Presentation on theme: "Luther Leads the Reformation"— Presentation transcript:
1Luther Leads the Reformation Objectives:Analyze historical forces and religious issues that sparked the Reformation.Trace Martin Luther’s role in the movement to reform the Catholic Church.Analyze the impact of Luther’s religious revolt.Explain the spread of the Protestant faith to England.
2The Reformation Reformation: movement for religious reform This is when people leave the Catholic Church and PROTESTANT churches are formedRoot word of protestant? PROTESTPeople protest the Catholic Church
3Causes of the Reformation 1. RenaissancePrinting press spreads secular(non-religious) ideas. More people can read/interpret the Bible2. Corruption in Catholic ChurchPope spent lots of $$Priests/popes broke vowsSold indulgences3. Merchants don’t like paying church taxes4. Kings/Royals: want more power/wealthA Renaissance era printing press.
4Criticisms of the Catholic Church its leaders were corruptThe Pope spent extravagantly on personal pleasure and waged warsMany priests broke their vowsA woodcut of the pope selling indulgences, from Passionary of the Christ and Antichrist.
5Luther Challenges the Church Martin Luther ( ) – German monk responsible for reforming the churchLuther was angry over the church practice of selling indulgencesIndulgence – A religious pardon that released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sinsA portrait of Luther circa 1529.
7The 95 ThesesIn 1517 Luther wrote 95 theses attacking the “pardon-merchants”He posted these statements on the door of the churchTheses were copied and spread all over EuropeLuther nailing his 95 theses to the door of the Wittenberg church.
8The Response to Luther Was excommunicated as a result The Church considered Luther a serious threatLuther recommended the removal of the popeWas excommunicated as a resultMany northern German princes supported LutherThose princes that supported Luther signed a protest against the agreementThe protesting princes became known as ProtestantsProtestant – Christians who belong to non-Catholic churchesCharles V ordered all of Luther’s writings to be burned.
10England Becomes Protestant Henry VIII Wants a SonWhen Henry VIII became king in 1509, he was a devout CatholicHenry feared that without a male heir, civil war might break out in the event of his deathWas convinced that his wife Catherine would have no more childrenHenry wanted to divorce Catherine and take a younger queenThe Pope refused Henry’s requestPortrait of Henry VIII circa 1540.
11England Becomes Protestant The Reformation ParliamentIn 1529 Henry called Parliament into session and asked it to pass a series of laws that ended the pope’s power in EnglandHenry divorced Catherine and married Ann BoleynAct of Supremacy – Called on people to accept Henry, not the pope, as the head of England’s ChurchDiagram of Henry's VIII reign relative to his marriages.
12Catherine of AragonAnne BoleynJane SeymourDiedDivorcedBeheadedAnne of ClevesCatherine HowardCatherine ParrSurvivedBeheadedDivorced
13Consequences of Henry’s Changes Ann Boleyn was unable to give Henry a male heirCharged with treason and beheadedHenry took Jane Seymour as his third wifeGave him a sonAfter Henry’s death, each of his three children took turns ruling EnglandReligious turmoilElizabeth I , "Darnley Portrait", c. 1575