Presentation on theme: "King Alexander III and the ‘Golden Age’ Ruled from the age of 8 (1249 - 1286) A very strong King –Scotland was at peace with England –Controlled the nobles."— Presentation transcript:
King Alexander III and the ‘Golden Age’ Ruled from the age of 8 ( ) A very strong King –Scotland was at peace with England –Controlled the nobles and dealt fairly with his subjects –Trade increased and towns and burghs prospered –Scotland’s northern and western borders were fixed
Alexander III’s family tree 1275 Alexander III’s wife Margaret(English princess) died William I the Lion ( ) Alexander II ( ) Alexander III ( ) Margaret m Eric II (King of Norway) AlexanderDavid Margaret, Maid of Norway (1) Margaret m m (2) Yolande All 3 of Alexander’s children died before him Alexander remarries Yolande Dreux and hoped that she would provide him a male heir to the throne.
18 March 1286 Alexander III was having a meeting with his Grand Council in Edinburgh After the meeting the King travelled back to Kinghorn in Fife to be with Yolande Kinghorn Edinburgh
The Journey Violent storm was raging Headed for Dalmeny to cross the Firth of Forth Advised against the 2 mile crossing At Inverkeithing he was offered a bed for the night but refused He continued his journey with 2 guides along a narrow seashore path In the darkness Alexander lost his guides
The following morning... Alexander’s body was found at the bottom of a cliff Memorial to King Alexander III, Kinghorn
How the Scots felt... When Alexander our King was dead, That Scotland ruled in love and lee Away was wealth of ale and bread, Of wine and wax, or game and glee Our gold was changed into lead. Then cry to God, for only He Can save us in perplexity.
The Next Heir? William I the Lion ( ) Alexander II ( ) Alexander III ( ) Margaret m Eric II (King of Norway) AlexanderDavid Margaret, Maid of Norway (1) Margaret m m (2) Yolande
Margaret the Maid of Norway Problems..... Norway 3 years old Female Finding a suitable husband