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BELLWORK Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs. 198-201 Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs. 198-201  1.Why was the Catholic church threatened by Protestantism?

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Presentation on theme: "BELLWORK Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs. 198-201 Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs. 198-201  1.Why was the Catholic church threatened by Protestantism?"— Presentation transcript:

1 BELLWORK Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs Read “The Catholic Reformation” pgs  1.Why was the Catholic church threatened by Protestantism? How did they respond to this challenge? 2.Explain the Council of Trent. List three changes they made. 3.What did the Catholic church change about the Inquisition? 4.What is baroque? 5.Who were the Jesuits? How did they spread Catholicism? 6.Explain the religious divisions in Europe. 7.THINKER: What is an arranged marriage? Why did countries use these during the Renaissance?

2 Pope Paul III and the Council of Trent

3 The Arts Baroque: new style of art & architecture that stressed emotion, complexity, and exaggeration for dramatic effectBaroque: new style of art & architecture that stressed emotion, complexity, and exaggeration for dramatic effect

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6 Review: Reformation To review over Reformation, you will complete a cause/effect chart in your notes.To review over Reformation, you will complete a cause/effect chart in your notes. Think of this as an overview of the unit!Think of this as an overview of the unit! Causes  Why did Reformation happen? Problems? Demands? New ideas?Causes  Why did Reformation happen? Problems? Demands? New ideas? Effects  What changed because of Reformation? Protestantism? Calvinism? Counter-Reformation?Effects  What changed because of Reformation? Protestantism? Calvinism? Counter-Reformation?

7 The Tudor Dynasty English Monarchs:

8 HENRY VIII Henry VIII is the most controversial king in all of history.Henry VIII is the most controversial king in all of history. He is solely responsible for England’s separation from the Catholic Church.He is solely responsible for England’s separation from the Catholic Church. This break from the church was not brought on by the corruption of the pope or societyThis break from the church was not brought on by the corruption of the pope or society ………it was brought on by lust.………it was brought on by lust. King Henry VIII had six wives and this is their story and how it relates to a new church in England.King Henry VIII had six wives and this is their story and how it relates to a new church in England.

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10 HENRY VIII Henry VII was king and had two sons – Henry and Arthur.Henry VII was king and had two sons – Henry and Arthur. Since Arthur was the eldest, he was heir to the throne.Since Arthur was the eldest, he was heir to the throne. Arthur married Catherine of Aragon (Spain), but died four months after their wedding.Arthur married Catherine of Aragon (Spain), but died four months after their wedding. Catherine said their marriage had never been consummated and was granted an annulment from the Catholic church.Catherine said their marriage had never been consummated and was granted an annulment from the Catholic church. She then married the new King of England – HENRY VIII. (Arthur’s brother)She then married the new King of England – HENRY VIII. (Arthur’s brother)

11 Catherine of Aragon Now, Catherine and Henry VIII were going to try for their own heir to the throne – by having a son.Now, Catherine and Henry VIII were going to try for their own heir to the throne – by having a son. Catherine had 2 stillborns, 1 miscarriage, and 2 sons that died less than a year old.Catherine had 2 stillborns, 1 miscarriage, and 2 sons that died less than a year old. Finally, she had a child that lived!Finally, she had a child that lived! Only problem was……….it was a girl – Mary.Only problem was……….it was a girl – Mary. The couple continued to try, but Catherine was 40 and beyond child- bearing age.The couple continued to try, but Catherine was 40 and beyond child- bearing age. Henry became desperate and started an affair with Mary Boleyn, but she too could not conceive a child.Henry became desperate and started an affair with Mary Boleyn, but she too could not conceive a child.

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13 Anne Boleyn After numerous mistresses, he fell in love with Anne Boleyn. (Mary’s sister/Catherine’s maid)After numerous mistresses, he fell in love with Anne Boleyn. (Mary’s sister/Catherine’s maid) Henry VIII began to petition the pope for an annulment to his marriage with Catherine.Henry VIII began to petition the pope for an annulment to his marriage with Catherine. This argument went on for six years. It was against their religion and Catherine wanted to secure her daughter Mary’s spot as the heir.This argument went on for six years. It was against their religion and Catherine wanted to secure her daughter Mary’s spot as the heir. Things came to a head in 1533 when Anne became pregnant.Things came to a head in 1533 when Anne became pregnant. To avoid any questions about the child’s legitimacy, Henry had to act quick.To avoid any questions about the child’s legitimacy, Henry had to act quick.

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15 The Break from the Catholic Church His solution was to the reject the power of the Pope in England and have Thomas Cranmer, the archbishop of Canterbury, grant the annulment.His solution was to the reject the power of the Pope in England and have Thomas Cranmer, the archbishop of Canterbury, grant the annulment. HENRY VIII then created The Church of England – this FOREVER changed religion.HENRY VIII then created The Church of England – this FOREVER changed religion. In his new church, he divorced Catherine, demoted her as queen and kicked her out of England.In his new church, he divorced Catherine, demoted her as queen and kicked her out of England. He married Anne Boleyn in January 1533 and she became the new Queen of England.He married Anne Boleyn in January 1533 and she became the new Queen of England.

16 Anne Boleyn The couple became excited for their first child that would hopefully become the heir, but………The couple became excited for their first child that would hopefully become the heir, but……… It was a girl – ElizabethIt was a girl – Elizabeth They kept trying, but Anne had two miscarriages.They kept trying, but Anne had two miscarriages. The pressure was on to have a son, especially since Henry VIII had shown interest in Jane Seymour.The pressure was on to have a son, especially since Henry VIII had shown interest in Jane Seymour. The majority of England was unhappy with Anne’s influence on leaving the church; so they began to plot against her.The majority of England was unhappy with Anne’s influence on leaving the church; so they began to plot against her.

17 Anne Boleyn In May 1536, Anne and her brother were arrested on charges of incest, adultery and plotting against the king.In May 1536, Anne and her brother were arrested on charges of incest, adultery and plotting against the king. Even though the charges were false, the king approved of their executions.Even though the charges were false, the king approved of their executions. Before the execution, Henry declared their marriage was dissolved and “invalid”Before the execution, Henry declared their marriage was dissolved and “invalid” Anne was beheaded on May 19 th.Anne was beheaded on May 19 th.

18 Jane Seymour On the same day as Anne Boleyn’s execution, Jane Seymour moved in with Henry.On the same day as Anne Boleyn’s execution, Jane Seymour moved in with Henry. The two were married on May 30, 1536.The two were married on May 30, –11 days after Anne’s execution Two years later, Jane became pregnant.Two years later, Jane became pregnant. Henry hoped for a boy since he considered Jane his “true wife.”Henry hoped for a boy since he considered Jane his “true wife.” In October 1538 a son was born!In October 1538 a son was born! Edward was now the official heir to the throne.Edward was now the official heir to the throne. Jane died two weeks later.Jane died two weeks later.

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20 Anne of Cleves Henry stayed single for over two years due to his true love for Jane.Henry stayed single for over two years due to his true love for Jane. The split from Rome left England isolated, so he needed the possibility of a bride to secure an alliance.The split from Rome left England isolated, so he needed the possibility of a bride to secure an alliance. He made a deal with the Duke of Cleves (France) to marry his sister, Anne.He made a deal with the Duke of Cleves (France) to marry his sister, Anne. Immediately after their marriage, Henry wanted out.Immediately after their marriage, Henry wanted out. She was not literate and extremely unattractive.She was not literate and extremely unattractive. She knew there would be trouble if she didn’t agree with the king. Therefore, she said her marriage had never been consummated and they were divorced.She knew there would be trouble if she didn’t agree with the king. Therefore, she said her marriage had never been consummated and they were divorced.

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22 Kathryn Howard Sixteen days after his divorce with Anne, Henry took his fifth wife, Kathryn Howard, on July 28, 1540.Sixteen days after his divorce with Anne, Henry took his fifth wife, Kathryn Howard, on July 28, Henry was 49 and Kathryn was 19.Henry was 49 and Kathryn was 19. Kathryn was Anne Boleyn’s cousin (Henry’s 2 nd wife)Kathryn was Anne Boleyn’s cousin (Henry’s 2 nd wife) Less than a year into Kathryn's marriage, the rumors of infidelity began.Less than a year into Kathryn's marriage, the rumors of infidelity began. There was enough evidence that the queen had been an unfaithful wife.There was enough evidence that the queen had been an unfaithful wife. She was executed on February 13, 1542.She was executed on February 13, 1542.

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24 The last years…. Katherine Parr became Henry’s 6 th wife in July 1543.Katherine Parr became Henry’s 6 th wife in July She was very close with her three stepchildren, Mary, Elizabeth and Edward.She was very close with her three stepchildren, Mary, Elizabeth and Edward. Henry VIII died in January 1547.Henry VIII died in January Edward VI, Henry’s only son (with Jane Seymour) became the new king of England, at 10 years old.Edward VI, Henry’s only son (with Jane Seymour) became the new king of England, at 10 years old. Unfortunately, Edward became ill and died five years later.Unfortunately, Edward became ill and died five years later. Who would rule England now?Who would rule England now?

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26 Queen Mary I After Edward’s death, Henry VIII’s first daughter (with Catherine of Aragon) ruled over England – Queen Mary I.After Edward’s death, Henry VIII’s first daughter (with Catherine of Aragon) ruled over England – Queen Mary I. During her ruling, Mary did something extremely controversial…..During her ruling, Mary did something extremely controversial….. She restored England to Roman Catholicism!!!She restored England to Roman Catholicism!!! Many people disapproved of this, but Mary burned any people who spoke out.Many people disapproved of this, but Mary burned any people who spoke out. This is how she got the nickname “Bloody Mary.”This is how she got the nickname “Bloody Mary.” Mary I died in 1558 with no heir to the throne.Mary I died in 1558 with no heir to the throne. Who would rule next?Who would rule next?

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28 Queen Elizabeth I After Mary’s death, Henry’s last child (with Anne Boleyn) became the new queen – Elizabeth I.After Mary’s death, Henry’s last child (with Anne Boleyn) became the new queen – Elizabeth I. For the past two years, Elizabeth had been imprisoned after Mary accused her of heresy.For the past two years, Elizabeth had been imprisoned after Mary accused her of heresy. The first thing she did as queen was restore the church back to Protestantism.The first thing she did as queen was restore the church back to Protestantism. This becomes The Church of England, as it is today.This becomes The Church of England, as it is today. Elizabeth I dies in 1603.Elizabeth I dies in After five rulers, six wives, and the dramatic change in religion…. All of Henry’s decedents had passed and England was ruled by James I, from a completely different family.After five rulers, six wives, and the dramatic change in religion…. All of Henry’s decedents had passed and England was ruled by James I, from a completely different family.

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30 CLOSURE On a sheet of paper, summarize the life of HENRY VIII.On a sheet of paper, summarize the life of HENRY VIII. SUMMARIZE!!! Don’t include too many details.SUMMARIZE!!! Don’t include too many details sentences.8-10 sentences.


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