Presentation on theme: "Russia Federation, 2010-2014: from a policy on illegal drugs to a policy on psychoactive substances Dr. Konstantin Kharabet, professor of criminal law."— Presentation transcript:
Russia Federation, 2010-2014: from a policy on illegal drugs to a policy on psychoactive substances Dr. Konstantin Kharabet, professor of criminal law and criminology, Military Universaty (RF), advocate
alcohol, which abuse leads to drunkenness and a disease of alcoholism (1); drugs and psychotropic substances which abuse leads to drug addiction (2); substances which abuse leads to toxicomania (3); tobacco (4).
Сonsuming (use) by society of drugs, alcohol, tobacco in communicative, religious, medical, hedonist and other purposes is known and widely-spread since the pre-biblical times; society always tried to restrict their consuming and trade, especially illegal one. Abuse of all aforenamed substances is dangerous to health, and also can lead to negative social consequences. Alcohol and tobacco are often provokers to stronger psychoactive substances – drugs.
Trafficking of drugs, alcohol, and in some cases – tobacco is a vital economic issue in a number of the states and at the international level. Consuming of psychoactive substances is a crime in the majority of the states, and criminality, connected to their consuming and also to drug trafficking, is a serious national, regional and global problem.
1.Narcotization methods and structure of drugs changed; there is a steady demand for new, much more prepotent drugs and psychotropic substances. 2. Cycling character of a narcotization of the population was succeeded by the continuous growth of drug epidemic with blurring of age brackets and socio-cultural boundaries of the population involved in the narcotic subculture. 3. Due to the growth of episodic drug users (experimentators ) a huge "reserve" (group of risk) for distribution of drugs was formed ( first of all, distribution of cannabis and other psychoactive substances.
4. The social base for narkotism expansion over the last 10 years extended and changed the characteristics, went beyond traditional struck groups of drug users: nowadays the drug addiction extends both among low-income people and thriving groups of population. 5. Specific character of a drug abuse situation - is that among addicts prevail people of young age and teenagers. 6. Narkotism is traditionally much more widespread among men, but at the same time, in the last 10-15 years excess incidence by drug addiction among women is apparent. 7. The reasons for a drug use has significantly changed. 8.The greatest influence on a status and character of society narcotization renders an increasing illicit supply of opiates and cannabis drugs from Afghanistan; the avalanche-type supply of heroin is expected after 2014 (after troops pullout from Afghanistan).
healthy lifestyle promotion; creation of the barriers interfering access to various psychoactive substances for children and the youth in all spheres of their life; ban on a civil circulation of new psychoactive substances that appear on both legal and illegal markets;
to tighten the legislation and practice of criminal prosecution for a drug trafficking, including smuggling; the maximum ban of drug, alcohol, tobacco trafficking and propaganda in all spheres of life, including their unjustified mention in theatrical performances, cinema, mass media, Internet; the general ban of public drunkenness and tobacco smoking in public and other equated places; excise rise on alcohol and tobacco products; policy (not always consecutive – K.K.) focused on the involvement of private and public organizations in the state programs on formation of healthy lifestyle (for example, through the Ministry of Education – concerning pupils and students, military- patriotic projects, centers focused on moral upbringing, etc.); creation of favorable and forcing conditions for the voluntary treatment and rehabilitation of the persons abusing drugs and alcohol, etc.