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Prophets: Expectation for Christ Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Prophets: Expectation for Christ Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prophets: Expectation for Christ Copyright by Norman L. Geisler 2003

2 Jesus in Every Section I. Law Foundation for Christ I. Law Foundation for Christ II. History-----Preparation for Christ II. History-----Preparation for Christ III. Poetry-----Aspiration for Christ III. Poetry-----Aspiration for Christ IV. Prophecy--Expectation of Christ IV. Prophecy--Expectation of Christ V. Gospels-----Manifestation of Christ V. Gospels-----Manifestation of Christ VI. Acts Propagation of Christ VI. Acts Propagation of Christ VII. Epistles---Interpretation of Christ VII. Epistles---Interpretation of Christ VIII. Revelation--Consummation in Christ VIII. Revelation--Consummation in Christ

3 Jesus in Prophecy: Before the Captivity----Exhortation Before the Captivity----Exhortation –Isaiah--Jeremiah; Hosea-Zephaniah During the Captivity----Anticipation During the Captivity----Anticipation –Lamentations--looks backward to destruction –Ezekiel--looks forward to religious restoration –Daniel---look forward to political restoration After the Captivity------Restoration After the Captivity------Restoration –Haggai-----religious restoration (Build in present ) –Zechariah--religious restoration (Behold the future) –Malachi-----moral and social restoration

4 Intro to Books of Prophecy I.Meaning of Prophecy: two senses of prophecy I.Meaning of Prophecy: two senses of prophecy Forthtell--Insight--Exhortive Forthtell--Insight--Exhortive Foretell---Foresight--Predictive Foretell---Foresight--Predictive

5 II.The Meaning of a Prophet A. A man of God (1 Kgs. 12:22) A. A man of God (1 Kgs. 12:22) B. A servant of the Lord ( 1 Kgs. 14:18) B. A servant of the Lord ( 1 Kgs. 14:18) C. A messenger of the Lord (Isa. 42:19) C. A messenger of the Lord (Isa. 42:19) D. A seer of the Lord (1 Sam. 9:9) D. A seer of the Lord (1 Sam. 9:9) E. A watchman of the Lord (Eze. 3:17) E. A watchman of the Lord (Eze. 3:17) F. A prophet of the Lord (most common) F. A prophet of the Lord (most common)

6 III. Testing a Prophet III. Testing a Prophet –1) Do they make false prophecies (Deut. 18:21-22)? –2) Do they turn people to false gods (Deut. 13:1-3)? –3) Do they use objects of divination (Deut. 18:10-11)? –4) Do they contact the dead (Deut. 18:11)? –5) Do they engage in casting spells (Deut. 18:11)? –6) Do they use channeler (Deut. 18:11)? –7) Is Jesus at the center of their predictions (Rev.19:10)? Note: In the OT false prophets were stoned! Note: In the OT false prophets were stoned!

7 III. History of Prophecy III. History of Prophecy God--Gen. 3:15 God--Gen. 3:15 Enoch--Jude 14 Enoch--Jude 14 Noah--Gen. 9:25-27 Noah--Gen. 9:25-27 Abraham--Gen. 20:7 Abraham--Gen. 20:7 Joseph--Gen. 37:6, 7 Joseph--Gen. 37:6, 7 Jacob--Gen. 49:10 Jacob--Gen. 49:10 Moses--Deut. 18:15 Moses--Deut. 18:15 Samuel--1 Sam. 19:20 Samuel--1 Sam. 19:20 David--Acts 2:30 David--Acts 2:30 Elijah--1 Kings Elijah--1 Kings Elisha--2 Kings Elisha--2 Kings Obadiah--Malachi Obadiah--Malachi

8 III. History of Prophecy John the Baptist (Mt. 11:11-13) John the Baptist (Mt. 11:11-13) Jesus (Deut. 18:18) Jesus (Deut. 18:18) New Testament Writers (Eph. 2:20; 1 Cor. 12:10) New Testament Writers (Eph. 2:20; 1 Cor. 12:10) The Apostle Paul (Rom. 16:26) The Apostle Paul (Rom. 16:26) The Apostle John (Rev. 22:9) The Apostle John (Rev. 22:9) There are no prophets after John (John 14:26; 16:13; Rev. 22:18-19) There are no prophets after John (John 14:26; 16:13; Rev. 22:18-19)

9 IV. Source of Prophetic Message IV. Source of Prophetic Message A. Through dreams (Gen. 37) A. Through dreams (Gen. 37) B. Through visions (Dan. 7) B. Through visions (Dan. 7) C. Through an audible voice (1 Sam. 3) C. Through an audible voice (1 Sam. 3) D. Through an inner voice (Hosea 1; Joel 1) D. Through an inner voice (Hosea 1; Joel 1) E. Through Scripture (Dan. 9) E. Through Scripture (Dan. 9) F. Through an angel (Gen. 19) F. Through an angel (Gen. 19) G. Through nature (Psa. 19) G. Through nature (Psa. 19) H. Through a miracle (Jud. 6:37) H. Through a miracle (Jud. 6:37) Heb. 1:2: “In many and various ways God spoke of old to our Fathers by the prophets.” Heb. 1:2: “In many and various ways God spoke of old to our Fathers by the prophets.”

10 V.Method of Delivering the Prophetic Message V.Method of Delivering the Prophetic Message Oral (2 Sam. 23:2) Oral (2 Sam. 23:2) Written (all biblical books-- Jer. 2:2; 30:2 2 Pet. 1:20-21; 2 Tim. 3:16). Written (all biblical books-- Jer. 2:2; 30:2 2 Pet. 1:20-21; 2 Tim. 3:16). Visual (Hosea 1; 1 Kings 11; Eze 4). Visual (Hosea 1; 1 Kings 11; Eze 4).

11 VI. Subject of Prophetic Message: Christ VI. Subject of Prophetic Message: Christ The Messianic Individual (Christ) The Messianic Individual (Christ) Heb. 10:7 Heb. 10:7 Luke 24:27, 44 Luke 24:27, 44 Acts 10:43 Acts 10:43 1 Peter 1:11 1 Peter 1:11 Rev. 19:20 Rev. 19:20 The Messianic Nation (Israel) The Messianic Nation (Israel)

12 VII. Significance of Prophetic Messageabout: VII. Significance of Prophetic Messageabout: The Past--moral lessons for the present The Past--moral lessons for the present The Present: The Present: Reformation in day of apostasy Reformation in day of apostasy Reminders in day of prosperity Reminders in day of prosperity The Future: The Future: –Judgment for the faithless –Blessing for the faithful

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17 Jesus in Every Book (cont.) Isaiah--the Messiah Isaiah--the Messiah Jeremiah--a Man of Sorrows Jeremiah--a Man of Sorrows Lamentations--the Weeping Prophet Lamentations--the Weeping Prophet Ezekiel--the Restorer of God’s Glory Ezekiel--the Restorer of God’s Glory Daniel--the Great Rock Daniel--the Great Rock Hosea--the Healer of the Backslider Hosea--the Healer of the Backslider Joel--the Hope of His People Joel--the Hope of His People

18 Jesus in Every Book (cont.) Amos----the Husbandman Amos----the Husbandman Obadiah--the Savior Obadiah--the Savior Jonah--the Resurrected One Jonah--the Resurrected One Micah--the Witness Micah--the Witness Nahum--the Avenger Nahum--the Avenger Habakkuk--the Holy God Habakkuk--the Holy God Zephaniah--the Judge Zephaniah--the Judge Haggai--the Restorer of the Temple’s Glory Haggai--the Restorer of the Temple’s Glory Zechariah--the Righteous Branch Zechariah--the Righteous Branch Malachi--the Sun of Righteousness Malachi--the Sun of Righteousness

19 Jesus in Prophecy: Before the Captivity----Exhortation [11] Before the Captivity----Exhortation [11] –Isaiah--Jeremiah(2); Hosea-Zephaniah (9 minor) During the Captivity----Anticipation [3] During the Captivity----Anticipation [3] –Lamentations--looks backward to destruction –Ezekiel--looks forward to religious restoration –Daniel---look forward to political restoration After the Captivity------Restoration [3] After the Captivity------Restoration [3] –Haggai-----religious restoration (Build in present ) –Zechariah--religious restoration (Behold the future) –Malachi-----moral and social restoration

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21 Obadiah (Worshiper of Jehovah) Who wrote it ? Obadiah the prophet Who wrote it ? Obadiah the prophet To whom? Southern kingdom To whom? Southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 8-12 (Jehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, Joash) When? B.C. 2Kgs 8-12 (Jehoram, Ahaziah, Athaliah, Joash) What is the theme? Retribution What is the theme? Retribution Outline: Outline: I. The Doom of Edom Pronounced (1-16) I. The Doom of Edom Pronounced (1-16) II. Deliverance of Judah Proclaimed (17-21) II. Deliverance of Judah Proclaimed (17-21) A. The Triumph of Judah over her enemies (17-18) A. The Triumph of Judah over her enemies (17-18) B. The Treasures of Judah in the land (19-20) B. The Treasures of Judah in the land (19-20) C. The Triumph of Judah in the kingdom (21) C. The Triumph of Judah in the kingdom (21)

22 Lessons in Obadiah About God About God God is just (3-4, 8) God is just (3-4, 8) God is holy (16-17) God is holy (16-17) God is faithful (17-21) God is faithful (17-21) About Christ About Christ Christ is Savior (17, 21) Christ is Savior (17, 21) Christ is Possessor of the kingdom (21) Christ is Possessor of the kingdom (21) About Life About Life Pride comes before a fall (1:3 cf. 1Cor. 10:12) Pride comes before a fall (1:3 cf. 1Cor. 10:12) God will judge anti-semitism (cf. Gen. 12:3) God will judge anti-semitism (cf. Gen. 12:3) God punishes violence (10) God punishes violence (10) Don’t rejoice over your enemy’s downfall (12) Don’t rejoice over your enemy’s downfall (12)

23 Joel (Jehovah is God) Who wrote it ? Joel the prophet Who wrote it ? Joel the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 12 (Joash) When? B.C. 2Kgs 12 (Joash) What is the theme? Visitation What is the theme? Visitation Outline:Outline: I. Desolation from the Lord (1:1-2:17)I. Desolation from the Lord (1:1-2:17) –A. Historical Aspect (1:1-20) –B. Prophetical Aspect (2:1-17) II. Deliverance of the Lord (2:18-3:21)II. Deliverance of the Lord (2:18-3:21) –A. Promise of Present Blessing (2:18-27) –B. Promise of Future Blessing (2:28-3:21)

24 Lessons in Joel About God About God He is just and will judge sin (1-2; 3:12) He is just and will judge sin (1-2; 3:12) He is gracious to the repentant (2:12-17) He is gracious to the repentant (2:12-17) He is jealous (2:18) He is jealous (2:18) He is holy (2:17) He is holy (2:17) He has a (Holy) Spirit (2:28) He has a (Holy) Spirit (2:28) He is forgiving (3:21) He is forgiving (3:21) He will keep His promises to Israel (3:2) He will keep His promises to Israel (3:2)

25 Lessons in Joel About Christ About Christ The Husbandman (Vine Keeper) (1:7 cf. Jn. 15:1) The Husbandman (Vine Keeper) (1:7 cf. Jn. 15:1) The One who sends His Spirit (2:28f cf. Acts 2) The One who sends His Spirit (2:28f cf. Acts 2) The Hope of His people (3:2, 20-21) The Hope of His people (3:2, 20-21) About Life About Life God wants us to rend our hearts not our garments (2:12-13). God wants us to rend our hearts not our garments (2:12-13). God wants to restore the years eaten by sin (2:25). God wants to restore the years eaten by sin (2:25). Whoever calls on the Name of the Lord will be saved (2:32). Whoever calls on the Name of the Lord will be saved (2:32). God is faithful to His promises (2:1, 18). God is faithful to His promises (2:1, 18). The Day of the Lord is coming (2:1). The Day of the Lord is coming (2:1).

26 Jonah (Dove) Who wrote it ? Jonah the prophet Who wrote it ? Jonah the prophet To whom? The northern kingdom To whom? The northern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 14 (Jeroboam II) When? B.C. 2Kgs 14 (Jeroboam II) What is the theme? Commission What is the theme? Commission Outline: Outline: I. Running from God (1)--Disobedient I. Running from God (1)--Disobedient II. Running to God (2)--Disciplined II. Running to God (2)--Disciplined III. Running with God (3)--Dynamic III. Running with God (3)--Dynamic IV. Running ahead of God (4)--Disappointed IV. Running ahead of God (4)--Disappointed

27 Lessons in Jonah About Life About Life When God says Go, don’t say No! (1) When God says Go, don’t say No! (1) Where God puts a period, let no one put a question mark (1). Where God puts a period, let no one put a question mark (1). Disobedience leads to discipline (2). Disobedience leads to discipline (2). The flood waters of revival are beneath the faucet of confession (3). The flood waters of revival are beneath the faucet of confession (3). Our disappointments are God’s appointments (4). Our disappointments are God’s appointments (4).

28 Lessons in Jonah About God About God God is sovereign (1) God is sovereign (1) He is merciful and forgiving (3-4) He is merciful and forgiving (3-4) He gives second changes (3) He gives second changes (3) About Christ About Christ He is the resurrected One (Mt. 12:40) He is the resurrected One (Mt. 12:40) Salvation is of the Lord (2:9) Salvation is of the Lord (2:9)

29 Amos (Burden Bearer) Who wrote it ? Amos the prophet Who wrote it ? Amos the prophet To whom? The northern kingdom To whom? The northern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 14 (Jeroboam II) When? B.C. 2Kgs 14 (Jeroboam II) What is the theme? Threatened What is the theme? Threatened Outline: Outline: I. Declarations of Sin and Judgment (1-2) I. Declarations of Sin and Judgment (1-2) Eight Oracles Eight Oracles II.Exhortations about Sin and Judgment (3-6) II.Exhortations about Sin and Judgment (3-6) Three Sermons Three Sermons III. Visions of Judgment and Restoration (7-9) III. Visions of Judgment and Restoration (7-9) Six Visions Six Visions

30 Lessons in Amos About God About God He punishes sin (1:3f). He punishes sin (1:3f). He Judges those who despise His law (2:4). He Judges those who despise His law (2:4). He is Redeemer (2:10). He is Redeemer (2:10). He is the God of Hosts (3:13). He is the God of Hosts (3:13). He is holy (4:2). He is holy (4:2). He hates empty religious ritual (4:4-5; 5:21-22). He hates empty religious ritual (4:4-5; 5:21-22). He is the Creator (4:13; 5:8). He is the Creator (4:13; 5:8). He rebukes the wicked and rewards the righteous (5:10). He rebukes the wicked and rewards the righteous (5:10). He abhors pride (6:8). He abhors pride (6:8). He loves Gentiles (9:12). He loves Gentiles (9:12). He will keep His promises to Israel (9:14-15). He will keep His promises to Israel (9:14-15).

31 Lessons in Amos About Christ About Christ The Lord by the Altar (9:1) The Lord by the Altar (9:1) The Lord God of Hosts (9:5) The Lord God of Hosts (9:5) The One who raises up the Tabernacle of David (9:11) The One who raises up the Tabernacle of David (9:11)

32 About Life Can two walk together if they do not agree (3:3). Can two walk together if they do not agree (3:3). If God has spoken, how can we help but share it? (3:8). If God has spoken, how can we help but share it? (3:8). God reveals His secrets to His prophets (3:7). God reveals His secrets to His prophets (3:7). God is against robbery and violence (3:10). God is against robbery and violence (3:10). God hates idolatry (3:14). God hates idolatry (3:14). God judges those who oppress the poor (4:1; 5:12). God judges those who oppress the poor (4:1; 5:12). God withholds rain on the unrepentant (4:7-8). God withholds rain on the unrepentant (4:7-8). God sends plagues on His sinful people (4:9-10). God sends plagues on His sinful people (4:9-10). We must prepare to meet God (4:12). We must prepare to meet God (4:12). We should seek God and live (5:4). We should seek God and live (5:4). Seek good and not evil (5:14, 15). Seek good and not evil (5:14, 15). Woe to those who seek wine and wealth (6:1, 6). Woe to those who seek wine and wealth (6:1, 6).

33 About Life God answers the prayer for forgiveness (7:2). God answers the prayer for forgiveness (7:2). A true prophets will be maligned (7:10). A true prophets will be maligned (7:10). A true prophet will be rejected by evil men (7:12). A true prophet will be rejected by evil men (7:12). God sends spiritual draught on the wayward (8:11) God sends spiritual draught on the wayward (8:11)

34 Hosea (Salvation) Who wrote it ? Hosea the prophet Who wrote it ? Hosea the prophet To whom? The northern kingdom To whom? The northern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jeroboam II) Zecharia, Shallum, Menahem, Pekiah, Pekah, Hosea When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jeroboam II) Zecharia, Shallum, Menahem, Pekiah, Pekah, Hosea What is the theme? Estrangement What is the theme? Estrangement

35 How to Interpret Hosea? I. Some Say Allegorically because:- I. Some Say Allegorically because:- 1) God opposed harlotry (Lev. 19:29). 1) God opposed harlotry (Lev. 19:29). 2) Adultery is sinful (Ex. 20:14; 1Cor. 6:15). 2) Adultery is sinful (Ex. 20:14; 1Cor. 6:15). II. Others say literally because: II. Others say literally because: 1) God commanded him to take “a wife” (1:2); she later became a harlot (Jud. 6:11-12). 1) God commanded him to take “a wife” (1:2); she later became a harlot (Jud. 6:11-12). 2) Hosea was not unfaithful; his wife was. 2) Hosea was not unfaithful; his wife was. 3) It is not immoral to marry a harlot (Mt. 1:5); it is wrong to be one (The command vs. it was only for priests, not prophets--Lev. 21:14). 3) It is not immoral to marry a harlot (Mt. 1:5); it is wrong to be one (The command vs. it was only for priests, not prophets--Lev. 21:14).

36 Hosea (Salvation) I. Faithful Husband and Unfaithful Wife (1-3)I. Faithful Husband and Unfaithful Wife (1-3) Personal AffectionPersonal Affection II.Faithful Lord and Unfaithful Israel (4-14)II.Faithful Lord and Unfaithful Israel (4-14) National ReflectionNational Reflection –A. Transgression of Israel (4-8) –B. Visitation of Israel (9-10) –C. Restoration of Israel (11-14)

37 Lessons in Hosea About God About God The only true God (13:4) The only true God (13:4) The only Savior (13:4) The only Savior (13:4) Faithful (1:11) Faithful (1:11) Just and righteousness Just and righteousness Love (3:1) Love (3:1) Truth (4:1) Truth (4:1) Mercy (4:1) Mercy (4:1) The Most High God (11:7) The Most High God (11:7) The Holy One (11:9) The Holy One (11:9) A God of Wrath (11:9; 13:11) A God of Wrath (11:9; 13:11)

38 Lessons in Hosea About Christ About Christ Son of God (11:1) Son of God (11:1) Savior of His people (13:4) Savior of His people (13:4) One who ransoms us from the dead (13:14) One who ransoms us from the dead (13:14) Our Compassionate Lover (11:4; 14:4) Our Compassionate Lover (11:4; 14:4) Healer of the backslider (6:1; 14:4) Healer of the backslider (6:1; 14:4) Israel’s One Head [Leader] (1:11) Israel’s One Head [Leader] (1:11) The Messenger of God (12:3-4) The Messenger of God (12:3-4)

39 Lessons in Hosea About Life About Life Religious formalism is futile (6:6 cf. 2Tim.3:5). Religious formalism is futile (6:6 cf. 2Tim.3:5). God’s love for us is unconditional (3:1). God’s love for us is unconditional (3:1). God hates idolatry(4:17-19; 13:1-3). God hates idolatry(4:17-19; 13:1-3). Idolatry is spiritual harlotry (4:11; 5:3; 6:7; 7:4). Idolatry is spiritual harlotry (4:11; 5:3; 6:7; 7:4). God is faithful even to the faithless (1:10-11; 7:13). God is faithful even to the faithless (1:10-11; 7:13). God turns us over to our own sins (4:17). God turns us over to our own sins (4:17). God’s people are destroyed for lack of knowledge (4:6). God’s people are destroyed for lack of knowledge (4:6). It’s never too late for the living to repent of sin (6:1). It’s never too late for the living to repent of sin (6:1). God desires mercy and knowledge of Him over sacrifices to Him (6:7). God desires mercy and knowledge of Him over sacrifices to Him (6:7).

40 Lessons in Hosea About Life About Life Pride comes before a fall (7:10). Pride comes before a fall (7:10). Those who sow to the wind reap a whirlwind (8:7). Those who sow to the wind reap a whirlwind (8:7). “Break up your fallow ground and seek God” (10:12). “Break up your fallow ground and seek God” (10:12). We call Him the Most High and yet exalt sin (11:7). We call Him the Most High and yet exalt sin (11:7). Observe mercy and justice and wait on God continually (12:6). Observe mercy and justice and wait on God continually (12:6). God will forgive the repentant (14:1-4). God will forgive the repentant (14:1-4). The ways of the Lord are right, and the righteous walk in them (14:9) The ways of the Lord are right, and the righteous walk in them (14:9)

41 Isaiah (Jehovah is Salvation) Who wrote it ? Isaiah the prophet Who wrote it ? Isaiah the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh) What is the theme? Salvation What is the theme? Salvation Outline: Outline:

42 Isaiah (Jehovah is Salvation) I.Prophetic Condemnations (1-35)I.Prophetic Condemnations (1-35) –A. Condemnation about Judah and Israel (1-12) –B. Condemnation on Surrounding Nations (13-23) –C. Condemnations Concerning all Nations (24-35)

43 Isaiah (Jehovah is Salvation) II.Historic Confiscation (36-39)II.Historic Confiscation (36-39) –A. Looking Back to the Assyrian Invasion (36-37) –B. Looking Forward to the Babylonian Invasion (38-39)

44 Isaiah (Jehovah is Salvation) III. Messianic Consolation (40-66)III. Messianic Consolation (40-66) –A. Deliverance from God (40-48) –B. Deliverer from God (49-57) –C. Delivered of God (58-66)

45 Lessons from Isaiah About God About God He is holy (6) He is holy (6) He is infinite (40) He is infinite (40) He is Creator (17:7; 40:5, 26; 43:7; 45:12; 51:13) He is Creator (17:7; 40:5, 26; 43:7; 45:12; 51:13) He is almighty (1:24; 13:6) He is almighty (1:24; 13:6) He is majestic (2:19) He is majestic (2:19) He is incomparable (40:18) He is incomparable (40:18) He is glorious (6:3; 42:8) He is glorious (6:3; 42:8) He is forgiving (43:25; 55:6-8) He is forgiving (43:25; 55:6-8)

46 Lessons from Isaiah About God About God He is just (30:18) He is just (30:18) Triune (63:7-10) Triune (63:7-10) He is transcendent (40:22; 55:8; 66:1) He is transcendent (40:22; 55:8; 66:1) He is supreme (44:6, 8; 45:6) He is supreme (44:6, 8; 45:6) He is eternal (43:10; 46:10; 57:15) He is eternal (43:10; 46:10; 57:15) His word never fails (55:11; 40:8) His word never fails (55:11; 40:8) He is absolutely the only one (44:6; 45:5,14) He is absolutely the only one (44:6; 45:5,14) He knows the future for sure (45:1; 46:10) He knows the future for sure (45:1; 46:10)

47 About God About God He opposes witchcraft and astrology (47:12- 13; 8:19 cf. Ex. 22:18; Lev. 19:26; Duet 18:10; Jer 10:1-2; 50:36 Eze. 13:7, 18; Mic. 5:12; Nah. 3:4; Mal. 3:5). He opposes witchcraft and astrology (47:12- 13; 8:19 cf. Ex. 22:18; Lev. 19:26; Duet 18:10; Jer 10:1-2; 50:36 Eze. 13:7, 18; Mic. 5:12; Nah. 3:4; Mal. 3:5). God’s love is intimate and enduring (49:14- 15). God’s love is intimate and enduring (49:14- 15). He is Savior (45:22). He is Savior (45:22). His salvation is free (52:3, 7). His salvation is free (52:3, 7). He is our Husband (54:5) He is our Husband (54:5)

48 God is light (60:19) God is light (60:19) God loves Gentiles too (11:10; 49:1-6, 22; 60:3-11; 62:2, 12, 19). God loves Gentiles too (11:10; 49:1-6, 22; 60:3-11; 62:2, 12, 19). God is abundantly loving (63:7) God is abundantly loving (63:7)

49 About Christ About Christ V irgin born (7:14) V irgin born (7:14) Anointed by the Spirit (Isa. 61:1) Anointed by the Spirit (Isa. 61:1) God (7:14; 9:6; 40:9) God (7:14; 9:6; 40:9) LORD (40:3) LORD (40:3) Prince of Peace (9:6) Prince of Peace (9:6) Eternal (9:6) Eternal (9:6) Branch (11:1) Branch (11:1) Servant (42:1f; 52:13) Servant (42:1f; 52:13) Suffering and death (53) Suffering and death (53) Resurrection (53:10) Resurrection (53:10) Cornerstone (28:16) Cornerstone (28:16) The First and the Last (44:6) The First and the Last (44:6) He is the Messenger of God’s Presence (63:9) He is the Messenger of God’s Presence (63:9)

50 Prophecies about Christ He will-- He will-- Be called before birth to be God’s Servant (49:1) Be called before birth to be God’s Servant (49:1) Be conceived of a Virgin (7:14) Be conceived of a Virgin (7:14) Be a descendant of Jesse and David (11:1, 10) Be a descendant of Jesse and David (11:1, 10) Be empowered by the Holy Spirit (11:2; 42:1) Be empowered by the Holy Spirit (11:2; 42:1) Be gentle toward the weak (42:3) Be gentle toward the weak (42:3) Be obedient to the Lord (50:4-9) Be obedient to the Lord (50:4-9) Voluntarily submit to suffering (50:6; 53:7-8) Voluntarily submit to suffering (50:6; 53:7-8) Be rejected by Israel (49:7; 53:1, 3). Be rejected by Israel (49:7; 53:1, 3). Take on the sins of the world (53:4-6; 10-12) Take on the sins of the world (53:4-6; 10-12) Triumph over death (53:10) Triumph over death (53:10) Be exalted by God (52:13; 53:12) Be exalted by God (52:13; 53:12) Bring comfort to Israel and vengeance on evil (61:1-3) Bring comfort to Israel and vengeance on evil (61:1-3)

51 Prophecies about Christ (cont.) He will-- He will-- Manifest God’s glory (49:3) Manifest God’s glory (49:3) Restore Israel spiritually and physically (49:5) Restore Israel spiritually and physically (49:5) Restore Israel to their land (49:8; 35:1f) Restore Israel to their land (49:8; 35:1f) Reign on the throne of David (9:7) Reign on the throne of David (9:7) Bring joy to Israel (9:2) Bring joy to Israel (9:2) Make a new covenant with Israel (42:6; 49:8-9) Make a new covenant with Israel (42:6; 49:8-9) Be a light to the Gentiles (42:6; 49:6) Be a light to the Gentiles (42:6; 49:6) Restore the nations (11:10) Restore the nations (11:10) Regather Israel the second time (11:11). Regather Israel the second time (11:11). Be worshiped by Gentiles (49:7; 52:15) Be worshiped by Gentiles (49:7; 52:15)

52 Lesson from Isaiah About Life About Life God is more interested in reality than in ritual (1:10-15). God is more interested in reality than in ritual (1:10-15). God is more concerned with our morality than with our religiosity (1:16-17). God is more concerned with our morality than with our religiosity (1:16-17). Woe to materialists (5:8-10), drunkards (5:11-12), doubters (5;18-19, moral relativists (5:20), conceited (5:21), and bribe-takers (5:22-23). Woe to materialists (5:8-10), drunkards (5:11-12), doubters (5;18-19, moral relativists (5:20), conceited (5:21), and bribe-takers (5:22-23). A sense of God’s holiness produces a sense of sin and service (6:1-9). A sense of God’s holiness produces a sense of sin and service (6:1-9). God judges evil nations (13-24) God judges evil nations (13-24) God will swallow death by resurrection (25:8; 26:19) God will swallow death by resurrection (25:8; 26:19)

53 About Life God gives peace to those who trust Him (26:3). God gives peace to those who trust Him (26:3). He gives strength to those who wait in Him (40:31). He gives strength to those who wait in Him (40:31). He wants our life to correspond to our lips (29:13). He wants our life to correspond to our lips (29:13). God judges those who don’t seek His council (30:1). God judges those who don’t seek His council (30:1). Woe to those who seek smooth and deceitful words (30:10). Woe to those who seek smooth and deceitful words (30:10). In quietness and confidence is our strength (30:15). In quietness and confidence is our strength (30:15). Blessed are those who wait on the Lord (30:18). Blessed are those who wait on the Lord (30:18). Woe to those who trust in military power instead of God (31:1). Woe to those who trust in military power instead of God (31:1). God hates idolatry (31:7) God hates idolatry (31:7)

54 About Life God hates those who plunder others (33:1) God hates those who plunder others (33:1) How to avoid hell (33:14-15) How to avoid hell (33:14-15) God hears the prayer of the humble (37:17) God hears the prayer of the humble (37:17) God extends to life of the faithful (38:1f) God extends to life of the faithful (38:1f) God has a purpose for us each day (50:4) God has a purpose for us each day (50:4) Remember the pit from which you were dug (51:1). Remember the pit from which you were dug (51:1). There is no peace for the wicked (57:20-21) There is no peace for the wicked (57:20-21)

55 About Life God’s “fast” is one of the soul (58:6-9) God’s “fast” is one of the soul (58:6-9) Sin hinders our prayers (58:9; 59:1) Sin hinders our prayers (58:9; 59:1) God’s Spirit resists evil (59:19) God’s Spirit resists evil (59:19) Even our best is filthy rags in Gods eyes (64:6) Even our best is filthy rags in Gods eyes (64:6) He answers our prayers before we ask (66:24) He answers our prayers before we ask (66:24)

56 Micah (Who is Like Jehovah) Who wrote it ? Micah the prophet Who wrote it ? Micah the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah) What is the theme? Arraignment What is the theme? Arraignment Outline: Outline:

57 Micah (Who is Like Jehovah) (cf. Michael-”who is like Elohim”) Micah (Who is Like Jehovah) (cf. Michael-”who is like Elohim”) I.Denunciation of the Lord (Judgment) (1-3) I.Denunciation of the Lord (Judgment) (1-3) II.Consolation of the Lord (Glory) (4-7) II.Consolation of the Lord (Glory) (4-7)

58 Lessons about God: Lessons about God: He is Holy(1:2) He is Holy(1:2) He is Just (3:1) He is Just (3:1) He is the Most High (6:6) He is the Most High (6:6) He is Forgiving (7:18-19) He is Forgiving (7:18-19) He is Merciful (3:18-19) He is Merciful (3:18-19) He is Glorious (1:15), He is All Powerful( 2:7) He is Glorious (1:15), He is All Powerful( 2:7) He is Majestic (5:4) He is Majestic (5:4)

59 Lessons about Christ: Lessons about Christ: The Witness (1:2) The Witness (1:2) Ruler of Israel (5:2) Ruler of Israel (5:2) The Everlasting One (5:2) The Everlasting One (5:2) The Forgiver of Sins (7:18) The Forgiver of Sins (7:18) The Judge (4:1-3) The Judge (4:1-3) The Lord of Host (4:4) The Lord of Host (4:4) The Good Shepherd (5:4). The Good Shepherd (5:4).

60 Lessons about Life: Lessons about Life: Walk humbly (6:8) Walk humbly (6:8) Love mercy (6:8) Love mercy (6:8) Do justly (6:8) Do justly (6:8) Avoid idolatry (1:5-7) Avoid idolatry (1:5-7) Don’t devise evil (2:1) Don’t devise evil (2:1) Live His word (2:7) Live His word (2:7) Avoid lying and falsehood (2:11) Avoid lying and falsehood (2:11) Avoid intoxication (2:11) Avoid intoxication (2:11) Shun false prophets (3:5) Shun false prophets (3:5) Live a faithful life, even if it feels lonely (7:2) Live a faithful life, even if it feels lonely (7:2) Wait on the Lord (7:7) Wait on the Lord (7:7)

61 Nahum (Compassionate) Who wrote it ? Nahum the prophet Who wrote it ? Nahum the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Manasseh, Amon, Josiah) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Manasseh, Amon, Josiah) What is the theme? Doom (on Nineveh) What is the theme? Doom (on Nineveh)

62 Nahum (Consolation) I.Judgment on Nineveh Declared (1) I.Judgment on Nineveh Declared (1) Jonah proclaimed it ( B.C.) Jonah proclaimed it ( B.C.) God delayed it c. 150 years God delayed it c. 150 years God executed it (c. 630 B.C.) God executed it (c. 630 B.C.) II.Judgment on Nineveh Described (2) II.Judgment on Nineveh Described (2) III. Judgment on Nineveh Defended (3) III. Judgment on Nineveh Defended (3)

63 Lessons in Nahum Lessons in Nahum About God About God –He is just (Rom. 12:19; Psa. 9:17) –He is patient (1:3 cf. 2 Pet. 3:9). –He is all-powerful (1:3) –He is sovereign (1:3f.) –He is good (1:7) About Christ About Christ He is the Jealous God (1:2) He is the Jealous God (1:2) He is the Avenger on His adversaries (1:8) He is the Avenger on His adversaries (1:8) He is the Good News (Gospel) of salvation (1:15) He is the Good News (Gospel) of salvation (1:15)

64 Lessons in Nahum About Life About Life “’Vengeneance is mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord” (Rom. 12:19). “’Vengeneance is mine, I will repay,’ says the Lord” (Rom. 12:19). “The wicked depart into the grave and all the nations that forget God” (Psa. 9:17). “The wicked depart into the grave and all the nations that forget God” (Psa. 9:17). The Lord is a stronghold for those who trust in Him (1:7). The Lord is a stronghold for those who trust in Him (1:7).

65 Zephaniah (Hidden by Jehovah) Who wrote it ? Zephaniah the prophet, contemporary of Jeremiah Who wrote it ? Zephaniah the prophet, contemporary of Jeremiah To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah) What is the theme? Vindication What is the theme? Vindication Outline: Outline:

66 Zephaniah (Hidden by Jehovah) I. Execution of Retribution – God’s Jealousy is Kindled Against Judah (1) I. Execution of Retribution – God’s Jealousy is Kindled Against Judah (1) II.Exhortation to Repentance – God’s Jealousy is Kindled Against the Gentiles (2- 3a) II.Exhortation to Repentance – God’s Jealousy is Kindled Against the Gentiles (2- 3a) III. Expectation of Redemption – God’s Jealousy Quenched for Judah (3b) III. Expectation of Redemption – God’s Jealousy Quenched for Judah (3b)

67 Lessons in Zephaniah Lessons about God Lessons about God He is just (1:2-4, 9, 14, 15; 3:5) He is just (1:2-4, 9, 14, 15; 3:5) He has wrath (2:2) He has wrath (2:2) He is jealous (1:18; 3:8) He is jealous (1:18; 3:8) He is hates idolatry (1:5) He is hates idolatry (1:5) He is righteous (2:3; 3:5) He is righteous (2:3; 3:5) He is awesome (1:7; 2:11) He is awesome (1:7; 2:11) He is faithful to His promises (2:7; 3:20) He is faithful to His promises (2:7; 3:20) He is the one and only God (2:11) He is the one and only God (2:11)

68 Lessons about Christ Lessons about Christ The Lord of Host (2:9) The Lord of Host (2:9) The King of Israel (3:15) The King of Israel (3:15) The Mighty One (3:17) The Mighty One (3:17) The Witness against the Nations (3:18) The Witness against the Nations (3:18) Lessons about Life Lessons about Life God keeps His promises (3:20) God keeps His promises (3:20) God judges sin (1:2f) God judges sin (1:2f) God hates idolatry (1:5) God hates idolatry (1:5) God will judge the complacent (1:12) God will judge the complacent (1:12) Be meek, seek the Lord and righteousness (2:3) Be meek, seek the Lord and righteousness (2:3) Trust God and draw near to Him (3:2) Trust God and draw near to Him (3:2)

69 Habakkuk (Embraced) Who wrote it ? Habakkuk the prophet Who wrote it ? Habakkuk the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim) What is the theme? Justice What is the theme? Justice Outline: Outline: I.Faith Tested (1) I.Faith Tested (1) II.Faith Taught (2) II.Faith Taught (2) III. Faith Triumphant (3) III. Faith Triumphant (3)

70 Lessons in Habakkuk Lessons about God Lessons about God He is eternal (1:12; 3:6) He is eternal (1:12; 3:6) He is holy (1:12-13; 2:20) He is holy (1:12-13; 2:20) He is glorious (2:14; 3:3) He is glorious (2:14; 3:3) He hates idolatry (1:18-19) He hates idolatry (1:18-19) He is awesome (2:20) He is awesome (2:20) He is merciful (3:2) He is merciful (3:2) He is transcendent (3:3) He is transcendent (3:3) He is all powerful (3:4) He is all powerful (3:4) He is wrathful (3:2, 8) He is wrathful (3:2, 8) He is our salvation (3:18) He is our salvation (3:18)

71 Lessons about Christ Lessons about Christ The Lord of Hosts (2:13) The Lord of Hosts (2:13) He is Savior (3:13) He is Savior (3:13) He Messiah (Anointed One) (3:13) He Messiah (Anointed One) (3:13)

72 Lessons about Life Lessons about Life Faith is the means of justification (2:4) Faith is the means of justification (2:4) “The Just…” (Rom. 1:17) “The Just…” (Rom. 1:17) “…shall live…” (Gal. 3:11) “…shall live…” (Gal. 3:11) “…by faith” (Heb. 10:38) “…by faith” (Heb. 10:38) It is never too late for revival (3:2) It is never too late for revival (3:2) We should rejoice in the God of our salvation (3:19) We should rejoice in the God of our salvation (3:19) Our strength comes from God (3:19) Our strength comes from God (3:19) We should be reverent before God (3:16) We should be reverent before God (3:16) God answers the cry of the righteous (1:2f) God answers the cry of the righteous (1:2f) --but not always the way we expect (2:1) --but not always the way we expect (2:1)

73 Jeremiah (Established by the LORD) Jeremiah (Established by the LORD) Who wrote it ? Jeremiah the prophet Who wrote it ? Jeremiah the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah, Nebuchadnezzar) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah, Nebuchadnezzar) What is the theme? Warning What is the theme? Warning Central Message: Repent or go into captivity (25:4-7, 11-14; 35:14-15; 44:3-5) Central Message: Repent or go into captivity (25:4-7, 11-14; 35:14-15; 44:3-5) Outline: Outline:

74 Jeremiah (Established by the Lord) I.Prophecies Before the Fall of Jerusalem (1-39)I.Prophecies Before the Fall of Jerusalem (1-39) –A. Prophecies During Josiah’s Reign (1-12) –B. Prophecies During Jehoiakim’s Reign (13- 20; 25-26; 35-36) Prophet’s Experiences (13-20)Prophet’s Experiences (13-20) Prophet’s Exhortations (25-26)Prophet’s Exhortations (25-26) Prophet’s Exigencies (35-36)Prophet’s Exigencies (35-36)

75 Jeremiah (Established by the Lord) –C. Prophecies During Zedekiah’s Reign (21- 24; 27-37; 37-39) Prophecies about Judah’s Political Future (21-24; 27-29)Prophecies about Judah’s Political Future (21-24; 27-29) Prophecies about Judah’s Spiritual Future (30-33)Prophecies about Judah’s Spiritual Future (30-33) Prophecies about Judah’s Immediate Future (34; 37-39)Prophecies about Judah’s Immediate Future (34; 37-39)

76 Jeremiah (Established by the Lord) II.Prophecies After the Fall of Jerusalem (40-52)II.Prophecies After the Fall of Jerusalem (40-52) –A. Prophecies to the Remnant in Palestine (40-43) –B. Prophecies to the Remnant in Egypt (44) –C. Prophecies to the Remnant in Babylon (45-52)

77 Lessons in Jeremiah About God: He is-- About God: He is-- Omniscient (1:4-5) Omniscient (1:4-5) Just (1:14f) Just (1:14f) Jealous (1:16; 2:5, 27; 3:1) Jealous (1:16; 2:5, 27; 3:1) Holy (2:1) Holy (2:1) Fountain of Life (1:13) Fountain of Life (1:13) Promise keeper (3:18; 12:13; 16:15; 23:8; 31:10; 49:30) Promise keeper (3:18; 12:13; 16:15; 23:8; 31:10; 49:30) Immutable (4:28) Immutable (4:28) Truth (5:3) Truth (5:3) Awesome (5:22) Awesome (5:22) Great (10:6) Great (10:6)

78 Lessons in Jeremiah About God: He is-- About God: He is-- Creator of all (10:11-16; 51:15, 19) Creator of all (10:11-16; 51:15, 19) Righteous (12:1) Righteous (12:1) Our Strength, Fortress, and Refuge (16:19) Our Strength, Fortress, and Refuge (16:19) Immanent in the world (23:23) Immanent in the world (23:23) All powerful (27:5; 32:17, 27) All powerful (27:5; 32:17, 27) Everlasting love (31:3) Everlasting love (31:3) Good (31:14) Good (31:14) Keeper of His Unconditional Promise (31:35-37; 32:37) Keeper of His Unconditional Promise (31:35-37; 32:37) Wonder-Worker (32:20-21) Wonder-Worker (32:20-21)

79 Lessons in Jeremiah About God: He is-- About God: He is-- Forgiving (33:8) Forgiving (33:8) Merciful (33:11) Merciful (33:11) He wants His word in writing (36:2, 18, 28, 32) He wants His word in writing (36:2, 18, 28, 32)

80 Lessons in Jeremiah About Christ: He is-- About Christ: He is-- The Weeping Prophet (Mt. 23:37) The Weeping Prophet (Mt. 23:37) The Lord of Hosts (2:20) The Lord of Hosts (2:20) One who sits on the Throne of the Lord (3:17) One who sits on the Throne of the Lord (3:17) The Hope of Israel (14:8) The Hope of Israel (14:8) The Lord our Righteousness (23:6; 33:16) The Lord our Righteousness (23:6; 33:16) Virgin Born (31:22) Virgin Born (31:22) Initiator of the New Covenant (31:31-33; 32:40) Initiator of the New Covenant (31:31-33; 32:40)

81 Lessons in Jeremiah About Life About Life God hates backsliders (3:14) God hates backsliders (3:14) God is ready to heal backsliders (3:22) God is ready to heal backsliders (3:22) Don’t sow among thorns (4:3) Don’t sow among thorns (4:3) God is wants inward reality not outward symbol (4:4, 14; 6:6; 9:25) God is wants inward reality not outward symbol (4:4, 14; 6:6; 9:25) God hates adultery (5:8) God hates adultery (5:8) False prophecy (5:30-31) False prophecy (5:30-31) Find the time-tested path and walk in it (6:16) Find the time-tested path and walk in it (6:16) It is sometimes too late to pray (7:18; 8:20; 11:14; 15:1) It is sometimes too late to pray (7:18; 8:20; 11:14; 15:1) Don’t walk in the counsel of your own heart (7:24) Don’t walk in the counsel of your own heart (7:24)

82 Lessons in Jeremiah About Life (cont.) About Life (cont.) God wants persons valiant for truth (9:3) God wants persons valiant for truth (9:3) Glory in God not in gold (9:23-24) Glory in God not in gold (9:23-24) God hates idolatry (10:3, 4, 8) God hates idolatry (10:3, 4, 8) It is not in ourselves to direct ourselves (10:23) It is not in ourselves to direct ourselves (10:23) Pride comes before a fall (13:15) Pride comes before a fall (13:15) We can’t change our sinful nature (13:23; 17:9) We can’t change our sinful nature (13:23; 17:9) God hates false prophets (14:14) God hates false prophets (14:14) The word of God is like fire (15:14; 20:9; 23:29) The word of God is like fire (15:14; 20:9; 23:29) The word of God is delightful to eat (15:16) The word of God is delightful to eat (15:16) The word is like a hammer (23:29) The word is like a hammer (23:29)

83 Lessons in Jeremiah About Life (cont.) About Life (cont.) God loves Gentiles as well as Jews (16:19) God loves Gentiles as well as Jews (16:19) Cursed is the one who trusts man and blessed is the one who trusts the Lord (17:5, 7) Cursed is the one who trusts man and blessed is the one who trusts the Lord (17:5, 7) God will forgive the repentant (18:8) God will forgive the repentant (18:8) God is on the side of the oppressed (22:3) God is on the side of the oppressed (22:3) Even great saints can be depressed (20:14f) Even great saints can be depressed (20:14f) Coniah’s curse was overcome by the Virgin Birth (22:24, 29-30) Coniah’s curse was overcome by the Virgin Birth (22:24, 29-30) False prophecy comes their own heart (23:16) False prophecy comes their own heart (23:16) God forbids worship of “Queen of heaven” (7:18; 44:17) God forbids worship of “Queen of heaven” (7:18; 44:17)

84 Lessons in Jeremiah About Life (cont.) About Life (cont.) We must heed all the words of God (26:2, 5) We must heed all the words of God (26:2, 5) It is sometimes lonely standing for God (26:8-13) It is sometimes lonely standing for God (26:8-13) Those who seek God with all their heart, find Him (29:13) Those who seek God with all their heart, find Him (29:13) God will satisfy the weary soul (31:25) God will satisfy the weary soul (31:25) God will do great an mighty things for those who call on Him (33:3) God will do great an mighty things for those who call on Him (33:3) Those who live godly will suffer persecution (37:13, 16 cf. 2 Tim. 3:12) Those who live godly will suffer persecution (37:13, 16 cf. 2 Tim. 3:12) We should obey God when it is not pleasing (42:2, 6) We should obey God when it is not pleasing (42:2, 6)

85 Lessons in Jeremiah About Life (cont.) About Life (cont.) “Cursed is he who does the work of the Lord deceitfully” (48:6) “Cursed is he who does the work of the Lord deceitfully” (48:6) God reserves special judgment on false shepherds (50:6f) God reserves special judgment on false shepherds (50:6f)

86 The Final Schedule (Revised) April 20--Jeremiah April 20--Jeremiah April 27--Lamentations and Ezekiel April 27--Lamentations and Ezekiel May 4--Daniel May 4--Daniel May 11--Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi May 11--Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

87 Jesus in Prophecy: Before the Captivity----Exhortation [11] Before the Captivity----Exhortation [11] –Isaiah--Jeremiah(2); Hosea-Zephaniah (9 minor) During the Captivity----Anticipation [3] During the Captivity----Anticipation [3] –Lamentations--looks backward to destruction –Ezekiel--looks forward to religious restoration –Daniel---look forward to political restoration After the Captivity------Restoration [3] After the Captivity------Restoration [3] –Haggai-----religious restoration (Build in present ) –Zechariah--religious restoration (Behold the future) –Malachi-----moral and social restoration

88 Lamentations ( “How” in Hebrew); “Tears of Jeremiah” in Greek) Who wrote it ? Jeremiah the prophet Who wrote it ? Jeremiah the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 25 (Nebuchadnezzar) When? B.C. 2Kgs 25 (Nebuchadnezzar) What is the theme? Disconsolate What is the theme? Disconsolate Theme: Lament over destruction of the temple Theme: Lament over destruction of the temple

89 Lamentations I.Pain of Zion’s Fall–A Mourning Widow (1) I.Pain of Zion’s Fall–A Mourning Widow (1) II.Plight of Zion’s Fall–A Weeping Daughter (2) II.Plight of Zion’s Fall–A Weeping Daughter (2) III. Purpose of Zion’s Fall–An Afflicted Man (3) III. Purpose of Zion’s Fall–An Afflicted Man (3) IV. Pondering Zion’s Fall–Tarnished Gold (4) IV. Pondering Zion’s Fall–Tarnished Gold (4) V.Plea on Behalf of Zion’s Fall–A Fatherless Child (5) V.Plea on Behalf of Zion’s Fall–A Fatherless Child (5)

90 Lessons in Lamentations Lessons about God Lessons about God He is holy and will judge sin (1:5, 12) He is holy and will judge sin (1:5, 12) He is a God of wrath (3:1; 3:43; 4:11) He is a God of wrath (3:1; 3:43; 4:11) He is merciful and compassionate (3:22; 3:32) He is merciful and compassionate (3:22; 3:32) He is faithful (3:23) He is faithful (3:23) He is sovereign (1:15) He is sovereign (1:15) He is righteous (1:18) He is righteous (1:18) He always accomplishes His purposes (2:17) He always accomplishes His purposes (2:17) He is the Most High (3:35) He is the Most High (3:35) The God of heaven (3:41) The God of heaven (3:41) The God of glory (3:44) The God of glory (3:44)

91 Lessons about God Transcendent (3:50) Transcendent (3:50) Eternal (5:19) Eternal (5:19)

92 Lessons in Lamentations Lessons about Christ Lessons about Christ The Afflicted of the Lord (1:12) The Afflicted of the Lord (1:12) The One despised by His enemies (2:15-16) The One despised by His enemies (2:15-16) The Laughingstock of His people (3:14) The Laughingstock of His people (3:14) The Smitten and Insulted One (3:19) The Smitten and Insulted One (3:19) The Man of Sorrows (Isa. 53:3) The Man of Sorrows (Isa. 53:3) The One who gave His creek to the striker (3:30) The One who gave His creek to the striker (3:30) The Lord weeping over Jerusalem (cf. Mt. 23:37) The Lord weeping over Jerusalem (cf. Mt. 23:37)

93 Lessons in Lamentations Lessons about Life Lessons about Life It is good for one to bear the yoke of his youth (3:27) It is good for one to bear the yoke of his youth (3:27) We need to examine our ways and turn back to God (3:40) We need to examine our ways and turn back to God (3:40) Sin hinders God answering prayer (3:44) Sin hinders God answering prayer (3:44) Disobedience brings disaster (1:5) Disobedience brings disaster (1:5) God fulfills His Word (2:17) God fulfills His Word (2:17) Through God’s mercy we are not consumed (3:22) Through God’s mercy we are not consumed (3:22) Our disappointments are God’s appointments (Gen. 50:20) Our disappointments are God’s appointments (Gen. 50:20)

94 Ezekiel (Strengthened of God) Ezekiel (Strengthened of God) Who wrote it ? Ezekiel the prophet Who wrote it ? Ezekiel the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs (Zedekiah) When? B.C. 2Kgs (Zedekiah) What is the theme? Glory What is the theme? Glory Glory is manifest excellence Glory is manifest excellence God’s glory is the outer radiance of the inner character of God God’s glory is the outer radiance of the inner character of God Outline: Outline:

95 Ezekiel (Strengthened of God) I. God’s Denunciation of Judah – Departure of God’s Glory (1-24)I. God’s Denunciation of Judah – Departure of God’s Glory (1-24) –A. Ordination of the Prophet (1-3) –B. Proclamation of the Prophet (4-24) Nearness of God’s Judgment (4-7)Nearness of God’s Judgment (4-7) Need of Jerusalem’s Judgment (8-11)Need of Jerusalem’s Judgment (8-11) Nature of God’s Judgment (12-24)Nature of God’s Judgment (12-24) II.God’s Visitation on the Nations – Preparation for God’s Glory (25-32)II.God’s Visitation on the Nations – Preparation for God’s Glory (25-32)

96 Ezekiel (Strengthened of God) III. God’s Restoration of Israel–Return of God’s Glory (33-48)III. God’s Restoration of Israel–Return of God’s Glory (33-48) –A. New Life Will Be Bestowed on Israel (33-39) Exhortations to God’s People (33-37)Exhortations to God’s People (33-37) Resurrection of God’s People (35-37)Resurrection of God’s People (35-37) Visitation on Israel’s Enemies (38-39)Visitation on Israel’s Enemies (38-39) –B. New Order Will Be Established in Israel (40-48) Messianic Temple (40-43)Messianic Temple (40-43) Messianic Worship (44-46)Messianic Worship (44-46) Messianic Land and River (47-48)Messianic Land and River (47-48)

97 Ezekiel (Strengthened of God) IV. Two Interpretations of Ezekiel (40-48)IV. Two Interpretations of Ezekiel (40-48) –A. Typological Interpretation – The sacrifices were only looking forward to Christ who fulfilled them (Heb. 7-10). –B. Literal Interpretation – The sacrifices will be literally re-instituted in a memorial sense (like the Lord’s Supper) looking back to their fulfillment by Christ on the Cross. –Note: Either is possible. Neither allegorizes away the actual truth of the text.

98 Lessons from Ezekiel About God About God He is a God of glory (1:28; 9:3; 10:4) He is a God of glory (1:28; 9:3; 10:4) He is awesome (1:22) He is awesome (1:22) He is almighty (1:24; 10:5) He is almighty (1:24; 10:5) He is transcendent (1:26) He is transcendent (1:26) He is a God of wrath (7:19) He is a God of wrath (7:19) He is jealous (8:5; 23:25; 36:5-6) He is jealous (8:5; 23:25; 36:5-6) He keeps His promises (11:19; 17:60; 20:35-38; 34:13; 37:14) He keeps His promises (11:19; 17:60; 20:35-38; 34:13; 37:14) He is holy (36:21) He is holy (36:21)

99 Lessons in Ezekiel About Christ About Christ He is the glory of God (1:10) He is the glory of God (1:10) He is the restorer of God’s glory He is the restorer of God’s glory He will ascend into heaven in glory (11:23) He will ascend into heaven in glory (11:23) God’s provision of atonement for sin (16:63) God’s provision of atonement for sin (16:63) The One with the right to rule Israel (21:26) The One with the right to rule Israel (21:26) The One Shepherd over His people (34:23) The One Shepherd over His people (34:23) The One King over His people (37:22) The One King over His people (37:22)

100 Other Predictions: Other Predictions: The destruction of Tyre (26:1f.) The destruction of Tyre (26:1f.) The resurrection of the dead (37:9, 12) The resurrection of the dead (37:9, 12) The Russian invasion of Israel (38:1f; 39:1f) The Russian invasion of Israel (38:1f; 39:1f) The return of Israel to the Land (38:16) The return of Israel to the Land (38:16) The millennial temple (40-48) The millennial temple (40-48) The return of Christ (43:4-7) The return of Christ (43:4-7) Closing of the Golden Gate (44:2-3) Closing of the Golden Gate (44:2-3) Restoration of the Land (48:29) Restoration of the Land (48:29)

101 Lessons in Ezekiel About Life About Life We should speak God’s words whether people listen or not (2:3-7) We should speak God’s words whether people listen or not (2:3-7) God’s word is sweet to taste but bitter to swallow (3:3-3) God’s word is sweet to taste but bitter to swallow (3:3-3) God requires the blood of the wicked on us if we do not warn them (3:18; 33:7, 8 cf. Acts 20:26) God requires the blood of the wicked on us if we do not warn them (3:18; 33:7, 8 cf. Acts 20:26) God judges us to remind us that He is God (6:7, 11, 14; 7:5, 9, 27; 12:12:16; 20:38; 22:16;22:22; 23:49; 24:24; 25:7; 28:24; 29:6, 16; 30:8, 26; 32:16; 33:29; 34:27; 35:4; 36:11; 36:38; 38:23; 39:7, 22) God judges us to remind us that He is God (6:7, 11, 14; 7:5, 9, 27; 12:12:16; 20:38; 22:16;22:22; 23:49; 24:24; 25:7; 28:24; 29:6, 16; 30:8, 26; 32:16; 33:29; 34:27; 35:4; 36:11; 36:38; 38:23; 39:7, 22) Silver & gold cannot deliver from God’s wrath (7:19) Silver & gold cannot deliver from God’s wrath (7:19)

102 Lessons in Ezekiel About Life About Life God hates divination and false prophecy (12:24; 13:2-23; 21:21-23; 22:28) God hates divination and false prophecy (12:24; 13:2-23; 21:21-23; 22:28) He hates idolatry (14:5; 16:31-32) He hates idolatry (14:5; 16:31-32) There is a point of no return with God’s wrath (14:12, 20) There is a point of no return with God’s wrath (14:12, 20) God demands social change in our lives (18:4-9) God demands social change in our lives (18:4-9) The soul that sins shall die (Eze. 18:20) The soul that sins shall die (Eze. 18:20) God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (18:23) God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (18:23) Repent of sin or be destroyed (18:30) Repent of sin or be destroyed (18:30) Keeping God’s law brings life (20:11) Keeping God’s law brings life (20:11)

103 Lessons in Ezekiel About Life (cont.) About Life (cont.) God is seeking persons to stand in the gap (22:30) God is seeking persons to stand in the gap (22:30) Pride comes before a fall like Satan (28:14f cf. 1Tim. 3:6) Pride comes before a fall like Satan (28:14f cf. 1Tim. 3:6) God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (33:11) God takes no pleasure in the death of the wicked (33:11) God pronounces woe on shepherds who do not feed the sheep (34:2) God pronounces woe on shepherds who do not feed the sheep (34:2)

104 Daniel (God is [my] Judge) Who wrote it ? Daniel the prophet Who wrote it ? Daniel the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. 2Kgs 23-25; Ezra 1-4 (Jehoiachim, Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, Darius, Cyrus) When? B.C. 2Kgs 23-25; Ezra 1-4 (Jehoiachim, Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, Darius, Cyrus) What is the theme? Dominion What is the theme? Dominion Outline: Outline:

105 Daniel (God is [my] Judge) I. Historical Narration (1-6)I. Historical Narration (1-6) A. Selection of Daniel (1) A. Selection of Daniel (1) B. Secrets of God (2) B. Secrets of God (2) C. Steadfastness of God’s Servants (3) C. Steadfastness of God’s Servants (3) D. Sovereignty of God (4) D. Sovereignty of God (4) E. Sin and Fall of Babylon (5) E. Sin and Fall of Babylon (5) F. Supplication and Deliverance (6) F. Supplication and Deliverance (6)

106 Daniel (God is [my] Judge) II. Prophetical Revelations (7-12)II. Prophetical Revelations (7-12) A. Significance of Symbols (7) A. Significance of Symbols (7) B. Sacrilege in the Sanctuary (8) B. Sacrilege in the Sanctuary (8) C. Seventy Sevens (of Years) (9) C. Seventy Sevens (of Years) (9) D. Strength from the Savior (10) D. Strength from the Savior (10) E. Sinister Savior (11) E. Sinister Savior (11) F. Salvation of the Saints (12) F. Salvation of the Saints (12)

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112 Lessons in Daniel About God About God He is Sovereign (1:2; 4:17, 25, 35) He is Sovereign (1:2; 4:17, 25, 35) He is merciful (2:18; 9:18) He is merciful (2:18; 9:18) He is the God of heaven (2:18, 44) He is the God of heaven (2:18, 44) He is the God of gods (2:47) He is the God of gods (2:47) He is eternal (2:20, 44) He is eternal (2:20, 44) He is omniscient (2:28) He is omniscient (2:28) He is the Most High God (3:26;4:2, 17, etc) He is the Most High God (3:26;4:2, 17, etc) He has a Holy Spirit (4:8, 9, 18) He has a Holy Spirit (4:8, 9, 18) He is miracle working (4:3; 6:27) He is miracle working (4:3; 6:27) His kingdom is eternal (4:3) His kingdom is eternal (4:3)

113 About God He is holy (4:8, 18) He is holy (4:8, 18) He is just in His judgments (5:25-26; 9:14) He is just in His judgments (5:25-26; 9:14) He is the living God (6:26) He is the living God (6:26) He is forgiving (9:9) He is forgiving (9:9) He is faithful to His people (9:1f) He is faithful to His people (9:1f) His Word is written and true (9:2; 10:21) His Word is written and true (9:2; 10:21)

114 Lessons in Daniel About Christ About Christ The (Messiah) Anointed One (9:26) The (Messiah) Anointed One (9:26) The Great Rock (2:34, 45) The Great Rock (2:34, 45) The Son of Man (7:13) The Son of Man (7:13) The Angel of the Lord (3:28; 6:22; 10:2-9) The Angel of the Lord (3:28; 6:22; 10:2-9) One Like the Son of God (3:25) One Like the Son of God (3:25) The Ancient of Days (7:22) The Ancient of Days (7:22) The Most Holy (9:24) The Most Holy (9:24) Other Predictions: Other Predictions: About the Antichrist & Tribulation (chap. 11) About the Antichrist & Tribulation (chap. 11) About the resurrection (12:2) About the resurrection (12:2) About the reign of Christ (2:44-45) About the reign of Christ (2:44-45) Increase of knowledge in last days (12:4) Increase of knowledge in last days (12:4)

115 Lessons in Daniel About Life About Life God blesses those who stand for Him in spite of a culture contrary to their convictions (1:8) God blesses those who stand for Him in spite of a culture contrary to their convictions (1:8) We should thank God for the gifts He gives us (2:20, 28) We should thank God for the gifts He gives us (2:20, 28) True commitment to God disregards the consequences (3:17-18) True commitment to God disregards the consequences (3:17-18) God rules over the kingdoms of men (4:17) God rules over the kingdoms of men (4:17) God humbles those who exalt themselves (4:25-35) God humbles those who exalt themselves (4:25-35) God weighs our actions and judges accordingly (5:25f) God weighs our actions and judges accordingly (5:25f) We should be uncompromising and unashamed of our God (6:10) We should be uncompromising and unashamed of our God (6:10) Prayer is the hinge of history (9:1f) Prayer is the hinge of history (9:1f) Spiritual warfare is going on (10:13 cf. Eph. 6:12) Spiritual warfare is going on (10:13 cf. Eph. 6:12)

116 About Life Those who know God will be strong (11:32) Those who know God will be strong (11:32) Those who win souls are wise (12:3) Those who win souls are wise (12:3)

117 Haggai (Festal) Who wrote it ? Haggai the prophet Who wrote it ? Haggai the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? 520 B.C. Ezra 5-6 (Zerubbabel, Darius I (Persian) When? 520 B.C. Ezra 5-6 (Zerubbabel, Darius I (Persian) What is the theme? Consider What is the theme? Consider Outline: Outline:

118 Haggai (Festal) I.Word of Reproof (1)–Temple’s Construction (Elul (Aug-Sep) 1, 520 B.C.) I.Word of Reproof (1)–Temple’s Construction (Elul (Aug-Sep) 1, 520 B.C.) II.Word of Support (2:1-9)–Temple’s Consolation (Tishri (Sep-Oct) 21, 520 B.C.) II.Word of Support (2:1-9)–Temple’s Consolation (Tishri (Sep-Oct) 21, 520 B.C.) III. Word of Blessing (2:10-19)–Temple’s Sanctity (Chisleu (Nov-Dec) 24, 520 B.C.) III. Word of Blessing (2:10-19)–Temple’s Sanctity (Chisleu (Nov-Dec) 24, 520 B.C.) IV. Word of Promise (2:20-23)–Temple’s Strength (Chisleu 24, 520 B.C.) IV. Word of Promise (2:20-23)–Temple’s Strength (Chisleu 24, 520 B.C.)

119 Lessons from Haggai About God About God He is t he Lord of Host (1:5, 7) He is t he Lord of Host (1:5, 7) He is Awesome (1:12) He is Awesome (1:12) He has a Spirit (2:5) He has a Spirit (2:5) He is sovereign over the nations (2:7) He is sovereign over the nations (2:7) He is glorious (2:7, 9) He is glorious (2:7, 9) About Christ About Christ The Restorer of the temple’s glory (2:7-9) The Restorer of the temple’s glory (2:7-9) The Overthrower of this world’s kingdoms (2:22) The Overthrower of this world’s kingdoms (2:22) The Signet Ring of Israel (2:23) The Signet Ring of Israel (2:23) The Desire of All Nations (2:7) The Desire of All Nations (2:7)

120 Lessons from Haggai About Life About Life God blesses us when we put Him first (Mt. 6:33) God blesses us when we put Him first (Mt. 6:33) We should never weary in well-doing (Gal. 6:9) We should never weary in well-doing (Gal. 6:9) God’s promises for tomorrow are our hope for today God’s promises for tomorrow are our hope for today God’s blessings begin the day we yield to Him (2:19) God’s blessings begin the day we yield to Him (2:19)

121 Zechariah (The Lord Has Remembered) Who wrote it ? Zechariah the prophet Who wrote it ? Zechariah the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? B.C. Ezra 5-6 (Zerubbabel, Darius I, Xerxes) When? B.C. Ezra 5-6 (Zerubbabel, Darius I, Xerxes) What is the theme? Consummation What is the theme? Consummation Outline: Outline:

122 Zechariah I.Zion’s Sanctuary (1-6) – Eight VisionsI.Zion’s Sanctuary (1-6) – Eight Visions One--Angelic horsemen(1:7-17)--God’s providential agents among the nations to return His people One--Angelic horsemen(1:7-17)--God’s providential agents among the nations to return His people Two--Four horns and smiths (1:18-21)-- world powers having dominion over Israel. Two--Four horns and smiths (1:18-21)-- world powers having dominion over Israel. Three--Man and measuring rod (2)--God surveying the Land for Israel’s return. Three--Man and measuring rod (2)--God surveying the Land for Israel’s return. Four--Joshua the High Priest (3)--Christ in the temple interceding for Israel. Four--Joshua the High Priest (3)--Christ in the temple interceding for Israel.

123 Five--Lamp stand and olive trees (4)-- renewed light of Israel among the nations by the power of the Holy Spirit. Five--Lamp stand and olive trees (4)-- renewed light of Israel among the nations by the power of the Holy Spirit. Six--flying scroll (5:1-4)--Judgment of God on Israel for breaking His Law. Six--flying scroll (5:1-4)--Judgment of God on Israel for breaking His Law. Seven--Woman and Basket (5:5-11)--Purging of Israel’s idolatry in Babylon. Seven--Woman and Basket (5:5-11)--Purging of Israel’s idolatry in Babylon. Eight--Four chariots and horses (6)-- Providential agents of God to oversee Israel’s return and temple’s reconstruction. Eight--Four chariots and horses (6)-- Providential agents of God to oversee Israel’s return and temple’s reconstruction.

124 I.Zion’s Sanctuary (1-6) – Eight VisionsI.Zion’s Sanctuary (1-6) – Eight Visions II.Zion’s Services (7-8) – Four MessagesII.Zion’s Services (7-8) – Four Messages One--Worldly ritual of Israel (7:1-7) One--Worldly ritual of Israel (7:1-7) Two--Wide retribution (7:8-14) Two--Wide retribution (7:8-14) Three--Worldwide restoration (8:1-19) Three--Worldwide restoration (8:1-19) Four--Worldwide religion (8:20-23) Four--Worldwide religion (8:20-23) III. Zion’s Savior (9-14) – Two BurdensIII. Zion’s Savior (9-14) – Two Burdens –A. Rejected Savior (9-11) – First Coming of Christ –B. Reigning Savior (12-14) – Second Coming of Christ

125 Lessons from Zechariah About God About God Lord of Host (1:2, 4, 6, 17; 2:9; 3:9; 4:6, etc) Lord of Host (1:2, 4, 6, 17; 2:9; 3:9; 4:6, etc) Glory (2:5) Glory (2:5) Holy (2:13; 14:20) Holy (2:13; 14:20) Omniscient (4:10) Omniscient (4:10) One who inspired Scripture (7:12; 8:9) One who inspired Scripture (7:12; 8:9) Wrath (8:14) Wrath (8:14) Creator (12:1) Creator (12:1) Mercy (1:16) Mercy (1:16) Keeper of His promises (8:7; 10:9-10) Keeper of His promises (8:7; 10:9-10)

126 Lessons from Zechariah About Christ About Christ The Angel of the Lord (1:12; 3:1, 5; 12:8) The Angel of the Lord (1:12; 3:1, 5; 12:8) My Servant (3:8) My Servant (3:8) The Branch (3:8; 6:12) The Branch (3:8; 6:12) The Lord of the whole earth (4:10) The Lord of the whole earth (4:10) The Rebuilder of the Temple (6:13) The Rebuilder of the Temple (6:13) The Coming King (9:9; 14:17) The Coming King (9:9; 14:17) A Firstborn Son (12:10) A Firstborn Son (12:10) The Pierced One (12:10) The Pierced One (12:10) A Fountain of Cleansing (13:1) A Fountain of Cleansing (13:1) One wounded by His brethren (13:6) One wounded by His brethren (13:6)

127 About Christ God’s Shepherd (13:7) God’s Shepherd (13:7) God’s Companion (13:7) God’s Companion (13:7) The LORD (Yahweh) (14:3) The LORD (Yahweh) (14:3) King over all the earth (14:9) King over all the earth (14:9)

128 Lessons from Zechariah About Life About Life If we return to God, He will return to us (1:3) If we return to God, He will return to us (1:3) God will judge us according to our deeds (1:6) God will judge us according to our deeds (1:6) Do not despise the day of little things (4:10) Do not despise the day of little things (4:10) Nothing is accomplished by our might but by God’s power (4:6) Nothing is accomplished by our might but by God’s power (4:6) Execute justice and show mercy (7:9) Execute justice and show mercy (7:9) Those who harden heir hearts against God’s word are judged by Him (7:12) Those who harden heir hearts against God’s word are judged by Him (7:12)

129 Malachi (My Messenger) Who wrote it ? Malachi the prophet Who wrote it ? Malachi the prophet To whom? The southern kingdom To whom? The southern kingdom When? Nehemiah 13 (Artaxerex, Darius II) When? Nehemiah 13 (Artaxerex, Darius II) What is the theme? Apostasy What is the theme? Apostasy Outline: Outline:

130 Malachi (My Messenger) I.Religious Decline (1:1-2:9) I.Religious Decline (1:1-2:9) II.Social Debasement (2:10-16) II.Social Debasement (2:10-16) III. Moral Defection (2:17-3:6) III. Moral Defection (2:17-3:6) IV. Material Dissipation (3:7-18) IV. Material Dissipation (3:7-18) V.Messianic Declaration (4:1-5) V.Messianic Declaration (4:1-5)

131 Lessons from Malachi About God About God Love (1:1-2) Love (1:1-2) Master (1:6) Master (1:6) Lord of Host (1:4, 6, 8, 9, 13; 2:8, 12 etc.) Lord of Host (1:4, 6, 8, 9, 13; 2:8, 12 etc.) Gracious (1:9) Gracious (1:9) Great (1:11) Great (1:11) Great King (1:14) Great King (1:14) Glorious (2:2) Glorious (2:2) One Father (2:10) One Father (2:10) Unchangeable (3:6) Unchangeable (3:6) Has a Great Name (1:11) Has a Great Name (1:11) Just (2:6; 3:2) Just (2:6; 3:2) Holy (2:11) Holy (2:11)

132 Lessons from Malachi About Christ About Christ The Messenger of the Covenant (3:1) The Messenger of the Covenant (3:1) The Refiner’s Fire (3:2) The Refiner’s Fire (3:2) The Sun of Righteousness (4:2) The Sun of Righteousness (4:2) The LORD (Yahweh) (4:5) The LORD (Yahweh) (4:5)

133 Lessons from Malachi About Life About Life Lack of purity in God’s people leads to purging by God’s Hand (3:2-3) Lack of purity in God’s people leads to purging by God’s Hand (3:2-3) Marriage is a covenant of which God is the witness (2:14) Marriage is a covenant of which God is the witness (2:14) God hates divorce (2:16) God hates divorce (2:16) God hates sorcery, adultery, and perjury (3:5) God hates sorcery, adultery, and perjury (3:5) The tithe belongs to God (3:8 cf. Mt. 23:23) The tithe belongs to God (3:8 cf. Mt. 23:23) God demands we give Him our best (1:8, 14) God demands we give Him our best (1:8, 14) Spiritual leaders should teach God’s Word (2:7) Spiritual leaders should teach God’s Word (2:7) God expects us to keep our vows (2:14) God expects us to keep our vows (2:14)

134 Jesus Said So Five Times Matthew 5:17 Luke 24:27 Luke 24:44 John 5:39 Hebrews 1O:7

135 Why Study the Old Testament? It wasn’t written to us but for us: It wasn’t written to us but for us: Romans 15:4--”For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scripture might have hope.” Romans 15:4--”For whatever things were written before were written for our learning, that we through the patience and comfort of the Scripture might have hope.”

136 Why Study the Old Testament? 1Cor. 10:11--”Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, on whom the end of the ages have come.” 1Cor. 10:11--”Now all these things happened to them as examples, and they were written for our admonition, on whom the end of the ages have come.”

137 Why Study the Old Testament? 2Tim. 3: ”All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.” 2Tim. 3: ”All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.”

138 Jesus in Both Testaments In the Old In the Old Anticipation Anticipation Coming Coming Prophesied Prophesied Contained Contained Shadow Shadow Type Type In the New In the New Realization Realization Arrived Arrived Present Present Explained Explained Substance Substance Truth Truth

139 Jesus in Every Section I. Law Foundation for Christ I. Law Foundation for Christ II. History-----Preparation for Christ II. History-----Preparation for Christ III. Poetry-----Aspiration for Christ III. Poetry-----Aspiration for Christ IV. Prophecy--Expectation of Christ IV. Prophecy--Expectation of Christ V. Gospels-----Manifestation of Christ V. Gospels-----Manifestation of Christ VI. Acts Propagation of Christ VI. Acts Propagation of Christ VII. Epistles---Interpretation of Christ VII. Epistles---Interpretation of Christ VIII. Revelation--Consummation in Christ VIII. Revelation--Consummation in Christ


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