Presentation on theme: "Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all!"— Presentation transcript:
1Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all! We are going to find out why;Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all!
2Contents Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour Anne of ClevesKathryn HowardKatherine ParrThe six wives overviewTime line
3Henry VIII Henry was born on 28th June 1491. Henry became King on 21st April 1509.Henry died on 28th January 1547.
4How Henry VIII became King. Henry’s brother Arthur married Catherine of Aragon in 1501.Arthur died very suddenly in 1502, so, he never got the chance to become king.Instead Henry became King when he was 18 years old in 1509.He married Catherine of Aragon, his brothers widow, in the same year he became king.
5Henry VIII personality. Henry was;IntelligentPowerfulGenerousDemandingPopularA bullyHard to pleaseToughRuthlessBack to contents page
6Catherine of Aragon Catherine was born 16 December 1485 in Spain. Catherine married Henry VIII on 11th June Catherine was Henry’s 1st wife.Henry divorced Catherine in1533 because he wanted a male heir and she could no longer have children.She died on 7th January 1536.
7Catherine and ArthurCatherine was promised as Arthur’s wife when she was three years old.The marriage would be good for both countries, she was from Spain and if she married Arthur it would bring the 2 countries closer. (A good political match)Catherine married Arthur on November 14th 1501.Arthur died less than six months later.
8Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII Catherine now a widow was still young enough to marry.She married Henry and was crowned Queen of England in a joint ceremony with her husband.Shortly after the marriage, Catherine was pregnant, this first child was still born.The second child Prince Henry died after 52 days of life.
9Catherine of Aragon and her children. Next Catherine miscarried and lost another son.In February 1516 she gave birth to Mary who lived!Henry was not happy, he wanted a son to be his heir.By this time Catherine was 42 could no longer have children.
10How Catherine of Aragon died. Back to contents pageHenry was desperate to have a son, Catherine could not have one, so, he asked the Pope to annul their marriage so he could marry another wife.The Pope said no, Henry was furious.Henry set up the Protestant Church and divorced Catherine in 1533.Catherine and her daughter Mary were forced to leave the court. Catherine died in 1536.
11Anne BoleynAnne was born some time between 1501 and 1507 but nobody knows the exact date.Anne married Henry VIII in January 1533, she was his 2nd wife.Henry VIII had Anne executed on19 May 1536.
12Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. Henry had met and fallen in love with Anne before he had divorced Catherine of Aragon.When Anne and Henry got married in 1533 Anne was already pregnant.Anne was not popular with the people, they all loved Catherine.Legend says that Anne had six fingers on her left hand, a large mole on her neck and a fiery temper.
13Anne Boleyn and her children. Anne gave birth to a daughter Elizabeth on August 16th 1533.By 1534, Anne was pregnant again but the child was either still born or miscarried.She miscarried a boy in 1535.Henry still desperately wanted a son but Anne had not given him one.
14How Catherine of Aragon died. Anne knew that her failure to produce a living male heir was a threat to her own life.Anne’s enemies at court began to plot against her.The King was asked to sign a document calling for an investigation into Anne's treason.Anne was arrested and charged with plotting to murder the king.
15How Catherine of Aragon died. On the 19th May 1536, Anne was taken to the Tower Green in London.Here Anne was to be given a private execution.The swordsman cut off her head with one swift stroke.Back to contents page
16Jane was born some time in 1509. Jane SeymourJane was born some time in 1509.Jane married Henry VIII on 30 May 1536 and became his 3rd wife.Jane died on the 24th October 1537.
17Jane Seymour and Henry VIII Jane Seymour first came to the King’s notice while she waited on his second wife Anne.Jane was very calm and gentle, Henry liked this because his last wife was very bad tempered.They were married on May 30thHenry truly loved Jane Seymour.
18Jane Seymour and her children. Early in 1537 Jane became pregnant.In October, to the delight of Henry VIII, a prince was born. He was christened Edward.Jane attended her son’s christening but died two weeks after her son was born.Back to contents page
19Anne of Cleves Anne was born in 1515. Henry married Anne on 6 January 1540, she was his 4th wife.Anne was divorced from Henry in July 1540.On 16 July 1557 Anne of Cleves died.
20Anne of Cleves and Henry VIII. Henry did not marry for over two years after Jane Seymour died.Henry started to look for a Bride to help England, he turned to Germany.Henry sent painters to Cleves to paint two sisters, he chose to marry Anne. When Anne arrived she did not look like her painting and Henry did not want to marry her, but he had to because he did not want to upset the Germans.
21How Anne of Cleves died.Anne was not happy being married to Henry so they decided to get divorced.Anne accepted the title as the ‘King’s Sister’ and lived away from the court in the countryside.Anne died in 1557.Back to contents page
22Kathryn was born some time in 1521. Kathryn HowardKathryn was born some time in 1521.Kathryn married Henry VIII on 28th July 1540 and became his 5th wife.Kathryn was executed on 13th February 1542.
23Kathryn Howard and Henry VIII. Henry met Kathryn when came to court when she was 19. Henry was 49.Kathryn’s uncle was The Duke of Norfolk. Henry married her so he could gain more power and get rid of his enemy Thomas Cromwell.Henry married Kathryn only 16 days after Anne of Cleaves left.
24How Kathryn Howard died. Less than a year after they were married, Kathryn was found to be meeting other men.This was against the law.Kathryn was executed on the Tower Green on February 13th 1542.Back to contents page
25Katherine Parr was born in 1512. She married Henry on 12 July 1543, she was his 6th wife.Katherine was widowed on 28 January 1547.On 5 September 1548, Katherine died.
26Kathryn Howard and Henry VIII. Katherine was a widow whose 1st and 2nd husbands had died before she married Henry.Katherine was well known for her learning and overall sensitive and caring nature. She was more like Henry’s nurse because he was very ill, he married her to be his companion.She brought Henry’s family closer together. Mary, Elizabeth and Edward were encouraged to become scholars.
27How Kathryn Howard died. Katherine was quick thinking which she needed on many occasions to stay alive.She outlived Henry who died 28th January 1547.Katherine herself died in 1548.Back to contents page
28Click on a portrait of a wife to find out about them. Back to contents page
29Back to page of portraits. Catherine of AragonWife number: 1Married for: Love, political reasons and for an heir.Children: MaryMarriage ended:Divorced / AnnulmentBack to page of portraits.
30Back to page of portraits. Anne BoleynWife number: 2Married for: Love and for an heir.Children: ElizabethMarriage ended:ExecutedBack to page of portraits.
31Back to page of portraits. Jane SeymourWife number: 3Married for: Love and for an heir.Children: EdwardMarriage ended: Died during child birthBack to page of portraits.
32Back to page of portraits. Anne of ClevesWife number: 4Married for: Political reasonsChildren: NoneMarriage ended: DivorcedBack to page of portraits.
33Back to page of portraits. Kathryn HowardWife number: 5Married for: LoveChildren: NoneMarriage ended: ExecutedBack to page of portraits.
34Back to page of portraits. Katherine ParrWife number: 6Married for: CompanionshipChildren: NoneMarriage ended: Henry VIII diedBack to page of portraits.
35Time Line House of Stewart Edward VI Elizabeth I Henry VII Mary I Henry VIII