Presentation on theme: "TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP)"— Presentation transcript:
1 TRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP) Administrative NotesClick on the Normal View icon located in the lower left hand corner of your screen to read the detailed notes on the M68 Close Combat OpticClick on the Slide View icon to get a detailed look at the slides on the M68 Close Combat OpticClick on the Slide Show icon to rehearse the presentation with animation and present your classTRAINING SUPPORT PACKAGE (TSP)TSP Number:071-W-1312Title:Qualify with the M68 Close Combat OpticTask Number(s) /Title(s): task number task titleEffective Date: 1 Aug 98Supersedes TSP(s): N/ATSP User: Use this TSP in Unit Sustainment Training.Proponent: The proponent for this document is the Advanced Infantry Marksmanship Committee, C Company 2/29th IN Regt, Ft. Benning GAComments/ Recommendations: Send comments and recommendations directly to C 2/29th IN Regt, Ft. Benning GAForeign Disclosure Restrictions: The material contained in this course has been reviewed by course instructors. This is releasable to military students from all requesting foreign countries without restriction.(NEXT SLIDE)Click on the Slide Sorter View icon to look at all the slides at once and hide the slides that will not be taught by RIGHT clicking on it and then LEFT clicking on HIDE SLIDEHide this slide during your presentation
2 PREFACE Identify Characteristics of the M68 CCO Perform PMCS on the M68 CCOPut the M68 CCO into OperationZero the M68 CCOBore SightZeroed WeaponUnzeroed WeaponQualify with the M68 CCOBasic MarksmanshipPREFACEPurpose:This training support package provides the instructor with a standardized lesson plan for presenting instruction for:Task number: 071-W-1312Action: Qualify with the M68 Close Combat OpticConditions: Daylight on a record fire range, given an M16A1/A2, M4-Carbine, Modular weapon System and a M68 close combat optic, 40 timed target exposures at ranges from meters and 40 rounds of 5.56mm ball ammunition. Twenty targets will be engaged from the foxhole supported firing position. 20 targets will be engaged from the prone unsupported firing position.Standard: Answer at least 14 out of 20 questions on written test. Obtain at least 23 target hits out of 40 timed targets.This TSP contains: TABLE OF CONTENTS SlidePrefaceLesson 1 Section I. - Administrative DataSection II. - IntroductionTerminal Learning ObjectiveSection III. - PresentationA - Identify Characteristics of the M68 CCOB - Perform PMCS on the M68 CCOC - Put the M68 CCO into OperateD - Boresight and Zero the M68 CCOE - Qualify with the M68 CCOSection IV. - Student EvaluationSection V. - SummaryQualify with the M68 Close Combat OpticEffective Date: 26 October, 1998SECTION I. ADMINISTRATIVE DATAAll Courses Including This Lesson: course number course titleTask(s) Taught or Supported task number task titleIdentify Characteristics of the M68 CCOPerform PMCS on the M68 CCOPut the M68 CCO into OperationBoresight the AN/PAQ-4CZero the M68 CCOQualify with the M68 CCOBasic MarksmanshipTask(s) Reinforced: task number task titleAcademic Hours: The academic hours required to teach this course are as follows:Peacetime Mobilizationhours/ methods hours/methodsCharacteristics 30 min / L 30 min / LPMCS 30 min / L 30 min / LOperation/Test 1 hr / PE1 1 hr / PE1Zero the M68 CCO 3 hr / PE hr / PE2Qualification 4 hr / E hr / E1*Total Hours 9 hrs Total 9 hrs Total Test Lesson Number: Hours Lesson NumberTesting, review of test results : .5Prerequisite Lesson(s): lesson number lesson titleQualify with the M16A1/A2 using iron sightQualify with the M4 Carbine using iron sightQualify with the Modular weapon system using iron sightBoresighting procedures with the borelightClearance and Access: There are no clearance or access requirements for this lesson.References:Number title date paragraph # additional informationFM Basic Rifle Marksmanship 3 July 89TM &P M68 Sight, Reflex Operator’sand Unit Maintenance Manual Feb 97 AllStudent Study Assignments: N/AInstructor Requirements: : 1 instructor certified to teach the M68 CCO, 4-Assistant instructors (AI’s must be Familiar with the weapon and M68 CCO to include the borelight)Additional Personnel Requirements: 2-Personnel for target maintenance, 5-personnel for ammo point and Necessary Range PersonnelEquipment Required: 1 Close Combat Optics per student, 1 Overhead projector and screen, 1 weapon per student, 1 Motorola Radio,1 Borelight Device w/Battery, 1 Battery per Optic (DL1/3N), 1 Offset per 9 students Materials Required: (instructor materials): 2 Cleaning Rods, Slides, 1 Boresighting Box, 1 Staple Gun, 1 Box of Staples, and 1 Range Flag.Materials Required: (student materials): 1 Hearing Protection per student, 4 Magazines per student, 1 Cleaning kit per student, and 2 Zero Targets 2 per studentClassroom, Training Area, and Range Requirements: One classroom for 40 students, a 25 meter zero range, and a computerized record fire M16 qualification range.Ammunition Requirements: 98 rounds per person; Ball; M855; A059 or M16A1 ammunition, 18 rounds to zero, 40 for practice qualification and 40 for qualificationInstructional Guidance: Before presenting this lesson, thoroughly prepare by studying this lesson and identified reference material to include prerequisite classes. The day prior to training, the primary instructor will brief the chief instructor.Proponent Lesson Plan Approvals NAME Rank Position DateShoemaker, Ron SFC ___Instructor__ 01 AUG 03Delage, Joseph SSG Instructor AUG 03Gonzalez, Jose SSG ___Instructor__ 01 AUG 03Safety Requirements Range OIC will give a safety briefing. Range safety NCO will clear and inspect weapons when soldiers enter and exit the firing line. Range OIC will ensure that all range requirements are met, and all safety warnings stated in the technical manual are enforced.Risk Assessment Level: MEDIUM (with live ammunition) LOW (with blank or no ammunition)Environmental Considerations: NONEEvaluation: At the completion of the classroom instruction, you will receive a twenty question written test during which you must score a minimum of at least 14 out of 20 questions in order to pass. At the completion of the range instruction, you will qualify with the M68 CCO on the selected weapon during a LFX; in order for you to qualify, you must achieve at least 23 target hits out of 40 target exposures.(NEXT SLIDE)Hide this slide during your presentation
3 M68 Close Combat Optic Identify Characteristics of the M68 CCO Perform PMCS on the M68 CCOPut the M68 CCO into OperationZero the M68 CCOBore SightZeroed WeaponUnzeroed WeaponQualify with the M68 CCOBasic MarksmanshipSECTION II. INTRODUCTIONMethod of instruction: L/C/PE/EInstructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: 5 minsMedia used: Overhead Projector, screen and actual equipmentMotivator: Today you will be introduced to the M68 close combat optic (CCO). By applying the four fundamentals of rifle marksmanship and the training you are about to receive you will be able to engage and destroy enemy targets more effectively and increase your battlefield awareness.Terminal Learning Objective: At the completion of this lesson you [the student] will:Action: Qualify With the M68 Close Combat Optic (CCO)Conditions: Daylight on a record fire range, given an M16A1/A2, M4 Carbine, Modular Weapon System and a M68, 40 timed target exposures at ranges from meters and 40 rounds of 5.56mm ball ammunition. 20 targets will be engaged from the foxhole supported firing position. 20 targets will be engaged from the prone unsupported firing position.Standards: Answer at least 14 of 20 questions on written test. Obtain 23 target hits out of 40 timed targets.Instructional Lead In: Up to this point you have learned how to engage targets with your iron sights and boresight a weapon with the borelight. Now you will learn how to decrease your target acquisition time and increase your target hits by using the M68 Close Combat Optic that is also known as the CCO.Tell the students what they will be learning in the class:Identify Characteristics of the M68 CCOPerform PMCS on the M68 CCOPut the M68 CCO into OperationBoresight the AN/PAQ-4CZero the M68 CCOQualify with the M68 CCOStudent EvaluationSummary(NEXT SLIDE)
4 M68 CCO CharacteristicsDescription : Electrical Red Dot sight for the M16/M4 series weaponsOptic: 100% Parallax Free, Anti-Reflective Coated Lens System (BEYOND 50 METERS)Length: inches (260mm) with MountWeight: oz (175g)Battery Life: DaysSECTION III. PRESENTATIONA ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE ATRANSITION: In order to effectively engage targets with the CCO you must first be familiar with the CCO and its characteristics. So let’s take a look at the CCO.Action: Identify Characteristics of the Close Combat OpticConditions: Given a weapon and a CCO with a fresh batteryStandards: Familiarize with the characteristics and identify all major CCO components IAW TM & P1. Learning Step/Activity: Characteristics of the CCOMethod of instruction: LECTUREInstructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: . 5 hrMedia: Overhead Projector, screen and Actual equipmentEquipment Data:Description: Electrical red dot sight for M16A1/A2, M4 & MWSOptics: 100% parallax free beyond 50m, anti reflective coated lens system.Length (Sight): 4.9 in (125mm)Length (Mount): in (260mm)Weight (Sight): 6.2-oz (175g)Weight (Quick Release): 3.5-oz (100g)Weight (Mount): oz (129g)Battery Life: hr avg, sight is packed with fresh batteryNOTE: It is important to keep the M68 batteries separated while being stored. If the batteries are touching, they will discharge themselves and have a reduced battery life.(NEXT SLIDE)
5 M68 CCO Characteristics ELEVATION/ WINDAGE CAP AND SCREW ROTARY SWITCH BATTERYCAPREAR LENS COVERMajor Components of the M68 CCO are:Elevation Adjustment Screw (Adjusts the strike of the round up or down)Elevation Adjustment Cap (Protects the Elevation Adjustment Screw from debris and accidental changing . Has an O-ring that water proofs the M68)Battery (DL 1/3N) (Power source)Front Lens Cover (Protects the front lens from damage when the M68 is not in use)Windage Adjustment Screw (Adjusts the strike of the round left or right)Windage Adjustment Cap (Protects the Windage Adjustment Screw from debris and accidental changing . Has an O-ring that water proofs the M68)Rotary Switch (Turns M68 on and adjusts the intensity of the red dot from dim to brightest setting)Rear Lens Cover (Protects the rear lens from damage when the M68 is not in use)Torque Limiting Knob (Tightens the M68 mount to the Picatinny rail using 3 foot pounds of torque)M16A1/A2 MountBattery Cap (retains battery in place. Has an O-ring that water proofs the M68)(See next slide for battery orientation)NOTE: The higher the position on Rotary Switch, the brighter the red dot becomes.WARNING: If Rotary Switch is set higher than 3, it can be seen during limited visibility by the enemy.(NEXT SLIDE)FRONT LENS COVERTORQUE LIMITING KNOB
6 Anti Reflective Device M68 CCO CharacteristicsBATTERYORIENTATIONM16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket“Gooseneck”BATTERYCOMPARTMENTMajor Components of the M68 CCO continuedElectric Red Dot (Aiming reference point)M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket “Gooseneck” (Interfaces the M68 with the M16A1 or M16A2 rifle)Anti Reflective Device (ARD) (See next slide)When installing the DL 1/3N battery, the positive end faces out (writing faces out)(NEXT SLIDE)Anti Reflective Device(ARD)
7 Suggested storage of lens covers while sight is in use M68 CCO CharacteristicsThe ARD reduces reflection caused by the sun which may be seen by the enemy.ThreadsThreads on the ARD and front of M68 allows easy installation of the ARDThe ARD reduces any glint that may be caused by the sun reflecting off the front lens which may be seen by the enemy. There are threads on the ARD and the front of M68 that allows easy installation of the ARD.Installation procedures:Align the threads properly to avoid cross threading and turn clockwise.Reverse the procedure to remove it from the M68.NOTE: Hand tighten the ARD only.(NEXT SLIDE)Suggested storage of lens covers while sight is in useHAND TIGHTEN THE ARD TO THE M68 ONLY!
8 NOTE: THE HIGHER THE ROTARY SWITCH SETTING M68 CCO CharacteristicsRED DOT SIZE: cm AT 25M cm AT 100M cm AT 300M (9.75” AT 300M)2.2 cm26.4 cm (9.75 in)Dot Diameter: The red dot of the M68 CCO is 3 Minutes of Angle (MOA). This means that the dot covers 3 inches of the target at 100 yards. As the distance to the target increases so does the area of the target the red dot covers. Below is data on how much the red dot masks the target at different ranges..75 in at 25 yd, 2.2cm at 25m3 in at 100 yd, 8.8cm at 100m9 in at 300 yd, 26.4 cm at 300mClearly you can see the importance of knowing how much of your target is being masked by the red dot. Stop and think how big a 9.75 in circle is. An E –type Silhouette is 19.5 inches wide. This leaves only about 4.5 inches on both sides of the target if the red dot is perfectly centered on the target. Notice in this visual that the red dot is roughly half the size of the 300 meter E-type silhouetteTransition: Now that you know what the characteristics are we will discuss the principles of operation.(NEXT SLIDE)NOTE: THE HIGHER THE ROTARY SWITCH SETTINGTHE BRIGHTER THE DOT25 Meters300 Meters
9 M68 CCO Principals of Operation Reflex (non-telescopic) sightPlace the red dot on the target for a hit on the target.Two eyes open method of sightingNo centering or focusing required BEYOND 50 METERSIf the operator sees the red dot on the target and uses good marksmanship techniques, the bullet will strike the target.WITHIN 50 METERSPrincipals of Operation: The M68 is a reflex (non-telescopic) sight. It uses a red aiming reference (collimated dot) and is designed for the “two eyes open” method of sighting. The dot follows the horizontal and vertical movement of the gunner’s eye while remaining fixed on the target beyond 50m. No centering or focusing is required. When engaging targets less than 50m away, you must center the red dot in the sight and align the red dot center mass on the target.If the operator sees the red dot on the target and uses good marksmanship techniques, the bullet will strike the targetThe red dot does not have to be centered in the M68 for the weapon to be aligned with the target.(Beyond 50 meters)All you have to do is place the red dot on the target for a hit on the target(NEXT SLIDE)BEYOND 50 METERS
10 M68 CCO Principals of Operation Elevation Adjustments Clockwise one clickDown 4mm at 25 metersSight Adjustments:1. Elevation Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = down) (Counter-Clockwise = up)Windage Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = left) (Counter-Clockwise = right)NOTE: The Elevation and Windage adjusters must be perfectly vertical and horizontal in relation to the mount. Failure do do so will complicate making the correct adjustments to the M68.(NEXT SLIDE)Windage AdjustmentsClockwise one clickLeft 4mm at 25 metersWindage and Elevation one click = 4mm at 25 meters
11 M68 CCO Principals of Operation 1. Elevation (1 25m = 4mm) (clockwise = down)2. Windage (1 25m = 4mm) (clockwise = left)3. Sight picture = Red dot center massNOTE: USE ONLY THE M16A2 ZERO TARGETM4M1613 mm9.6 mmSight Adjustments:Elevation Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = down) (Counter-Clockwise = up)Windage Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = left) (Counter-Clockwise = right)Adjust 2 clicks to move the strike of the round one box on the 25 meter zero target.Adjust 4 clicks to move the strike of the round one box on the 10 meter boresight target.USE THE M16A2 ZEROING TARGET ONLY. The squares of the M16A2 25 meter Zero Target are 9.6 mm BY 9.6 mm which is closer in size to a 1 cm square than the M4 25 meter Zero Target that is 13 mm BY 13 mm. This makes it easier to determine the number of click adjustments needed to change the strike of the round.Sight Picture:Adjust the intensity of the dot prior to firing. The intensity of the dot should be enough as to be seen without difficulty but not so bright as to mask the center of the silhouette of the 25 meter zero target.Rotary switch: There are 10 positions on the rotary switch, 1=Off, 2-3=Night, 4-10=Desired brightness.Place the red dot centered in the M68 and center mass of target then fire.(NEXT SLIDE)9.6 mm13 mmNOTE: THE HIGHER THE ROTARY SWITCH SETTING THE BRIGHTER THE DOT
12 M68 CCO Principals of Operation DOES NOT EMIT A LASEREMITS A LASERNote: The M68 CCO is a passive sight that projects no laser onto the target, the collimated red dot is completely inside the sight.Warning: If the rotary switch is set higher than position 3 it can be seen at night.Do a check on learning:QUESTION: How much of the target is masked at 25 meters in centimetersANSWER: 2.2 centimetersQUESTION: At what range does the CCO become Parallax free?ANSWER: 50MAt this time have students:Inventory the M68 and accessories that they have with them.Put the batteries into the M68Manipulate the rotary switch to the different intensity levelsEnsure that:The soldiers have the required accessories (If applicable)The soldiers put the batteries into the M68 properly and the battery is fresh.The red dot is visible.The elevation and windage adjusters are vertical and horizontal.(NEXT SLIDE)WARNINGIF ROTARY SWITCH IS SET HIGHER THAN 3 IT CAN BE SEEN AT NIGHT.
13 M68 CCO PMCS INSPECT SIGHT: INSPECT BATTERY CAP AND ADJUSTMENT CAPS - THREADS, O-RINGS AND BATTERYENSURE RED DOT IS VISIBLEMOUNTING BRACKET NOT DAMAGED/MISSINGLENS COVERS NOT CRACKED/MISSINGB. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE BTRANSITION: Now that you can identify the major components of the CCO, We can discuss how to perform maintenance on the M-68.Action: Perform PMCS on the M68 CCOConditions: Given a M68 CCO, DA 2404, Pencil, Lens Paper, 3/32 inch allen wrench, batteryStandards: Perform PMCS IAW TM &PMethod of instruction: LectureInstructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: .5 hrMedia: Actual equipmentLearning Step/Activity: Perform Preventive Maintenance on the CCO:NOTE: Always use the appropriate TM (TM &P) when performing PMCS1. Inspect sight for:a. Dirtb. Damage – Broken casing or broken lensesc. Moisture – look through lenses for condensation or wetnessd. Obstruction or target image – ensure nothing, including lens caps and the ARD blocks field of view.2. Inspect battery cap and adjustment caps to ensure the:a. Cap is presentb. Threads are clearc. O-rings are present to stop moistured. Battery is present and fresh3. Ensure red dot is visible and adjustable in intensity4. Ensure mounting bracket is not damaged or missingMake sure lens covers are not ripped, dry rotted, or missingEnsure ARD is not dented or obstructs the field of view.At this time have students check the M68 for deficiencies, have them look in the TM and find what page the PMCS table is on.Ensure that:Soldiers tell you if their M68 has any deficiencies that will restrict their training(NEXT SLIDE)
14 Hand tighten to carrying M68 CCO OPERATIONM16A2 MountingHand tighten to carryinghandle onlyNOTE: If this is not a mounting option for your unit, hide this slide during the presentation.C. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE CTRANSITION: Now that you are familiar with the major components and how to maintain the sight we will discuss how to place the M68 CCO into operation.Action: Put the M68 CCO Into OperationConditions: Given a M68 CCO with battery, weapon, borelight with battery, stable platform, M68 CCO on selected weapon.Standards: Put the M68 CCO into operation within five minutes IAW TM &PMethod of instruction: PE-1Instructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: 1 hrsMedia: Actual equipmentLearning Step/Activity 1: Put the CCO into Operation on the M16A1 or M16A2Mount/Dismount sight on the weapon:Mount sight on M16A1/A2 by mounting the M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket “Gooseneck” onto the weapon. Tighten the mounting bolt through the carrying handle into the mounting bracket by hand. (Do not tool tighten) (Retighten after firing first three rounds).Mount the M68 CCO onto the mounting bracket and tighten the torque limiting knob until you hear two audible clicks.Open the lens covers.Dismount the sight from M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket by unscrewing torque limiting knob and closing lens covers.WARNING: The M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket “Gooseneck” must stay on the weapon for the M68 to retain zero. If the adapter bracket is removed from the weapon then the zero of the M68 will be lost.Turn M68 CCO off and, if storing, remove the battery.NOTE: The M68 CCO does not require the half moon spacer when mounted on the M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket “Gooseneck”. The 10 meter boresight target and 25 meter offset does not support the M68 CCO with half moon spacer mounted on the M16A1/A2 Adapter Bracket. This will cause an incorrect zero.At this time have students mount the M68 CCO onto their weapon.Ensure that:The students hand tighten the metal mounting screw when mounting the Adapter bracket onto carrying handle.The Adapter bracket fully rests on the carrying handle.The students tighten the torque limiting knob until they hear 2 audible clicks.(NEXT SLIDE)NO SPACER INSTALLED
15 M68 CCO OPERATION M4/MWS Mounting Rotary SwitchM16A2 use no spacerM4/MWS use spacerNOTE: If this is not a mounting option for your unit, hide this slide during the presentation.C. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE CTRANSITION: Now that you are familiar with the major components and how to maintain the sight we will discuss how to place the M68 CCO into operation.Action: Put the M68 CCO Into OperationConditions: Given a M68 CCO with battery, weapon, borelight with battery, stable platform, M68 CCO on selected weapon.Standards: Put the M68 CCO into operation within five minutes IAW TM &PMethod of instruction: PE-1Instructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: 1 hrsMedia: Actual equipmentLearning Step/Activity 1: Put the CCO into Operation on the M16A4 or M4/MWSMount sight on M4 or Modular Weapon System by:Remove the carrying handle.Mount sight onto the Picatinny Rail and tighten the Torque limiting knob until you hear two audible clicksopen the lens covers.NOTE: Ensure mount assembly does not extend beyond the end of the Picatinny Rail. The M68 will not retain its zero if mounted this way.NOTE: The half moon spacer must be installed on the M68 CCO whenever it is mounted on the M4 or MWS. The 10 meter boresight target and 25 meter offset does not support the M68 CCO without the half moon spacer installed. This will cause an incorrect zero.NOTE: M68 CCO is designed for a large eye relief for better field of view.NOTE: Turn the Torque limiting knob until it clicks two times and stop, (Tighten an additional two clicks after firing first three rounds).3. Dismount sight by unscrewing torque limiting knob and closing lens covers.4. Turn M68 CCO off and, if storing, remove the battery.Position:1. M68 CCO should be placed on rail where the best field of view is achieved. The farther away the M68 is mounted away from the firer’s eyes, the larger the scanning area.2. Two eyes opened method – position head so you can focus both eyes on the red dot.NOTE: It takes practice to get used to the two-eyes opened method. Once this is accomplished, your field of view will increase and your target acquisition time will decrease.At this time have students mount the M68 onto their weapon.Ensure that:The mount does not extend beyond the end of the Rail.The M68 is far away from the firer’s eyes. (long eye relief)The students tighten the torque limiting knob until they hear 2 audible clicks.(NEXT SLIDE)Mount on same notchto maintain zeroHAND TIGHTEN TORQUE LIMITING KNOB TWO CLICKS
16 M68 CCO BORE SIGHTING Zero borelight to the weapon Gunner gets into a stable firing position and, with both eyes open, aims the M68 CCO at the crosshair.Target person will then give the adjustments to be made to the M68 CCO based off the strike of the borelight laser. Borelight laser should fall within the circle provided on offset.M68 CCO adjustment: 1 click = 2mm at 10m (5clicks per square on 10m offset) Adjustment for example: right 29, up 10.NOTE: If you are not familiar with the borelight or boresighting procedures consult the folder titled borelight and FM Being proficient with the borelight is a prerequisite before giving this class.NOTE: If a borelight is not available, do not continue this action, go directly to the next action, Zero the M68 CCO.2. Learning Step/Activity 2: Boresighting Procedures. Method of instruction: DemonstrationInstructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: 15 minMedia: Actual equipmentNOTE: Completing this procedure requires a minimum of two people to be fast and efficient.This procedure is used to boresight the M68 CCO to the weapon for 300 meters.1) Select the specific 10-meter boresight target for the weapon and M68 configuration.2) Position the boresight target 10 meters away.3) Have the soldier assume a good prone supported firing position. Ensure borelight is turned to the LOW position.4) Have the soldier aim the M68 CCO at the circle crosshair on the 10-meter boresight target.5) Adjust windage and elevation on the M68 CCO until the bore light laser dot is on the small black circle labeled “Borelight Laser”.6) Turn the borelight off after boresighting is confirmed.NOTE: Once the soldier has boresighted the M68 CCO to the weapon, inspect to ensure that the soldier has properly boresighted the M68 to the weapon. To do this:1) Have the soldier relax and roll out of position.2) Have the soldier get back into the prone supported firing position and aim the M68 CCO at the crosshair on the 10-meter boresight target.3) Once the soldier is ready, uncover the borelight laser and observe its impact on the 10 meter boresight target.If the laser impacts within the circle, then the soldier has properly boresighted the optic to the weapon.If the laser fails to impact within the circle, have the soldier continue the boresighting procedures.REMEMBER: After boresighting the M68, the soldier must confirm the boresight on a 25 meter zero range.NOTE: If confusion arises during the boresighting procedure between the borelight laser and M68 CCO dot, have an assistant cover the borelight’s laser until the gunner is centered on the crosshair and then uncover the borelight laser. Repeat this step until zeroed.(NEXT SLIDE)
17 M68 CCO ZEROING (25 METER TARGET) DRAW IMPACT ZONE ON THE TARGETAIM CENTER MASSROUNDS MUST STRIKE 1.5 CM BELOW CENTER MASS.D. ENABLING LEARNING OBJECTIVE DTRANSITION: Now that you are familiar with the M68 and how to boresight it, it is necessary to zero the M68 at 25 meters using live ammunition.NOTE: Teach the 25 meter zero in a classroom environment and, once at the range, review with the class what was learned.Enabling Learning Objective:Action: Zero the Close Combat OpticConditions: Given a weapon, M68 CCO, 30 round magazine, 25 meter range and 18 rounds of 5.56mm ammunitionStandards: Zero the M68 CCO to the your weapon in 18 rounds or lessMethod of instruction: PE-2Instructor to student ratio is: 1:10Time of instruction: 3 hrMedia: Actual equipment1. Learning Step/Activity 1: Prepare the M16A2 25 meter Zero Target for zeroing.Before the soldier can zero the M68 to the weapon, the M16A2 25 meter Zero Target must be prepared a certain way in order to speed up the zeroing process effectively and efficiently.USE THE M16A2 ZEROING TARGET ONLY. As stated earlier, the squares of the M16A2 25 meter Zero Target are 9.6 mm by 9.6 mm which is closer in size to a 1 cm square than the M4 25 meter Zero Target that is 13 mm by 13 mm. This makes it easier to determine the number of click adjustments needed to change the strike of the roundThe steps needed to prepare the target are:Draw in the impact zone that is designated for the M68 CCO. (The center of the impact zone for the M68 is 1.5 cm below center mass of the target)In order to draw a correct impact zone on the M16A2 25 meter Zero Target:Count the number of squares to find the center of the impact zoneCount 2 squares away from the center of the impact zone in each direction (top, bottom, left and right)Draw the 4 cm square for the impact zoneNOTE: M68 CCO is never fired in conjunction with iron sights. The zeroing techniques that other sights use are only used to align the red dot then the iron sights are disregarded while firing.(NEXT SLIDE)DOWN 1.5 cm
18 M68 CCO ZEROING (Zeroed Weapon) Adjust red dot center top of the front sight postFire three rounds at 25 meters and triangulateRetighten torque knobShoot another three rounds and triangulateMake adjustments and repeat steps 4 & 5 until zeroedM16 EXAMPLE = RIGHT 10DOWN 92. Learning Step/Activity 2: Zeroing the M68 CCO using a zeroed weapon1. Using the M68 CCO with iron sights on a zeroed weapon (detachable carrying handle removed):a. Adjust red dot until it rests on top of the front sight post and centered (See slide)NOTE: Once you adjust the red dot to top of front sight post you disregard front sight post while firing.b. Fire three rounds and triangulate at 25 meters.c. Make proper adjustments to M68 CCO.d. Repeat steps b & c until zeroed.Sight Adjustments:1. Elevation Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = down)Windage Adjustment Screw (1 25m = 4mm) (Clockwise = left)Adjust 2 clicks to move the strike of the round one box on the 25 meter zero target.(NEXT SLIDE)
19 M68 CCO ZEROING (Unzeroed Weapon) Bore sight the weapon with the borelightFire three rounds at 25 meters and triangulateRetighten torque limiting knobShoot another three rounds and triangulateMake adjustments and repeat steps 4 & 5 until zeroedM16 EXAMPLE = RIGHT 10DOWN 93. Learning Step/Activity 3: Zeroing the M68 CCO using an unzeroed weaponTo zero the M68 CCO on an un-zeroed weapon:a. Boresight the M68 to the weaponFire three rounds and triangulateRetighten the torque limiting knob (only done once after firing the first three round shot group)Shoot another three rounds and triangulateMake proper adjustments to M68 CCORepeat steps d & e until zeroedSight Picture:1. Place the red dot center mass of target and centered in the sight’s housing then engage.(NEXT SLIDE)
20 M68 CCO ZEROING (Back-up Iron Sight) ADJUST THE M68 CCO UNTIL THE RED DOT IS CENTERED ON THE FRONT SIGHT POST AND CENTERED IN THE REAR SIGHT APERTURE. AFTER RED DOT IS CENTERED FOLD BIS DOWN AND DISREGARD FRONT SIGHT POST WHEN FIRING.4. Learning Step/Activity 4: Zeroing the M68 CCO using the Back up Iron Sight (BIS)To zero the M68 CCO using the Back up Iron Sight:Adjust the M68 CCO until the red dot is centered on the front sight post and centered in the rear sight aperture. (See slide)NOTE: The BIS must be zeroed in order to accomplish this procedure.Fold BIS down once step a. is complete.NOTE: The back-up iron sight is not used in conjunction with the M68 CCO. The BIS is only used to center the red dot then the BIS is disregarded while firing the M68 CCO.Fire three rounds and triangulateRetighten the torque limiting knob (only done once after firing the first three round shot group)Shoot another three rounds and triangulateMake proper adjustments to M68 CCORepeat steps e & f until zeroedSight Picture:1. Place the red dot center mass of target and centered in the sight’s housing then engage.(NEXT SLIDE)NOTE: THE BACK-UP IRON SIGHT SHOULD ALREADY BE ZEROED. IF NOT THE BIS CAN BE BORESIGHTED USING THE BORLIGHT LASER.
21 M68 CCO QUALIFICATION QUALIFICATION 23 OUT OF 40 (NEXT SLIDE) Enabling Learning Objective:Action: Qualify with the M68 CCOConditions: Given a record fire range, weapon, M68 CCO, 40 timed target exposures at ranges from 50 – 300 meters, 18 rounds to zero, and 80 rounds of 5.56 rounds ammunition to practice and to qualify.Standards: Zero in less than 18 rounds, and achieve at least 23 target hits out of 40 timed target exposures in order to qualify.Conduct of firingA dry fire exercise will be conducted prior to the actual practice record fire The practice fire is conducted and recorded in accordance with the practice record fire scorecard. The soldiers fire at single and multiple timed targets. Exposure times require one to two seconds for the mechanism to raise the targets: timing should begin when the targets are fully exposed rather than when the switch is activated.AmmunitionEach soldier will be issued two 20 round magazines of 5.56mm ball ammunition. Each firing table consists of 20 target exposures and the soldier is issued one magazine of 20 rounds for each table using the foxhole supported and prone unsupported firing positions.(NEXT SLIDE)
22 PRACTICAL EXCERCISE WALK THROUGH PMCS MOUNTING PROCEDURES AN/PEQ-2A OPERATIONAL PROCEDURESOn this slide, talk about :Students will conduct a hands on practical exercise. They will be broken down into small groups and every soldier will get a chance to ask questions while conducting the steps necessary to maximize the capabilities of this piece of equipment. A performance evaluation (PE) will then be given to each soldier individually to evaluate that each soldier has mastered the steps outlined in this period of instruction. If a soldier fails the PE, he will be retrained until he can pass the PE. All of the soldiers that successfully pass the PE will then be given a twenty question written test that covers all of the critical information outlined in this period of instruction. Each soldier must correctly answer a minimum of 14 out of 20 questions .At this time:Break the class down into small groups.Conduct a Practical Exercise and answer questions.Conduct a Performance Evaluation.Retrain and retest any soldier that failed the Performance Evaluation.Bring the class back in and administer the written test.(NEXT SLIDE)
23 M68 CCO SUMMARY SUMMARY QUESTIONS Review/ Summarize Lesson: NOTE: Make sure you restate the terminal learning objective.NOTE: Determine if students have learned the material presented by soliciting student questions and explanations. Ask the students questions and correct misunderstandings.Check on Learning: Review written exam to answer or clarify any questions.NOTE: Solicit and answer the student’s questions. This is not a graded activity.Method of instruction: LectureInstructor to student ratio is: 1:40Time of instruction: .5 hr.Media: N/ASTUDENT EVALUATION:Testing Requirements: You will be graded on your ability to perform PMCS and identify the components of the M68 CCO through a written exam; and by engaging single and multiple timed targets with live rounds during which you must score a minimum of: 14 on the written exam and 27 target hits out of 40 target exposures on the LFX in order to qualify.NOTE: Rapid, immediate feedback is essential to effective learning. Schedule and provide feedback on the evaluation and any information to help answer student’s questions about the test. Provide remedial training as needed.Feedback Requirement:1. Provide remedial training on site as needed.Establish concurrent station for re-enforcement trainingAt this time:Administration of the Test.Review the Test.End class by saying:In our lesson on the M68 CCO, we discussed the characteristics, major components, how to PMCS, operate, boresight, zero and qualify with the M68. You completed a hands-on practical exercise to further familiarize yourself with the piece of equipment. You will conduct a practice qualification and record qualification on a range with the M68 on your weapon. All of this training has been conducted to allow you to go back to your units and give them the training to make them a more efficient soldier.Prepare the students for the live fire they will conduct.(End of Class)