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Imperialism in Asia The British in India. British Imperialism What does this mean?

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Asia The British in India. British Imperialism What does this mean?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism in Asia The British in India

2 British Imperialism What does this mean?

3 A History of Trade 1500’s - Trade between Europe and Asia boomed with the discovery of sea routes British are first to explore India’s coasts 1600’s – East India Trading Company is formed One of the richest and most powerful trading companies EVER

4 A History of Trade East India Company builds trading posts and forts throughout India French East India Company does this too Challenges British for control of Indian trade 1757 - British and Indian troops defeat the French at the Battle of Plassey Great Britain retains control and expands territory through war and trade

5 British Expansion in India East India Company controls most of India by 1857

6 The Sepoy Rebellion Sepoy (def.) – an Indian soldier in the British army 1857 - Soldiers rebelled against their British commanders Resentment over British attempts to impost Christianity and European customs

7 The Sepoy Rebellion Rebellion spreads across northern and central India Many British killed British end uprising within a year Kill thousands of unarmed Indians as revenge Results Both sides unhappy British tighten rule East India Company’s control ends Parliament sends a viceroy to rule (def.) – governor representing a monarch Treaties signed with independent Indian states

8 The Sepoy Rebellion

9 Indian Nationalism British try to pacify unrest Paved roads Built large railway system Telegraph lines Irrigation canals Schools/ Universities

10 Indian Nationalism British officials enact discrimination Force changes in farming Require farming of cotton instead of wheat Cotton needed for British textile factories Lack of wheat = food shortage == millions of people die High-paying jobs reserved for British Increases unemployment rates among Indians Legal segregation Determined by area

11 Indian Nationalism Desire for self-rule 1885 – Indian National Conference formed Promote: democracy, equality Peaceful protest Protest: British to give more power to Indians Will become Congress Party and lead movement for independence

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