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Greece (750-500 BC) I.Early History & Daily Life In General Geography & Women II.Religion & Activities A.Gods & Myths B.Worship III.Sparta Totalitarianism.

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Presentation on theme: "Greece (750-500 BC) I.Early History & Daily Life In General Geography & Women II.Religion & Activities A.Gods & Myths B.Worship III.Sparta Totalitarianism."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Greece ( BC) I.Early History & Daily Life In General Geography & Women II.Religion & Activities A.Gods & Myths B.Worship III.Sparta Totalitarianism IV.Athens A.Demokratia B.Limits Key Terms Polis Acropolis Agora Kyrios Polis Zeus Hera Persephone Athena Olympic Games Helots & Equals Assembly Council of 500

3 Ancient Greece Their impact on us today… System of government, theater, arts, sports, etc. Alphabet-modified the 30 character alphabet & spread it throughout Mediterranean world

4 Daily Life-Food Olives were an important crop Grains & fish were common; meat was mostly for celebrations; goats & sheep = dairy & wool; honey Figs & grapes were grown; grapes were used for wine

5 Geography & Polis Organization of each was very similar: Acropolis-(high city) located on a hill Agora-public places for a market or public meetings Polis is often defined as “city-state.”

6 Women’s Roles A woman was always under the control of her “Kyrios” (her master) & marriage was arranged. A wife’s duties: –Manage the household –Provide a male heir Women were supposed to remain inside the home.

7 Religion For The Greeks Polytheists: They worshiped many different gods and goddesses. Who lived at…..

8 Role Of Greek Religion/Mythology 1.Promoted acceptable behavior: modesty, intelligence, heroism, patriotism. Sometimes they intervened in people’s lives. 2.Answered some questions about nature.

9 Zeus Father of the gods

10 Hera (Romans-Juno) Wife of Zeus; goddess of marriage and childbirth

11 Poseidon Brother of Zeus; god of seas and earthquakes

12 Hades Brother of Zeus; god of the underworld

13 Percy = Similar to Perseus

14 Demeter Sister of Zeus; goddess of agriculture and fertility

15 Persephone Daughter of Zeus & Demeter; wife of Hades; influenced cycle of seasons Pictured here as queen of the Underworld

16 Apollo Son of Zeus; god of prophesy, poetry, music, and healing.

17 Temple At Delphi (In Honor Of Apollo)

18 Athena Daughter of Zeus; goddess of wisdom and arts/crafts; born from the head of Zeus.

19 Olympic Games Held in honor of Zeus. Celebrated human heroism & perfection. Winners received only a small prize, but returned home as heroes.

20 Sparta All aspects of life were controlled by the state; VERY militaristic: 1.Upon birth, children were inspected for health 2.At age 7 male citizens began military training; from age male citizens served in military 3.Male citizens lived in barracks until age 30 To eliminate tie to family and replace it with a tie to polis of Sparta King Leonidas in “300”

21 Sparta: The Bottom Line A Totalitarian State

22 Sparta (Politics = Oligarchy/Rule by a few) Power was held by the Council; 30 male citizens over age 60 Council members = elected for life by a vote of male citizens Council members choose two Kings among themselves

23 Helots & Equals Equals: Adult male citizens Helots: slaves who cultivated the land (Greeks had a prejudice against manual labor) Helots outnumbered citizens 7 to 1 Greek Slaves

24 Women In Sparta Had more authority than in many other Greek city-states –Often spoke openly about politics; could own & inherit property in their own right Queen Gorgo of Sparta

25 Contrast to Sparta--Women’s Roles A woman was always under the control of her “Kyrios” (her master) & marriage was arranged A wife’s duties: –Manage the household –Provide a male heir Women were supposed to remain inside the home Women in “Domestic Sphere ”

26 Athens (Politics = Democracy/rule by many) Famous for its democracy: –Political power was held by the Assembly

27 Assembly Of Athens Assembly = included all adult male citizens who passed all laws Council of 500 (members of Assembly) = Power 1.Set the Assembly’s agenda 2.Made recommendations

28 How To Join The Council of 500 Most male citizens would serve at least one term: –Each district sent 50 representatives chosen at random –Minimum age of 30; two term limit for each during one’s lifetime Each day’s leader was chosen at random

29 How To Join The Council of 500 Most male citizens would serve at least one term: –Each district sent 50 representatives chosen at random –Minimum age of 30; two term limit for each during one’s lifetime Each day’s leader was chosen at random Council Members Discuss Policy

30 Court System & Juries Jury Pool-6,000 adult male citizen volunteers Of those, 501 were chosen at random to serve as jurors Justice is “balanced”

31 Ostracism Athenians voted for “man most dangerous” If one received 6,000 votes he “won” “Winner” was exiled for 10 years Ostracism Ballot (Themistocles)

32 Limits To Demokratia 2.Only adult male citizens had power; 44,000 out of 350,000 in Athens (440 BC) 3.Women had no political power 4.Slavery existed 1.Ostracism

33 Role/Function Of Laws/Religion RegionReligionLawsMisc. MesopotamiaReligion explains natural events; Laws are written & provide ethics-but Church /State are one Polytheistic; uncertainty & instability Palestine (Judaism) Some natural events, ethical behavior (Ten Commandments) Written down First to worship a single God Greece (Athens = Democracy) (Sparta = Totalitarian) Promoted acceptable behavior; natural events; patriotism Written & posted in public; limited democracy Polytheistic; involved in people’s lives

34 Greece ( BC) I.Early History & Daily Life In General Geography & Women II.Religion & Activities A.Gods & Myths B.Worship III.Sparta Totalitarianism IV.Athens A.Demokratia B.Limits Key Terms Polis Acropolis Agora Kyrios Polis Zeus Hera Persephone Athena Olympic Games Helots & Equals Assembly Council of 500


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