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What experiences led to the American Revolution? WTP 2: Unit 2 Lesson 7.

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Presentation on theme: "What experiences led to the American Revolution? WTP 2: Unit 2 Lesson 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 What experiences led to the American Revolution? WTP 2: Unit 2 Lesson 7

2 Objective Students will be able to: Explain how constitutional government developed in the colonies. Explain why colonists decided to fight for their independence.

3 Which ideas did colonists in America use to create their governments? Charter – legal document from king to start a colony. Most charters said little about government, so they were to: A.Protect colonists from abuse by British government B.Protect colonists from abuse by local government.

4 All Colonial Governments included the following ideas 1.To protect Natural Rights 2.Representative government in colony ex. Virginia House of Burgesses Rule of law 4.Separation of power  3 branches - executive  governor - legislative  All but one followed the model of parliament (two houses) - judicial  judges appointed by governor 5.Checks and Balances

5 Why did the British government tighten control over the colonies? For most of colonial history, Britain didn’t care because: -too busy with war in Europe -Long distance slowed communication Neglect leads colonies to autonomy. - After expensive war, Parliament raises taxes on both Britain and colonies.

6 What was the colonial perspective of tightened control over the colonies? -“No Taxation Without Representation” -Colonies had no representation in Parliament  only colonial legislatures should be able to tax colonies.

7 What was the British perspective of tightened control over the colonies? “Ungrateful children” -Taxes paid for safety/prosperity -Parliament did not represent individuals or specific areas but all British subjects, no matter where they lived.

8 How did the colonists resist British control? Committees of correspondence: informed/ communicated between colonies Sons of Liberty: - Burning effigies of royal officials -Lynching tax collectors Daughters of Liberty: -Boycott -Spun own yarn and linens -Gave up drinking tea

9 How did the colonists resist British control? Boston Massacre, died -Convinced Americans that the British would use military force to make them obey the laws. Boston Tea Party, Response to Tea Act, tea into harbor British Response: Close Boston Harbor

10 Simpson’s Moment Burns: (showing Homer the Burns Hall of Patriots) That man is my great grandfather, Franklin Jefferson Burns, tossing that tea without a care...for what the caffeine would do to the Fenway flounder. Homer: Is that a fish? Burns: It was.

11 How did the colonists resist British control? First Continental Congress Met in Philadelphia -Purpose: decide on the best response to British action -Members agreed to a self-imposed ban on trade with Great Britain.

12 How did the colonists resist British control? Second Continental Congress, May 1775 Following the Battles of Lexington and Concord, -organized the Continental Army -appointed George Washington to lead the army One year later, Congress appointed a special committee.

13 How did the colonists resist British control? Congress asked a committee to draft a document explaining why the colonists felt it was necessary to free themselves from British rule.


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