Presentation on theme: "What experiences led to the American Revolution?"— Presentation transcript:
1What experiences led to the American Revolution? WTP 2: Unit 2 Lesson 7
2Objective Students will be able to: Explain how constitutional government developed in the colonies.Explain why colonists decided to fight for their independence.
3Which ideas did colonists in America use to create their governments? Charter – legal document from king to start a colony.Most charters said little about government, so they were to:Protect colonists from abuse by British governmentProtect colonists from abuse by local government.
4All Colonial Governments included the following ideas To protect Natural RightsRepresentative government in colonyex. Virginia House of Burgesses 1619Rule of lawSeparation of power 3 branches- executive governor- legislative All but one followed the model of parliament (two houses)- judicial judges appointed by governorChecks and Balances
5Why did the British government tighten control over the colonies? For most of colonial history, Britain didn’t care because:too busy with war in EuropeLong distance slowed communicationNeglect leads colonies to autonomy.- After expensive war, Parliament raises taxes on both Britain and colonies.
6What was the colonial perspective of tightened control over the colonies? -“No Taxation Without Representation”Colonies had no representation in Parliament only colonial legislatures should be able to tax colonies.
7What was the British perspective of tightened control over the colonies? “Ungrateful children”Taxes paid for safety/prosperityParliament did not represent individuals or specific areas but all British subjects, no matter where they lived.
8How did the colonists resist British control? Committees of correspondence: informed/ communicated between coloniesSons of Liberty:- Burning effigies of royal officialsLynching tax collectorsDaughters of Liberty:BoycottSpun own yarn and linensGave up drinking tea
9How did the colonists resist British control? Boston Massacre, 17705 diedConvinced Americans that the British would use military force to make them obey the laws.Boston Tea Party, 1773-Response to Tea Act, tea into harborBritish Response: Close Boston Harbor
10Simpson’s MomentBurns: (showing Homer the Burns Hall of Patriots) That man is my great grandfather, Franklin Jefferson Burns, tossing that tea without a care...for what the caffeine would do to the Fenway flounder. Homer: Is that a fish? Burns: It was.
11How did the colonists resist British control? First Continental Congress 1774Met in PhiladelphiaPurpose: decide on the best response to British actionMembers agreed to a self-imposed ban on trade with Great Britain.
12How did the colonists resist British control? Second Continental Congress, May 1775Following the Battles of Lexington and Concord,organized the Continental Armyappointed George Washington to lead the armyOne year later, Congress appointed a special committee.
13How did the colonists resist British control? Congress asked a committee to draft a document explaining why the colonists felt it was necessary to free themselves from British rule.