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Imperialism in Asia The British in India. British Imperialism What does this mean?

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism in Asia The British in India. British Imperialism What does this mean?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism in Asia The British in India

2 British Imperialism What does this mean?

3 A History of Trade 1500’s - Trade between Europe and Asia boomed with the discovery of sea routes British are first to explore India’s coasts 1600’s – East India Trading Company is formed One of the richest and most powerful trading companies EVER

4 A History of Trade East India Company builds trading posts and forts throughout India French East India Company does this too Challenges British for control of Indian trade British and Indian troops defeat the French at the Battle of Plassey Great Britain retains control and expands territory through war and trade

5 British Expansion in India East India Company controls most of India by 1857

6 The Sepoy Rebellion Sepoy (def.) – an Indian soldier in the British army Soldiers rebelled against their British commanders Resentment over British attempts to impost Christianity and European customs

7 The Sepoy Rebellion Rebellion spreads across northern and central India Many British killed British end uprising within a year Kill thousands of unarmed Indians as revenge Results Both sides unhappy British tighten rule East India Company’s control ends Parliament sends a viceroy to rule (def.) – governor representing a monarch Treaties signed with independent Indian states

8 The Sepoy Rebellion

9 Indian Nationalism British try to pacify unrest Paved roads Built large railway system Telegraph lines Irrigation canals Schools/ Universities

10 Indian Nationalism British officials enact discrimination Force changes in farming Require farming of cotton instead of wheat Cotton needed for British textile factories Lack of wheat = food shortage == millions of people die High-paying jobs reserved for British Increases unemployment rates among Indians Legal segregation Determined by area

11 Indian Nationalism Desire for self-rule 1885 – Indian National Conference formed Promote: democracy, equality Peaceful protest Protest: British to give more power to Indians Will become Congress Party and lead movement for independence


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