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21st Century College English: Book 3 Unit 7: Part A.

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2 21st Century College English: Book 3 Unit 7: Part A

3 Text A Text A Exercises Assignment Pre-reading Activities Pre-reading Activities

4 Match the sports in Column A with the playing areas in Column B. Then in Column C, list all the things (equipment, special clothing, etc.) that are necessary to each of the sports. Pre-reading Activities Column A baseballbowlinggolfrunningsoccer/footballtennis Column B alleycoursecourtdiamondfield/pitchtrack Column C __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ bat, ball, shoes, mask, glove/mitt ( 连指手套 ) ball, pins, shoes... ball, clubs, bag, tee ( 球座 ), shoes... shoes, sweatband ( 吸汗带 )... ball, shoes... ball, racquet ( 球拍 ), net, shoes...

5 Before you listen to the conversation, have a look at the questions below Which sport is talked about in the conversation? Which sport is talked about in the conversation? What equipment is mentioned? What equipment is mentioned? How important is it to you to “ do them right ” ? How important is it to you to “ do them right ” ? Pre-reading Activities Check-up

6 Which sport is talked about in the conversation? Which sport is talked about in the conversation? What equipment is mentioned? What equipment is mentioned? How important is it to you to “ do them right ” ? How important is it to you to “ do them right ” ? Pre-reading Activities Golf. Golf clubs, bags, balls, tees, shoes, gloves, hats, shirts. Open. Script

7 S=SalesmanR=Rick S:Can I help you, sir? R:Yes, I want to look at some golf equipment. Just the minimum, for a beginner. S:Okay, sir, you ’ ve come to the right place! We have several excellent brands of golf clubs to choose from, and very fine bags — nothing spoils a game more than a badly- made golf bag! R:But... S:Then you ’ ll need balls and tees (T 型球座 ) and the right shoes, of course. You ’ ll want gloves and a hat, and we also have a very nice selection of golf shirts. R:But I ’ m not a professional, I just want to play for fun! S:Well, as my mother always said: If you ’ re going to do it, you might as well do it right. Pre-reading Activities

8 So What’s So Bad about Being So-So?

9 by Lisa Wilson Strick 1 The other afternoon I was playing the piano when my seven- year-old walked in. He stopped and listened for a while, then said: “You don’t play that thing very well, do you, Mom?” The other afternoon The other afternoon 2 No, I don’t. My performance would make any serious music student weep, but I don’t care. I’ve enjoyed playing the piano badly for years. My performance would make any serious music student weepMy performance would make any serious music student weep Language Points

10 3 I also enjoy singing badly and drawing badly. I’m not ashamed of my incompetence in these areas. I do one or two other things well and that should be enough for anybody. But it gets boring doing the same things over and over. Every now and then it’s fun to try something new. Every now and thenEvery now and then 4 Unfortunately, doing things badly has gone out of style. It used to be a mark of class if a lady or a gentleman sang a little, painted a little, played the violin a little. You didn’t have to be good at it; the point was to be fortunate enough to have the leisure time for such pursuits. But in today’s competitive world we have to be “experts” even in our hobbies. out of stylea mark of class pursuitsout of stylea mark of class pursuits Language Points

11 5 You can’t tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore. Why? Because you’ll be laughed off the street by the “serious runners” — the ones who run twenty miles or more a week in their sixty-dollar running suits and fancy shoes. The shoes are really a big deal. If you say you’re thinking about taking up almost any sport, the first thing the “serious” types will ask is what you plan to do about shoes. Leather or canvas? What type of soles? Which brand? This is not the time to mention that the gym shoes you wore in high school are still in pretty good shape. As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned, if you don’t have the latest shoes you are hopelessly committed to embarrassing yourself. You can’t tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore.you’ll be laughed off the street by the “serious runners”a big dealtaking upsolesin pretty good shapeAs far as sports enthusiasts are concernedcommitted You can’t tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore.you’ll be laughed off the street by the “serious runners”a big dealtaking upsolesin pretty good shapeAs far as sports enthusiasts are concernedcommitted Language Points

12 6 The runners aren’t nearly so snobbish as the dancers, however. In case you didn’t know, “going dancing” no longer means putting on a pretty dress and doing a few turns around the dance floor with your favorite man on Saturday night. “Dancing” means squeezing into tights and leg warmers, then sweating through six hours of warm-ups, five hours of ballet and four hours of jazz classes. Every week. Never tell anyone that you “like to dance” unless this is the sort of activity you enjoy. snobbish In casesqueezingsnobbish In casesqueezing Language Points

13 7 Have you noticed what this is doing to our children? “We don’t want that nerd on our soccer team,” I overheard a ten-year-old complain the other day. “He doesn’t know a goal kick from a head shot.” As it happens, the “nerd” that the boy was talking about was my son, who did not — like some of his friends — start soccer instruction at age three. I’m sorry, Son, I guess I blew it. In my day, when we played baseball, we expected to give a little instruction to the younger kids who didn’t know how to play. It didn’t matter if they were terrible; we weren’t out to slaughter the other team. Sometimes we didn’t even keep score. To us, sports were just a way of having a good time. He doesn’t know a goal kick from a head shot.As it happensblew itout toHe doesn’t know a goal kick from a head shot.As it happensblew itout to Language Points

14 8 I don’t think kids have as much fun as they used to. Competition keeps getting in the way. The daughter of a neighbor is a nervous wreck worrying about getting into the best tennis school. “I was a late starter,” she told me, “and I only get to practice five or six hours a week, so my technique may not be up to their standards.” The child is nine. She doesn’t want to be a tennis player when she grows up; she wants to be a nurse. I asked what she likes to do for fun in her free time. She seemed to think it was an odd question. “Well, I don’t actually have a lot of free time,” she said. “Homework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up. I have piano lessons three times a week now, so I have a good shot at getting into the all-state orchestra.” getting in the way a nervous wreckHomework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up.shotgetting in the way a nervous wreckHomework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up.shot Language Points

15 9 Ambition, drive and the desire to excel are all great within limits, but I don’t know where the limits are anymore. I know a woman who’s been complaining for years that she hasn’t got the time to study a foreign language. I’ve pointed out that an evening course in French or Italian would take only a couple of hours a week, but she keeps putting it off. I suspect that what she hasn’t got the time for is to become completely fluent within one year — and that any lower level of accomplishment would embarrass her. Instead she spends her evenings watching TV and tidying up her closets — occupations at which no particular expertise is expected. drivesuspectoccupationsdrivesuspectoccupations Language Points

16 10 I know lots of other people, too, who avoid activities they might enjoy because they lack the time or the energy to tackle them “seriously.” It strikes me as so silly. We are talking about recreation. I have nothing against self-improvement. But when I hear a teenager muttering “practice makes perfect” as he grimly makes his four- hundred-and-twenty-seventh try at hooking the basketball into the net left-handed, I wonder if some of us aren’t improving ourselves right into the insane asylum. It strikes me as so sillyrecreationhooking the basketballIt strikes me as so sillyrecreationhooking the basketball Language Points

17 11 I think it’s time we put a stop to all this. For sanity’s sake, each of us should vow to take up something new this week — and to make sure we never master it completely. Sing along with grand opera. Make peculiar-looking objects out of clay. I can tell you from experience that a homemade cake still tastes pretty good even if it doesn’t look perfect. The point is to enjoy being a beginner again; to rediscover the joy of creative fooling around. If you find it difficult, ask any two-year-old to teach you. Two-year-olds have a gift for tackling the impossible with enthusiasm; repeated failure hardly discourages them at all. For sanity’s sakeMake peculiar-looking objects out of clay.fooling around discouragesFor sanity’s sakeMake peculiar-looking objects out of clay.fooling around discourages Language Points

18 12 As for me, I’m getting a little out of shape, so I’m looking into golf. A lot of people I know enjoy it, and it doesn’t look too hard. Given a couple of lessons, I should be stumbling gracelessly around the golf course and playing badly in no time at all. out of shapeout of shape Language Points

19 the other afternoon — on the afternoon a few days ago Also: the other day (para.7), the other morning, etc. Examples: I met a friend from my hometown the other day and we had lunch together.I met a friend from my hometown the other day and we had lunch together. Have you forgotten what happened the other week?Have you forgotten what happened the other week?

20 My performance would make any serious music student weep... Example: If you’re serious about becoming an actress, you need proper training.If you’re serious about becoming an actress, you need proper training. serious — a. deeply interested; devoted Translate: A serious learner tends to think independently.A serious learner tends to think independently. Key:认真的学者趋向于独立思考。 More to learn More to learn

21 My performance would make any serious music student weep... Example: The criminal wept bitter tears of regret at the trial.The criminal wept bitter tears of regret at the trial. weep — v. to shed (tears) as an expression of emotion Cf.cry —Cry and weep both involve the shedding of tears; cry more strongly implies accompanying sound e.g.The baby cried all night, causing another sleepless night for the family. Cf.sob —Sob describes a mixture of broken speech and weeping marked by convulsive ( 痉挛性的 ) breathing or gasping e.g.She kept sobbing, as if her heart would break.

22 every now and then Examples: Now and then my new method appears to work.Now and then my new method appears to work. I still see her for lunch every now and then, but not as often as I used to.I still see her for lunch every now and then, but not as often as I used to. (every) now and then —sometimes but not very often or regularly Make a sentence with the phrase: ?

23 out of style —unfashionable; out of fashion Example: A style does not go out of style as long as it adapts itself to its period.A style does not go out of style as long as it adapts itself to its period. —Coco Chanel (1883–1971), French couturiere ( 女服设计师 ).

24 a mark of class —a symbol of a person’s social position; a characteristic feature which indicates that a person is cultured and civilized Examples: His shirt was ironed and that was a mark of class.His shirt was ironed and that was a mark of class. Wearing a pair of sun glasses in the house is hardly a mark of class.Wearing a pair of sun glasses in the house is hardly a mark of class.

25 pursuit —n. something that one spends time doing, esp. an activity that one enjoys doing when not working Examples: Games like chess are rather intellectual pursuits.Games like chess are rather intellectual pursuits. She said she didn't have much opportunity for leisure pursuits, but that when she had the time, she liked painting.She said she didn't have much opportunity for leisure pursuits, but that when she had the time, she liked painting.

26 You can’t tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore. Examples: I lift weights at the gym everyday to tone up my body.I lift weights at the gym everyday to tone up my body. Swimming is the best way to tone up your muscles.Swimming is the best way to tone up your muscles. tone up — (cause to) become stronger More to learn More to learn

27 Examples: Help me pull on these boots — they are very tight.Help me pull on these boots — they are very tight. He began to pull off his shirt.He began to pull off his shirt. pull on/off — put (clothing, etc.) on/off by pulling You can’t tone up your body by pulling on your gym shoes and jogging around the block a couple of times anymore.

28 you’ll be laughed off the street by the “serious runners” Translate the sentence: ? Key: 你会受到那些 “ 认真的跑步者 ” 的嘲笑而不敢上街

29 a big deal Example: So you’ll be the boss of two persons. Big deal!So you’ll be the boss of two persons. Big deal!了不起!你就要当两个人的老板了。 big deal — often said in a belittling tone or scornfully

30 take up (an activity, subject, etc.) —become interested in it and spend time doing it, either as a hobby or as a career Examples: I thought I’d take up fishing.I thought I’d take up fishing. He decided to take up a career.He decided to take up a career.

31 in pretty good shape Examples: The house was in absolutely good shape.The house was in absolutely good shape. She runs 3 miles every day to keep herself in shape.She runs 3 miles every day to keep herself in shape. be in (good, bad, etc.) shape — be in (good, bad, etc.) condition

32 Example: As far as the students are concerned, college life should not be only a period of lessons and tests.As far as the students are concerned, college life should not be only a period of lessons and tests. as far as (sb.) be concerned — in sb.’s opinion As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned More to do More to do

33 As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned More to do More to do Ex. IX, p. 208) IX.Complete the following sentences, using “as far as … be concerned”. (Ex. IX, p. 208) 1. ___________________ ( 就我和你母亲而言 ), your choice of career is your own business. 2.You have nothing to worry about ___________________( 就词汇而言 ), but you need to improve your communication skills if you want to pass the exam.  As far as your mother and I are concerned  as far as vocabulary is concerned

34 As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned More to do More to do Ex. IX, p. 208) IX.Complete the following sentences, using “as far as … be concerned”. (Ex. IX, p. 208) 3.The restaurant next door has good food, but the place across the street is much better ___________________ ( 就服务而言 ). 4.___________________ ( 就新的发展计划而言 ), I feel it needs more discussion.  as far as service is concerned  As far as the new development plan is concerned

35 As far as sports enthusiasts are concerned Ex. IX, p. 208) IX.Complete the following sentences, using “as far as … be concerned”. (Ex. IX, p. 208) 5. ___________________ ( 就新的发展计划而言 ), I feel it needs more discussion. 6.I don ‘ t enjoy going to the movies. ___________________ ( 在我看来 ), it's just a waste of time.  as far as salary is concerned  As far as I ’ m concerned

36 commit (sb./sth.) to — put (sb./sth.) in (a state or place) Examples: The names were committed to memory.The names were committed to memory. Signing this form commits you to buying the goods.Signing this form commits you to buying the goods. The man was committed to prison for fraud ( 诈骗 ).The man was committed to prison for fraud ( 诈骗 ).

37 snobbish — a. 势利的,谄上欺下的 Example: Americans living in Latin American countries are often more snobbish than the Latins themselves. The typical American has quite a bit of money by Latin American standards, and he rarely sees a countryman who doesn’t.Americans living in Latin American countries are often more snobbish than the Latins themselves. The typical American has quite a bit of money by Latin American standards, and he rarely sees a countryman who doesn’t. — Hunter S. Thompson (b. 1939), — Hunter S. Thompson (b. 1939), U.S. journalist. U.S. journalist.

38 in case —In case is used when you are giving a piece of information in order to introduce the reason why you are giving it. Examples: In case you didn’t know, there are three basic wines: red, white and rose.In case you didn’t know, there are three basic wines: red, white and rose. Mary, in case you’ve forgotten, hasn’t forgiven you.Mary, in case you’ve forgotten, hasn’t forgiven you.

39 He doesn’t know a goal kick from a head shot. Paraphrase the sentence: ? Key: — He is unable to tell the difference between a goal kick and a head shot. Or:He knows nothing about soccer.

40 as it happens (happened) —by chance; although not planned Example: As it happens, I know someone who might be able to give you some advice.As it happens, I know someone who might be able to give you some advice.Translate:碰巧我有几分钟的空。 Key: As it happened, I had a few minutes to spare.

41 blew it —(infml) do clumsily or badly; mishandle; ruin Note:Blow it is often used when you are given an opportunity but you fail to take advantage of it by doing or saying something wrong. Examples: It was your last chance and you blew it!It was your last chance and you blew it! I guess I blew it when I turned down the job offer, didn’t I?I guess I blew it when I turned down the job offer, didn’t I?

42 be out to do/for sth. —want or intend to do/to achieve sth. Examples: You might feel that they’re out to use your house as a free hotel.You might feel that they’re out to use your house as a free hotel. Mark my words — he’s only out for one thing and that’s her money.Mark my words — he’s only out for one thing and that’s her money.

43 get in the way —to obstruct or delay the progress of Examples: She won’t let anything get in the way of her ambitions.She won’t let anything get in the way of her ambitions. May nothing stand in the way of your future happiness together.May nothing stand in the way of your future happiness together.

44 a nervous wreck — a person in bad mental condition wreck n. — a person who is physically or mentally broken down or worn out

45 Homework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up. Examples: Actually, I felt kind of sorry for him.Actually, I felt kind of sorry for him. I kind of thought you might help me.I kind of thought you might help me. kind of — (infml) somewhat; to some extent Note:Kind of is used adverbially when you say that something is partly tree or partly the case but does not fully describe the situation, or if you are uncertain about what you are saying or wondering if you are using the right word. More to learn More to learn

46 Homework and tennis and piano lessons kind of eat it all up. Examples: A big car like that eats up petrol.A big car like that eats up petrol. Rising costs were eating up most of the profits.Rising costs were eating up most of the profits. eat up — use or consume in large quantities, often used with time, money, or fuel to mean

47 shot — n.(infml) is an attempt to do or achieve something you have not done before. Examples: I can’t get the last two answers in this crossword — here, you have a shot.I can’t get the last two answers in this crossword — here, you have a shot. I thought I’d have a shot at making my own wine since we’ve got all these grapes.I thought I’d have a shot at making my own wine since we’ve got all these grapes.

48 drive —n. motivation or urge Examples: With the drive to survive, he finally walked out of the desert.With the drive to survive, he finally walked out of the desert. The drive to develop western China attracts talents from all over the country.The drive to develop western China attracts talents from all over the country.

49 suspect — v. imagine or suppose that sth. exist Examples: He suspected danger and stopped.He suspected danger and stopped. Cf. doubt v. —not believe; feel uncertain (about) e.g.I doubt his honesty.

50 occupation —an activity in which you engage habitually, either something that you do for pleasure or as part of your daily life or a job or profession Examples: Cycling was his favorite occupation.Cycling was his favorite occupation. Everyone, irrespective of age, sex or occupation, is qualified to take part in the game.Everyone, irrespective of age, sex or occupation, is qualified to take part in the game.

51 It strikes me as so silly. —I think that’s very silly. Examples: The plan strikes me as ridiculous.The plan strikes me as ridiculous. Henry strikes me as a very dull boy.Henry strikes me as a very dull boy. strike sb. as ( adj. / n. ) — have an effect on sb. or impress sb. (in the way specified)

52 recreation —n. an enjoyable activity in which you exercise your body or mind when not working Examples: Sport and recreation have always been part of university life.Sport and recreation have always been part of university life. His favorite recreations are golf and tennis.His favorite recreations are golf and tennis.

53 hooking the basketball —n. expert knowledge or skill, esp. in a particular field Example: Mr. Woods hooked the ball right into the hole.Mr. Woods hooked the ball right into the hole. hook — v.to hit or throw in a curving path in such sports as golf, basketball, etc.

54 for sanity’s sake —in order to remain mentally healthy sanity — The quality or condition of being sane; soundness of mind

55 Make peculiar-looking objects out of clay. Examples: This difference arises from the peculiar character of the US government.This difference arises from the peculiar character of the US government. Some great men have odd habits.Some great men have odd habits. To most of us the art of India is strange.To most of us the art of India is strange. Cf. peculiar, odd, strange —Peculiar implies marked or conspicuous distinctiveness, odd stresses a departure from the usual, the normal, or the regular, while strange, the most comprehensive of the three words, suggest unfamiliarity. More to learn More to learn

56 Make peculiar-looking objects out of clay. Examples: A clay pigeon is a disk made of clay fired into the air to be shot at for sport.A clay pigeon is a disk made of clay fired into the air to be shot at for sport. The soil here is very fertile.The soil here is very fertile. The boy was covered with mud.The boy was covered with mud. Cf. clay, soil, mud —Clay is earth that is used to make things such as pots, soil is the top layer of earth in which plants grow, and mud is wet and sticky earth sometimes used for building a house.

57 fool around —behave in a playful, silly, or irresponsible way without thinking seriously about what you are doing Examples: We spend the afternoon fooling around on the beach.We spend the afternoon fooling around on the beach. Don’t fool around with matches.Don’t fool around with matches.

58 out of shape —unhealthy and unable to do a lot of physical activity without getting tired Useful phrases with “shape”: in good (bad) shape —in good (bad) condition e.g. Not many segments of the Great Wall are in good shape.Not many segments of the Great Wall are in good shape. Useful phrases with “shape”: in the shape of —in the form of e.g. The symbolic building was designed in the shape of a ship.The symbolic building was designed in the shape of a ship. Useful phrases with “shape”: take shape —become clearer or more definite e.g. After three months of research, my thesis begins to take shape.After three months of research, my thesis begins to take shape.

59 Unit 7 Exercises Comprehension Vocabulary Listening So What’s So Bad about Being So-So?

60 Exercises Comprehension Ex. II, p. 203 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. II, p. 203

61 1.How does the author justify her incompetence in piano- playing, singing and drawing? 2.What did hobbies like singing and playing the violin used to represent? How (according to the author) has that attitude changed? Answer the following questions: She enjoys these hobbies, and is competent enough in other areas. They used to be a mark of class and it was enough to be somewhat familiar with them. Now we’re expected to be experts even in our hobbies. Exercises Comprehension

62 3.What is the author’s point in describing “serious types’” attitude toward shoes? 4.According to the author, what effect[s] does the new attitude toward hobbies have on children? What specific example[s] does she give to support her view? She’s illustrating an attitude that dominates leisure sports and intimidates many people into avoiding them. It makes them uncharitable in their thinking; too competitive to enjoy their hobbies; and causes them too much stress. The examples she gives are the boy who didn’t want a less-than-great player on his soccer team, and a girl who has “no free time” because school and her hobbies drive her too hard. Exercises Comprehension

63 5.What is the story of the woman who wants to learn a foreign language meant to illustrate? 6.What does she mean by saying “I wonder if some of us aren’t improving ourselves right into the insane asylum” (Para. 9)? That this over-ambitious attitude toward hobbies intimidates many people into avoiding them. She suspects that this degree of ambition and concentration on leisure activities is unhealthy. Exercises Comprehension

64 7.How does the author suggest we should “put a stop to all this”? What is the point of her recommendation? 8.What is it that she feels we can learn from two-year-olds? She recommends that we should all take up a leisure activity and make a point of never mastering it. She hopes this might remind us how to relax and enjoy our leisure time. Enthusiasm independent of success; “the joy of creative fooling around”. Exercises Comprehension

65 Exercises Vocabulary VocabularyVocabulary  Ex. III Ex. III Ex. III  Ex. IV Ex. IV Ex. IV So What’s So Bad about Being So-So?

66 Ex. III, p. 204 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. III, p. 204 Exercises Vocabulary

67 1.My _____________ are watercolour painting and stamp collecting. What are yours? leisurehobbyoverhearrecreationdiscourage peculiarsolesqueezewreckstumble Exercises Vocabulary 2.Lisa has always had a _____________ sense of humour — she finds the strangest things amusing. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. hobbies peculiar

68 3.I wonder how she _____________ herself into such tight clothes— and why! She certainly looks uncomfortable! leisurehobbyoverhearrecreationdiscourage peculiarsolesqueezewreckstumble Exercises Vocabulary 4.I thought gadgets like microwaves and computers were meant to give us more _____________ time, but in fact they just seem to add to the pressures of modem life. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. leisure squeezes

69 5.He would’ve won the race, but he _____________ and nearly fell just before he reached the finish line. leisurehobbyoverhearrecreationdiscourage peculiarsolesqueezewreckstumble Exercises Vocabulary 6.You shouldn’t get _____________ just because you don’t succeed the first time you try something new. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. stumbled discouraged

70 7.Sorry, but I couldn’t help _____________ your conversation. If you’re lost, perhaps I can help you. leisurehobbyoverhearrecreationdiscourage peculiarsolesqueezewreckstumble Exercises Vocabulary 8.Computer games are fine for _____________, but some kids get completely obsessed with them and neglect all their other activities. III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. overhearing recreation

71 9.Families in which the woman is the _____________ wage earner have to cope with many social and financial pressures. leisurehobbyoverhearrecreationdiscourage peculiarsolesqueezewreckstumble Exercises Vocabulary 10.I had an accident last week and my bicycle got _____________. Could I borrow yours? III.Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. sole wrecked

72 Ex. IV, p. 205 《读写教程 III 》 : Ex. IV, p. 205 Exercises Vocabulary

73 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 1. I know you ’ re afraid, but you really shouldn ’ t keep delaying your visit to the dentist. (off)  I know you ’ re afraid, but you really shouldn ’ t keep putting off your visit to the dentist.

74 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 2. She had a good chance of getting a promotion, but she spoiled it when she insulted one of our best customers. (shot, blow)  She had a good shot at getting a promotion, but she blew it when she insulted one of our best customers.

75 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 3. Many teachers complain that the existing exam system prevents real improvements in teaching methods. (the way)  Many teachers complain that the existing exam system gets in the way of real improvements in teaching methods.

76 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 4. No one thought George would ever learn Japanese, but in fact he picked it up quite quickly. (happen. time) 4. No one thought George would ever learn Japanese, but in fact he picked it up quite quickly. (happen, time)  No one thought George would ever learn Japanese, but as it happens he picked it up in no time.

77 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 5. What a mess your room is! Why don ’ t you put it in order? (up)  What a mess your room is! Why don ’ t you tidy it up?

78 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 6. If you keep acting in a way that isn ’ t serious, you ’ re going to get into trouble. (around)  If you keep fooling around, you ’ re going to get into trouble.

79 IV.Rewrite the sentences below so that they use the words given in the parentheses but keep the original meaning. Be sure to make any other necessary changes well. Exercises Vocabulary 7. I ’ ve gotten somewhat physically unfit, so I ’ ve started going to the gym once a week to see if I can improve my physical condition. (kind, tone)  I ’ ve gotten kind of out of shape, so I ’ ve started going to the gym once a week to see if I can tone my self up.

80 Listening Practice 《听说教程 III 》 Part 2.2, p.86

81 Listening Practice Conversation While listening, please think about the following questions. What does Sherry ask Liza to do? Why does Liza refused to do as Sherry asks? What is Sherry’s wish? Why does Sherry refuse to accept Liza’s advice? Why does Liza like painting? Check-up

82 Comprehension questions: 1.What does Sherry ask Liza to do? 2.Why does Liza refused to do as Sherry asks?  Sherry asks Liza to come along with her to a movie.  Because she has got a painting class tonight. Listening Practice

83 3.What is Sherry’s wish? 4.Why does Sherry refuse to accept Liza’s advice?  She always wishes she could paint.  Because she thinks she doesn ’ t have any talent for artistic stuff. 5. Why does Liza like painting?  For fun. Script Listening Practice

84 Sherry:A few of us are going to a movie tonight. Do you want to come along? Liza:Oh, I can ’ t. I ’ ve got my painting class tonight. Sherry:Painting! I ’ m impressed. I didn ’ t know you were a painter. Liza:I ’ m not. It ’ s just something I enjoy in my spare time. Sherry:I ’ ve always wished I could paint. Liza:Well, why don ’ t you come to the class with me? It ’ s very informal; new people are joining all the time. It ’ s fun. Sherry:Oh no, I couldn ’ t. I don ’ t have any talent for artistic stuff. Liza:That doesn ’ t matter; it ’ s just for fun. Sherry:[panicking] But I don ’ t even know the right way to hold the brush! Liza:Any way you like. It doesn ’ t matter. Sherry:[still panicking] But I wouldn ’ t know where to start! I wouldn ’ t know what to paint! And everyone else will be better than me! I hate that feeling. Liza:Well, but everyone is a beginner at first. You don ’ t have to be scared. No one will laugh at you. Sherry:No, I couldn ’ t. if I can ’ t do something right, I ’ d rather not do it at all. I feel better doing the things I ’ m good at, like … Liza:Like going to the movies. Sherry:[cheering up] Right! Like going to movies. Listening Practice

85 1.Review Text A 2.Do exercises: Structure (Ex. X, p. 209)Structure (Ex. X, p. 209) Cloze(Ex. XI, p. 209) Cloze(Ex. XI, p. 209) Translation (Ex. XII, p. 210) Translation (Ex. XII, p. 210) 3.Structured Writing(p. 213) AssignmentAssignment

86 Topics for Discussion 1. Do you have any hobby? What are they? 2. Are you serious about your hobby? Why or why not? 3. What do you think of those students who spend most of their spare time playing piano, painting, playing basketball, etc?

87 Questions of the Text 1. Does the author do well in piano playing, drawing and dancing? 2. What does she think of her performance? 3. How does she comment on those serious runners, serious dancers, etc?

88 sole a. 1. 单独的;唯一的 e.g. He was the sole heir of the large estate. 2. 专用的;独占的 e.g. Jim had acquired sole control of the newspaper in 【律】 ( 尤指女子 ) 独身的,未婚的 n. 脚底;鞋底;袜底 e.g. There was a hole in the sole of his shoe. vt. 给 ( 鞋等 ) 装底 ( 或换底 ) e.g. Get your shoes soled here.

89 squeeze vt. 1. 挤,压,拧 e.g. He squeezed the tube hard and the last bit of toothpaste came out. 2. 榨出,挤出 e.g. She squeezed some juice from a lemon. 3. 勒索;强取 e.g. That guy is capable of squeezing money out of his old mother. 那家伙做得出勒索老母亲钱财的事来。

90 n. 1. 压榨,挤压 e.g. He gave the orange another squeeze. 2. 榨出的汁 e.g. She put a squeeze of lemon in her drink. 3. 拮据,经济困难 e.g. My brother is in a tight squeeze.

91 discourage vt. 1. 使泄气,使沮丧 e.g. Don't let one failure discourage you. 2. 劝阻 (+from) e.g. We discouraged him from giving up the job. 3. 阻挡 (+from) e.g. The rain discouraged us from going out. 4. 不允许 e.g. The principal discouraged unexcused absences.


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