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Progressives  People who worked to reform the ills of society  Wished to alleviate the effects of industrialization, immigration, and urbanization 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Progressives  People who worked to reform the ills of society  Wished to alleviate the effects of industrialization, immigration, and urbanization 1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Progressives  People who worked to reform the ills of society  Wished to alleviate the effects of industrialization, immigration, and urbanization 1

3 Muckrakers  Journalists and writers whose work influenced public opinion  Dug up “muck” about the wrongdoings of big business and politicians  Revealed the terrible conditions in slums and sweatshops 2

4 Upton Sinclair  Wrote The Jungle, a novel which exposed the unsanitary and dangerous conditions of the slaughterhouses and meat- packing industry 3

5 Municipal Reforms  Home rule instead of state control  Stopping the power of political machines and their “bosses”  City council-manager system  Cities take over utilities, such as water service  Provide welfare services 4

6 State Reforms  Direct primary  Initiative  Referendum  Recall 5

7 Direct Primary  Citizens vote to nominate the candidates to run for public office  Took that power away from party leaders 6

8 Initiative  Initiate – to start  Allows the voters to put a law they want on the ballot  If enough people sign a petition, the proposed law will be voted on during the next election  Gives people a direct say in what laws are passed 7

9 Referendum  Allows citizens to approve or reject a proposed state law 8

10 Recall  Allows citizens to vote to remove a corrupt public official before he finishes his term of office 9

11 Federal Reforms  Teddy Roosevelt’s “Square Deal”  Anti-trust Activism  Public Health Measures  Environmental Protection 10

12 Theodore Roosevelt 26 th President Republican New York 11 continued

13 Theodore Roosevelt  Organized the Rough Riders in Spanish American War  Built a powerful U.S. Navy  “Big Stick” diplomacy  Panama Canal  Created national parks  Pure Food and Drug Act 11

14 T.R. As a Dakota rancher with his Winchester rifle and Bowie knife

15 Colonel Roosevelt Spanish American War Rough Rider

16 t.r. the Conservationist

17 Conservationists  Conserve – to save  People who work to protect natural resources 12

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22 El Capitan, Yosemite

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83 General Sherman, the world's largest living thing. It is named after Civil War General, William Tecumseh Sherman It stands 275 feet tall, and measures 102 feet at its base.

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87 U.S. Forest Service  1905  Managed the nation’s water and timber resources 13

88 Pure Food and Drug Act  1906  Required the honest labeling of ingredients in food  Outlawed the exaggeration of drug capabilities 14

89 Meat Inspection Act  1906  Required federal inspection of meat processing to ensure clean conditions 15

90 T.R. and Family

91 Roosevelt Monument

92 William Howard Taft  27 th President  1909 – 1913  Republican  Ohio 16 continued

93 William Howard Taft  Handpicked by TR as his “heir to the throne” in continued

94 William Howard Taft  Promised to continue progressive policies of TR  Also supported big business interests that wanted to develop public lands  Disappointed T.R. 16

95 Roosevelt and Taft “BFF” Until 1912 Election

96 Bull Moose Party  Started by former President Roosevelt and Progressives who wanted more reforms  “I feel fit as a bull moose.” 17

97 Election of 1912  TR ran for President against his friend Taft in a bitter campaign  Split the Republican Party  1912 election went to Democrat Woodrow Wilson 18

98 Woodrow Wilson  28 th President  1913 – 1921  Democrat  New Jersey continued 19

99 Woodrow Wilson  Continued progressive reforms  Federal Trade Commission  Federal Reserve System  Reestablished racial segregation in federal offices  Occupied with world affairs in Europe - WWI 19

100 Federal Reserve System  1913  A network of federal banks that hold money deposits from national banks  More efficient way to increase the money supply when necessary 20

101 Clayton Antitrust Act  1914  Stronger than the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)  Stated that labor unions were not monopolies  Legalized unions and prevented courts from issuing injunctions against them 21

102 Injunction  A court order stopping an activity, such as a labor strike 22

103 National American Woman Suffrage Association  NAWSA  People who worked to gain women’s voting rights Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony 23

104 Suffragettes march

105 Susan b. Anthony

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107 Elizabeth Cady Stanton

108 Civil Disobedience  The non-violent refusal to obey a law in order to change it 24

109 16 th AMENDMENT  Gave Congress the power to levy an income tax  Source of revenue for the federal government instead of tariffs 25

110 17th Amendment  Senators will be elected by popular vote 26

111 18 th Amendment  “Prohibition”  Prohibited the manufacture, transport, and sale of alcoholic beverages  Loophole in law – does not outlaw consumption 27

112 19 th Amendment  Women’s suffrage  Gave women the right to vote 28


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