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Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all! We are going to find out why;

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Presentation on theme: "Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all! We are going to find out why;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Henry VIII had six wives and what happened to them all! We are going to find out why;

2 Contents Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon Anne Boleyn Jane Seymour Anne of Cleves Kathryn Howard Katherine Parr The six wives overview Time line

3 Henry VIII Henry died on 28 th January Henry was born on 28th June Henry became King on 21st April 1509.

4 Henry’s brother Arthur married Catherine of Aragon in Arthur died very suddenly in 1502, so, he never got the chance to become king. Instead Henry became King when he was 18 years old in He married Catherine of Aragon, his brothers widow, in the same year he became king. How Henry VIII became King.

5 Henry VIII personality. Back to contents page Intelligent A bully DemandingGenerousPopular Tough Hard to please Ruthless Powerful Henry was;

6 Catherine married Henry VIII on 11th June Catherine was Henry’s 1 st wife. Catherine of Aragon She died on 7th January Henry divorced Catherine in1533 because he wanted a male heir and she could no longer have children. Catherine was born 16 December 1485 in Spain.

7 Catherine and Arthur Arthur died less than six months later. Catherine married Arthur on November 14th The marriage would be good for both countries, she was from Spain and if she married Arthur it would bring the 2 countries closer. (A good political match) Catherine was promised as Arthur’s wife when she was three years old.

8 Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII Catherine now a widow was still young enough to marry. She married Henry and was crowned Queen of England in a joint ceremony with her husband. Shortly after the marriage, Catherine was pregnant, this first child was still born. The second child Prince Henry died after 52 days of life.

9 Catherine of Aragon and her children. Next Catherine miscarried and lost another son. In February 1516 she gave birth to Mary who lived! Henry was not happy, he wanted a son to be his heir. By this time Catherine was 42 could no longer have children.

10 How Catherine of Aragon died. Henry was desperate to have a son, Catherine could not have one, so, he asked the Pope to annul their marriage so he could marry another wife. The Pope said no, Henry was furious. Henry set up the Protestant Church and divorced Catherine in Catherine and her daughter Mary were forced to leave the court. Catherine died in Back to contents page

11 Anne Boleyn Anne was born some time between 1501 and 1507 but nobody knows the exact date. Anne married Henry VIII in January 1533, she was his 2 nd wife. Henry VIII had Anne executed on19 May 1536.

12 Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII. When Anne and Henry got married in 1533 Anne was already pregnant. Anne was not popular with the people, they all loved Catherine. Henry had met and fallen in love with Anne before he had divorced Catherine of Aragon. Legend says that Anne had six fingers on her left hand, a large mole on her neck and a fiery temper.

13 Anne Boleyn and her children. Henry still desperately wanted a son but Anne had not given him one. Anne gave birth to a daughter Elizabeth on August 16th She miscarried a boy in By 1534, Anne was pregnant again but the child was either still born or miscarried.

14 Anne knew that her failure to produce a living male heir was a threat to her own life. How Catherine of Aragon died. Anne’s enemies at court began to plot against her. The King was asked to sign a document calling for an investigation into Anne's treason. Anne was arrested and charged with plotting to murder the king.

15 How Catherine of Aragon died. On the 19th May 1536, Anne was taken to the Tower Green in London. Here Anne was to be given a private execution. The swordsman cut off her head with one swift stroke. Back to contents page

16 Jane Seymour Jane was born some time in Jane married Henry VIII on 30 May 1536 and became his 3 rd wife. Jane died on the 24th October 1537.

17 Jane Seymour and Henry VIII Jane Seymour first came to the King’s notice while she waited on his second wife Anne. They were married on May 30th Jane was very calm and gentle, Henry liked this because his last wife was very bad tempered. Henry truly loved Jane Seymour.

18 Back to contents page Jane Seymour and her children. Early in 1537 Jane became pregnant. In October, to the delight of Henry VIII, a prince was born. He was christened Edward. Jane attended her son’s christening but died two weeks after her son was born.

19 Anne of Cleves Anne was divorced from Henry in July Anne was born in Henry married Anne on 6 January 1540, she was his 4th wife. On 16 July 1557 Anne of Cleves died.

20 Anne of Cleves and Henry VIII. Henry did not marry for over two years after Jane Seymour died. Henry started to look for a Bride to help England, he turned to Germany. Henry sent painters to Cleves to paint two sisters, he chose to marry Anne. When Anne arrived she did not look like her painting and Henry did not want to marry her, but he had to because he did not want to upset the Germans.

21 How Anne of Cleves died. Anne was not happy being married to Henry so they decided to get divorced. Anne accepted the title as the ‘King’s Sister’ and lived away from the court in the countryside. Anne died in Back to contents page

22 Kathryn Howard Kathryn was born some time in Kathryn married Henry VIII on 28th July 1540 and became his 5 th wife. Kathryn was executed on 13 th February 1542.

23 Kathryn Howard and Henry VIII. Henry met Kathryn when came to court when she was 19. Henry was 49. Kathryn’s uncle was The Duke of Norfolk. Henry married her so he could gain more power and get rid of his enemy Thomas Cromwell. Henry married Kathryn only 16 days after Anne of Cleaves left.

24 How Kathryn Howard died. Less than a year after they were married, Kathryn was found to be meeting other men. This was against the law. Kathryn was executed on the Tower Green on February 13th Back to contents page

25 Katherine Parr Katherine Parr was born in She married Henry on 12 July 1543, she was his 6th wife. Katherine was widowed on 28 January On 5 September 1548, Katherine died.

26 Kathryn Howard and Henry VIII. Katherine was a widow whose 1 st and 2 nd husbands had died before she married Henry. Katherine was well known for her learning and overall sensitive and caring nature. She was more like Henry’s nurse because he was very ill, he married her to be his companion. She brought Henry’s family closer together. Mary, Elizabeth and Edward were encouraged to become scholars.

27 How Kathryn Howard died. Katherine was quick thinking which she needed on many occasions to stay alive. She outlived Henry who died 28th January Katherine herself died in Back to contents page

28 Back to contents page Click on a portrait of a wife to find out about them.

29 Catherine of Aragon Wife number: 1 Married for: Love, political reasons and for an heir. Children: Mary Marriage ended:Divorced / Annulment Back to page of portraits.

30 Anne Boleyn Wife number: 2 Married for: Love and for an heir. Children: Elizabeth Marriage ended:Executed Back to page of portraits.

31 Jane Seymour Wife number: 3 Married for: Love and for an heir. Children: Edward Marriage ended: Died during child birth Back to page of portraits.

32 Anne of Cleves Wife number: 4 Married for: Political reasons Children: None Marriage ended: Divorced Back to page of portraits.

33 Kathryn Howard Wife number: 5 Married for: Love Children: None Marriage ended: Executed Back to page of portraits.

34 Katherine Parr Wife number: 6 Married for: Companionship Children: None Marriage ended: Henry VIII died Back to page of portraits.

35 Time Line Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I House of Stewart


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