 section#4 p Answer questions (1-6)* p ) Read Chapter#17 section#5 p Answer questions (1-6)* p.443