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THE UK AS MONARCHY AND RELIGIOUS COUNTRY Monarchy and British Queen Religion VY_32_INOVACE_14-05.

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Presentation on theme: "THE UK AS MONARCHY AND RELIGIOUS COUNTRY Monarchy and British Queen Religion VY_32_INOVACE_14-05."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE UK AS MONARCHY AND RELIGIOUS COUNTRY Monarchy and British Queen Religion VY_32_INOVACE_14-05

2 Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom Autor: Sodacan, Název: Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg Zdroj:

3 The UK (Great Britain )  parliamentary, constitutional monarchy, no written constitution or document  the head - a monarch = a king or a queen  the present head of state = Queen Elizabeth II - reigns but not rules, neutral in political affairs  country - is governed in her name by the government = body of ministers  responsible to a parliament  history - always monarchy except 1649-1660 = the republic, Oliver Cromwell

4 QUEEN- Elizabeth II  *21.4.1926, married Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh in 1947  four children – Charles – the heir to the throne, Anne, Andrew, Edward, crowned in 1953  in Commonwealth countries represented by Governor – General  head of  UK + Commonwealth, Armed Forces, Justice, the Church of England and the Church of Scotland  part of  Parliament – opens it by Queen`s Speech  appoints or dismiss  ministers, PM, judges, church dignitaries  titles  peerages, knighthoods  represents  the House of Windsor

5 Elizabeth and Philip Autor: Cecil Beaton, Název: Elizabeth and Philip 1953.jpg Zdroj: p_1953.jpg Elizabeth II Autor: NASA/Bill Ingalls, Název: Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg Zdroj: NASA_GSFC_employees,_May_8,_2007_edit.jpg

6 Buckingham Palace  Queen`s official residence in London  The Changing of the Guards at 11 a.m.  the home of the sovereign since Queen Victoria  built in 1703 for the Duke of Buckingham  other royal residences or palaces: Kensington P., St. Jame`s P., Windsor Castle, Sandringham House, Balmoral Castle, Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh…

7 Buckingham Palace Autor: Darina Sikorová

8 Royal Family  King George V + Princess Mary of Teck  1910 - 1936  King George VI + Lady Elizabeth Bowes – Lyon (Queen Mother)  1936 - 1952  Queen Elizabeth II + Philip, Duke of Edinburgh  1952 -  four children:  Charles, Prince of Wales + Lady Diana Spencer  Prince William of Wales + Catherine Middleton  Prince Henry of Wales  Charles and Diana divorced in 1996, Ch. married Camilla Parker Bowles, Diana – car accident – Paris 1997  Anne, Princess Royal  Andrew, Duke of York  Edward, Earl of Wessex  Prince Charles is the heir to the throne  all monarchs from George V - House of Windsor

9 Religion  religious freedom, multi – faith educational system and community, mostly protestant country, Christianity prevails:  Church of England - connected with government, bish.+ archb.  long history,  2 provinces – York, Canterbury  not very different from Cathol. Church but doesn´t recognize the Pope  no celebate, documents – 39 articles, Book of Common, *1534 by Henry VIII  Church of Scotland - no bishops, archb., presbyterians,  Calvinistic character  very puritan, strict  Free Protestant Ch. - Methodist Ch., the Baptists, the Quakers  The Roman Catholic Ch. - 10% but 50% in N.I.  more religious than protestants  catholics were persecuted until 19th cent.  more often go to church  other religions - Budhism/ Jap., Ind., Tha./, Hinduism/Ind./, Judaism, Islam, …

10 Thank you for your attention. Autor DUM: Mgr. Darina Sikorová

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