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Chapter 34 Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Arts.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 34 Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Arts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 34 Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Arts

2 WWI—The Great War

3 The Triple Alliance →The Central Powers →Germany, Austria- Hungary,the Ottoman Empire

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6 The Triple Entente → the Allied Powers →Britain, France, Russia, Serbia

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9 Trigger On June 28, 1914, Archduke Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was assassinated while making a state visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia.

10 Causes of WWI Militarism: armament race Nationalism: rival armed camps Balkan Wars: Pan-Slavism

11 War as Celebration Romanticism: war as chivalrous adventure, a quest for the heroic Nationalism: patriotic sentiments fraternity

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13 Trench Warfare The Western Front: four hundred miles from the northern border of Switzerland to the English Channel.

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16 The Home Front New opportunities for women. Women in England, France, and Germany replaced men in all branches of civilian life.

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21 Influences 1. Disillusionment: --loss of faith in the Enlightenment tradition --loss of faith in liberal-democratic values (which contributed to Fascist ideologies) 2. The Lost Generation: 9 million killed 3. A fascination with violence: Some veterans clung to an aggressive militarism and favored extremist political movements (Hitler and Mussolini)

22 After WWI: Era of Totalitarianism Communist Russia Fascist Italy Nazi Germany

23 The Great Depression

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26 WWII

27 Causes the Versailles treaty 2. the failure to create lasting, binding standards for peace and security (the League of Nations) 3. Economic conditions 4. Nationalism

28 1930s 3 tests for the League of Nations –China: Japanese invasion, the “Rape of Nanjing” (1937) –Ethiopia: Mussolini’s invasion (1935) –Spain: Civil War ( ), fascist Franco vs. divided Republicans

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32 1939 Germany asked the Polish Corridor to be abolished. When Poland decided not to give in, Hitler attacked. WWII began.

33 The Holocaust -WWII=a racial war million Jewish people died

34 1945 August 6 and 9 Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. August 14 Japan surrendered.

35 1945 United Nations founded Eastern Europe occupied by Red Army 1947 Cold War started 1950 Korean War 1961 Berlin Wall built 1962 Cuban missile crisis Vietnam War 1989 Year of liberation in Eastern Europe 1990 Germany reunified; Cold War ended

36 Artists

37 Leger, The Card Game, 1917

38 Leger, Three Women, 1921

39 Leger, The Mechanic, 1920

40 Leger, The Builders, 1950

41 Rivera, Liberation of the Peon, 1931

42 Picasso, Guernica, 1937

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45 The End


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