Presentation on theme: "Chapter 34 Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Arts."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 34 Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Arts
WWI—The Great War
The Triple Alliance →The Central Powers →Germany, Austria- Hungary,the Ottoman Empire
The Triple Entente → the Allied Powers →Britain, France, Russia, Serbia
Trigger On June 28, 1914, Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated while making a state visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.
Causes of WWI Militarism: armament race Nationalism: rival armed camps Balkan Wars: Pan-Slavism
War as Celebration Romanticism: war as chivalrous adventure, a quest for the heroic Nationalism: patriotic sentiments fraternity
Trench Warfare The Western Front: four hundred miles from the northern border of Switzerland to the English Channel.
The Home Front New opportunities for women. Women in England, France, and Germany replaced men in all branches of civilian life.
Influences 1. Disillusionment: --loss of faith in the Enlightenment tradition --loss of faith in liberal-democratic values (which contributed to Fascist ideologies) 2. The Lost Generation: 9 million killed 3. A fascination with violence: Some veterans clung to an aggressive militarism and favored extremist political movements (Hitler and Mussolini)
After WWI: Era of Totalitarianism Communist Russia Fascist Italy Nazi Germany
The Great Depression
Causes the Versailles treaty 2. the failure to create lasting, binding standards for peace and security (the League of Nations) 3. Economic conditions 4. Nationalism
1930s 3 tests for the League of Nations –China: Japanese invasion, the “Rape of Nanjing” (1937) –Ethiopia: Mussolini’s invasion (1935) –Spain: Civil War ( ), fascist Franco vs. divided Republicans
1939 Germany asked the Polish Corridor to be abolished. When Poland decided not to give in, Hitler attacked. WWII began.
The Holocaust -WWII=a racial war million Jewish people died
1945 August 6 and 9 Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. August 14 Japan surrendered.
1945 United Nations founded Eastern Europe occupied by Red Army 1947 Cold War started 1950 Korean War 1961 Berlin Wall built 1962 Cuban missile crisis Vietnam War 1989 Year of liberation in Eastern Europe 1990 Germany reunified; Cold War ended