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Operational Hazards The overall objective for this module is that the participants will recognize general safety hazards and safe work practices related.

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Presentation on theme: "Operational Hazards The overall objective for this module is that the participants will recognize general safety hazards and safe work practices related."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Operational Hazards The overall objective for this module is that the participants will recognize general safety hazards and safe work practices related to fixed facility work

3 Overview u Common safety hazards u Safe work practices u Preventing and treating heat and cold stress u Proper lifting and handling u Confined space procedures

4 Expectations u Define a general safety hazard u Identify general methods to prevent accidents u Recognize general safety-hazard categories and related precautions u Identify symptoms and prevention measures for heat stress and cold stress

5 Expectations u Recognize biological hazards u Recognize ergonomic hazards u Identify general precautions for confined space work u Identify potential fire hazards and fire prevention strategies

6 What is an Operational Hazard?

7 Operational Hazard u Anything on or around a work site which may compromise worker safety or health if appropriate control measures are not implemented

8 Prevention of Accidents u Aware of changing conditions u Take initiative to correct potential safety hazards u Understand the task u Watch for weather conditions, wind direction and unusual odors

9 Ten Common Causes of Accidents u Poor instructions u Poor planning u Improper design u Improper equipment provided or used u Failure to follow instructions

10 Ten Common Causes of Accidents u Neglect or improper use of equipment u Faulty equipment u Untrained personnel u Uncooperative personnel u Uncontrollable or unexpected outside agents (e.g., weather or sudden illness)

11 Death Acts Conditions Near Misses Minor Injuries Reportable Injury Lost Time Injury Death Knowledge Ability Motivation Design Maintenance Action of Others

12 Heavy Equipment Small Power Tools and Equipment Hand Tools Lifting and Carrying Compressed Gas Cylinders Electrical Hazards Site Hazards

13 Lifting Safely Back injuries are the Nation’s #1 Workplace Safety Problem

14 Lifting Safely u Preparing to Lift l Clear obstacles away l Heft to check weight u Performing the Lift l Square with object l Balance l Squat, bend knees, grip object, tighten abdomen USE YOUR LEGS

15 Safe Lifting Tips u Don’t life objects over your head u Don’t twist u Pace yourself u Don’t reach over an obstacle u Follow your workplace safety guidelines

16 Common Site Hazards u Heat stress u Cold stress u Biological hazards u Confined spaces

17 Heat Stress  Occurs within 15 minutes u Factors to consider : l Poses serious health threats l Environmental conditions (including air temperature and humidity) l Clothing l Workload l Individual worker characteristics

18 Forms of Heat Stress u Heat Syncope u Heat Cramps u Heat Exhaustion u Heat Stroke u Heat Rash u Transient Heat Fatigue

19 Heat Syncope u Fainting u Frequently occurs when a worker is not acclimated to hot environments

20 Heat Cramps u Caused by excessive loss of salt during sweating u Symptoms l Muscle spasms in the extremities, abdomen, or back

21 Heat Cramps u Treatment l Massaging the cramped muscles l Replenishing the victim’s water and electrolytes

22 Heat Exhaustion u Victim suffers from a severe lack of fluids and salts u Symptoms l Pale or flushed skin l Moist skin l Headache l Fatigue l Nausea l Normal or slightly elevated temperature l Profuse sweating

23 Heat Exhaustion u Treatment l Victim must rest in a cool place l Drink water

24 Heat Stroke u Most severe form of heat stress u Caused by a failure of the body’s temperature regulation mechanism

25 Heat Stroke u Symptoms l Absence or reduction of sweating l Elevated body temperature l Skin is red, hot, and dry l Dizziness l Nausea, l Confusion u Treatment l Medical attention as soon as possible

26 Heat Rash u Prickly heat and transpires in a hot, humid environment where sweat is unable to evaporate u Prevention l Worker must periodically rest in a cool place l Skin must be bathed regularly and kept as dry as possible

27 Transient Heat Fatigue u Causes temporary discomfort accompanied by mental and/or psychological strain, which affects task performance, coordination, and alertness u Treatment l Lessened by gradual adjustment to heat conditions

28 Prevention of Heat Stress u Maintain adequate water intake u Take breaks in a cool place u Learn the signs and symptoms of heat stress and respond at the earliest point of detection u Schedule heavy work or work in PPE for cool times of the day u Move work location to shade or cooler area

29 Prevention of Heat Stress u Have workers drink 16 ounces of water before beginning work u Urge workers to drink a cup or two of water every 15 to 20 minutes u Weigh workers before and after work to determine if fluid replacement is adequate

30 Cold Stress u Superficial Frostbite u Deep Frostbite u Hypothermia

31 Superficial Frostbite u Characterized by the freezing of only the outer skin layer u Treatment l Protect the exposed area by placing uncovered fingers under opposite armpits or placing bare frostbitten feet under clothes or against the skin of a companion until pain returns

32 Superficial Frostbite u NOTE: DO NOT’S l Warm frostbitten parts by massaging l Expose to an open fire l Soak in cold water l Rub with snow

33 Deep Frostbite u Characterized by the freezing of tissue beneath the outer skin layer u Treatment l Protect frozen parts from further cold exposure l Keep victim warm while being transported to a hospital u NOTE: Protect frozen parts from additional injury Do not attempt to thaw them in the field

34 Hypothermia u Characterized by subnormal body temperatures u Treatment l Keep victim warm l Give warm beverages or soup u NOTE: Alcohol consumption increases risk u NOTE: Death can occur

35 Prevention of Cold Stress u Wear proper clothing u Maintain a proper diet u Use shelter u Monitor worker’s conditions

36 Biological Hazards u Ticks u Bees and Wasps u Spiders and Scorpions u Snakes u Rabid Animals

37 Ergonomic Hazards u Study of how a human physically and mentally interacts with the workplace u Notify manager or supervisor of hazards

38 Material Handling u Use mechanical devices l Drum dollies l Pallet dollies l Push carts and dollies so you can see ahead and around the load

39 Material Handling u Do it the easy way u Push rather than pull u Bend your knees, not your back u Step with legs, don’t rotate u Use ladders for high loads u Wear steel-toed boots u Pick up stacks in two steps u Don’t block your visibility

40 Container Handling u Hazard Recognition l Detonation, fire and explosion l Vapor generation l Physical injury caused by lifting improperly or moving containers

41 Container Handling u Drum Handling Safety l Use forklifts, dollies and pallet jacks l Wear protective PPE l Check drum for sharp edges or rust l Plan the move and clear obstructions l Manually lift with good technique l Do not handle or move if safety is questioned

42 Confined Space u Adequate size and configuration for employee entry u Limited means for entry and exit, one and/or small openings u Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy, such as small utility spaces

43 Confined Space Permits u Contains or has the potential for containing a hazardous atmosphere u Contains a material that has a potential for engulfing an entrant u Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped u Contains any other recognized serious safety hazard

44 Atmospheric Hazards u Flammable gas in excess of 10% LEL u Airborne combustible dust which meets LEL u Oxygen concentration below 19.5% or in excess of 23.5% u An atmosphere which could result in employee exposure in excess of PEL

45 Other Potential Hazards u Mechanical Hazards u Slips, Trips and Falls u ART - There is an “art” to preventing slips, trips and falls l Awareness l Responsibility l Traction

46 Slips, Trips and Falls u Awareness l Be alert throughout the workday l Look ahead from the knee level l Know where there are existing step hazards l Look for wet areas l Look for obstructions and electrical cords

47 Slips, Trips and Falls u Responsibility l Everyone in the workplace must assume responsibility for keeping a safe work area l One is more likely to be injured from a slip, trip, or fall than from hazardous chemicals l Take the time to remove the hazard or notify those who are able to do so

48 Slips, Trips and Falls u Traction l Be aware of changing conditions l Maintain good footwear with traction l Enhance traction by using rough surfacing, lowering slopes of ramps and replacing low-traction surfaces

49 Fire Safety (Uniform Fire Code) u Check with your local fire officials u Flammables and combustibles may be a large proportion of waste accepted u Multiple hazards PROPER STORAGE IS A MUST !


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