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ENS101G Hljóðfræði 1 English Phonetics 1 Pétur Knútsson.

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Presentation on theme: "ENS101G Hljóðfræði 1 English Phonetics 1 Pétur Knútsson."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENS101G Hljóðfræði 1 English Phonetics 1 Pétur Knútsson

2 accent “voice”

3 accent pronunciation phonetic form

4 “S/he doesn’t speak English with an accent”

5

6 Britain Australia New Zealand South Africa USA Canada

7 Britain Australia New Zealand South Africa USA Canada Scotland, Ireland, Jamaica / Africa / India

8 Britain RP: “Received Pronunciation” BE: General British English USA GA, AE: General American English

9 accent pronuciation phonetic form dialect vocabulary, grammar, syntax grammatical form

10 “s/he speaks dialect” accent pronuciation phonetic form dialect

11 Linguistically, there’s no such thing as a corrupt accent or a corrupt dialect.

12 Linguistically, there’s no such thing as an ugly accent or an ugly dialect.

13 Linguistically, there’s no such thing as a beautiful accent or a beautiful dialect.

14 accent pronuciation phonetic form dialect vocabulary, grammar, syntax grammatical form

15 accent pronuciation phonetic form dialect vocabulary, grammar, syntax grammatical form

16 France, Iceland, Japan, Greece......... Britain Australia New Zealand South Africa USA Canada

17 Britain Australia New Zealand South Africa USA Canada INTERNATIONAL ENGLISH

18 mayor

19 mare

20 stair bear there heir mayor mayor mare

21 fissure fisher

22 career Korea

23 evident abundant vacant confident valiant obedient “ schwa ” evident abundant vacant confident valiant obedient

24 NUTRIENT PRESCIENT OMNISCIENT DISSENTIENT PRESENTIENT TRANSIENT DARENT EVACUANT DILUENT CONTINUANT PURSUANT CONSTITUENT AFFLUENT EFFLUENT REFLUENT INFLUENT CONFLUENT CONGRUENT TRUANT OBSTRUENT CUMBENT LAMBENT DECUMBENT RECUMBENT INCUMBENT PROCUMBENT DECADENT PAGEANT ALLEGIANT REGENT SEJANT PRECEDENT ANTECEDENT URGENT EMERGENT INSURGENT DETERGENT ABSTERGENT VERDANT DIVERGENT CONVERGENT ACCORDANT CONCORDANT DISCORDANT MORDANT MORDENT STUDENT PRUDENT IMPRUDENT ARDENT ARGENT SERGEANT SERJEANT PEDANT TRIDENT INDIGENT AGENT REAGENT DIFFIDENT CONFIDENT INTELLIGENT UNINTELLIGENT NEGLIGENT DILIGENT PRECEDENT DISSIDENT ACCIDENT EXIGENT OCCIDENT INTRANSIGENT INCIDENT COINCIDENT EVIDENT PROVIDENT IMPROVIDENT RESIDENT PRESIDENT INDULGENT FULGENT EFFULGENT REFULGENT SCANDENT ABUNDANT SUPERABUNDANT REDUNDANT PUNGENT DEFENDANT RESPLENDENT PENDANT PENDENT DEPENDANT DEPENDENT INTERDEPENDENT INDEPENDENT ASCENDANT ASCENDENT DESCENDANT DESCENDENT TRANSCENDENT ATTENDANT INTENDANT SUPERINTENDENT DESPONDENT RESPONDENT CORRESPONDENT COGENT RODENT IMPUDENT SYCOPHANT ELEPHANT TRIUMPHANT INFANT TERMAGANT ARROGANT TANGENT SUBTANGENT COTANGENT STRINGENT ASTRINGENT CONTINGENT OBLIGANT ELEGANT INELEGANT LITIGANT EXTRAVAGANT GIANT DEFIANT OLEFIANT PLIANT COMPLIANT ATTRAHENT BUOYANT FLAMBOYANT CLAIRVOYANT CLAIRVOYANTE OBEDIENT DISOBEDIENT MEDIANT EXPEDIENT INEXPEDIENT INGREDIENT CLAIRAUDIENT RADIANT GRADIENT IRRADIANT VALIANT EBULLIENT SALIENT BRILLIANT LENIENT CONVENIENT INCONVENIENT SAPIENT INSOUCIANT RUBEFACIENT SUBSERVIENT CLINQUANT BACCHANT PIQUANT SECANT COSECANT PECCANT ABDICANT MENDICANT VACANT SIGNIFICANT INSIGNIFICANT APPLICANT APPLICANT COMMUNICANT LUBRICANT INTOXICANT INDOLENT VIOLENT SOMNOLENT EXCELLENT INSOLENT NONCHALANT MALEVOLENT BENEVOLENT PREVALENT EQUIVALENT GALLANT GALLANT GALLANT TALENT COOLANT APPELANT PROPELLENT INTERPELLANT REPELLENT IMPELLENT SILENT JUBILANT SIBILANT FLAGELLANT VIGILANT EXHALANT ASSAILANT DIVALENT AMBIVALENT PESTILENT REDOLENT CONDOLENT VOLANT TURBULENT AMBULANT NOCTAMBULANT FRAUDULENT TRUCULENT SUCCULENT FECULENT FLOCCULENT ESCULENT OSCULANT ULULANT TREMULANT STIMULANT CRAPULENT CORPULENT OPULENT FLATULENT PETULANT POSTULANT VIRULENT LINEAMENT DISMEMBERMENT ADAMANT BEWILDERMENT FUNDAMENT WONDERMENT ENDANGERMENT MEASUREMENT ADMEASUREMENT DISFIGUREMENT TRANSFIGUREMENT LIGAMENT ATTIREMENT RETIREMENT ACQUIREMENT REQUIREMENT ENDEARMENT CEREMENT MEDICAMENT PREDICAMENT PARLIAMENT FILAMENT FIRMAMENT ARMAMENT DISARMAMENT TOURNAMENT ORNAMENT TEMPERAMENT SACRAMENT ARBITRAMENT ACCOUTREMENT BETTERMENT EMBITTERMENT HEREDITAMENT TESTAMENT ALLUREMENT IMMUREMENT INUREMENT DISSEVERMENT AGREEMENT DISAGREEMENT FERMENT PREFERMENT INTERMENT DISINTERMENT AVERMENT DORMANT INFORMANT GARMENT UNDERGARMENT JUDGEMENT JUDGMENT ADJUDGMENT BOMBARDMENT ENLARGEMENT EMBEDMENT ENGAGEMENT ASSUAGEMENT ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ACKNOWLEDGMENT MANAGEMENT... (850+)

25 obey attack obtain abstain perhaps particular “schwa”

26 L1L1 L2L2

27 L1L1 L2L2 preliterate: before learning to read postliterate: after learning to read “Home” Englishes International English

28 Over the past 500 – 600 years, English spelling has not kept up with the changes in pronunciation

29

30 In the year 1400, the words boot book blood were all pronounced with the same vowel, a long “oo” sound.

31 boot book blood Not so today: food moon lose rude blue good should Butch bush full Buddha flood mud judge love sun son

32 L2L2 Using L 1 phonology for L 2 sounds shell, sell measure, pressure sheep, ship think, sink Kata, kæta

33 L2L2 Using L 1 phonology for L 2 sounds Aiming at the “wrong” L 2 sounds

34 Has its own phonology Has a “filtered” or impoverished phonology L1L1 L2L2 “Home” Englishes International English

35 L1 and L2 : Summary preliterate – postliterate does spelling or pronunciation come first? weak vowels or not? full or impoverished phonology?

36 L2 learners of English may not have much of a problem when what they learn can be explained in terms of letters. They find it for instance easy to learn that there is a “silent w” in write, and that the “silent e” at the end of stage changes the vowel “a” to a n “ay”-sound. But if the changes involved cannot be shown by letters, they may not be taught. So the use of Schwa at the end of teacher, doctor and beggar will not be taught.

37 So what accent of English do we concentrate on in this course? RP (British English) GA (American English) International English


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