In the year 1400, the words boot book blood were all pronounced with the same vowel, a long “oo” sound.
boot book blood Not so today: food moon lose rude blue good should Butch bush full Buddha flood mud judge love sun son
L2L2 Using L 1 phonology for L 2 sounds shell, sell measure, pressure sheep, ship think, sink Kata, kæta
L2L2 Using L 1 phonology for L 2 sounds Aiming at the “wrong” L 2 sounds
Has its own phonology Has a “filtered” or impoverished phonology L1L1 L2L2 “Home” Englishes International English
L1 and L2 : Summary preliterate – postliterate does spelling or pronunciation come first? weak vowels or not? full or impoverished phonology?
L2 learners of English may not have much of a problem when what they learn can be explained in terms of letters. They find it for instance easy to learn that there is a “silent w” in write, and that the “silent e” at the end of stage changes the vowel “a” to a n “ay”-sound. But if the changes involved cannot be shown by letters, they may not be taught. So the use of Schwa at the end of teacher, doctor and beggar will not be taught.
So what accent of English do we concentrate on in this course? RP (British English) GA (American English) International English