Presentation on theme: "Alexander the Great Key Terms Philip II Phalanx Alexander the Great"— Presentation transcript:
1 Alexander the Great Key Terms Philip II Phalanx Alexander the Great HellenisticThe Big Idea: Alexander the Great built a hugeempire and helped spread Greek cultureinto Egypt and Asia.
2 Macedonia to the North Greece underestimated Macedonia. The Greeksthought theMacedonianswerebarbarians.Greece underestimated Macedonia.Philip II, Macedonia’s new king, began to plan his attack on Greece.Athenian leaders knew they would be attacked but couldn’t rally troops.Macedonia attacked and defeated Greece.Philip II was adopted as Greece’s leader.
3 Philip’s Military Strength After tackling Greece, Philip II looked to conquer Persia. Unfortunately, he wasmurdered, passing his throne to his son, Alexander.Philip’s Military StrengthPhilip was an awesome military leader.He is famous for perfecting the phalanx.A phalanx was a group of warriors who stood close together in a square, each with a spear.As soldiers were killed, another would step forward.Philip’s spearswere 16 feetlong.
4 Alexander Gets AngryAlexanderwas only20 whenhe tookpower.After Philip died, Thebes, another Greek city, rebelled against Alexander.Alexander made an example of Thebes by destroying the city and enslaving its people.Confident nobody else would rebel, Alexander began to build an empire.Alexander earned the name Alexander the Greatwhen he became one of the greatest conquerors in history.
5 Building an EmpireAlexander started by invading Persia, winning over and over.Then, he went into Egypt and was immediately crowned a pharaoh without a fight.Alexander then defeated Persia once and for all after the king fled, making him the ruler.How do you think historians know this is a picture of Alexander the Great?
7 Alexander’s DeathAlexander wanted to continue building his empire, but his army refused to go on.On his way home, Alexander got sick in Babylon.He died at 33 and was taken to Egypt to be buried in a golden coffin.Nobody knows how Alexander died, but some say he was poisoned. Others sayit was malaria.
8 Alexander encouraged Greeks to move to the new cities. Greek Culture SpreadsAlexander’s empire was the biggest ever.He founded cities in the lands he conquered and named many Alexandria.He modeled many cities after Greece with temples and theaters.Greeklanguage, art,literature, andsciencespread aroundAlex’s empire.
9 Greek Culture SpreadsAlexander’sempire wasa meltingpot ofcultures!Alexander also encouraged his new people to keep their cultures.This mixed Greek culture with the original cultures.These new cultures were called Hellenistic, or Greek like.Hellenistic combined Persian, Egyptian,Syrian, and other cultures with Greek ideas.
10 Hellenistic KingdomsWhen Alexander died, he did not have an obvious heir.Three generals ended up fighting for and winning power.One became king of Macedonia, another of Egypt, and the third of Greece.
11 different cultures and The new Macedoniahad a weakgovernment andwas conqueredby the Romans.The new Egyptdevelopeda center of culture andlearning. Eventually,it was conqueredBy Rome.The new Syriahad too manydifferent cultures anddiffering ideasto survive. Theywere also defeatedby Romans.Hellenistic Kingdoms
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