Presentation on theme: "1 Guidelines of Occupational Safety and Health for Foreign Workers in Textile Industry Hazard characteristics in textile industry Causes of occupational."— Presentation transcript:
1 Guidelines of Occupational Safety and Health for Foreign Workers in Textile Industry Hazard characteristics in textile industry Causes of occupational accidents The rights and obligations of foreign workers Common knowledge of occupational hazards Prevention of occupational accidents
2 Hazard Characteristics in Textile Industry (1/1) 1.Chemical hazards : such as gases, vapors, smudges, droplets, fine dust etc... which contain dangerous substances 2.Physical Hazards : noise, electric shock, falling, cutting, rolling, collisions, fire, explosion, mechanical device operation, confined space, thermal explosion etc... 3.Ergonomics Hazards : If workers move large or heavy objects they often use incorrect posture. While lifting objects, handling materials or doing physically demanding work, including lifting, pushing, and pulling, over a long period of time, disorders such as hand or back injuries, sprains and strains, shooting pain down the legs and buttocks, lower back pain and other disorders of the back may develop over time.
3 What Are Occupational Injuries? (1/2) Others Operating activities Worker Death Disabilities Injury Illness Buildings, Equipment, Production materials, Chemical materials, Gases, Fine dust, etc… in the workplace ResultsVictimCauses
4 Unsafe Worker Behavior (2/2) Negligence and recklessness Not obeying the “prohibited Items” Not following standard operating procedure Not using protective gear Poor health
5 Labor Safety and Health Law- Labors’ Rights (1/2) Article 25: Laborers’ representative is authorized to participate in making labor safety and health regulations. (The policy making of the Labor Safety and Health Law needed in consultation with foreign labor representatives.) Article 30: If laborer finds the workplaces violate the safety and health laws and related regulations, laborer must report to employer, competent authority or inspection institute.
6 Labor Safety and Health Law- Laborers’ Obligations (2/2) Article 12: Workers must take medical examinations. Article 23: Workers must accept guidelines and training programs. Article 25: Workers must observe and obey the safety and health regulations. (The laborers shall effectively obey the rules mentionedin the preceding paragraph.) Article 35: A penalty of up to NT$ 3,000 for violating the rules and regulations cited in these provisions.
7 Symbols (1/3) First step is to promote the recognition of dangerous substances. Common knowledge standards of occupational hazard must contain two essential parts: 1.Symbols Classification based on the hazardous materials’ characteristics 2.Contents Name Major hazardous substances Hazard warning information Hazard prevention measurement Manufacturer or supplier's name, address and telephone numbers
8 Classifications and Symbols of Hazardous Substance (2/3)
9 Symbols of Hazardous Substance (3/3)
10 When to Use Individual Protective Gear (1/3) To improve sites of hazardous energy and to decrease harmful energy production Prevent workers from entering sites containing hazardous energy To improve the environment by reducing hazardous energy production Use Individual Protective Gear
11 Protective Goggles- To avoid flying objects, sparks and mental filings from getting into the eyes. Ear Cover- Suitable for workers in noisy environments. Ear Plugs- Suitable for the workers in hot and humid environments. Protective Mask- to choose the right mask check the pollutants in the area. Soundproof Protective Gear Protective Gear (2/3)
12 It can mute sound, reduce the impact of noise and prevent hearing loss effectively. Soundproof Ear Cover (3/3) Soundproof Ear Cover 90 dBA 8 hours Noise Workplace
13 When workers move heavy materials or equipment, if the weight is beyond the limit of endurance, it has the potential to cause mental and bodily injury. Ergonomics Hazards (1/1)
14 When operate the roller machineries, workers need to tighten clothes and tie back or cover hair by wearing a hat or head covering in order to prevent operator from machine injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (1/10)
15 “Rolling Injury”- the particular danger which occurred from roller. The object or body maybe caught by the rollers and crushed. The machineries included roll forming machine, gear chain, fan belt and gear, gears and gear racks, gear cluster and so on… “Machine Injury” Prevention (2/10)
16 Pulley belts should have a suitable guard shield in order to prevent injury to workers. Wrong Correct “Machine Injury” Prevention (3/10)
17 Pulley belts of the Dewaterer or roller machineries must have a shield or cover in order to prevent workers from being injured. “Machine Injury” Prevention (4/10) Wrong Correct
18 Looms must have a shield in order to protect workers from injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (5/10) Wrong Correct
19 Loom pulley belts must have a shield in order to protect workers from injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (6/10) Wrong Correct
20 Scrollbars of the circular knitting machine must have a shield in order to protect workers from injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (7/10) Wrong Correct
21 Loom transmission chains must have a shield in order to protect workers from injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (8/10) Wrong Correct
22 Transmission chain of the monofilament extrusion machine must have a shield in order to protect workers from injury. “Machine Injury” Prevention (9/10) Wrong Correct
23 Electric machinery like the Comber should have an easy to locate emergency brake in order to stop machine immediately during an emergency. “Machine Injury” Prevention (10/10)
24 “Electric Shock” Prevention (1/7) When using movable electric applications or generators in potentially conductive area, machines must have grounded circuit breakers, built-in electric shock prevention devices and install grounded wires.
25 Protective measurement- electric appliances must be connected to the ground in order to channel the leakage of current flow through grounded wires. Electric appliances connected with grounded wires. “Electric Shock” Prevention (2/7)
27 “Electric Shock” Prevention (4/7) Hang a visible sign stating, “Do not operate machinery during power failure” as a security measure, and lock the electrical box switchboard.
28 Electrical wiring which runs through aisles must be covered with protective materials. Wrong Correct “Electric Shock” Prevention (5/7)
29 “Electric Shock” Prevention (6/7) Broken, burned and loose plugs or sockets cannot be used. Avoid using electrical appliances simultaneously in the same socket, because it is easy to overload the current- carrying capacity.
31 “Cutting” Prevention (1/2) Accidents most often occur when the machine move straight ahead or in the circular motion. This particular danger most often occurs at the “Work Point” when cutting materials.
32 Vertical high speed fabric cutting machine Automatic packaging machine When operating the cutting machine, keep hands from cutting area for safety. “Cutting” Prevention (2/2)
33 Tie the materials first before hanging. The hoist or line must have enough strength to life the materials to prevent the line breaking and causing an accident. The hanging operator must have proper training, then ensure the strength of the wire net, and provide operation guidelines for the operator. When hanging heavy things, operators must use a wire rope (N=2), tighten the rope, and use appropriate materials to keep the wire rope from breaking. TIPS “Falling Objects” Prevention (1/1)
34 “Collision” Prevention (1/2) To avoid being hit, don’t stand behind the forklift. Wrong Correct
35 To avoid accidents while walking on aisles or walkways, maintain a clear path without obstruction. Do not stack or pile any articles or materials in aisles and walkways to avoid colliding or tripping. “Collision” Prevention (2/2)
36 “High Temperature ” Accident Prevention (1/2) Personnel should wear aluminum protective suits, shoes, visor, gaiters and masks while working in high temperature work places.
37 When taking products from high-temperature machines, workers must wear long sleeves and heat- resistant gloves to prevent burns. “High Temperature ” Accident Prevention (2/2)
38 “Falling” Prevention (1/1) Loading / unloading areas more than 1.5 meters high should have landing facilities installed for safety. Wrong Correct
39 Pallet truck carrying goods cannot exceed the load bearing limit and should pay attention to cleanliness and order on the ground. Wrong Correct “Collapsed Objects” Prevention (1/2) Pallet truck carries goods cannot exceed the load bearing limit and should notice cleanliness and order on the ground.
40 When operating forklift attention should be paid to weight, height of goods and the line of vision. Workers must reverse if line of vision is obstructed. Wrong Correct “Collapsed Objects” Prevention (2/2)